HISTORY OF CANAAN.
THE CHARTERS OF CANAAN.
The charters of Canaan are interesting documents, their tone and style are kingly, such as our Republican ears are unused to. The first and original charter signed and granted July 9, 1761, having lapsed by reason of the non-performance of its conditions by the grantees, they made application to Gov. John Wentworth, who renewed the old charter by a second charter dated February 23, 1769, and granted them a further term of four years to fulfil the conditions of the first charter.
The first charter commences with the royal declaration:
Province of New Hampshire,
George the Third, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith &c,
To all persons to whom these presents shall come Greeting Know ye, that wee of our special Grace, Certain knowledge and Meer motion, for the Due incouragement of settling a new Plantation within our said Province, by and with the advice of our trusty and well beloved Benning Wentworth Esq, our Governor and Commander in chief of our said Province of New Hampshire. Have upon the conditions and Reservations hereinafter made, Given and Granted and by these presents for us our Heirs and Successors, do give and grant in equal Shares to our Loving Subjects Inhabitants of our said Province of New Hampshlre and our other Governments, and to their heirs and assigns forever whose names are entered on this Grant to be divided to and amongst them into sixty eight equal shares, all that tract or parcel of land, situate Lying & being within our sd Province of New Hampshire containing by Admeasurement Twenty three Thousand acres, which tract is to contain six miles square and no more out of which an allowance is to be made for highways and unimprovable lands by Rocks ponds mountains and Rivers one Thousand and Forty acres free according to a plan & survey thereof made by our said Governors order, and returned into the Secretarys office & hereto annexed, butted and bounded as follows; viz; Beginning at the South East Corner of Hanover from thence, North fifty five Degrees East by Hanover Six miles