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EASTERN EUROPEAN

Heraldry and Genealogy:

The Reference Library

      Eastern European Heraldry is a sub-set of the Central-Eastern European classification of heraldic traditions that includes: Belarus, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, and Russia.

     We’ve created this grouping of Belarus; Bulgaria; Lithuania; Poland; Russia; and Ukraine based upon the geographical location of the countries a Central and Eastern coats of arms are characterized by a pronounced, territorial, clan system – often, entire villages or military groups were granted the same coat of arms irrespective of family relationships.  The Central-Eastern heraldic tradition differs from some of the other classifications in that marks of cadency are almost unknown, and shields are generally very simple, with only one charge.  Many heraldic shields derive from ancient house marks.  In Poland, approximately six hundred unrelated families are known to bear the very same Jastrzebiec coat of arms. as well as their historical relationships.

14th century Central-Eastern Europe

- Table of Contents –

Translating Foreign Text

Pan-Eastern European Heraldry

Bulgarian Heraldry

Polish Heraldry – Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine

Russian Heraldry

About This Webpage

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LOOKING FOR A SPECIFIC Title, Author, or Keyword ??

Use the “Find” function in the Edit pull down menu.  You can also access this function by holding down the Control key while pressing the F key (Ctrl+F) on your keyboard.  For the best search results: TITLE = type in the first three or four words of the title; AUTHOR = type in only the last name ;   KEYWORD = type in only one word for each search.

GOT A QUESTION !!

If you have question regarding European heraldry.  Talk to heraldry enthusiasts around the world at the most comprehensive online Forum we’ve located at:

http://www.heraldik-wappen.de/index.php

European Heraldry….the blog

BROKEN LINK !!

If you encounter a broken link Cut & Paste the entry to your browsers search component.

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PAN-EASTERN EUROPEAN HERALDRY

     The books and or websites listed herein are those that cover two or more of the several geographical areas included within this heraldic classification.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

HERALDRY:

Books:

Websites:

 

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES:

Books:

Ukrainian.Cossack, petty officers and Russian nobility born in Chernigov in 17th & 18th centuries, by Miloradovich, 1870

Websites:

Nobility of Medieval Eastern Europe

GEOGRAPHY:

Books: A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world, by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA - Caspe 

Volume 2:  Caspian Sea - Iona

Volume 3:  Ionian Islands -  Poole

Volume 4:  PoonahZytomiers

Websites:

 

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

 

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BULGARIAN HERALDRY

     The development personal and family coats of arms among Bulgarians can be placed into two primary groups.  Firstly, there are the coats of arms granted to Bulgarians by foreign aristocracy.  This occurred mostly after the Ottoman conquest, of what is now

Bulgaria, during the second half of 14th century.  After which part of the Bulgarian nobility migrated to Walachia, Moldova, Venice’s possessions, and other lands outside of the Ottomans’ control.  In 17th and 18th centuries many Bulgarian Catholics settled in the Habsburgs’ territories.  As such, their coats of arms are comparatively well researched. In 19th century thousands of Bulgarians sought refuge in the Russian Empire, where some were considered noblemen and granted coats of arms by that entity.  Secondly, there are the coats of arms of granted by foreign aristocracy after the

Bulgaria c.950 to 1300

1878 liberation of Bulgaria.  Included within this grouping are the armorial bearings of foreign nobility, like the princes of Walachia and Moldova, who had estates of their own South of Danube, as well as the Hungarian and Polish immigrants from the middle of the 19th century, and especially the “White Russians” who came to Bulgaria during the 1920s.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Websites:

Bulgaria in Armorials 13th to 19th centuries

Bulgaria - Heraldry of the World

Bulgarian Heraldry and Vexillology Society

Bulgarian Municipal Heraldry

Civic Heraldry of Bulgaria

Coats of arms of Bulgaria‎

Images of Bulgarian Heraldry

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES:

Books:

GEOGRAPHY: 

Books:

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

History of Bulgaria (britannica.com)

History of Bulgaria (Wikipedia)

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POLISH HERALDRY

(Belarus;  Lithuania;  Poland;  Ukraine)

     Heraldic symbols began to be used in Poland in the 13th century.  The generic Polish term for a coat of arms, herb, dates from the early 15th century.  Polish heraldry is inclusive of the specifically Polish traits of heraldry and the development of coats of arms in the lands of historical Poland which also included the present day countries of Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine.  By the 16th century heraldry was well established in the aforementioned regions in so much that the contributed greatly to the development of the heraldic system developed in Russian during the 17th century.

     Although the Polish heraldic system evolved under the influence of French and German heraldry, there are many notable differences especially due to the distinct manner in which feudal society evolved in Poland, the heraldic traditions of Poland.

     The most striking peculiarity of the system is that a coat of arms does not belong to a single family.  A number of unrelated families (sometimes hundreds of them), usually with a number of different family names, may use the same, un-differenced coat of arms, and each coat of arms has its own name. A single

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1526

Click here for larger image

coat of arms could appear in slightly different versions, typically in different colors, depending on the custom of the family using it.  Such modifications are still considered as representing the same coat of arms.

     One of the most visually striking characteristics of Polish heraldry is the abundance of red fields.  Among the oldest coats of arms in Poland, nearly half use a red background, with blue coming in a distant second.  Nowhere else in Europe is there seen such a strong bias towards a particular color scheme.  It follows however the well-known heraldic custom of all Europe, of the vassals following the color-scheme of their overlord, which found practical use on the battlefield.

     Other typical features used in Polish heraldry include horseshoes, arrows, Maltese crosses, scythes, stars and crescents.  There are also many purely geometrical shapes for which a separate set of heraldic terms was invented.  The inclusion of supporters, mottos and compartments were uncommon on Polish influenced armorial bearings until the 18th and 19th centuries.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Polish Nobility and Its Heraldry: An Introduction, by Piotr Pawel Bajer, (manuscript), 54 pages

Armorial Polish: Messages historical genealogy of noble lineages (Herbarz polski: Wiadomosći historyczno-genealogiczne o rodach szlacheckich), by Adam Boniecki 16 Volumes + Supplement, published

Volume 1, 1899

Volume 2, 1900

Volume 3, 1900

Volume 4, 1901

Volume 5, 1902

Volume 6, 1903

Volume 7, 1904

Volume 8, 1905

Volume 9, 1906

Volume 10, 1907

Volume 11, 1907

Volume 12, 1908

Vol. 13, (Limited Search)

Vol. 14, (Limited Search)

Vol. 15, (Limited Search)

Vol. 16, (Limited Search)

Supplement, 1901

Polish genealogy & heraldry: an introduction to research, by Janina W. Hoskins, 1987, 114 pages

Polish Banners at Grunwald, 1410, by Andrezi Klein, et.al., 2000, 130 pages

Nobility and coats of noble houses in the Crown and the Grand Ziestwie Polskiey Lithuania, Kuropatnicki, 1789

Names of the nobility of their own coats of arms… in the Polish Kingdom & Grand Lithuanian, by Małachowski, 1805

A few words of Polish heraldry, by Stanisław Mieroszowski (hrabia.) – 1887

Lithuanian Heraldry, by Prof. Krzysztof Mikulski, Prof. John Tęgowski, (manuscript), 5 pages

Armorial Ignatius Kapitza Milewski: complement Niesiecki, by Ignacy Kapica Milewski – 1870, 504 pages

Armorial Polish (Herbarz polski), by Kasper Niesiecki, et.al., 10 volumes published 1839-1846

Armorial Polish: Volume 1,  (1831)

Armorial Polish: Volume 2,  (1839)

Armorial Polish: Volume 3,  (1839)

Armorial Polish: Volume 4,  (1839)

Armorial Polish: Volume 5,  (1840)

Armorial Polish, Volume 6,  (1841)

Armorial Polish: Volume 7,  (1841)

Armorial Polish: Volume 8,  (1841)

Armorial Polish: Volume 9,  (1842)

Armorial Polish: Volume 10, (1845)

The Book of Polish families armorial Heraldry: Volume 1, by Juliusz Ostrowski (hrabia.) - 1897

Coats of arms of Polish knighthood, by Bartosz Paprocki - 1858

Polish heraldry of the Middle Ages, by Franciszek Piekosiński - 1899

Polish knights of the Middle Ages; 1200-1366, by Franciszek Piekosiński – 1901

History of Polish and Polish law: Unknown heraldic records of the books wislickich, by Piekosiński - 1907

Heraldic monthly: Volumes 1-3, by Polish Society of Heraldic , Heraldry Society in Lviv, 1908

Przęsło ze Zwierzyńca, by Mikołaj Rej – 1884

Heraldry knighthood of Lithuania: Compendium, the familie of knighthood in Lithuania, Vijūkas-Kojelavičius, ‎1897

Unknown Polish nobility coats of arms, by Wiktor Wittyg, ‎Stanisław Dziadulewicz - 1908

The Polish Ancestral Arms, their history and their stories, by Emilian von Źernicki-Szeliga – 1904

Websites:

Belarus (civic heraldry)

Belarus (coats-of-arms of towns and cities)

Belarus (coat-of-arms list)

Belarus (state symbols of Great Litva)

Belarusian Heraldry - Wikipedia

Belarusian Heraldry (images of)

Indygenat in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Lithuania (civic heraldry)

Lithuanian Heraldry (images of)

Poland (civic heraldry)

Poland– Arms & Badges Database

Poland– Arms & Badges Database

Polish Coat of Arms Database A-Z

Polish Coat of Arms Database A-Z

Polish Coats of Arms (a list of)

Polish Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries

Polish Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries

Polish Coats-of-Arms  (Wikipedia Category)

Polish heraldic adoption

Polish heraldic family

Polish Heraldic Stove Tiles of the 15th c.

Polish heraldry

Polish heralds (biographical)

Polish nobility coats of arms

Skartabellat form of nobilitation

Test of Nobility (Nagana szlachectwa)

Ukraine (a complete heraldry of)

Ukraine (civic heraldry)

Ukraine (Family Heraldry)

Ukrainian (symbols of the historical territories & cities.

Ukrainian Families: Coats-of-Arms

Ukrainian Heraldry (Images of)

Ukrainian Heraldry Society

Ukranian Coat of Arms Database A-Z

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES:

Books:

Ukrainian Nobility at the Break of  the 16th and 17th  Centuries, By Prof. Michal Hruszewski, (manuscript), 13 pages

Monographs historical and genealogical of some Polish families, Vol. 1, by Kossakowski, et.al., 1859 ‎

Monographs historical and genealogical of some Polish families, Vol. 2, by Kossakowski, et.al., 1860

Monographs historical and genealogical of some Polish families, Vol. 3, by Kossakowski, et.al., 1872 ‎

About dynastic origins of the Polish nobility, by Franciszek Piekosiński – 1888

About dynastic nobility Polish origin, by Franciszek Piekosiński, 2nd edition, 1896

Twelve of the first generations of Polish knights of the Middle Ages, by Franciszek Piekosiński - 1896

Polish knights of the Middle Ages, Volume 1, Franciszek Piekosiński – 1896

Titled Families of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, by Michael Subritzky-Kusza Ct, PNA. (manuscript), 5 pages

The Polonization of the Ukrainian Nobility, By Orest Subtelny, (manuscript), 2 pages

Notes on the illustrious and titled families of Poland..., by Seweryn Uruski (hrabia) - 1862

Websites:

Lithuania (list of rulers)

Lithuania (the early dukes)

Lithuanian Medieval Nobility

Lithuanian nobility

Lithuanian nobility (Wikipedia Category)

Lithuanian Royal Nobility Association

Poland - History and Register of the Nobility

Polish and Lithuanian szlachta (a list of)

Polish landed gentry

Polish Nobility Association

Polish Nobility of the Medieval Period

Polish noble families – Barons

Polish noble families - Counts

Polish noble families - Marquess

Polish Szlachta (noble class)

Polish Titled Nobility

Ukrainian Nobility (Wikipedia Category)

Ukrainian Nobility of Western Ukraine

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Poland and Lithuania in the historical relationship, by Warszawa, published 1914, 700 pages.

Websites:

History of Belarus (Great Litva)

History of Ukraine (Britannica.com)

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RUSSIAN HERALDRY

     Heraldry was not adopted in Russia until after 1600.  However, there is some information about tribal symbols and identification marks being used in Russia up to that time.  Early arms were at least partly inspired by Western designs, and this was made greater by the acquisition of Ukraine from Poland, which had already been influenced by western heraldry.  Early designs of Russian heralds did not follow the usual rules of heraldry.  By 1689, there was some legal status of arms, helped by the nobility reforms of 1682, and the ideas of Peter the Great.  He oversaw the first officers of arms, the turning of state symbols into true heraldry, and started to protect certain families' rights to particular arms.  Unlike coats of arms in other countries (such as in English heraldry), they were largely granted to the family as a whole.

     In Imperial Russia, the use of coats of arms was not regulated.  The use of armorial bearings was common among the upper classes.  Arms of non-nobles were rare, although they were not banned.  When the Soviet regime took over in Russia, it abolished all titles of nobility.  However, the heraldic lineages of the former noble class did continue.  As such, a large number of noble arms, complete with supporters and helms dating back to the days of the old Russian Empire are still actively used as a symbol of one's former nobility.  There has been no change in the regulation of coat-of-arms in the current Russian state, although the use of traditional noble indicators such as certain types of helms, and supporters, for example, is restricted.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Heraldry: Moscow Archaeological institute in 1907/8 year, by Yuri Arsenyev, published 1908, 298 pages

Russian Heraldry: Volume 1, by Alexander B. Lakier, published 1855

Russian Heraldry: Volume 2, by Alexander B. Lakier, published 1855

Heraldry: Istoricheskіy Collection, by Н. В. Shaposhnikova - 1900

Emblems gorodovw̄, gubernịy, regions and posadovw̄ Rossịyskoy imperịi: 1649 to 1900, by Paul P. von Winkler, 1899

Websites:

Coats of arms of Russian noble families

Heraldic Council

History of Russian Arms

Images of Russian Heraldry

Moscow at Flags of the World .

Russian Coat of Arms at Flags of the World

Russian Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries

Russian Family Crests and Coats-of-Arms

Russian Heraldry - Wikipedia

Russian Heraldry: A Brief Survey.

The Russian College of Heraldry.

Civic Heraldry of Russia

RUSSIAN HERALDRY AS IT IS

TEXTS:

» Papers

» European

» Quarterly

ARMORIAL and GALLERIES:

» Old Russian Heraldic Art

» Modern Russian Heraldic Art
»
The Guild of Heraldic Artists

v  THE OPEN ARMORIAL:
»
Vol.I: the Commoners
»
Vol.II: the Noble Families
»
Vol.III: the Corporations
»
Vol.IV: the Ecclesiastical Heraldry
»
Supplement

ALMOST HERALDRY:

» Nobility

ORDERS, AWARDS, INSIGNIA:
»
Imperial Orders of Chivalry
»
Modern Orders and Awards
»
Insignia of Rank and Office
»
Fontes Honorum
»
Russia and the S.M.O.M.

v     Russian Heraldry That Is Not

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES: 

Books:

Lists provincial marshal of nobility Rossіyskoy Imperіi 1785-1895, by Miloradovich, 1895

Genealogy Book Chernigovskago Nobility: Volume 1,  by Earl A. Hryhoriy Miloradovich, 1901 More Editions

Genealogy Book Chernigovskago Nobility: Volume 2, by Earl A. Hryhoriy Miloradovich, 1901 More Editions

Genealogy Book Chernigovskago Nobility: Vols. 3-6, by Earl A. Hryhoriy Miloradovich, 1901 More Editions

Ukrainian Cossack, petty officers and Russian nobility born in Chernigov in 17th & 18th centuries, by Miloradovich, 1870

Russian Genealogy Book ((Российская родословная книга), by Peter Dolgorukov (Prince) (Петр Долгоруков (князь)

Volume 1,  1854

Volume 2,  1855

Volume 3,  1856

Volume 4,  1857

Websites:

Nobility of Medieval Russia

Noble Families of the Russian Empire

Noble Families of The Russian Federation - WikiStates

Russian noble families

Russian Noble Families - Alexander Palace

The History and Register of The Nobility of Russia

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

 

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