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FRENCH

Heraldry and Genealogy:
The Reference Library

     French Heraldry has had a considerable history of heraldic traditions existing back to the 11th century.  After the conquest of England in 1066 it had a great deal of influence on early heraldry in the country.  As such, many of the terms in international heraldry come from French.  The role of the herald (héraut) in France began to decline during the 17th century.  In fact, most heraldic matters in France ended with the Napoleonic Era in 1815.  Civic heraldry on the other hand remains a visible part of daily life.

     French heraldry has a set system of crown and coronets.  Supporters are not linked with any rank or title, unlike the coronets, and are far less common than in other forms of European heraldry, such as English heraldry.  Even the Royal Arms' angelic supporters are not shown in most depictions.  Crests are rare in modern depictions, again in contrast to England.

     The original heraldic authority of France was the College d'armes which began the supervision of granting armorial bearings in 1407.  It was deposed of in 1790, during the French Revolution.  Today the law recognizes both assumed and inherited arms, considering them under law to be equivalent to a visual representation of a name, and given the same protections.  However, there is no central registry of arms; in case of dispute, the individual who can prove the longest right to the blazon must be decided in court.

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Translating Foreign Text

Pan-French Heraldry

French Heraldry

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PAN-FRENCH HERALDRY

     The books and or websites listed herein are those that cover more than two or more of the several geographical areas included within this heraldic classification.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

HERALDRY:

Books:

Special Armorial de France:… collection of genealogies… large number of coats of arms, by d' Agnières - 1877

Historical Dictionary of French Heraldic Mottoes: With Figures & Names Index, Vol. 1 - Chassant, ‎et. al., 1878

Recueil d'armoiries des maisons nobles de France, by Henri Gourdon de Genouillac, published 1860, 450 pages

Heraldic dictionary: containing an explanation and description of the terms and figures customary in the blazon, records on the orders of chivalry, the marks of offices and dignities, ornaments and the origin of arms, kings arms and tournaments, etc.. with a large number of boards and cabinets of copies families, cities and provinces of France, by Charles Loizeau de Grandmaison, 1852

Armorial bibliophile: with illustrations in the text: Part 1, by Joannis Guigard - 1870

Armorial bibliophile: with illustrations in the text: Part 2, by Joannis Guigard - 1870

Armorial General of France: Volume 1, by Charles d' Hozier, ‎Henry Bouchot - 1875

Armorial General of France: Volume 2, by Charles d' Hozier, ‎Henry Bouchot, 1876

Armorial général records nobility of France, by Louis Pierre d' Hozier, ‎et.al., - 1867

Heraldry universal directory (France), by Institut héraldique universel, 1900

Heraldic Bulletin France: Historical Review of the nobility, Vols. 5-6, by Louis de La Roque, 1892

Heraldic Bulletin France: Historical Review of the nobility, Vol. 13, by Louis de La Roque, 1894

Heraldry of France Bulletin, or, historical review of the nobility, Vol. 9, by Louis de La Roque, 1896

Heraldic Bulletin France, or, Historical Review of the nobility, Volumes 9-10, by Louis de La Roque – 1890

Armorial of Bellenville, Library of France, Dept. off Manuscripts, French 5230, 1401-1500

Historical and heraldic dictionary of the French nobility, Volume 1, by Dayre de Mailhol - 1895

Historical and heraldic dictionary of the French nobility, Volume 2, by Dayre de Mailhol - 1895

Armorial history of the nobility of France, by Henri James Gabriel de Milleville - 1845

Indicator of Great Armorial General of France: Volume 1-2, by Louis Paris,Charles d' Hozier - 1865

Armorial of the empire, a genealogy of the imperial dynasty of Bonaparte, ..., by JF Jules Pautet, 1854

The Heraldry of France, (La France héraldique), by Charles Poplimont, 8 volume series

Volumes 1 - 2

Vol. 1, Abancourt - Bompas,

Vol. 2, Bon – Chanaleilles (starts on page 351)

Volumes 3 - 4

Vol. 3, ChanaudEyssautier

Vol. 4, Fabre - Hordain

Volumes 5 - 6

Vol. 5, Horric de BeaucaireMaillard de Broys

Vol. 6, Maillart de Landreville–Patouillet de Deservillers

Volumes 7 - 8

Vol. 7, Patras de CampaignoRuzé

Vol. 8, Sabatier - Zylof

The description of arms, with the arms of princes and lords of France, by Sicile, published 1533-34

Websites:

Armorial Bellenville - Google Images

Armorial de Gilles Le Bouvier, 15th century

Armorial et traité d'héraldique, c.1475-1475

Armorial of France In 1696 by Hozier Database

Armorial of Knights of the Holy Spirit, 1578-1789

Armorial of the Order of the Crescent, 1448

Bigot Roll of Arms, (blazons in English)

Bigot Roll of Arms, 1254

FranceGenWeb-Heraldry

French Heraldry and Related Topics

Gallery of French Civic Heraldry (Wikipedia)

Historical Collection of Heraldry, c.1452

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES: 

Books:

Present state of the French nobility in 1866 ..., by Antoine Bachelin-Deflorenne,Louis Paris - 1866

Dictionary of the nobility, containing genealogies, history and chronology of the noble families of France, (Dictionnaire de la noblesse, contenant les généalogies, l'histoire et la chronologie des familles nobles de France), by F. Bios, 2nd edition, 1770-1786

Volume 1, Abancourt – Bart, 1770

Volume 2, BartheBourbel, 1771

Volume 3,  Bourbon - Castellan, 1771

Volume 4, CastellaneCluzel, 1772

Volume 5, CoarazeCymon, 1772

Volume 6, EbrardFyot, 1773

Volume 7, GabastonHazardiere, 1774

Volume 8, Hebert – Lhuillier, 1774

Volume 9, Liancourt – Mazuyer, 1775

Volume 10, De La Chenaye- Desbois, 1775

Volume 11, NoaillesRazilly, 1776

Volume 12, RéaulxZwenegem, 1778

Volume 13, Supplement Edition

Volume 14, Supplement Edition

Directory of the nobility, containing genealogies, history & chronology of the noble families of France, … the explanation of their Arms... and the genealogical table history of royal houses of Europe and a record foreign families, the oldest, the noblest and most illustrious, (Dictionnaire de la noblesse, contenant les généalogies, l'histoire & la chronologie des familles nobles de la France, l'explication de leurs armes et l'état des grandes terres du royaume ... On a joint à ce dictionnaire le tableau généalogique et historique des maisons souveraines de l'Europe et une notice des familles étrangères, les plus anciennes, les plus nobles et les plus illustrés), by Chenaye-Desbois, 3rd edtion, published 1863-1877.

Volume 1:   Full view v.1;  Full view v.1

Volume 2:    Full view v.2

Volume 3:   Full view v.3;  Full view v.3

Volume 4:   Full view v.4   Full view v.4

Volume 5:   Full view v.5  Full view v.5

Volume 6:   Full view v.6

Volume 7:   Full view v.7

Volume 8:   Full view v.8  Full view v.8

Volume 9:   Full view v.9

Volume 10: Full view v.10  Full view v.10

Volume 11:  Full view v.11

Volume 12:  Full view v.12  Full view v.12

Volume 13:  Full view v.13  Full view v.13

Volume 14:  Full view v.14  Full view v.14

Volume 15:  Full view v.15

Volume 16:  Full view v.16  Full view v.16

Volume 17:  Full view v.17  Full view v.17

Volume 18:  Full view v.18  Full view v.18

Volume 19:  Full view v.19

Universal Dictionary of the nobility of France: Volume 2, M-Z, by Jean Baptiste Pierre, Jullien de Courcelles - 1820

Universal Dictionary of the nobility of France: Volume 4, (INDEX)

Universal Dictionary of the nobility of France: Volume 5, (INDEX)

Universal nobility of France: Volume 19, by Jean Baptiste Pierre, Jullien de Courcelles – 1877 (reprint)

Genealogical and heraldic history of the peers of France:…, (Histoire généalogique et héraldique des pairs de France:…), by Jean B. Courcelles, published 1822 – 1833

Volume 1, 1822

Volume 2,

Volume 3

Volume 4, 1824

Volume 5, 1825

Volume 6

Volume 7

Volume 8 1827

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12 (Index), 1833

Directory of the nobility of France and Europe, André François Joseph Borel d'Hauterive, et.al., published 1857

Genealogical and historical archives of the nobility of France: Volumes 1-4, by Louis Lainé, published 1825-1844

Treatise of the nobility, and all its different species, by Gilles André La Roque (sieur de La Lontière) – 1734

Treatise of the nobility, and all its different species, by Gilles André La Roque (sieur de La Lontière) – 1735

Legendary nobility of France: …numbering over six thousand, by Oscar Bessas de la Mégie (comte de.) - 1865

Encyclopedic Dictionary of the nobility of France, Volume 1, by Saint-Allais (Nicolas Viton, M. de) - 1816

Encyclopedic Dictionary of the nobility of France, Volume 2, by Saint-Allais (Nicolas Viton, M. de) - 1816

Genealogical history of the house of France: Volume 1, by Scévole de Sainte-Marthe, ‎Louis de Sainte-Marthe - 1619

Genealogical history of the house of France: Volume 2, by Scévole de Sainte-Marthe, ‎Louis de Sainte-Marthe - 1619

Bulletin of the Genealogy and  Heraldry Society of France, Volume 1, by Société héraldique et généalogique – 1879

Websites:

France Nobility (Family Search)

French Nobility

French nobility – present remaining families

French Nobility (Wikipedia Category)

French Noble Families (Wikipedia Category)

History & Register of The Nobility of France

List of French Dukedoms

List of French Peerages

Nobility and Titles in France

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world, by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA - Caspe

Volume 2:  Caspian Sea - Iona

Volume 3:  Ionian Islands - Poole

Volume 4PoonahZytomiers

A Gazetteer of France: Volume 1 (A-F), by Clement Cruttwell, published 1793

A Gazetteer of France: Volume 2, (G-P), by Clement Cruttwell, published 1793

A Gazetteer of France: Volume 3, (Q-Z), by Clement Cruttwell, published 1793

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

History of Modern France, 1815-1913: Volume 1, by Emile Bourgeois, published 1919

A History of France, by Victor Duruy, et. al., published 1920, 791 pages

History of the Reign of Henry IV: Volume 1, by Martha Walker Freer, published 1860

A History of France: Volume 2, by George William Kitchin, published 1877

A History of France: Volume 3 (1624-1793), by George William Kitchin, published 1903

The Leading Facts of French History, by David Henry Montgomery, published 1917, 337 pages

History of France, by Jules Michelet, G. H. Smith, published 1892

The History of the French Revolution: Volume 1, by Adolphe Thiers, Frederic Shoberl, published 1845, 790 pages

Websites:

History of France (Wikipedia)

Timeline of French History

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FRENCH HERALDRY

     Many of the books and website listed within this collection include the name of an historic French province such as Maine, Anjou and Flanders.  As such it may be important for the researcher to be able to quickly identify their locations and the major cities within them.  Also each of the historical provinces had its own heraldic design. The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790.  The provinces of France were roughly equivalent to the historic counties of England.  They came into their final form over the course of many hundreds of years, as many dozens of semi-independent fiefs and former independent countries came to be incorporated into the French royal

Map of French Provinces in 1788

Click here for larger image

Domain. Because of the haphazard manner in which the provinces evolved, each had its own sets of feudal traditions, laws, taxation systems, courts, etc., and the system represented an impediment to effective administration of the entire country from Paris.  During the early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, and to remove the influence of the French nobility over the country, the entirety of the Province system was abolished and replaced by the system of départements, which is still in use today.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

n

HERALDRY:

Books:

Heraldry of the Nobles of Poitou, France, by R. Albert – 1889

Armorial General of Alsace, by A. Aubry, published 1861

Heraldic archives of Evreux, Normandy, by Robert Auguste Louis Avril (vicomte de Burey) - 1890

Armorial of noblesse du Périgord, Volume 1, Alfred de Froidefond de Boulazac - 1891

Armorial of noblesse du Périgord, Volume 2, Alfred de Froidefond de Boulazac

Armorial Toulouse: General armorial of noble families Toulousain Country, Volume 1, by Alphonse Brémond – 1869

Armorial Le Breton, 1201-1500, by Hector Le Breton, Sieur de la Doinneterie" herald of France, editor.

Armorial cities and corporations of Normandy, by Alfred Canel, published 1863, 446 pages

The white cross of Savoy, by Domenico Carutti (barone di Cantogno) - 1882

The arms of the city of Paris: seals, emblems, colors, currency,…, Volume 2, by comte Anatole de Coëtlogon, - 1875

Employers … before 1789 in Marseille: their arms and those of communanteś, by Colombière - 1863

Nobility and armorial Brittany: Volume 1, by Pol Louis Potier de Courcy (Brittany)

Nobility and armorial Brittany: Volume 2, by Pol Louis Potier de Courcy

Heraldic dictionary of Brittany, by Pol Louis Potier de Courcy, published 1895, 388 pages

Armorial General of Anjou… Vol.1,  Joseph Denais - 1885

Armorial General of Anjou, … Vol.2,  Joseph Denais (Anjou)

Armorial General of Anjou, … Vol.3,  Joseph Denais

Ditiers facts and emblazoned (Valenciennes, France), Engherant Le Franc, ‎Augustin Franc̜ois Lacroix - 1856

Armorial of noble families and holders of the monarchy of Savoy, by Alessandro Franchi-Verney - 1873

The flags in the Strasbourg militia. 17th century - by Joseph Gény - 1902

Armorial du-Poitou noble status … a list of names of major municipal families…, by Alexandre Gouget - 1866 ‎(Poitou)

Armorial General of France: Flanders, Hainaut, Cambrésis, by Borel d'Hauterive - 1856

Armorial General of France: Picardy, by Borel d'Hauterive, published 1856

Notes to serve an armorial of the bishops of Soissons, by comte Alexandre Charles Arthur Marsy - 1866

Armorial history of Bresse, Bugey, Dombes, Pays de Gex, Valromay & Franc-Lyonnais…Vol. 1, by du Mesnil, 1872

Armorial history of Bresse, Bugey, Dombes, Pays de Gex, Valromay & Franc-Lyonnais…Vol. 2, by du Mesnil, 1872

General armorial: nobility of Lorraine and Barrois, by Ambrose Pelletier, published, 1758

Historical and archaeological armorial of Nivernais, Volume 1, by Georges comte de Soultrait, et.al., - 1879

Historical and archaeological armorial of Nivernais, Volume 2, by Georges comte de Soultrait, et.al., (Nivernais)

Armorial of the city of Toulon consular families, naval officers, nobility and bourgeoisie, by Octave Teissier - 1900

Websites:

Family COA mainly from Austria and Alsace

Armorial Le Breton 1201-1500

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES: 

Books:

Nobility to the states of Burgundy 1350-1789, by Henri Beaune, ‎Jules D'Arbaumont - 1864

Nobility of Auvergne, France: Volume 2, by Jean-Baptiste Bouillet,1847

Nobility of Auvergne, France: Volume 3, by Jean-Baptiste Bouillet,1848

Nobility of Auvergne, France: Volume 5, by Jean-Baptiste Bouillet,1973

Toulouse nobility: general inventory audit of nobility and dignity of nobility, Volume 1, by Alphonse Brémond - 1863

Toulouse nobility: general inventory audit of nobility and dignity of nobility, Volume 2, by Alphonse Brémond – 1863

Indicator of nobility … Imperial Court of Toulouse in 1868, by Alphonse Brémond - 1868

Family history of the Country the Netherlands, or history of Cambray, and Cambresis, by Jean le Carpentier – 1664

Nobility of Saint-Mihiel: Volume 1, by Dumont (juge.), 1864

Nobility of Saint-Mihiel: Volume 2, by Dumont (juge.), 1865

Valenciennes, marriage of nobles and bourgeois to the Brotherhood of Damoiseaux (XV century), by Franc, ‎ 1856

Supplement to the nobility of the Netherlands and the County of Burgundy,1420-1555, by Jean Jacobs, 1861,

Armorial General of Brittany, survey of various reformations of the nobility ..., by L. Briant de Laubrière - 1844

The noblility of Alsace followed the book patrician Strasbourg, by Ernest Lehr - 1870

Notes to serve a noble Montpellier, by Charles Jean Marie (baron de Tourtoulon) - 1856 (Montpellier)

Nobility of Guyenne and Gascogne: review of ennobled families prior to 1789, (Nobiliaire de Guienne et de Gascogne, revue des familles d'ancienne ...), by Henri Gabriel O'Gilvy, Pierre Jules de Bourrousse de Laffore.

Volume 1 (1856)

Volume 2 (1858)

Volume 3 (1860)

Volume 4 (1883)

Collection of genealogies Lille, Volume 1, by Paul Denis du Péage (Lille)

Collection of genealogies Lille, Volume 2, by Paul Denis du Péage - 1907

Collection of genealogies Lille, Volume 3, by Paul Denis du Péage

Collection of genealogies Lille, Volume 4, by Paul Denis du Péage

Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy; Volume 5, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1862

Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy; Volume 11, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1861

Supplement to Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1862

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

Websites:

HISTORY:

Books:

History of arts and crafts communities of Auvergne…before 1789, by Jean Baptiste Boullet - 1857

The Protestant Reformation in France: Or History of the Huguenots, by Anne Marsh-Caldwell, published 1847

Websites:

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