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DUTCH

Heraldry and Genealogy:
The Reference Library

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     The national style of Dutch heraldry is primarily focused upon The Netherlands, and more generally the Low Countries of Belgium and Luxembourg,  During medieval times this region was significant to the development of heraldry in Western Europe.  This is illustrated by the fact that one of the most famous early armorials, the Gelre Armorial, was written in the Netherlands between 1370 and 1414.  The Dutch heraldic tradition is characterized by its simple and rather sober style, and in this sense, is closer to its medieval origins than the elaborate styles which developed in other heraldic traditions.

Low Countries 1556-1658

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- Table of Contents –

Translating Foreign Text

Pan-Dutch Heraldry

Belgian Heraldry

Luxembourgish Heraldry

Netherlands Heraldry

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PAN-DUTCH HERALDRY

     The books and or websites listed herein are those that cover more than two or more of the several geographical areas included within this heraldic classification.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

HERALDRY:

Books:

Arms of the Kingdom of Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, by Koffie Hag, Brussels, Belgium, published 1931

Websites:

European Heraldry – Benelux Countries

Almanach De Saxe Gotha

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES: 

Books:

Websites:

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world,

by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA Caspe;  Volume 2:  Caspian Sea Iona,  Volume 3:  Ionian Islands -  Poole,  Volume 4:  PoonahZytomiers

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

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BELGIAN HERALDRY

     The formation of the nobility and dawn of the Belgian heraldic tradition began during the 12th and 13th centuries when the region was ruled by the Dukes of Burgundy.  In 1595 heraldic matters were codified by Philip II lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands.

     In 1831 the newly independent Kingdom of Belgium decided to base its coat of arms and flag on the symbols used by the short-lived United Netherlandish States.  These came into being after the Southern Netherlands threw off Austrian rule in 1790 during the Brabant Revolution.  Therefore the Lion of Brabant (sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules) came to stand for the entire federation.

     In Belgium alone, there are thousands of coats of arms that can be found on seals in original records.  There are 550 listed in the Heraldry Book of the Waasland (Wapenboek van het Land van Waas) alone.

     The following entities are permitted to grant arms in Belgium: (1) The Council of nobility was fomed in 1844 and grants arms to the nobility and municipal arms in the German speaking community of Belgium;  (2) Flemish Heraldic Council was created in 1984 coats-of-arms to non-noble personal, official, municipal, and corporate arms within the Flemish Community of Belgium; and (3) Since 1985 The Heraldic and Vexilological Council of the French Community of Belgium has issued grants to non-noble personal and municipal arms in the French Community of Belgium.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Armorial du Royaume de Belgique, by Isidore Bn Stein d'Altenstein, 1845, 19 pages

Heraldic laws of Belgium, 1595-1895, by Léon Arendt, ‎Alfred de Ridder – 1896

Flanders in Portraits of the princes, coat of arms of the nobility, the country & geography, Bavarian State Library, 1562

Heraldic collection: genealogical & historical notes on nobles & patrician families of the city of Bruges, by Dycke 1851

Collection of tombs, epitaphs, emblems, in churches and convents of Hesbaye, by Léon de Herchenrode - 1845

Belgium heraldry; historical collection, chronological, genealogical and biographical, (La Belgique héraldique; recueil historique, chronologique, généalogique et biographique…), by Charles E. J. Poplimont, Series 1863-67

Volume 1 (A-Bi), 1863, Full view

Volume 2 (BL-Char), 1864, Full view

Volume 3 (Chas –Dieu), 1866, Full view

Volume 4 (Do-Goba), 1866, Full view;  Full view

Volume 5 (Gobl-Ho), 1866, Full view;  Full view

Volume 6 (Hu-L), 1866, Full view;  Full view

Volume 7 (M), 1866, Full view; Full view

Volume 8 (N-Pos), 1866, Full view; Full view

Volume 9 Pot-R 1867 Full view;  Full view 

Volume 10 (S-Tr), 1867, Full view; Full view

Volume 11 (Ts-Z), 1867 Full view;  Full view

Heraldry Book of the Waasland, by A. Van Geertsom & G. Roggeman, published 1967

Websites:

·         Armorial of Present Day Belgian Heraldry

·         Armorials of Belgium

·         Belgian Heraldry: Royal and Families

·         Belgium Coat of Arms Database A-Z

·         Belgium: Heraldry of the World

·         Flemish Heraldic Council

·         Heraldic Authority - Belgium

·         Heraldry in Belgium

·         Images of Heraldry in Belgium

 

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES:

Books:

Yearbook of the nobility of Belgium, (Annuaire de la noblesse de Belgique), by Auguste Decq, Editor

1848 edition

1850 edition

1854 edition

1855 edition

1856 edition

1857 edition

1859 edition

1860 edition

1861 edition

1864 edition

1865 edition

1867 edition

1869 edition

1870 edition

1871 edition

Bruges and the Franc or their judiciary and nobility, with historical and genealogical data on every family (Bruges et le Franc ou Leur magistrature et leur noblesse, avec des données historiques et généalogiques sur chaque famille),  by Jean Jacques Gailliard

Volume 1, 1857

Volume 2, 1858

Volume 3, 1859

Volume 4, 1860

Volume 5, 1862

Volume 6, 1864

Antiquites and nobility of Flanders: … the genealogical history of the Counts of Flanders, by Espinoy, ‎et.al., 1632

The theater of the nobility of Brabant, by Joseph van den Leene - 1705

National Biographies: Belgian nobility, by Charles Emmanuel Joseph Poplimont, published 1850, 256 pages

Websites:

·         Armorial of the Belgian nobility

·         Association of the nobility …Kingdom of Belgium

·         Belgium noble families

·         Chronological list of Belgian families

·         Contemporary families of Belgian nobility

·         Council nobility

·         Extinct families of the Belgian nobility

·         Familles Contemporary Families of Belgian Nobility

·         History & Register of the Nobility of Belgium

·         List of ennoblement in Belgium (reign of Albert II)

·         List of ennoblement in Belgium (reign of Albert II)

·         List of ennoblement in Belgium (reign of Philip 1)

·         List of ennoblements in Belgium (reign of Philip I)

·         List of Families of the Belgian Noblility

·         Nobility in Belgium

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world,

by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA – Caspe;  Volume 2:  Caspian Sea – Iona,  Volume 3:  Ionian Islands -  Poole,  Volume 4:  PoonahZytomiers

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Belgium (1830-1848), by Charles Emmanuel Joseph Poplimont, Published: (1848)

Annals of the province and county of Hainaut, (Annales de la province et comté du Hainaut

), by François Vinchant

Volume 1, 1848

Volume 2, 1849

Volume 3, 1850

Volume 4, 1851

Volume 5, 1852

Volume 6, 1853

Websites:

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LUXEMBOURGISH HERALDRY

The history of heraldry in Luxembourg is inherently entwined with that of surrounding countries, peoples, and ruling dynasties.  It was Count Henry V of Luxembourg (died 1281), son of Countess Ermesinde and Duke Waleran IV of Limburg, who used a seal with an image of the Luxembourg coat-of-arms for the first time in 1236.

     Each of the 106 municipalities of the Grand Duchy has its own coat of arms.  The Armorial Common Luxembourg provides information on municipal arms.  The arms of Luxembourg have had a legal protection since 1972.  A State Heraldic Commission, (Commission héraldique de l'Etat), advises the Prime Minister, and Minister of State in all matters relating to the use of the emblems of the state.

     The Armorial of the country of Luxembourg contains descriptions of the arms of the princes of the House of Luxembourg, all the rulers of other houses that ruled the country, governors who exercised power on their behalf, as well as noble families, bourgeois or peasant, provided that a depiction of their arms have been found.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Armorial of the country of Luxembourg (aka. “Armorial Loutsch”), by Jean-Claude Loutsch, published 1974, abridged

An Examination of the History of the Coat-of-Arms of Luxembourg, by State Heraldry Commission, a manuscript, 2007

Websites:

Armorial of the Communes of Luxembourg

Armorial: Country of Luxembourg

Coat of Arms of Luxembourg

European Heraldry - Luxembourg

Images of Arms from Armorial Loutsch

Luxembourg Civic Heraldry

Luxembourg: Heraldry of the World

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES: 

Books:

Websites:

House of Nassau-Weilburg

Nobility of Luxembourg

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world,

by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA Caspe;  Volume 2:  Caspian Sea Iona,  Volume 3:  Ionian Islands -  Poole,  Volume 4:  PoonahZytomiers

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

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NETHERLANDS HERALDRY

     Coats of arms in the Netherlands were not controlled by an official heraldic system like the two in the United Kingdom, nor were they used solely by noble families.  Any person could develop and use a coat of arms if they wished to do so, provided they did not usurp someone else's arms, and historically, this right was enshrined in Roman Dutch law.  As a result, many merchant families had coats of arms even though they were not members of the nobility.  These are sometimes referred to as “burgher arms,” and it is thought that most arms of this type were adopted between 1581 and 1806 while the Netherlands was a part of the Holy Roman Empire.  This heraldic tradition was also exported to the various Dutch colonies, such as South Africa, where it influenced South African heraldry.

     The High Council of the Nobility (Hoge Raad van Adel) is the heraldic authority of the Netherlands.  Since 1815 it has been responsible for grants of personal arms to the nobility, as well as official, military, and municipal arms.

Heraldry Books

Heraldry Websites

Bio-Gen Books

Bio-Gen Websites

Geography Books

Geography Websites

History Books

History Websites

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HERALDRY:

Books:

Armorial seals of the Netherlands and neighboring countries ... - Volume 4, by J. Th. de Raadt, ‎et.,al., 1901

Handbook of heraldry (Netherlands), by Jan Baptist Rietstap, 1875

The Arms of the present and the earlier ones Netherlands nobility: …, by Jan Baptist Rietstap - 1890

De doorlughtige weereld (Netherlands), by Simon de Vries – 1700

The Dutch lion: journal of the Royal Dutch Society for Genealogy and Heraldry, by Royal Netherlands Society for Genealogy and Heraldry. Volume:1883-88;  Volume:1889-94;  Volume:1895-1900;  Volume:1901-05;  Volume:1906-08

Websites:

Dutch– Arms & Badges Database

Dutch Coat of Arms Database A-Z

Dutch Coats of Arms

Dutch Coats of Arms A-Z Galleries

Dutch Heraldry (a blog post)

Heraldic Arms in the Netherlands

Heraldic Coat-of-Arms Registers in the Netherlands

Historical Family Coats-of-Arms

Holland Heraldic Database

Netherlands Heraldry (Family Search)

Public & personal Netherlands arms, since 1816

The Netherlands: Heraldry of the World

World Civic Heraldry Guide: Netherlands

BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES:

Books:

Heraldry Series Burgomasters of the noble city of Liege, by Louis Abry, ‎Jean Guillaume Loyens - 1720

Family history of the Country the Netherlands, or history of Cambray, and Cambresis, by Jean le Carpentier - 1664

Historical record, of the royal house of the Netherlands Orange-Nassau, by Charles Joseph de Francquen - 1826

Supplement to the nobility of the Netherlands and the County of Burgundy,1420-1555,  by Jean Jacobs, 1861, 274 pgs

Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy: Vol. 1, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) - 1760

Supplement to Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1862

Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy; Volume 5, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1862

Nobility of the Netherlands, and the County of Burgundy; Volume 11, Vegiano (Seigneur d'Hovel.) – 1861

Websites:

Dutch noble families

House of Nassau-Orange

History & Register of Nobility of the Netherlands

Holland Genealogical Database

GEOGRAPHY:

Books:

A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, & Historical of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world,

by John Ramsay M'Culloch, four volumes, published 1866

Volume 1:  AA Caspe;  Volume 2:  Caspian Sea Iona,  Volume 3:  Ionian Islands -  Poole,  Volume 4:  PoonahZytomiers

Websites:

Our Favorite Map and Atlas Webpages

Our Favorite Gazetteers

HISTORY:

Books:

Websites:

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