Note from David Scholey (UK) Dave ScholeyThis is a slightly edited version of A Pioneer Story, I have taken nothing from the original, simply paragraphed much of it to make it more readable and added a little additional information
SCHOLEY, (Cadwell, Beds). Confirmed 6th June, 1582. AZ. on a bend ar. three gurts. Description of a coat of arms issued to Richard Scholey in 1580
SCHOLEY, (Gober(Gawber) Hall, Yorks) the same. The British Herald(book 2) or Cabinet or Ar-morial bearings, by Thomas Robson, Pub. 1830.
If this is to be accepted as an accurate record then the words “the same” in the second entry appear to refer to the description of the coat of arms, all awards are different so the implication is that Richard while living at Cadwell, Bedfordshire had his roots at Gawber Hall (Gorber) near Barnsley Yorkshire. This explains reference to kin in Yorkshire and moves us a step closer to connecting the American Schooleys with the Yorkshire Scholeys (D Scholey note)
SCHOLEY, a dexter hand brandishing a sword. Royal Book of Crests of Great Britain and Ire-land, page 159, crest 7.
"GRANTEE OF ARMS" SCHOLEY, RICHARD, of Cadwell; Bedford, confirmed 6th June, 1582. By Flower, MS. Ashm. 834. Fo. 54b. Copy of Grant, Bodleian Lib. Guild, 360. Publications of Harleian Society, Vol. LXVI, p. 224
"Visitations" by officers of Arms, acting under a Royal Commission, took place about 1580, 1620, and 1666, who investigated all ARMS and Confirmed or Denied them, and destroyed all vehicles, plate &c which bore assumed inscriptions. The Right to Bear Arms, p. 230.
"A simple Coat of Arms, such as ‘Azure, a bend’ (r), or ‘Gules, a lion rampant argent,’it is now impossible to obtain from the College of Armor Heralds; and it is because they have been appropriated for so long that a simple Coat of Arms has become what it is, a sign of an ancient House; simple Coats are urgently desired by all who make pretentions to the rights to armorial bearings." "A Coat of Arms did not belong with a family name, but only to the particular family bearing the name to whose progenitor it had been granted or confirmed."
THE BEND is a bearing of high honor and probably represents either the scarf, or the shield suspender of a Knight or Military Commander.
THE HURT is called a plate, and denotes generosity. The old heralds have at-tached batious names and significations to these round figures.
MOTTO-Under heraldic law, any user of any Arms may adopt and use any motto desired. In the case of older Arms, none is recorded, but rarely.
Richard Scholey of Co. Yorks, registered at Oxford University. 1379 - P. T. Yorks, Johannes de Scoley. 1379 - Robertus and Ricardus de Scoley. English and Welsh Surnames, by Bardsley. "Scholey-Richard de Scoleio, Normandy, 1198. (MRS.) Schooley, for Scholey." Manuscripts year 1198. The Norman People, King, London, 1874.
CONTENTS Armoreal iii-iv Preface vii I. THE SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY LINEAGE
1 In England
2 In America
4 II. JOHN SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY, SR. and JR.. . . . . .
9 John Scholey-Schooley, Sr.
9 John Scholey-Schooley, Jr.
10 III. THOMASSCHOLEY. . . . . . .
13 Thomas Scholey and Sarah Parker 13 Thomas Scholey’s Sons and Daughters
15 IV. SAMUELSCHOLEY
18 Samuel Scholey and Avis Holloway
18 Samuel Scholey’s Sons 24 V. CAPTAINSAMUELSCHOOLEY,JR.
27 Military Record of Captain Schooley
29 The Willson Family 33 The Valley of the Ohio (Map)
34 VI. CAPTAIN SCHOOLEY’S SONS AND DAUGHTERS John and Leah Schooley Pike Colonel Samuel Pike, Editor Jonathan and Margaret Schooley Harrold James and Susannah Betts Schooley John and Susannah Johnson Schooley
In Ohio and Indiana Samuel and Rachel Johnson Schooley Benjamin and Rebecca Johnson Schooley Nathan and Sarah Stanbraugh Schooley Elizabeth Schooley Henson Family of Thomas and Ann Johnson . 35 35 35 36 37 37 38 40 40 41 42 42 VII.
ISAAC SCHOOLEY 43 Sons and Daughters of Isaac and Selah Schooley 44 VIII. LEANDER SCHOOLEY 46 Leander and Anna Dannefer Schooley 46 The Hans Oleson Dannefer Family 47 Walter M. and May S. Ivey 48 John Harris and Dessa Schooley Johnson 48 Dane 0. and Carrie Wilson Schooley 50 Walter J. and Inez Schooley Turnbull 50 Victor S. and Goldie I. Schooley 51 IX.
MENDENHALLLINEAGE. . 53 The Thomas Family 53 Thomas Family, Wayne County, Indiana 54 The Thomas Family, Notes 55 Finis 56 Appendix I. Schooley’s Mountain 57 II. Hotel Dorincourt 58 Map of Grayson and Carrol Counties, Virginia 59 Map of England 60
THE SCHOLEY - SCHOOLEY LINEAGE IN ENGLAND AND IN AMERICA
THE SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY LINEAGE
RICHARD SCHOLEY I., b. Cadwell, Bedfordshire, Eng.; died 1590; mar-ried Amy ------ , Cadwell, Bedfordshire, Eng. Children, Richard.
RICHARD SCHOLEY II., b. Easton-on-the-Hill, Stamford Baron, Eng.; mar-ried --------- ----------; died 1638. Children, Richard, John (of Aughton) Anthony.
JOHN SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY, b. 1609, Northhampshire, Eng.; died 1696, in America at Chesterfield, near Burlington, West Jersey. Married first Elizabeth Fletcher, Rotherham, Eng., 1633. Children, Richard, Ellen, William, Mary, Robert and Thomas. Married second, Isabelle Hancock in 1660, Sheffield, Eng. Children, John.
THOMAS SCHOOLEY, b. 1650, Yorkshire, Eng.; died 1724 at Onychickon, Burlington Co., West Jersey, America.Married Sarah Parker at Bur-lington, in 1686. Children, Thomas Jr., William, Sarah, Elizabeth, Samuel, Joseph and John.
SAMUEL SCHOOLEY I., b. 1698, Chesterfield Twp., Burlington Co., New Jersey. Died Old Hardwick, N. J., 176 1. Married Alvis Holloway, 1725. Children, Asenath, Ann, Joseph, James, Benjamin, Rachel, Je-hoaden and Samuel.
SAMUEL SCHOOLEY II., b. 1743, Quakertown, Hunterdon Co., New Jer-sey. Died 1832 in Grayson Co. (Carroll), Va. Married first, Margaret Brown Gibbons in ---------,Bucks Co., Pa. Children, William, Mar-ried second, Elizabeth Willson of Warren Co., N. J., 1770. Children, Leah, Margaret, James, John, Samuel, Gabriel, Benjamin, Nathaniel and Elizabeth.
JOHN SCHOOLEY, b. 1782, Newton, Sussex Co., N. J. Died 18-- in In-diana. Married Susanna Johnson of Grayson Co., Va., 1805. Chil-dren, Asenath, Isaac, Elizabeth, Rachel and Sarah.
ISAAC SCHOOLEY, b. 1808, Grayson Co,, Va. Died 1883, Grandview, Texas. Married Selah Thomas at New Garden, Ind., 1827. Children, Anna, Nancy, Hannah, Edith, John M., Stephen, Susannah, Emily, Leander, Camm and Constantine.
LEANDER SCHOOLEY, b. 1844, Marion, Ind. Died Chattanooga, Tenn., 1916. Married Anna Dannefer, 1873, at Belleville, Kans. Children, Selah May, Lola Gay, Bernal Conner, Lena O’Dessa, Dane Olen, Ella Inez and Victor Stanley.
THE NAME OF SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY IN ENGLAND
Numerous instances have been found in authentic records, such as parish church registers and military rolls and court decrees and sen-tences relating to estates which establish the great antiquity of the name of Scholey-Schooley in England. More frequent mention of the name may be found in the various records or documents pertaining to religious or commercial life in Yorkshire, though the name often appears in other counties of England in ancient, as well as in modern times.
The one personality with which most of the Schooleys in America are interested was the immigrant from England, John Scholey, Senior, the father of Robert, Thomas and John Junior, who with their descendants made the bulk of the history of this booklet. John Scholey was born, or baptised, in the year 1609 in Northhamp-shire in England. His father was Richard Scholey, whose residence was at Easton-on-the-Hill, in the Barony of Stamford, near the city of Stamford.
This Richard had three sons-Richard, John and Anthony. Richard was the eldest and Anthony the youngest. Richard and John, while quite young men at home with their father’s family, had received the usuary from leases and tenements owned by their father at Colleweston and Stewkeley.
About the year 1631 these two brothers went northward into Yorkshire, and apparently among relatives. Both remained for many years, it appears, and had their homes at times in the parish of Aston cum Aughton, in the Wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, in the West Ridings of Yorkshire, about six miles east from Sheffield and about four miles south from Rotherham.
John Scholey, Sr., was married with Elizabeth Fletcher, daughter of Richard and Alice (Ellice) Fletcher. All were then of the parish of Rotherham. They were married on the 23rd of April, in the year of 1633. (Rotherham Marriage Registers). To John and Elizabeth were born Richard in 1636, who in 1667 married Elizabeth Greene of the par-ish of Rotherham. (Rotherham Registers). He died in 1686 and was buried at All Saints of Aston Parish. (Parish burial register). Ellen, who died in 1654, was of Rotherham and in that year married Henrye Barton of Par-Aughton.
William was born in 1640 and died in 17 14. His residence was at Aughton, and he was a member of the Friends Meetings of Balby. (English Friends Records). Robert was born in the year 1648 in Hemsworth West Yorkshire and married Sarah Bingham. He died in America in the year 1689. Thomas was born in 1650, married in 1686 in America to Sarah Parker, and died in 1724 in America. (Note-Robert and Thomas each had a daughter named Elizabeth, and each had a son named William, born in America).
John Scholey’s (Scoley), Sr., second marriage was in 1660 with Isa-belle Hancock, daughter of Robert and -Hancock, of the parish of Sheffield. (Sheffield Marriage Registers). To this mating was born "John sonne of John’ Scholey, Oct. 15, 1676." (Registers of All Saints of Aston Parish). He become known in America as John Scholey, Junior. (Note--John, Jr., had a daughter named Isabel).
The principal home of this branch of the Schooleys in England was about one-half mile west of the ancient village of Aughton, and was known as Scholey’sCopse or as Smallage Farm. These properties were known as the Scho-ley homes for scores of years. This farm, of about eighty acres, lies on an elevation and has a good view of Aughton and Aston, and also west-ward over the Valley of the Rother to Woodhouse and Handsworth, about one and a half, and two miles away.
Near Smallage House are the ages-old woodlands, Falconer Wood, Treeton Wood and Hail Mary Wood. The principal roadway westward from Aughton was Smallage Lane, which leads past Smallage House and down the hill to Woodhouse Hill station of the Great Central Railway and the North Midland Line which roads traverse the Rother Valley.
The River Rother meanders through the meadows of the valley on its way northeasterly, and joins the River Don at Bow Bridge in Rotherham. The ancient rural beauty of this sec-tion of country is now marred by unsightly colleries. The parish church of the parish of Aston is All Saints at Aston, a half-mile southeast from Aughton. The church overlooks large Aston Park. The antiquity of this church is proven by an unbroken register of Rectors from the year 1259, avers the Rotherham Daily Advertiser.
The registers of members’ baptisms, marriages and burials reach back hundreds of years. They have names of many Scholeys, spelled in several variations Nicholas Scholey was one of the Wardens of this church in 1669. In the old and now closed burial ground of All Saints are the burial vaults of Scholeys in the years 1500 to 1600. Inscriptions on the vaults bear the names of Scholeys of Smallage House.
RICHARD SCHOLEY, of Stamford Baron, father of John of Aughton, died in the year 1638. His will bore the date of September 3rd of that year and was probated 23rd of October, 1638. The son, ANTHONY, was then "under age 21," but in the following month he was allowed to act as executor of his father’s will. This wili provided that the testator be buried in the church yard of the Parish Church of St. Martins, in Stamford, Baron. Bequests were made therein "to the poore of Easton-on-the-Hill,""to my son, Anthonie, the house in St. Martins, also the house in Easton wherein I now live."
(Records of Prerogative Court).
Richard Scholey, of Stamford Baron, was the son of Richard Schoo-ley and Amy --------, his wife, of Cadwell, in Bedfordshire. Cadwell was located about one mile west from the town of Bedford on the River Ouse, which was the location of the Priory of the Order of the Holy Cross, es-tablished in the reign of King John. Richard of Bedford died in the year 1590 and left an estate. The Prerogative Court, at Michaelmas term 23d of October, 1591, denied the allegations of Richard as not proven. "Allegations of the defendant, Amy, at Second of All Souls, 4th of Nov. in said year (1591) has been proved." "Now we pronounce that said Amy is relict of s’d Dec’d and is entitled to administer his goods." "Ad’m thefore to said Amy S., dated Tuesday, 13th June, 1592." -(
Adm. Act. Book, 1592).
Note from David Scholey The above paragraph indicates that there had been a dispute between the widow and the son which the son lost, although I have no evidence I suspect that Amy was a second wife and resented by the son. Whatever the reason he is sent packing with a flea in his ear and later his sons travelled from his home to Yorkshire where they had kin and later began the massive immigration to the new colonies (at the time) of America. It is interesting that Robert was born in Hemsworth which still had Scholeys in modern days and can be tracked back to 1440 so increasing the likelihood that American Schooleys and UK Scholeys are quite directly related, if we could find the nature of the “kin in Yorkshire” then we would be much closer to proving the link and to establishing Richards earlier background . He was of course awarded his coat of arms on a visitation by the Norray King of Arms , this character would not have had responsibility for Bedford where Richard lived but would have been responsible for Yorkshire
THE NAME OF SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY IN AMERICA
THOMAS SCHOLEY This ancient Norman-Anglo family name was first introduced into America by Thomas Scholey, who came from near Sheffield in the West Ridings of Yorkshire, in England, in the year 1677. Records of very early land titles in New Jersey disclose the fact that previous to his emigration to America he had his home at, or near, Woodhouse, a village in the parish of Handsworth, located about four to five miles easterly from Sheffield. His destination in America was the colony of the Society of Friends, about to be established along the Dela-ware river in West Jersey. His brother Robert came over in the next year to the same place. About two or three years later their father and mother and younger brother John came also and settled in the same vi-cinity.
A history of "Nova Caesarea,"or New Jersey, was published at Bur-lington, New Jersey, in the year of 1765 by Samuel Smith, who had served for several years as a member of the Provincial Assembly and as Treasurer of the Province. He married a daughter of Joseph Kirk-bride and were members of the Friends Religious Society.
This author informs his readers that extensive and careful prepara-tions had been made in England by the members of the colony of the Society of Friends, with whom Thomas Scholey had affiliated before they left their old homes in England, to engage in pioneering activities in the New World. Thomas Scholey was among the one hundred and fifty-one men who signed a petition to the English King, Charles II., for "Concessions" of lands in West Jersey. Among the petitioners were: E. Byllinge, William Penn, Mahlon Stacy, Thomas Budd, Gawen Lawrie, Samuel Lovett, Thomas Scholey, John Newbold, Thomas Revel, William Emley, Samuel Jennings, Thomas French, Godfrey Hancock, John Wood, John Pancoast, Thomas Lambert, Thomas Watson, George Hutchinson, Thomas Gardner.
Many of these petitioners were of the same, or near communities in England as the Scholeys. In this history, on page 92, Smith says, "Among other purchasers of West Jersey lands, were two companies, one made up of some Friends in Yorkshire, and the other of some Friends in London. In the year 1677 Commissioners were sent by the Proprietors with power to buy the lands of the natives; and to order the lands laid out and in general to administer the government, purusuant to the Con-cessions."
The Yorkshire Commissioners, Joseph Helmsley, William Emley and Robert Stacy, on behalf of the first purchasers, chose from the Falls of the Delaware, down, which was hence called the First Tenth. The London Commissioners and those of Yorkshire agreed to join in settling the first town; the Londoners taking along the river to the main street of the town, and the Yorkshire Commissioners to the east of the main street. This town was first called New Beverly, then Bridling-ton, but soon changed to Burlington. Laws for the government of this projected West Jersey settlement were agreed upon and adopted and signed on the third day of March, 1677. Thomas Scholey affixed his signature thereto with Thomas French, George Hutchinson, Thomas Gardner, William Black, John Pancoast, Thomas Wright, Godfrey Han-cock, John Newbold, John Wood, Thomas Lambert, Thomas Hooten, Henry Stacy, Thomas Revell, et al.
Among the few early boats to arrive at Burlington was the Flie Boat Martha, of Burlington, Yorkshire, England, which arrived late in the summer of 1677, sailed from Hull (a port on the River Humber) with 114 passengers designed to settle the Yorkshire (First) Tenth. Some masters of families in this ship were Thomas Wright, William Goforth, John Lyman, Edward Season, William Black, Richard Long-worth, George Miles, William Wood, Thomas Schooley, Richard Harri-son, Thomas Hooton, Samuel Taylor, Marmaduke Horsman, William Oakley, William Ley and Nathaniel Luke.
The families of Robert Stacy and Samuel Odas. Nearly all of these men were from towns and parishes in southeast-ern Yorkshire and in adjacent Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, near the old English homes of the Schooleys. Thomas was then unmarried.
ROBERT SCHOLEY. Smith’s History also furnishes us with the in-formation that the next year, 1678, the ship, THE SHIELD, after sixteen weeks’ voyage, in the 10th MO. (December) old time, arrived at the Falls of the Delaware, a few miles north of Burlington. Robert Schooley, with his wife and children, came on the Shield this trip with many old friends and neighbors.
He was the second Scholey in America. Robert had lived a little while at Warsup, in Nottinghamshire, Eng., after his marriage with Sarah Bingham, a daughter of Richard and Fran-ces, in the year 1675, at John Hooton’s home at Skegby in Notts. Robert ond Sarah were then members of the Friends Society there, as they were in later years in America.
Smith’s History mentions the names of the following friends and neighbors of the Scholeys in England who came over on this trip of THE SHIELD from the neighboring localities within twenty miles southeasterly from Sheffield. Among them were: William Emley, wife and two children, and two men and two women servants. ‘This was Emley’s second trip. Mahlon Stacy, wife and chil-dren and servants; John Wood, wife and children; Thomas Lambert, wife, children and servants; Thomas Potts, wife and children; John Lambert and servant; Thomas Revell, wife and servants; Thomas Wood, wife and children; Robert Murfin, wife and two children; James Pharo, wife and children; Susannah Farnsworth, children and two servants; Richard Tat-tersall, wife and children; Godfrey Newbold, Richard Greene, Peter Frett-well, John Frettwell, John Newbold, Francis Barwick, George Parks, George Hill, John Ayers.
This information is supported by the details of this particular journey of the Shield and accessible on the internet
A memorandum in the records of the Chesterfield (Burlington Co., N. J.) of Friends Meeting (vol. 1, page 7) gives the names of Robert Scholey’s children, and asserts they were all born in America. A daughter, Alice, was born 2d mo. April 16, 1676, at Mansfield Wood-house in Derbyshire, according to English Friends records. The dates of the births of his other children are as follows: William, born 8-2-1679; Mary, born 11-6-1681; Sarah, born at Notting-ham Woodhouse in West Jersey, 1-26-1684; Elizabeth, born in 1686, died after three days; Robert, born 11-10-1687.
It is probable that Nottingham Woodhouse, in West Jersey, was in Nottingham township, which was near the Falls (Trenton). Probably all of his children were born there, as Robert had his home in that town-ship, and he and Sarah were buried near the Falls.
Robert, the father, died soon after the birth of his last child. His life in the New World was of but little more than ten years’ duration, All of his children were very young at the time of his death. Robert was probably under forty-one years of age at the date of his death, and his widow but little over thirty. Robert dated his will "ye 19 day of ye 1st mo. 1688." To Sarah, his wife, he bequeathed "Ye Plantations in Nottingham township and ye house and lotts in ye town of Burlington." As Executrix of his will, he appointed Sarah, and to assist her he said, "I do nominate and empower my trusty and beloved friends, Mahlon Stacy of Ballyfield, and Thomas Lambert of Nottingham, both of the province of West Jersey."
He men-tions "my youngest son, Robert, to have five pounds more than the rest." In the next year after Robert’s death, or in 1690, Sarah, by authority of his will, sold to young John Lambert, son of above Thomas Lambert, a "plantation of 200 acres, and the mansion house." (Vol. B, p. 473, Dept. of State of New Jersey). Seven years after the death of Robert, as evidenced by the Book of Marriages of the Chesterfield Friends Meetings, Sarah was united in marriage with Caleb Wheatley, on the 10th of the 10th month, 1696, be-fore the Chesterfield Friends.
The recorded witnesses to this marriage included Sarah’s children, William, Robert, Mary, and Sarah Scholey, Frances Davenport, Mathew Watson, John Bunting, Thomas Folkes, John Murfin, Joseph Smith, et al. The Friends Meeting appointed a committee "to see that the rights of Sarah’s children were well safeguarded."
Robert Scholey was"buried at ye Falls, the 25th day of ye 1st month, year 1689." The Chesterfield Friends records has, "Sarah Wheatley, widow of Robert Scholey, and late wife of Caleb Wheatley, died l-14-1 714, and was buryed at ye Falls." Robert Scholey’s daughter, Mary, who was born in 1681, was mar-ried to Joseph Wright in 1710. Of Robert, "the youngest son,"there is but little data from Friends records. He was just over a year old at the date of his father’s death. In his early manhood he evidently was indifferent about conforming with the requirements of the kindly Quaker meetings. A minute in the Chesterfield-records (Vol. A, p. 96) is,"Robert Scholey attended a mar-riage performed by a priest, and has been spoken with," 9 mo. 7-1706. He was then about aged 18. Appare n t l y he married "out of Friends Meetings" as they have no record ofhis marriage. He married Cath-erine -and they had their home in 1732, aged about 45 years. near the Falls (Trenton).
He died He left no will. No record has been found of any children of Robert and Catherine Scholey. William Scholey, eldest son of Robert, Sr., and Sarah, is mentioned in Chesterfield minutes during his youthful years only. An entry in those records avers that Elders of the meeting were appointed "to talk with William, son of Robert" about "some of his habits." These records have no reference to William as a mature man. The will of Andrew Smith of Hopewell Twp., near the Falls, bearing the date of 1702-3, bequeaths to "daughter Mary, wife of William Schoo-ley. II
.William at this time was about 23 or 24 years old. The Smith fam-ily became members of the Episcopal Church of Burlington, and into this church William’ Scholey was baptised. (See Hills’s St. Mary’s, 1702). In the year 1702 this church became known as St. Annes, and its Regis-ters contain names of sons and daughters of Andrew Smith, also Wil-liam Schololey, son of Robert Scholholey. All became members in the same day.
The Schooley families of southern Warren County may be descendants of this William. The following items concern all of the first families of Scholey-Schooleys in America. In the Pennsylvania Magazine of History, Vol. 35, we find that Thomas Scholey was an officer of his town or township in 1705. "The inhabitants and freeholders of Chesterfield did persuent to a warrent the 21st day of the 7th mo. of 1706 for to Sess and Colect a tax for Repair-ing the Cort Hous and prison according to the directions of the said War-ent, did couse our Sessers and Colectors to Sess and Colect the said tax, who are as followeth: Samuel Bunting, John Bunting, Thomas Scholey, Samuel Taylor, Sessers. County, N. J. Town Docket of Chesterfield Twp., Burlington
Thomas Scholey chosen Overseer of the Poor, 10th mo. 1700. In the year 1682 on the tenth of Dec., Thomas Scholey received con-veyance of title from Robert Scholey of Nottingham Woodhouse, in ye Province of West Jersey, to one-sixty-fourth of a property for "fifty shill-ings current money of England," lots in ye town of Burlington"were excepted. Both Thomas and Robert are described as "Clothmakers." (Vol. B of Deeds, Dept. of State of N. J.). The American Historical Society, N. J., Vol. 1, states that "Quakers from Yorkshire and London who came to Salem and Burlington in 1677, soon commenced cloth manufacture. Within 20 years " crepes, good plushes, camblets (part hair) and other side Linnen were mentioned by English writers."very good serges, woolen cloths be-Flax twice Hackled, sold for 9d. pound. "
Generally speaking, the Quaker Colonists to West Jersey were of a better social class than those who went to East Jersey at this time, 1676-77. Few settlers purchased less than 100 acres; the-most frequent sizes were 2, 3, 4 and 5 hundred acres. A greater number of settlers had a Proprietary interest in the colony. ‘
The Proprietor who sold his land made his own arrangements with purchaser, collecting such rents from his tenants as they mutually agreed upon, and undertook, himself, the maintenance of the Proprietary Claims." "Survey, 1680, for Thomas and Robert Scholey of 200 acres along the Delaware river, between John Rogers and Crosswick Creek." (N. J. A., Vol. 21). "1690, to Thomas Scholey, Burlington, 200 acres at Oneanickon." "1699, surveyed then for Thomas Scholey, in two knolls, sixty-five acres, by John Sykes, also of 29 acres adjoining." "Surveyed for Robert Scholey in 1682 for 205 acres on Delaware river adjoining his dwelling house; north, John Rogers, east Crosswick Creek. " "By an indenture called April, 1690, title to 40 acres was taken by Sarah Scholey, ‘relect of Robert Scholey, dec.,’ of Nottingham Wood-house, in West Jersey. the Yorkshire Tenth."
This tract of land adjoined Thomas Scholey in Survey notes indicate the abode of Robert, Thomas and Mary Scholey-Rogers in their first five years in West Jersey, to be near the Delaware River and near the Falls of the Delaware (Trenton). John Scholey, Sr., was named as creditor in the will of James Pharo of West Jersey, made in 1690. The Pharos were from the same locality in England as the Scholeys, and related to the Scholeys.
From Danker’s map, made in 1679, we find that an attempt was then made to found Crookhorn (Crewcorn) on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware river between the bend of the river and the Falls. Among the owners of lands there were Thomas Scholey, 105 acres; Robert Scho-ley, 208 acres; William Byles, 309 acres; Samuel Syche, 278 acres; Rich-ard Ridgway, 278. The following two items are from the book, "Descendants of Thomas French," p. 204, and are quoted verbatim: "
That Robert, Thomas and John Scholey were valuable citizens is shown by the Court Records of the time, wherein they appear as coexecutors, appraisers of estates, wit-nesses of property transfers &etc." "Robert Scholey and John Pancoast were appointed Constables of the Yorkshire Tenth by the Provincial Assembly in 1687. This position required men of reliability and good standing."
Records show that Rob-ert was a juror at Bristol in Pennsylvania, opposite Burlington, in 1681. The following, quoted from PENN’S GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINE: "January the lOth, 1713, Patent for Township of Chesterfield. To begin at mouth of Black creek, thence up said creek to Daniel Bacon’s Run, thence up said run to a place formerly Thomas Scholey’s Planta-tion, including the same, thence down to Crosswick’s creek, to be known as Township of Chesterfield."
JOHN SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY, SR. AND JR.
JOHN SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY, SR.
Only approximately can the date of John Scholey’s arrival in Amer-ica, at the Friend’s Settlement on the Delaware River, with his family, be determined. Some events of which records exist in New Jersey, indicate that John and his family were there early in the sixteen-hundred eighties.
John and Isabel and their young son John, well known later as an Elder among Friends, and as John Scholey, Jr., were probably in West Jersey about1681-2, in which year John became the owner of land on "Doctor’s Creek where he lives," which he had bought of Godfrey Newbold, in that year. Though John Scholey lived about fourteen years in and near Chesterfield where his sons, Thomas and Robert lived, there is no mention of his name or Isabel’s, his wife, in the records of the Chester-field Friends. There are ample proofs that his sons and their families were members of this Society.
His daughter Mary probably came over with her brother Robert and his family, in 1678. In the Burlington Friend’s Records, are minutes of the declaration of intentions of marriage with Mary Scholey, made by John Rogers, on 7-2-1680. They were married at the home of Thomas Lambert on 8-l-1680. The witnesses were: Robert Scholey, Mahlon Stacy, John and Thomas Lambert, William Wood, Joshua Wright, John and Robert Murfin, Richard Ridgway, et al. These records further assert that "Mary, wife of John Rogers, of the Falls, died in childbirth and was buried in 6-20-l681."
In the year 1682, John Scholey, Sr., late of Aughton, in the Parish of Aston, purchased from "Godfrey Newbold of Woodhouse, in the Parish of Handsworth, in Yorkshire, England,"a tract of land in West Jersey. The quoted words are from the Deed of conveyance of the title to said tract of land. Five years later John sold his small farm on Doctor’s Creek, near Crosswicks Creek, to his old friend, William Watson, "late of Farnsfield, County of Nottingham, Eng." by "Indenture made this Tenth day of ye Moneth Called June in ye year of our Lord according to English acco’t, 1687." (Dept. of State of New Jersey, Vol. B. of Deeds-p. 188.) In the same year, John purchased from Ralph Trenoweth a "Planta-tion conteyning 100 acres, and all that dwelling house, "scituate and being in the said county of Burlington."
Four years later, John sold half of this tract "whereon he liveth" to Katherine Beard, widow of William. ‘The witnesses to John’s were, Joseph Hutchinson,formerly of Sheffield in England. Distiller at Burlington, sold to John Scholey 125 acres of land. Stacy of Philadelphia, and his son John, in the year 1697 sold Scholey 300 acres near Onea Nickon, adjoining lands of Joh and William Beard.A survey of 181 acres for John Scholey, and signing Then a Robert to John n Shinn another one of 50 acres adjoining land of Mathew Champion, which he sold to Gervis Pharo.
When John Scholey became "olde in years and decrepit in health" he prepared for death by making a will. It is among Unrecorded Wills. vol. 3, p. "I, John this my 377 (D. of S. of N. J.). His will was Scholey, being weak of body, but laste will and testament." "First,dated "March ye 29th, 1695. of good memory, do ordean I commit my Soule into the hand of Almighty God; next my body to be buried att my wife and sonn discretion. "I give to my wife Isabel all my chattels and my plantation where I now live, until my sonn John Corn att age, and then my plantation, goods and chattels to be equally divided betwixt them." I give to my son Thomas, my land liing next to John Wareing (Warren) ao him and his Heirs an asignes forever;"Likewise I give to my sonn Thomas, a piece of meadow, to him and his heirs forever, containing quaintitie of 6 acres."
This Will "was sealed and delivered in the presence of" Mathew Champion, and William Bustill. "The seaventh day of Aprill, Anno. 1696," then proved ye Codocill, or Testatis Mentis of John Scholey within named. Edward Hunloke, Nathan Westland, Thomas Revell, Sec’y. and Reg’t. As the Executrix of John Scholey’s will, Isabel was required to give bond. Her fellow signers on her bond, were Mathew Champion and Daniel Smith, both of Burlington county in ye Province of West Jersey." This bond was sealed on the "Seaventh day of April1 anno dom 1696." By this bond Isabel was required to give account from time to time concerning the estate. A plantation called Scholey’s, was mentioned in the will of Thomas Lambert, in the year 1693.This was about three years before the death of John Scholey, Senior.
JOHN SCHOLEY-SCHOOLEY, JUNIOR Of this member of the original family of Scholeys who came to America, nothing is to be found in Smith’s History, and but little in the records of the Friend’s Religeous Society. Some data has been obtained from the public records. John was a mere boy of five or six years of age when he arrived at the Friend’s Colony on the Delaware, in West Jersey, with his parents, to greet his older brothers. He was under age in 1695, the date of his father’s will, but the records disclose that two years later, in 1697, he took in marriage, Rebecca Bennet, at the home of Thomas Williams. The Witnesses present at their marriage were: Thomas Scholey, Ann and Sarah Bennet, Rebecca Williams, Mathew Champion, and seventeen others. John, Jr., and Rebecca had only one child of whom any record was left, Ann, who was born in 1699, and was married to Thomas Scattergood Junior, of Mansfield in Burlington County. Rebecca probably lived only a few years.
Ann was remembered in the will of her father, and also in the will of her stepmother. For his second venture in matrimony, John, Jr., chose Frances Nichol-son, widow of Joseph Nicholson. The Chesterfield Friend’s Records, (Vol. A. p. 126) aver that on the"1st. of the 1st. mo. 1711, John Scholey and Frances Nicholson declare their intentions of taking each other in . marriage; Her father and mother being present, gave their consent thereto." "2d. mo. 5th. day, 17 11, John and Frances declare a secondtime He producing a certificate from Burlington, and they were given liberty to proceed according to the good order amongst Friends." Frances was a daughter of Samuel and Susannah Taylor.
John Scholey and Frances raised a large family of three sons and six daughters. In Rev. Chambers History may be found a list of the names of their children and their marriages: Susannah, born in 171 I-12, married in 1730 to Michael Newbold of Springfield township. John, III., born in 1714, married in 1745 with Rachel Emly. Thomas, born and died in 1718. Mary, born in 1720, married Johnathan Barton, later, Thomas Black, and finally Samuel Wright. Isabel was named for her grandmother Scholey. Samuel, who died in 175 1 intestate, was born in 1723 of Springfield Twp. His brother John administered his estate. Rebecca, born in 1725, married in 1747 to Joseph Wright. Sarah, born in 1727, married Joseph Horner . Johna-than, born in 1729, married Mary Wright. He died in 1758.
John Scholey, Jr., became possessed of large estates in lands in Springfield and Hanover, and adjoining townships, in his busy life. The children of John, Jr., and Frances, became intermarried with the leading and thrifty families of Burlington County, who, with their descendants, have for several generations, continued to reside in the sections of country in which their ancestors had settled. John, Jr., diedas a resident of Springfield Township in 1735, his will being probated on Feb. 8th of that year. Frances named executrix. In his will he mentions his sons John, Samuel, Johnathan, and daughters Rebecca and Sarah, all under age, in 1731; His daughter, Ann Scatter-good. Frances survived John, Jr., about fifteen years. Her will was pro-bated in 1750. There seems to be no record of any male descendants from John Scholey, Jr.
The following is quoted from the proceedings of the Surveyors’ Association of New Jersey, page 84, printed in 1870. "Early settlements in Springfield Twp.: In 1687, Syman Charles, Deputy Surveyor, surveyed lands adjoining land of Mathew Champion, John Schooley, Thomas Shinn; these lands were conveyed in 1687 to 1697 to John Scholey, Jr. John Scholey, Jr., was a son of John Scholey of Woodhouse, Yorks, England, etc."
Among the names of persons frequently found in records of earliest days of the Friend’s Colony on the Delaware River, were those of people who came, most of them, from that section of England which had been the home places of the Scholeys for several hundreds of years.
They came on the Willing Mind, in 1677, just before the arrival of the Flie-Boat- Martha.. Some passengers remained down river at Salem and Gloucester. These came up river and settled in the Burlington Friends Colony: Thomas Gardner, James Satterthwaite, John Stacy, Thomas Wood, John Shinn, John Dewsbury, William Biddle, and others." (Smith’s History.) Earliest Deeds to lands in the Friends Colony in West Jersey, was given Dec. 28, 1677, by Thomas Hutchinson of Beverly, Thomas Pearson of Bonwick, Joseph Helmsley of Kelk, Geo. Hutchinson of Sheffield, and Mahlon Stacy of Dove House, England.
Names of other men prominent in its affairs who were from that part of Yorkshire, Derby, and Notts, whence came the Schooleys. Thomas Lambert and Mahlon Stacy of Handsworth. In 1678 a bond from Godfrey Hancock of Handsworth, and in 1678 deed from John Wright of Beighton, in Derbyshire, Eng.
Quotations given below are found in Smith’s History of New Jersey: "A letter was written from"The Falls of the Delaware, in West Jersey, 26th. of 4th. mo. 1680." by Mahlon Stacy to his brother Revell, and others in England about "Orchards laden with fruit to admiration" and "Peaches in such plenty that some people took their carts to a peach gathering. " "The cranberries, much like cherries for color and bigness, an excellent sauce is made of them for venison, turkeys, and other great fowl." "They are brought to our houses by the Indians." "We have brought to our houses by the Indians, seven or eight fat bucks a day."
Stacy wrote of many kinds of fish not known to the people of England. So well satisfied were settlers here, he said, that he knows not one among them "that desires to be in England again." The Falls of the Delaware whence Stacy sent his letters, are at Trenton where the waters fall about eight feet. These make the end of boat navigation, and was the northern end of the Friends Settlement.
A letter copied from the original, appears in Gordon’s History of New Jersey. It was written by Mary Smith, a Friend, of the primative colonists. She was a daughter of Robert Murfin, and Ann, his wife, of Nottingham, Eng., where she was born in the year 1674.
The Murfins came over in 1678 on THE SHIELD with Mahlon Stacy, Thomas Lambert, Robert Scholey, and families.Mary married Daniel Smith, of Burlington.
Her letter says their"first homes were in caves, or palisaded houses. The Indians brought them corn and venison." These Friends bought their lands from Indians, the tracts being described as reaching from creek to creek, which was paid for to the Indians with Match coats, guns, hatchets, hoes, kettles, etc. When these goods arrived from England and were paid to the Indians on terms agreed upon, the settlers took possession, but did not move very far from the river settlements. Settlers had to submit themselves "to mean living" pounding Indian corn one day for the next." "It may be observed how God’s providence made room for us in a wonderful manner, in taking away the Indians. There came a distemper among them so mortal, that they could not bury all the dead. Others went away, leaving their town. Of the eight Indian Sachems, or Kings, of West Jersey, Okanicon was the most favorably known by these English Quaker settlers. The government of these Indians usually passed from the father to a son; when the old Chief was dying at Burlington, about the year 1681, he called for his brother’s son, Sahkurso, and made him Sachem, in succession. The old King died about 1682 and was attended to his grave in the Quaker’s burial ground in Burlington, by Indians and Englishmen to whom he had been a true friend. The place or community of settlers known as Ony-Onickon, often referred to in early land descriptions, named for this old Chieftain, and once his royal home, was, in- about 1696, known as Carmel, or Mt. Carmel, and so stated in some land Deeds. The Indians of upper Delaware county were of the tribe known as the Lenni Lennapes, but the English called them the Delawares.
THOMAS SCHOLEY AND HIS FAMILY
THOMAS SCHOLEY AND SARAH PARKER
THOMAS SCHOLEY and Sarah Parker were united in marriage at Burlington, New Jersey, in the 8th. mo. (October) (old style of time). 1686. Thomas Scholey was the son of John Scholey and Elizabeth Fletcher, wife, of Scholey’s Copes, Smallage Farms, in the Parish of Aston, Yorkshire, England. He died in the year 1724 at Onea Nickon, in Chesterfield township, Burlington county, West Jersey, in the 74th. year of his age. SARAH PARKER was a daughter of George Parker and Sarah, his wife, of Monmouth county, East Jersey, but later of Northampton twp., in Burlington county, N. J. The date of her death has not been ascer-tained but the records prove that she survived her husband.
Thomas Scholey first"declared his intentions of marriage" with Sarah Parker of Burlington, at a meeting held at the house of Francis Davenport, at Chesterfield, on the 3d. day of 4th. mo. 1686. (Chesterfield Friend’s records, Vol. A. p. 5) his second declaration and marriage, before the meeting at Burlington was on the 4th. day of the 8th. mo. 1686. The certificate of marriage of Thomas Scholey and Sarah Parker was not spread upon the records of the Burlington Meeting, but is noted in the index of Marriages in the records of said meeting of the Friend’s Society, which are preserved in the vaults of the Department of Records of the Friend’s Library at Philadelphia.
Very little information has been obtained concerning the life and activities of the Scholey brothers during the first few years they lived in the Friend’s colony on the Delaware river. In 1679 each of them owned lands near the Falls in Pennsylvania, later known as Bucks county. This place was then known as Crookhorn.
The Lundy Family History states that "On April 12th, 1680, Robert and Thomas Schooley of Crew-corn (Bucks Co., Pa.), signed a petition that no licquor be sold to the Indians. " In the year of 1685 it appears that Thomas left Mansfield and bought land up near the Falls. "Indenture’ of July, 1685, William Emley of Nottingham, near ye Falls, yeoman, grants to Thomas Scholey late of Mansfield and Wood-house, in West Jersey,"Deed for One hundred acres to be surveyed and devided out of lands of William Emley, lying in ye First Tenth, called Yorkshire Tenth." Witnesses were Robert Scholey and Mathew Watson. (Vol. B. of Deeds, Dept. of State of N. J.) 1685-6 and 1689. Survey for Thomas Scholey of 340 acres between Geo. Hutchinson, M. Newbold, E. Higgins, and William Biddle. (N. J. A. Vol. 21.)
Thomas and Sarah lived most of the thirty-eight years of their married lives on their large "Plantations" about Onea Nickon in Chester-field township, and there raised a large family. The children of Thomas and Sarah were, as evidenced by the records of the Chesterfield Friend’s Meetings (Vol. L, p. 18): Thomas, Jr., born in 1691, and married Hannah Fowler in 1720. Wil-liam, born in 1691, and married Elizabeth French in ------. Sarah, born in 1692, and married in 1718 to Samuel Shinn. Elizabeth, born in 1694, ap-parently unmarried in 1723, date of her father’s will. Samuel, born in 1698, and married in 1725, Avis Hollowoy. Joseph, born in 1697, died in infancy. John, born in 1701, and married Mary Willson in 1727 at Bur-lington by a New Jersey license. Thomas Scholey, Senior, died in 1724. He made his "Last will and Testament" under date of the Sixth day of February, 1723.
The im-portant items of his will are in quotation marks as follows: "Thomas Scholey of Chesterfield, of the county of Burlington and the West Division of New Jersey, being weak of body, but of perfect mind and memory." The devisees of his will were "My son Thomas Scholey""My son William Scholey." "All my improved lands unto Sarah, my wife, for, and during the term of her natural life and after her decease, I give it unto my son Samuel Scholey." "My son John" "My daughter Elizabeth Scholey""My daughter Sarah Shinn and her two daughters Mary and Alice." "I will that 350 acres of land which I purchased of Thomas Stevenson to be sold." "And I do nominate my loving wife, Sarah Scholey, and my loving sons, SamuelScholeyand John Scholey, jointExecutrix andExecutors ofthis mylast willand Testament. " This will was "Proven the twenty-first day of April, 1724, at Burling-ton, before Samuel Bustill, Surrogate, and letters granted to Sarah, and Samuel and John. (Vol. 2 of Wills. D. of S. of N. J.)
Of the sons of Thomas Scholey, it is noted that Thomas, Jr., and William had married before their father’s death; that Samuel and John remained at the father‘s home. Thomas, Jr., and William had been given large farms by their father while he lived. Samuel and John also received large improved farms. In his will Thomas Scholey refers to "that 350 acres of land which I purchased of Thomas Stevenson." "This purchase was made in the year 1714, two and a half years after Thomas Stevenson and others had bought several thousand acres in the Upper Purchase. This last Indian Purchase covered all the lands lying above the Falls of the Delaware. It included all of what became Sussex and Warren counties and the west end of Morris county.
This purchase made by Thomas Scholey, of 350 acres from Thomas Stevenson was the circumstance which gave his name to the mountains in Northern Jersey, which soon after were known as SCHOOLEY MOUNTAINS. These lands were disposed of as directed in the will of Thomas, but two years later, the same lands were owned by Samuel Schooley, his son. It appears by the records hereinafter quoted, that this Thomas Stevenson was recognized as a mentor in public affairs of the Colonies. During the same years that he was a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, he was also owner of a Proprietary in the Western Division of New Jersey. "This Indenture made in the 15th. of September 1714, Thomas Stevenson of Bucks county, Penn. Yeoman, of one part, and Thomas Schooley of Chesterfield, Burlington Co., N. J. yeoman, of the other part." The said Stevenson for the said sum of Fifty pounds paid him by the said Scholey, grants a tract of land surveyed forth of Thomas Stevenson, lying in the last Purchase above the Falls." Isaac DeCow had previously owned lands adjoining this tract as stated in this Indenture. This tract of land "Containing 350 acres, besides seventeen acres for allowances for roads." Signed Thos. Stevenson.) Witnesses: Joseph Kirkbride, John Borradail, Isaac DeCow." Proved by Isaac DeCow on the 25th. of 12th. mo. 1723-4, before Jacob Doughty, Esq. one of the Judges of Burlington county. (Vol. D. of Deeds, p. 11. Dept. of State of N. J.) In 1712 Thomas Stevenson and Joseph Kirkbride had bought one half of a Proprietary of all that tract of land in the Western Division of New Jersey, in the Upper Purchase above the branch of the Raritan river between the Delaware and Raritan rivers." (Quoted from Reading’s "The Surveyor’s Journal").
THOMAS SCHOLEY’S SONS AND DAUGHTERS THOMAS: Of the family of Thomas and Sarah Parker Scholey, the first born was named Thomas. He was about 29 years old when in 1720 he married Hannah Fowler at Chesterfield.
The Records of the Friend’s Meetings there (Vol. S. p. 29) have the following notations: "Thomas Scholey, son of Thomas Scholey and Sarah Parker Scholey, declare intentions of marriage, first time, 2-7-1720." (Vol. A.) and then the letter dated, "Ye 7th. of the mo. 1720, "This may satisfie the Monthly Meeting at Crosswix that we are willing that Thomas Scholey shall take our daughter to wife, and if you see cause to admit them to pass in your meeting wee shall be we1 satisfied theare with.John and Rose Fowler." The witnesses were: William Wood, Richard French, William and Elizabeth French Scholey, John, John, Jr., and Frances Scholey, Jeremiah Fowler, Anthony Woodward, Jr., et al.
When the new Quaker Settlement was effected in Bethlehem town-ship of Hunterdon county, about the years 1726-7, we have found that Thomas Scholey, Junior, with the families of his brothers, William and Samuel, had joined with the other Friends who traveled northward from Chesterfield to the settlement located near the present Quakertown. Thomas was a weaver. Thomas Scholey was the grantee in an "Indenture dated First of November 1729," which conveyed to his title to 136 acres of land in "the township of Lebanon in Hunterdon County, which adjoins lands of Samuel Scholey and others."
(Before 1729 Samuel, brother of Thomas, Jr., had become owner of the 350 acres on Schooley’s Mountain, men-tioned in the will of their father.) The Grantors in the "Indenture" to Thomas, were, Thomas Witherill and Isaac DeCow. The deed says this "land to be surveyed and taken up in the Western Division of the Province of New Jersey, lawfully pur-chased of the Indians, or natives." In 1733 "Thomas Scholey, of Bethle-hem, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, sold above lands to William Pew. (Vol. N. Deeds, D. of S. of New Jersey.) The above tract of land laid at the southern end of Schooley’s Mountain. Previous to 1778, his widow, Hannah, lived at Bound Brook, N. J., in August of that year, she was appointed as administratrix of the estateof her son, Michael, of Bridgewater, Summerset county, N. J. Items specified in the inventory of Michael Schooley, included: "Services in the Militia last June. (1778.) "A mare in the hands of General Wayne." "Certificate from the D. Q. M. General, for 32 days service."
Hannah Schooley died at her home in Middlebrook in 1780. (579-r, 23, 128, of Wills, D. of S. of N. J.)
SARAH was the second child of Thomas and Sarah Scholey. She was born in 1692 and married in I718 and died in 1733. The Shinn family lived in Springfield township in Burlington county. The Chesterfield M. M. Records show that on 12-6-1718, Samuel Shinn and Sarah Scholey first declared their intentions of marriage. Their 2d. declaration was on 1-4-1718. (Vol. A. p. 164.) Samuel Shinn was son of Thomas and Mary Stocton Shinn. Sarah Scholey Shinn had two daughters who were mentioned in the will of Sarah’s father in 1723-4. Their names there given were Mary and Alice Shinn.
ELIZABETH, the other daughter of Thomas and Sarah Parker Scholey, married Richard Brown, date not given. They had a son Richard and a son Benjamin. A daughter Hannah who married a Ridgeway.
WILLIAM SCHOLEY was the second son of Thomas and Sarah Scholey. He was born in the year 1691 in Chesterfield twp., Burlington county. He married Elizabeth French, daughter of Richard French and Mary-of the same place. Elizabeth French was born in 1694.
William and Elizabeth had a family of five sons and five daughters. The first child of record in the family of William and Elizabeth, was Robert, who was born at Chesterfield in 1718. Sarah was born in 1720. Richard-French was born in 1723-4 and Thomas in 1725. William Scholey was a resident of Chesterfield township in 1724, the date of his father’s will, as evidenced by an "Indenture made this 17th. of 2d. mo. 1724, between Thomas Wetherall of town and county of Burlington,and William Scholey of Chesterfield, grants to William Scholey, 31 acres of land." Witnessed by Mathew Champion, Abraham Haines, and Thomas Scattergood. In the disbursements under the will of Richard Heath, we find that William and his brother Samuel were recipients. William Scholey became a Member of the Friend’s Settlement in Bethlehem township of Hunterdon county, if not at its founding, then soon after.
From this Bethelhem section where is now Quakertown, after a residence there of over a dozen years, the Schoolys, William and Samuel, and possibly Thomas also, moved with the hegira of Friend’s northward onto Schooley’s Mountain, and over to the Great Meadows country, then in western Morris county, New Jersey, after 1738. In the records of the Friend’s Meetings, that section of country was known as Hardwick.
At the marriage of Ann Scholey, daughter of Samuel, brother of William, to Samuel Lundy (later Judge), "both of Hardwick" in the year 1751. William and Elizabeth French Scholey were witnesses. Sussex county was formed out of Morris county in the year of 1753. In the next year, William Schooley and Richard Lundy and five others were constituted a committee to divide the new county into townships. (From Rev. Tuttle’s address in 1853.)
From the book of minutes, 1753, County Clerk’s Office, at Newton, Sussex county, is quoted "Court of General Sessions, held at Hardwick, 28th. May, year 1754, in the 27th. year of his Majecty’s Reign. The Grand Jury being-called, the following persons appeared and were sworn or affirmed: William Schooley, Foreman." "Jurors for the grand inquest" the next year at Hardwick, in the county of Sussex"--William Schooley, Josiah Dyer, Sr., and others. In the same court in 1756 sessions that year at Newton, William Schooley was a member of the Grand Inquest.
In the minute book I, of same clerk’s office, we find that the "Board of Freeholders" of that county had in 1759, among others, William Schooley, Nathan Armstrong and Ephriam Darby. In 1760 William was a member of the Board.
In the LUNDY FAMILY, genealogy may be found that Robert Schooley, born 1718, first son of William and Elizabeth, married in 1747, Elizabeth Young. Sarah married a Mr. Luken. Richard French Schooley married Marthe Tantorn in 1751. William, Jr., married Elizabeth Dell of Mendham, in 1760. Elizabeth married Richard Dell in 1754. Mercy, Alice, and Mary were probably born at Bethlehem. Mercy and Alice married Henry and James Brotherton. Mary married Jacob Bonnell in 1760. Isaac Schooley married Mary Jones in 1763.
JOHN SCHOOLEY was the youngest child of Thomas and Sarah Parker Schooley. He was born in 1701 in Burlington county, N. J. John had learned the trade of Weaver of cloth. In 1727 he married Mary Willson of Burlington. He seems to have run counter to the discipline of the Friends Meetings. In the Chesterfield Records (Vol. A, p. 239) of date of 8-5-1727, is this memo:"John Scholey, son of Thomas, of this township, deceased, who was educated in ways of Friends and has proceeded in marriage with one not of our Society has been labored with." On page 244 of date of 3-1728 is: "John Scholey, son of Thomas, having made acknowledgement, is retained as a member."
We have no record that the "acknowledgement" consisted of Mary joining her husband as a member of the Friend’s Society. John was one of the executors of his father’s will, by which he inherited a farm of one hundred and elevn acres. He sold part of this by "Indenture, made the 12th of 6 mo. 1742. John Scholey of Chester-field, Burlington County, N. J., weaver, and Benjamin Busson of same place." John grants 40 acres in Chesterfield, "it being part of that one hun-dred and eleven acres given said Scholey by the will of his deseased fathr, Thomas Scholey, dated 6 of Feb. 1723."
John and Mary (Willson) Scholey and their children, lived out their lives in the old township of Chesterfield, unlike the brothers of John who moved up to Bethlehem and then on northward to Schooley’s Mountain, and Hardwick, and Newton. In the N. J.-A. Vol. 30, p. 4 19, Wills, is a brief of the will of John Scholey of Chesterfield, weaver, wife, Mary, "lands to my son, Jehosada. Children are under age and left to care of their mother." The Executors were his friends, Michael Newbold and Isaac De Cow (DeCou). This will was affirmed may 1Oth, 1748, before J. Scattergood, "Serogate." Disbursements of the property were made in 1766, showing the following persons as recipients of funds from John’s estate: Mary Scholey, John Scholey, William Holloway and many others.
SAMUEL SCHOLEY AND HIS FAMILY
SAMUEL SCHOLEY AND AVIS HOLLOWAY
Samuel Willson, Jr., was appointed by Kingwood Friends Meeting, to be Overseer of the Hardwick Meeting at Great Meadows. The early settlers were famillies named: Lundy, Willson, Schooley, Brotherton, Willets, Shotwell, Dyer, Buckley, Adams, and others. The records of the Chesterfield Meetings held the 10th of the 4th month, back in the year 1729, have the following minutes: "Our Friends Thomas, William, and Samuel Schooley, and others, made application to this Meeting, that, whereas, their settlement being remote from Friends they request Friends approbation and consent to meet together at one of their houses every First Day of the week to worship God."The appro-bation was granted.
Professor Moore of LeHigh University, editor of the Kingwood Records, said, "This is supposed to be the authority for the establishment of the Bethlehem-Kingwood Meeting." In the year 1751 Samuel Schooley is described in land Deeds as a resident of Hardwick. In that year his daughter Ann married Samuel Lundy. Both Ann and Samuel Lundy are recorded as "of Hardwick." From the book of Deeds E*2, p. 206, of the clerk’s office at Newton in Sussex, is quoted below the deed dated 12th of March, 175 1" in which the grantors are Thomas Penn, and Richard Penn, Esquires, and the grantees are Samuel Schooley and Samuel Willson, Jr., Joseph Willets and Joseph Lundy, all of Hardwick township, Morris County, Province of West Jersey, yeomen. This Deed conveys the title to a tract of land of 1250 acres lying in the township of Hardwick.
This original Deed is filed with the Historical Society of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia. In 1756 the first Elders (the Hardwick Meeting) were appointed, and among them were Samuel and Avis Schooley.‘" (From The Friends Meeting House at Quakertown"by Mary C. Vail.) The records of Bethlehem Meetings were kept at Chesterfield until 1744, then Kingwood became a Monthly Meeting and kept rcords for Kingwood, Hardwick, and Mendham until 1797 for the Friends. From several sources of information it has been confirmed that Samuel Scholey died in 1761.
The Genealogical Society of Pa. Vol. 3, p. 112 to 134, published personal items from the "Friend," a Quaker publication from an item is quoted the following: "Samuel Scholey, 1697-1761, Kingwood." The item quotes from the Friend directly, Vol. 33, p. 45-6, "Samuel Schooley was born in the year 1691, of parents who were members of the Society of Friends and early settlers. He was educated with care. He was cheerful and pleasant in conversation, and of a sound and deep judgment, well grounded in the principles of truth. Although it was his lot to live mostly remote from Friends Meetings, amongst peoples of other societies, yet, the education of his children became his care and concern. Samuel Schooley was held in much esteem as an Elder of the Kingwood Monthly Meeting." His memorial closes:"He delighted much in the company of his friends and was well beloved by them, and others, He departed this life Second month, 8th. 1761, being nearly 64 years old." This means that Samuel and his brother-in-law, Holloway, were members of the Board of Freeholders of Hunterdon County, from Leb-anon township.
This Lebanon township of Hunterdon county, previous to the organi-zation of Morris county in 1738, and possibly for some time thereafter, extending northward and included several of the townships made there-from, now in the southwestern part of Morris county through which traverse Schooley’s Mountain.
A portion of this Lebanon township, previous to 1809, had been organized as Washington township of Morris county, In it was located the residence of Samuel Schooley, by the Mineral Springs many years before. A "Warrant from the Council of Proprietors" of the new Western Division of New Jersey, issued on the first day of August, 1809, required a "Resurvey of lands for James Schooley, son of Joseph, and a grandson of Samuel."
These lands were "situate in the township of Washington, formerly Lebanon, in the county of Morris, formerly Hunterdon in the western Div. of N. J."The beginning of the survey was near the Mineral Springs about one mile and a half northeast from Samuel Schooley’s former home, or residence." The return of this survey was made the 30th day of August, 1809, and record is in Liber of Surveys, in the Sur-veyor- General’s office at Burlington.
Samuel Schooley, by a certain Indenture dated the first of June, 1732, granted to George Holloway, his brother-in-law, 130 acres of land situated in Hunterdon county on a ridge of little hills lying between the river or creek called Muskenobcong, and the south branch of the "Raritan River." This was about the time Schooley and Holloway were living on Schooley’s Mountains. These mountains lie between the Musconetcong River on the west, and on the south branch of the Raritan River. (Vol. of Deeds Dept. of State of N. J.)
About the year 1749, it is determined by the public and Friends meeting records, Samuel and Avis and their children, probably including Mrs. Simcock and her family, established a new home in the township of Hardwick; Ancient Hardwick, it was frequently called, then in Morris County. Their removal thence was from their former homes in Hunterdon Co. or from Schooley’s mountains. Hardwick township at that time in Morris county, became a part of Sussex county in 1753, when it was organized.
Here Samuel lived until the year of 1761, the date of his death. Here his children married and lived for various lengths of time. His widow survived his demise for more than a score of years. Samuel was buried in "The Burying Ground of the Hardwick Monthly Meeting of Friends’s" which was used from 1735 to 1920. It is beside the road westward from Allamuchy to Johnsonburg, and is now enclosed by a stone wall.
Concerning the family of Avis Holloway, who became the wife of Sam’1 Scholey, Sr., but little has been found in public or church records. Her father, John Holloway, died when Avis was about aged 18. TheHolloways lived also at Chesterfield as early as 1708, or years before that. Samuel and wife are described as "of Bethlehem township, Hunterdon county, N. J." Several neighboring townships have been erected from the original township. The Quakers settlement was later known by the name of Kingwood in 1747. About the year 1859 the name was changed from Kingwood to Quakertown, by which name it is known up to the present date.
Early in the year of 1726, presumably prior to his removal from Chesterfield north to the new settlement at Bethlehem, Samuel sold one-half of the tract of land of the old homestead of his father. He had inherited one hundred and eleven acres of the homestead. He conveyed title to Wm. Wood for one-half of same. The Deed recites that, "Thomas Scholey, yeoman, deceased, father of said Samuel, by will bequeathed to Samuel, one-hundred and eleven acres, being part of the Plantation whereon Thomas Scholey lived at the time of his death. (Vol. D. of Deeds, p. 102, Dept. of State, N. J.)
An exhaustive search of the public records in the office of the Secre-tary of State at Trenton, confirmed the fact that the name of Schooley was given to the hills or mountains known by that name during the past two Centuries, because the first purchase there was made by Thomas Schooley, or Scholey, very soon after Stevenson acquired the lands. This tract of 350 acres or more, Thomas, by proviso in his will, directed to be sold, but in 1726 a few years after such sale was con-summated, the same lands weer again owned by a Schooley, being bought that year by Samuel, his son. These earliest locations and ownerships by Thomas and his son, Samuel, of lands on the mountains seem to determine definitely that the name, SCHOOLEY’S MOUNTAINS, was given to that section because of them.
Thomas Scholey, Jr., in 1729, became the owner of a large tract of land on Schooley’s Mountains which he sold in 1733 to William Pew. William Scholey, son of Thomas, Sr., owned lands near Draketown, on the mountains. Samuel Scholey continued to own this tract of 350 or more acres from 1726 to 1745, when as his Deed expresses it, on the "22d. day of the month called April" Samuel Scholey, yeoman, of Bethlehem, Hunter-don County, Province of New Jersey, and his wife Avis, sold a "certain Plantation containing 190 acres"to William Henn, of Lebanon in said county. The next day a "Release"was passed between same parties for "190 acres, being the remainder of the 350 acres which Isaac DeCow, of Burlington, by. Indenture, the 1 lth. of January, Anno. Dom. 1726, grant to SamuelScholey and his heirs and assigns in fee." (Vol. G. of Deeds, p. 438,Dept. of State of N. J.). did G.
An original survey was made on the 26th. of April, 1734, for Samuel Scholey by Joseph DeCow and covered a large tract of land on the mountains-near his other holdings. From the History of Hunterdon & Sumerset counties" by Rev. George Mott, "Lebanon twp. Pioneer Records, Lebanon, March 17th. 1734,-Election of Officers Schooley and Holloway, Freeholders. Samuel Schooley, George Malloat, Overseers of the Poor." Freeholders means the governing body of a county. In the early part of the year of 1726, Samuel had sold to William of Chesterfield, a small tract of land which he had inherited from his father. (Vol. D. of Deeds. p. 102. Dept. of State, N. J.) In that year, the next after their marriage,
Samuel and Avis became members of the Colony of Friends which was organized in, and then went from Chesterfield and other townships, up into the new country, in Hunterdon County. This county was organized as a new county in 1713, and covered all the country from the Falls of the Delaware north-ward to the state line. This Colony located and settled on the wide and open plains about twenty-five or thirty miles north of the Falls. This sec-tion and township was named Bethlehem. The trading place for this section now is Quakertown. Here, Samuel and Avis lived many years and raised most of the children of their large family of four sons and four daughters.
Their children were: ASENATH, born 1727, and in 1744 married John Simcock, Jr., of Pennsylvania, at Bethlehem, N. J. ANN, born 1728, and in 1751, at Hardwick, married Samuel Lundy, later known as Judge Lundy. He was a son of Richard Lundy. Samuel and Ann were both of Hardwick.
JOSEPH, born 1732; in 1755 married Sarah Brown at Chesterfield; daughter of Preserve Brown.
JAMES, born 1732, in 1765 married Margaret . . .
BENJAMIN, born 1733, in 1755, at Hardwick, married Martha Lundy, daughter of Richard Lundy, sister of Samuel Lundy.
RACHEL, born 1736, in 1755 married Josiah Dyer, Jr., son of Josiah, of Plumstead, Pa.
JEHOADEN, born 1739, in 1758 married Ebenezer Willson, son of Robert Willson and Mary Lundy Willson.
SAMUEL, born February 16th, 1743, in 1766 married Margaret Brown Gibbon, widow of Nathan Gibbon, in Pennsylvania; later, in 1770, he married Elizabeth Willson, of Warren County, N. J. Historical writers assure their readers that among the families of Quakers who first settled on the wide and untimbered plain of Bethlehem were: "In 1730 or before, came Jacob Doughty, Stevensons, Kings, Rock-hills, Emleys, Schooleys, Larges, Willsons, Williams, John and William Coats, from Chesterfield in Burlington Co., N. J., and from Bucks Co., Pa." Samuel Scholey was the active executor of the will of his father, Thomas Scholey, Sr.,who died in 1724. In his father’s will was a direction to sell a tract of land designated therein at "three hundred and fifty acres I purchased of Thomas Stevenson."As such executor Samuel, his mother, and brother Thomas, Jr., owned and sold lands near Drake-town, both places are in townships which continued as a part of Morris Countv. . . . joining, sold the said tract of 350 acres to Hon. Isaac DeCow, who’ owned adjoining lands. In the year 1726 and about the time of their effecting a home in the new settlement at Bethlehem,
Samuel and Avis are the Grantees in a Deed from Isaac DeCow conveying to them the title to the same 350 acres of the Stevenson tract.
SAMUEL SCHOOLEY and Avis Holloway were married on the 27th day of the third month (old style) May, 1725, at Chesterfield, Burlington county, New Jersey.Samuel was the third son of Thomas Scholey, Senior, and Sarah Parker, his wife. He was born at Chesterfield, February 25th, 1698 (old style of time.) He died in 176 1 at his home in Sussex county, N. J., aged over 63 years.
Avis was the daughter of John Holloway and Mary . . ., his wife, of Chesterfield. She died in 1785 at Newton, Sussex County, N. J., aged 83 yrs. Samuel died intestate. Avis left a will dated 1771; probated 1785.
Relating to the marriage of Samuel and Avis, the following is certified from the Chesterfield Friends Monthly Meetings Records (Vol. A. p. 217) 2d. of 1st. mo. 1725, Samuel Scholey and Avis Holloway de-clare their intention of marriage. The 6th. of third mo. they declare intention the second time. The Chesterfield M. M. Records (Liber I. p. 49) contains the following autographed record of their marriage: "SAMUEL SCHOLEY--1725." Whereas, Samuel Scholey of Chesterfield and Western Division of New Jersey, and Avis Holloway, of the same place, having declared before several Monthly Meetings, of the people called Quakers, at Chesterfield, in the county of Burlington, aforesaid, according to the good order used among them whose proceedings therein after deliberate consideration thereof, and having consent of parents and relations con-cerned, nothing appearing to obstruct, were approved of by said Meeting." "Now these are to Certifie all to whom it may concern, that for the full accomplishment of their said intentions this twenty-seventh day of the third month, in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Twenty-five." "They, the said Samuel Scholey and Avis Holloway appeared at a public meeting of the said people, and others at their public meeting house in Chesterfield, aforesaid." And the said Samuel Scholey taking the said Avis Holloway by the hand did in a solemn manner openly declare that he took her to be his wife, promising through the Lord’s assistance, to be to her a loving and faithful husband until the Lord should please by death to separate them. And, moreover, the said Samuel Scholey and Avis Holloway (she according to the custom of marriage, assuming the name of her husband) as a further confirmation thereof, did then and there to these presents set their hands. And we whose name are hereunto subscribed, being among others present at the solemnization of the said marriage and subscription in like manner aforesaid as witnesses hereunto have also to these presents set our names, the day and year above written." Samuel Scholy-Avis Scholey. Richard French, John Sykes, John Abbott, Robert Murfin, John Scholey, Mary Holloway, James Holloway, George Holloway, James Pharo, John Taylor, William Taylor, John Bunting, Wm. Wood, Wm. Murfin, Sarah Scholey, Thomas Scholey, Hannah Scholey, John Scholey, Mathew Champion, Richard Lawrence, Benj. Busson, Isaac Cowgill, Robert Tudor, Samuel Shinn, Sarah Shinn, Elizabeth Scholey, Daniel Smith, Mary Smith, and eleven others."10th. mo, 1763, at request of Friends at Paulinskill, a meeting is allowed to be held at the house of Avee Schooley.""12-10-l 775, Meeting at Paulinskill directed to be held at home of Benjamin Schooley at Newton." (Kingwood records.)
In the year 1765 the name of Avis Schooley is mentioned in a Deed to some lands as a "widow." An Indenture, dated the 25th day of October, in 1765, and given by Jonathan Hampton of Elizabethtown, Sussex county, N. J., as the grantor, and Avis Schooley of Newton, Sussex County, in the province of New Jersey, "widow," of the other part."For a consideration of "Proclamation Money," Hampton conveyed title to her for a "Lot of Upland and meadow situate in Newton, part of a tract surveyed for Governor Penn, running along lands owned by Asa Schooley.
The reader should note the terms stated in this Deed: "Together with all and singular, the mines, minerals, ways, waters, watercourses, fowlings, fishings, huntings, powers, profits, commodities, Inprovements, Hereditaments, and appurtenances to the same belonging, or in any way appurtaining." This Indenture or Deed was acknowledged by Hampton, on the 20th of February, 1771, before Nathan Pettit, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Sussex County. (Deed Book A2-p. 205, Office of County Clerk at Newton, in Sussex.) The above tract of land was 20 years later, in 1785, by will of Avis Schooley, bequeathed to her son Samuel Schooley, Jr., and was by him conveyed to Samuel Lundy, formerly his brother-in-law.
As far as can be reliably ascertained, Samuel Schooley died intestate. No mention of a will of his making can be found of record anywhere, but his widow Avis, made a will date "June the Twentyeth, Anno Dom. 1771. "I, Avis Schooley, of Newton, in the county of Sussex, and in the Western Division of the Province of New Jersey, being of perfect mind and memory and knowing the mortality of my Body, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament.
First, I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph . . . Secondly, I give and bequeath unto my son Benjamin . . . Thirdly, I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter, Ann Simcock
Fifthly, I give and bequeath unto my Granddaughter, Avis Dyer . . . Sixthly, I give and bequeath unto my Son Samuel Schooley, all and every part of the remainder of my estate both real and personal, to be his, his heirs and assigns forever, and lastly I do make, constitute and ordain my son, Samuel Schooley, my only and sole executor of this, my last will and testament. Signed, Sealed, Pronounced and De-clared by the said Avis Schooley as her last will and testament by us the subscribers. Avis Schooley (seal) Witnesses: Isaac, Daniel, and Samuel Lundy.
Avis died in the year 1785 at Newton. Samuel Lundy, afore-mentioned, was Judge Lundy, formerly the husband of Ann Schooley in her life time; she was the second daughter of Avis. George and Daniel were sons of Ann Schooley Lundy. Samuel Schooley, as sole executor, was "affirmed and qualified, 24th. of May, in 1785, at Newton,"SCHOOLEY’S SONS
JOSEPH, JAMES, BENJAMIN, SAMUEL, JR.
Before passing to the next chapter some reader may be interested in learning about the other sons of Samuel the senior. The eldest of these was JOSEPH, who was born at Bethlehem (Quakertown) in the year 1730. In the year 1756, before the Chesterfield Friends Meeting, he married Sarah Brown, a daughter of Preserve Brown, Jr., and his wife, Mary French, of Mansfield, ‘both places being of Burlington County. Sarah was born in 1737 and died in the year 1811. Joseph died in 1778. It appears that Joseph lived most of his life time in Burlington county, unlike his brothers who made their homes on the frontiers of Morris and Sussex counties. Joseph’s and Sarah’s family consisted of: James, who was born in 1757, married in the year 1786 Mary Roger, and died in 1826. Samuel was born in 1759. Martha was born in 1761. Mary was born the year 1762, married Isaac Thomas in 1780 at at Chesterfield. Their marriage was witnessed by Jonas Schooley. Among the witnesses to the marriage of James Schooley and Mary Rogers, were James Hollo-way, Joseph DeCow, and Sarah Brown Schooley. Joseph Schooley became the owner of large holdings of lands in the three counties aforementioned. (Joseph had a son John, born in 1769.)
From old deeds it was ascertained that by trade or business, he was a "cooper." Preserve Brown made his will in the year 1759. It was proved in 1760 by his son Richard. In this will the testator bequeathed to his "daughter or Sarah Schooley, Land in Nottingham and houses and lots in Chesterfield." Joseph Schooley’s name is mentioned as one of the trustees for a burial lot of one and one-half acres at Burlington, 28th. of 9th. MO. 1770, as noted on page 57 of Vo. 24 of the Penn’s Magazine of History.
JAMES SCHOOLEY was born in Bethlehem township of Hunterdon county, N. J., in 1732. The records of the Kingwood Friends Meetings have a minute of James being conceded permission to marry. The date was the 8th of the 8th. MO. 1765. His bride’s name was not recorded. He died two years later in 1767.We have no record of any children of James and Margaret. The items inventoried in the settlement of his estate prove that he was a farmer and had lived near Newton in Sussex County. Margaret was appointed administratrix of his estate, but she "renounced" this appointment and in her stead his brother Samuel, Jr., was authorized and bonded. "Appraisements"were made by Jacob Lundy, Samuel Lundy and Benjamin Scholey. The report of the administrator mentions disbursements to the following persons, among other names: Avis, the mother of James, Josiah Dyer, his brother-in-law, William Schooley, his uncle; Asa Schooley, Samuel Lundy, Jr., Darby, and Samuel Willson. Samuel Lundy,his brother-in-law; Ephriam
The third son of Samuel Schooley, Sr., was named BENJAMIN, He was born in the year 1733 in Bethlehem township (near Quakertown), Hunterdon County, West Jersey. The Kingwood Friends Records supply the information that in 1755 he married Martha Lundy at Hardwick. She was a daughter of Richard Lundy and a sister of Judge Samuel Lundy, who, in 1751 had married Ann Schooley, a sister of Benjamin. Samuel and Avis, his father and mother, signed as witnesses of the marriage of Benjamin and Martha. In 1763 Benjamin was living in Stillwater township in Sussex County. In 1775, Benjamin lived near New Town. Benjamin had a large family. He died in the year 1809.Martha was not living at the time of his death.
Their children were: Elizabeth,born in Hardwick in 1757;married ------- White. Ann, born in 1759, married Jesse Dennis in 1781. Joseph, born in Newton in 1760, and married Susan Case in 1786. Martha, born at Newton in 1762, married Joseph Phillips. Benjamin, born at Newton in 1766.
In Benjamin’s will, which was dated at "Newton the 13th. of 1 lth. MO. 1804," he avers he was then "advanced in years and infirm." His will was probated at Newton on the 26th of Dec., 1809. He refers in his will to only two of his children-Joseph, who was an executor of the same, and his daughter Martha, widow of Joseph Phillips. Benjamin was "buried at Sussex Court House," now called Newton. Among the Judgment Rolls for the years 1762-1769, with the records in the office of the County Clerk at Newton, is one-Benjamin Schooley vs. Richard Shackleton-Capias in case. A deed dated on the 16th of August 1786 was given to Benjamin Schooley by John Jay, Phillip Liv-ingston, and John Rutherford, for a tract of land lying in Newton, township of Sussex County, on which was Schooley’s Log House." (Book B. of deeds p. 185.)
In the year 1793, Benjamin, a farmer, and Martha, his wife, conveyed title to a small lot in New Town, now Newton, to John Jay of New York City. This lot was described as "being part of the farm on which said Benjamin now lives and joins the farm of John Jay on which John Pettit lives. " (Book B. of deeds, p. 359 of Sussex County Records).
Dr. Cummins in his History of Warren County, New Jersey (Sussex included Warren until 1824), says,"The Quakers Settlement in Alla-muchy township was made in 1745 (then called the Great Meadows, in Hardwick township.) Samuel Willson, Jr., was appointed by Kingwood Friends Meeting, to be overseer of the Hardwick Meeting (at Great Meadows.) The early settlers were families named: Lundy, Dyer, Willson, Schooley, Willets, Schmuck, Shotwell, Brotherton, Laing, Adams, Buckley, and Hoey. Francis Bazley Lee, in his "New Jersey as Colony and State" says: In the western part of the county (Morris) came the Schooleys and Budds from Burlington county, at Wantage, the Meddaghs, at Hardwick, the Dyers, Willsons, Lundys, and Hacketts."The "Great Meadows" comprised over six thousand acres along the Pequest River in what are now Hope, Independence, Allamuchy and Green townships of Warren and Sussex counties. "Johnsonburg, at first known by the name ‘the log gaol,’ is near the center of what was Old Hardwick. Before 1765 Johnsonburg. was the seat of justice for Sussex County. The first families to settle in that section were Greens, Hunts, Shafers, Schooleys, Dyers, Willsons, Arm-strongs and Lundys." History of New Jersey, by Barber & Howe.
At the first Centenary celebration of the erection of Sussex County at Newton in 1853, the Rev. Joseph Tuttle in his address on that occasion said: "From 1753, when Sussex was organized, until 1768 the county was without representation in the Colonial Assembly. No one was eligible as a representative who did not own at least one thousand acres of land or five hundred pounds sterling English money." In 1776 Sussex was represented in the new Republican Assembly of New Jersey, by John Cleves Symmes, Casper Shafer and Abia Brown, as stated in the above address of Rev. Mr. Tuttle. From Vol. 3 of the Jerseyman is quoted the following: Among the settlers on the large plantation holdings of Dr. Coxe, disputing his title to lands northeast of Quakertown, were William Oakes-200 acres, John Oakes-100 acres. From the lists prepared by William Emley in 1757 of claimants of lands on the road from Pittstown to Bloomsbury, in Hunterdon County, William Oakes, Isaac Oakes, Samuel Schooley, and John Oakes. In 1779 Isaac Oakes owned lands in Alexandria and Lebanon townships. (N. J. Archives, Vol. 3, p. 533.)
"Samuel Schooley entered into a contract in 1758 with Lord Stirling to build a saw mill and dam on the Neshasackaway creek near the Delaware river. (The Jerseyman, Vol. p. 22.)The "Great Meadows" comprised over six thousand acres along the Pequest River in what are now Hope, Independence, Allamuchy and Green townships of Warren and Sussex counties. "Johnsonburg, at first known by the name ‘the log gaol,’ is near the center of what was Old Hardwick. Before 1765 Johnsonburg. was the seat of justice for Sussex County. The first families to settle in that section were Greens, Hunts, Shafers, Schooleys, Dyers, Willsons, Arm-strongs and Lundys." History of New Jersey, by Barber & Howe.
At the first Centenary celebration of the erection of Sussex County at Newton in 1853, the Rev. Joseph Tuttle in his address on that occasion said: "From 1753, when Sussex was organized, until 1768 the county was without representation in the Colonial Assembly. No one was eligible as a representative who did not own at least one thousand acres of land or five hundred pounds sterling English money." In 1776 Sussex was represented in the new Republican Assembly of New Jersey, by John Cleves Symmes, Casper Shafer and Abia Brown, as stated in the above address of Rev. Mr. Tuttle. From Vol. 3 of the Jerseyman is quoted the following: Among the settlers on the large plantation holdings of Dr. Coxe, disputing his title to lands northeast of Quakertown, were William Oakes-200 acres, John Oakes-100 acres. From the lists prepared by William Emley in 1757 of claimants of lands on the road from Pittstown to Bloomsbury, in Hunterdon County, William Oakes, Isaac Oakes, Samuel Schooley, and John Oakes. In 1779 Isaac Oakes owned lands in Alexandria and Lebanon townships. (N. J. Archives, Vol. 3, p. 533.)
"Samuel Schooley entered into a contract in 1758 with Lord Stirling to build a saw mill and dam on the Neshasackaway creek near the Delaware river. (The Jerseyman, Vol. p. 22.)
CAPTAIN SAMUEL SCHOOLEY, JR.
SAMUEL SCHOOLEY. JUNIOR
Samuel Schooley was the youngest child of Samuel, and his wife, Avis HollowayHe was born in Bethlehem township (near Quakertown) in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, on Feb. 16th. 1743. He died at his "Schooley’s Pine Creek Farms" near Ocala, in Grayson, now Carroll County, Virginia, in the early part of the year of 1832. aged 69 years. Samuel Schooley, Sr., father of above, died in 1761. At the time of his death, his children, except James and Samuel, Jr., had married and were in homes of their own. In 1765 James married and set up his home on his farm near Newtown, where he died in 1767. In that same year, their mother bought from Jonathan Hampton, a homestead just east of Sussex Court House, now the city of Newton, where, apparently, she lived during the next twenty years of her life, until her death. Samuel continued living with his mother at her Newton home until. and after he married. Samuel Schooley, Jr.. first married Margaret Brown Gibbon, widow of Nathan Gibbon, on the 9th day of Jan., 1766, at Lower Makefield, Bucks County, Pa. Nathan Gibbon died in 1765, leaving two daughters, Sarah, and Katherine, to her care. To Samuel and Margaret, one child was born, a son, William, at Newton, on Nov. 8th, 1766. Through tradition came the information that at the home of Avis, at Newton, lived Samuel and his wife and children, until her death, and also his second wife, Elizabeth Willson, and children, lived there for about fifteen years.
Samuel Schooley’s marriage to Elizabeth Willson took place in 9th. mo. 1770. She was the daughter of Gabriel and Elizabeth Lundy Willson, of Allamuchy, Warren County, N. J. Children born to Samuel and Elizabeth in Newton, were: Leah, b. 8-18-1774. Margaret, b. 11-14-1776. James, b. I-1-1780. John, b. 2-13-1782. Samuel, b. 8-25-1784. Besides farming the homestead of his mother who was now well along in years, he did some surveying of lands, and teaching of private schools. A memorandum long existed of a survey of lands he made for his brother Joseph of 8th of Oct., 1769, near Hamberg. It appears that in some surveys he acted as assistant for Samuel Green, the Surveyor for the West Jersey Proprietors. He made another survey on a location for Richard Armstrong, the lands lying along the Paulins Kill River, and Dark Moon Creek. Another of his surveys was of lands for Jesse Lundy, on the south side of Pine Run, which Jesse had received from his Father, Samuel Lundy.
Samuel Schooley taught a country private school in the winter of 1766-7, at Newton. Inscriptions in an old spelling book recently in possession of one of his great, grand children, indicate he taught a school thereabouts during a few subsequent winters. He taught an English Primer, Dilworth’s Spelling Book, and Arithmetic and the New Testament. Samuel’s name as "master" was found in an old Dilworth speller of 1767.
An old hour-glass used by him was preserved for many years. As teacher, surveyor, farmer, and Militiaman, he was a busy man. The records disclose that after the death of Samuel, Sr., in 1761, Avis and her son Benjamin, in 1763, were living near the place named Stillwater, along the Paulins Kill River, southwest of Newton. In 1765 she had moved to Newtown. In 1771, she had made her Will at New-town, and dated it 20th. of June. Her son James died at Newtown in 1767. His widow Margaret, on the 20th of April, 1767, "Renounced all right to administer"and her "Renunciation" -signature was witnessed by her brothers-in-law, Benjamin Schooley, and Josiah Dyer, Jr.
On that same day, Samuel Schooley of Newton, or Newtown, was appointed Administrator of James’ estate. His bond as administrator sets forth that "Samuel Schooley, of Newtown, in the County of Sussex and Province of West Jersey, are bound unto his Excellency, William Franklin, Esq., Governor of New Jersey, in the sum of One Hundred and seventy-three Pounds, Proclamation Money." Samuel was to "cause to be exhibited into the Registry of the Pre-rogative Court, in the Secretary’s Office at Burlington" an inventory of all goods and chattels, and Credits" pursuant to the true Intent and Meaning of the Act of Parliament, made in the 22d. and 23d. years of the Reign of King Charles 1 ld. Samuel and Josiah signed in the presence of John Pettit and Thomas Anderson.The Appraisers were: Jacob Lundy, Samuel Lundy, and Benjamin Schooley. To Thos. Anderson, Surro. was paid 2 lbs. for "Letters Administra-tory."
David Gould was paid over ten pounds "in full for his attendance as Doctor of ye Dec’d." received over 20 pounds. Josiah Dyer was paid a claim. Avis Schooley Some other claimants who were paid were, Nathaniel Pettit, William Schooley, Asa Schooley, Samuel Lundy, John Pettit, Bostain Chestnutwood, George Rea, Dan’l. Pettit, Caspar Shafer, Eph’m Darby, Samuel Willson, Justice Ayers, for Ann Quick, Hezz. Dunn, Peter Schmuck. "Before Thomas Anderson, Surrogate for ye County of Sussex, appeared above, accompanied Samuel Schooley, and being one of the people called Quakers,upon his solemn affirmation which he took according to Law, did declare that the foregoing account is true, both as to charge and discharge, to the best of his knowledge." "April, ye 12th. 1769. The within acc’t." approved. Thomas Ander-son, Surro. for ye County of Sussex." (Book 1238, Wills, D, of S. of N. J.)
MILITARY RECORD OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL SCHOOLEY Some Military necessities about the year 1772 arose, which required the attention of Samuel Schooley, Aaron Hankinson and others. Hankin-son, about 1765, came up from Lower Hunterdon County and became "Captain of Upper Hardwick,"with his home at, or near Stillwater. Their activities were associated with the Block Houses built for defence along "the frontiers in the three river Townships from Water Gap, to Carpenters Point, for protection against the Indians.
When the War of the Revolution came on, and in New Jersey preparations were being made for recruiting and equipping armies, the Militia experiences which Samuel had in the organizations engaged at times along the frontier, brought him offers of place in the new estab-lishments of the Militia. Though he had the responsibilities of a large family, he enlisted in June, 1776, for five months, but served six months with the State troops.
He was in four important battles in that term. He was Ensign in Captain Bond’s Company, and was promoted to Second Lieutenant in Nov. 28th, 1776. In May, 1777, he was a First Lieutenant in Col. Thompson’s First Sussex Regiment, in the Continental Army. In the "Fall of 1778," Samuel was a Captain in the Sussex County Militia, First Regiment, under Major Bescherer, and Col. Jacob West.The following is a verbatim copy of a certificate issued by the Adjutant General, New Jersey:
STATE OF NEW JERSEY OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL, Trenton, March 13, 1912. It is certified that the records of this office show that, SAMUEL SCHOOLEY, was in commission as Ensign, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; Residence, Greenwich, Sussex Co., N. J. Commissioned Ensign, Captain William Bond’s Company, Col. Ephriam Martin’s Battalion, Brigadier General Na-thaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey State Troups, June 24th, 1776, five months serv-ice; Assigned to Major General Nathaniel Green’s Division, Continental Army, on Long Island, New York, Aug. 27, 1776; At battles of Long Island, New York, Aug. 27, 1776; and White Plains, New York, Oct. 28, 1776; Appointed Second Lieutenant, Fourth Battalion, New Jersey Continental Line, Col. Ephriam Martin, and received warrant for recruiting,November 16, 1776; Commission declined; Second Lieutenant, First Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey Militia, date unknown. First Lieutenant, Cap-tain Andrew Malick’s (First) Company, First Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey Militia, Colonel Mark Thompson Commanding, May 24, 1776. Final Record unknown during the Revolutionary Wark.
(Seal) W. F. SADLER, JR. THE ADJUTANT GENERAL
Captain Samuel Schooley was mentioned as such by a soldier of that war, Cornelius Van Fleet, in Oct. 1832, when he was a resident of Washington Township, Lycoming County, Pennsa., whence he came from New Jersey, in his application to the United States for a soldier’s pension. He stated his services in that war were under Captain Samuel Schooley, Captain John Tenbrook, and others during the years 1776-1778.
Van Fleet (Van Fliet) and Tenbrook and many others from New Jersey were, in a few years after the close of that war, residents of White Deer Valley, in Washington township, Lycoming County, Pa. After his mother’s death at Newtown in 1785, Samuel, by the terms of her Will which was made fourteen years previous, inherited most of her property, and was nominated therein to be the sole executor thereof. It appears by the records of Newtown, Deed Book A2, p. 206, that among the properties he received by his mother’s bequest, was the old Homestead at Newtown. By an "Indenture made the 16th day of the 9th. mo. 1785, between Samuel Schooley of Hardwick, Sussex Co., and Samuel Lundy of Newtown County aforesaid" the title was conveyed to "a lot of Upland and Meadow in Newton, being part of a tract of land surveyed for Gov. Penn." Signed Samuel Schooley (seal), wit-nessed by Samuel Willson, Sr., Samuel Willson, Jr.
This Deed was acknowledged before George Allen, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, of Sussex County by "Samuel Willson who saw Samuel Schooley sign and seal." The Deed was not recorded until March 14th, 1814. Soon after his Mother’s demise and his settlement of her estate, Samuel in the year 1785, had issued to him a certificate of Removal from Kingwood (Friends) Meeting, as shown by its records, for himself and sons, his wife and daughters, and joined a colony of Friends with Lundys and others, at Deep River, Surry County, N. C.
The Certificates were dated the 13th of 10th month, 1785, and entered on Deep River M. records,6th. of 2d. mo. 1786. (p-110 Vol. 1). On page 24 is the following entry: Children of Samuel and Elizabeth Schooley. Leah, b. 8-18-1774 at Newtown Twp., Sussex, E. Div. of N. J. Margaret, b. 11-l 4-I 776, Newton Twp., E. Div. of N. J. James, b. l-13-1780, Hardwick Twp., W. Div. of N. J. John, b. 2-l 3-1782, Hardwick Twp., W. Div. of N. J. Samuel, b. 8-25-1784, Hardwick Twp., W. Div. of New Jersey. Gabriel, b. 9-4-1786, Surry Co., N. C. Benjamin, b. 4-2-1788, Surry Co., N. C. Nathan, b. 1-9-1792, Stokes Co., N. C. Elizabeth, b. 1-7-1797, Stokes Co., N. C. At the time of the first Census of the United States, 1790, they were located in Stokes County, N. C. In 1795-1-5, Samuel and family request advice as to moving to Chestnut Creek M. but was advised not to remove.In 1802-7-5,
Samuel and family are given certificates of removal to Mt. Pleasant, Chestnut Creek, near Galax., Va., in Grayson County, with many of their old neighbors and friends. In a few years Samuel Schooley had become the owner by purchase of several tracts of land. The aggregate of these tracts exceeded one-thousand acres.His lands were situated along both sides of Pine Creek, about one and one half miles east of its confluence with Big Reed Island Creek. His residence and springs were about three miles northwest from Dugspur, which is on the Floyd Pike Highway, and about two miles southeast from the Post town of Ocala, all in the Pine Creek Magisterial District of Carroll County, which in the year of 1843 was set off from Grayson County.
Hillsville is the County Seat of Carroll County. It is located on the Floyd Pike. Dugspur is a Post Office and village, situated six miles northeast of Hillsville. Among the families in the Pine Creek District as neighbors of Samuel Schooley were the Wrights, Hiatts, Ballards, Lindseys, Marshalls, Bournes, Hyltons and Montgomerys. The descendants of some of these families are among the honored residents if this district.
These lands were known as Schooley lands as late as 1930, or later. Samuel’s pioneer log houses were then in use over one hundred and twenty-five years. His sons and youngest daughter Elizabeth, were married from this home. The U. S. Census for Grayson County, year 1820, give data of the two families of the name Samuel Schooley. The elder Samuel and his wife were then living.
In the reports of 1830 his wife was not reported, thus it appears that she had died since the 1820 report. His age given as between 80 and 90, as averages were then used. In the Census of 1820, it was reported that Samuel, the younger son of Captain Samuel, had four sons and three daughters.
The Census of that year enrolled both father and son, Samuel, Sr., and Samuel, Jr., as the owners of several slaves. In the 1830 Census, no slaves were reported in their ownership. The tract’of land which was the "Schooley Homestead" consisted of 260 acres, described in his deed as "A certain parcel or tract of land lying on both sides of the Pine Creek, a branch of Big Reed Island Creek in the said county of Grayson, he bought from Zachariah Stanley of Montgomery County, Va., in March, 1802." The survey of the tract is described in part with the words "Begining at a chestnut tree on the ridge near Chiswell’s Road." This Grantor signed "This Indenture" in the presence of Robert Commons, Amos Hiatt, James Schooley, as sub-scribing witnesses. (Deed Book2-p. 83, Grayson Records).
Two years later Captain Schooley bought from said Stanley, 80 acres more on said Creek. The witnesses to Stanley’s signing were John, Samuel, and Benjamin Schooley, sons of Capt. Schooley. In the year 1813, Samuel purchased from Thomas Johnson, or John-ston, 449 acres, which adjoined the aforesaid Schooley Homestead; The deed declares they are situated, lying, and being on both sides of Pine Creek, the Branch of Big Reed Island Creek." The signatures of wit-nesses affixed in this deed were: Samuel Nathan Schooley, Zachariah Wright. Schooley, Jr.:Isaac Johnson,
A further purchase of lands-was made by the Captain, described as follows:"This Indenture, made this 25th. day of the 3d. mo. (March) 1822,from Isaac Wright, ‘both of Grayson County, state of Thistract of 175 acres has its beginning at a chestnut tree on Virginia?
Chiswell’s Road, being Samuel Schooley’s corner" and the ridge near sides of Pine Creek, a branch of Big Reed Island Creek. lying on both The wit-nesses hereon were, Samuel Schooley, Jr.,-Abraham Wright, and Stephen Lindsey. In the year 1822, Samuel conveyed title to his son Samuel, to a large tract of these lands, and the witnesses to his signature were, Alexander Smith, Charles Smith, Benjamin Schooley.
In the same year a further conveyance of a large tract of above lands was made to hisson Samuel. The witnesses were: William Ballard, Sr., Abraham Wright and Stephen Lindsey. The son Samuel continued living on with his father until after 1832 when his father died. Captain Samuel Schooley left his Will dated "This twentyeth day of the third month in the year 1825. It announces that "Samuel Schooley of Grayson County in the state of Virginia." "I give to my daughter Margaret a tract of land near Muddy Creek in Stokes Co., North Carolina. "My son John,""My son Benjamin," "My son Nathan," "My daughter Elizabeth,""My son Samuel, one tract of land lying on both sides of Pine Creek in Grayson Co., state of Va." The witnesses to his will were: Thomas Marshall, John Lindsey, Henry Bourne.
He also bequeathed to Samuel all the money and credit that were due to him. Also his livestock and all the implements of husbandry and household goods. A Hackle, used in preparing flax for weaving, made in his workshops, is now in the possession of one of his descend-ants, Victor Schooley. Samuel, Jr., with William Montgomery were designated in the Will, to act as executors thereof.This will was recorded in Will Book, 1. p. 397. The inventory and appraisal of the estate, were made 19th. July, 1832, by Stephen Lindsey, Peter Huff and Samuel Hylton, recorded in the county records at Independence, Virginia. The mortal remains of Captain Samuel Schooley were laid in eternal rest in the small Quaker burial ground on Grape Hill, a few miles south of Dugspur, in Carroll County, Va. n u
The old Fort Chiswell road, mentioned in all of the Schooley Deeds, was established in pre-Revolutionary war times. It was built in the year 1758, under direction of Col. William Byrd, and named for Col. Chiswell owner of the New River Lead mines. This road ran from Dugspur, or from its location, a post town on the main highway east and west through Carroll County about six miles east of Hillsville, northerly across Pine Creek valley to Fort Chiswell in Wythe County.
This hackle was made in the workshop on the Schooley farms about the year 1822. The Marshall family, descendents of former neighbors and now occupying the old Schooley farm home, states that the hackle was made by Samuel Schooley himself.THE WILLSON FAMlLY
ROBERT AND ANN HOAG WILLSON, were English Quakers from Scarborough, Yorkshire, England, and came to Philadelphia in 1682. SAMUEL WILLSON, son of Robert and Ann, married Hester Overton, of Quakertown, Hunterdon County, N. J. GABRIEL WILLSON, son of Samuel and Hester Overton Willson, married Elizabeth Lundy, daughter of ------------- Lundy, in 1749. Gabriel was born 23-7-1725, and died in 1805. The family lived on Great Meadows, near Allamuchy, Warren Co., N.J. Children of Gabriel and Elizabeth Lundy Willson were: I: Charity. II: Elizabeth, b. 7-8-1751. Robert died in Ky. Records from Hardwick Society of Friends, Warren County, N. J. ELIZABETH WILLSON, daughter of Gabriel and wife, Elizabeth Lundy Willson, married Samuel Schooley (son of Samuel Schooley), having declared their intentions of marriage on the 13th. day, 9th. mo. 1770, before the Kingwood (now Quakertown) Monthly Meeting of Hunterdon County, N.J.
This log cabin was built in 1801-Z by Capt. Samuel Schooley. It is located in Carroll County (formerly part of Grayson), Virginia, near Ocala.It was following
the successful war waged in 1779 by Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of Virginia, to defend Virginia’s claim to the Vir-ginia Military Land District, that so many Virginians found new homes in this fertile valley of the Ohio.
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF CAPTAIN SAMUEL AND ELIZABETH WILLSON SCHOOLEY
JOHN AND LEAH SCHOOLEY PIKE
LEAH SCHOOLEY, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born in Newtown, Sussex, West Div. of New Jersey, in the year of 8-18-1774. Married to John Pike, son of Nathan and Elizabeth Pike, at Deep River, Surry County, N. C., on the 10-16-1793. John Pike, born in 8-10-1772. Died November 5th, 1844, in Henry County, state of Indiana, aged seventy-one years. CHILDREN: Nathan, John, Margaret and Samuel. Leah Pike is named as one of the original members of the Women’s Meetings of Mt. Pleasant, Grayson County, Va., year of 1801-2. John Pike given certificate to Mt. Pleasant, year of 1804. In the year of 1800, Nathan, son of John and Leah Pike, received certificate from Deep River, M. M., N. C., to Westfield, N. C., the 7th. day, 7th. mo. and in 1801 a certificate to Mt. Pleasant, M. M., in Va. Samuel Pike, son of John and Leah Pike, was born April 6th. 1804, in Grayson County, Va. Was married to Elizabeth Lupton Pope, 1826, in Highland County, Ohio. Children: Martha Helen, William Wallace, and infant. William Wallace Pike, married Sarah Jane Newell. Children: Eliza-bethLuptonPopePike ----------- Grace. Elizabeth Lupton Pope Pike married Charles F. Spiegel, of Cin-cinnati, 0. Children: Grace F. Spiegel. From Records of Highland County, Ohio: Marriage of John Pike to Hannah Reams, 12-1817. Marriage of Margaret Pike to Wm. Moore, 2-12-1818.
COLONEL SAMUEL PIKE, EDITOR
From the history of Ross and Highland Counties, O., is the follow-ing: p. 89- "The Chillocothe Advertiser, owner 1840, John Hough. In 1865, owner, Hon. James Emmitt, with Sam Pike, editor. p. 147- "In Jan., 1862, the office of ‘Hillsborough Gazette" was purchased by Samuel Pike. He at once changed the tone of the paper in regard to war, and advocated what was then known as the "Peace Policy." At one time, threats of mobbing the office were made by soldiers in camp at Camp Mitchell, near town. Col. Pike was a bitter partisan, and from the fact of his having pub-lished papers in the South, had a warm feeling for her people. Hiscourse seemed to be endorsed by the result of the election in Ohio that autumn, for the Democrats carried the state. ". Sold the Gazette to W. H. Hummell, in 1865 Col. Pike returned to Hillsboro and published the weekly paper called the "Highland Democrat," name later changed to Hillsboro Gazette," until 1867."
"Col. Pike was probably the most widely known editor of Highland county. He was born April 6th, 1804, in Grayson County, Va., but spent his early life on a farm in Penn township, and when grown to manhood, removed to Leesbourgh and engaged in mercantile business. His first appearance as an editor and publisher was in Leesbourgh in 1832. To advocate the construction of Belpre & Cincinnati R. R., Joel Wright bought a small newspaper called the Highland County Democrat and R. R. Advocate, and installed Col. Pike as editor. Later, Col. Pike started a paper in Peru, Ind., then to Bloomington, Ill., to Piketon, O., Covington, Paducah and Maysville, Ky., returned to Leesbourgh in 1841, Hillsborough, 1862-9, to Leesburgh, Aug., 1871. Thus, after forty years in newspaper business, finished his career in same little village where he had commenced it. "As an editor he had very considerable ability, but was always a bitter partisan; In private life he was a social, genial, and high toned gentleman.He died in Leesburgh, Dec. 15th, 1874, aged seventy-five."
Miss Grace F. Spiegel of Cincinnati, descendant of Co1 Pike, states that his father was John Pike of North Carolina and Grayson county, of Va. Leah Scholey Pike, wife of John Pike, was eldest daughter of Capt. Samuel Schooley, of Grayson County, Va., and of Stokes County, N. C. Miss Spiegel has a fine portrait of Col. Pike, which hung in the office of the Leesburg Citizen until about 1937.
JONATHAN AND MARGARET SCHOOLEY HARROLD
Margaret, second daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Schooley, Deep River, N. C., was born at Newtown, Sussex Co., W. Div., N. J., in 1 l-l 4-l 776, and married to Jonathan Harrold,son of -------------- ------------------ Muddy Creek, Stokes Co., N. C., in the year 7-13-1796. Jonathan was born 9-3-l 773. They later became original members of Union M. M. Stokes Co., now Forsythe Co., N. C. Sons and Daughters of Jonathan and Margaret: Samuel, Andrew, Mary, Benjamin, John, Jonathan, Nathan, Richard, Elizabeth, and Margaret. In the year 1830, the sons and daughters had certificates from Union, M. M., Stokes Co., N. C., to Center, Ohio, New Garden and Dover, Ind. Jonathan, Jr., had certificate to Center M. M., near Wilmington, O., 1830. Several descedants of this family became Ministers and Doctors. Book of Marriages, New Garden M. M., Ind. p.85- "Samuel Bond, son of Samuel Bond, of Wayne Co., Ind., and Mary Harrold, daughter of Jonathan Harrold and Margaret Harrold, his wife, of same place,having declared their intentions of marriage, etc., 23-l 1-1831. "A public meeting of sd. people held at Dover, sd. Samuel Bond, taking the sd. Mary Herrold by the hand, etc."Witnesses: Samuel Bond, Elizabeth Harrold, Nathan Harrold, Jona-than Harrold, Margaret Harrold, and others. Page 90: Whereas, Joseph Bond, son of Joseph Bond, and Rachel, his wife, and Elizabeth Harrold, daughter of Jonathan and Margaret Harrold, his wife, of Wayne Co., Ind., etc. "Whereas, Nathan Harrold, son of Nathan Harrold and Margaret, his wife, and Betsy Hawkins, daughter of Nathan and Rebecca Hawkins at New Garden, Ind., year 1832. "Whereas, Amos Bond, son of Joseph Bond, etc., marries Lucy Coggshall, 1839. John Harrold, son of Jonathan and Margaret Harrold, married Mary Stanley.
JAMES AND SUSANNAH BETTS SCHOOLEY
JAMES, first son of Captain Samuel, and wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born I-13-1782, at Hardwick, W. Div., New Jersey. (New-town) lived in this community, and in Surry and Stokes counties, N. C., until the year of 1802, when he was given certificate of removal from the Deep River M. M., Stokes Co., to Mt. Pleasant M. M., Chestnut Creek, Grayson Co., Va., on the 7-5. Recorded on page 9 of the Mt. Pleasant M. M. book of Marriage Records is that of James Schooley, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Schooley, to Susanna Betts, daughter of William and Mary Betts; all of Grayson County, Va. Dated 12-7-1802. In Deed Book No. 2, Grayson Co. Records, is James’ signature as witness to purchase of the Schooley Homestead, March,, 1802, and in year 1803 he is named in Personal Tax lists of Grayson Co. The Appraisement of the estate of James Schooley is recorded in the Grayson County Court of April 4th, 1804. Among things listed, is one Flax Wheel, one old chest, one woman’s saddle, one looking glass, and pewter dishes. Records of men’s meetings having been lost, the date of James’ death is not known, and no record of the date of his son William’s birth. Minutes of the Mt. Pleasant Meetings dated 1809-8-26, issue certi-ficates of removal to Susanna Schooley and son William, to Fairfield M. M., Leesburgh, Highland Co., Ohio. From Book of Center M. M. (Wilmington, 0.) page 104, is the follow-ing: "A certificate for Amos Lundy, his wife Susanna, and her minor son, William Schooley, was read and received from Fairfield M. M. (Lees-burgh, O.), dated 26th, 2d. 18 16."
JOHN AND SUSANNAH JOHNSON SCHOOLEY
JOHN SCHOOLEY, 2d. son of Captain Samuel and Elizabeth Schooley, was born 2-l 3-l 782, at Hardwick Twp., West Division of New Jersey, at Newton. After living some years in Surry and Stokes County, N. C., and Grayson County, Va., he has grown to young manhood, and in the year 1804 was one of the witnesses to his father’s purchase of 80 acres of land from Zachariah Stanley. In November, 1805, John purchased from Zachariah Stanley, 175 acres of land on Lower Pine Creek. Recordedin Grayson Co., Virginia Land taxes, Deed Book at Independence, Va., entry is made of sale of these lands to Stephen Wright in the year 1818. Land tax records also show these lands in John’s name in Ohio, until the year 1823. The Mt. Pleasant, Chestnut Creek Meetings record the marriage of John on page 29: "John Schooley of Grayson Coun Schooley, married Susanna Johnson, son, of same place, 1805-4th. day of house.ty, Va., sonof Samuel and Elizabeth daughter of Thomas and Ann John-4th. month,at Mt. Pleasant Meeting
Witnesses were: John Johnson, Samuel Carey, John Simcock, Ann Lundy, John Davis, Benjamin Hiatt, John Ballard, Joseph Ballard, Morris Davis, Elizabeth Ballard, and Amos Lundy. Minutes of same Meeting, date, 1811-9-28; give the following: "John Schooley, wife Susanna, and daughter Asenath, granted cer-tificates of removal to Elk M. M., Preble Co., 0. (now Elkton.) Son, Isaac, born 25th. of 10th. mo., 1808, in Grayson Co., three years old, not mentioned in certificate of removal.
IN OHIO AND INDIANA
Very few early land deeds and court records were available at time of this writing. They did not accept Military Lands. Wilmington, Clinton Co., 0.
Book of Center M. M. p. 83. "A certificate was produced for John Schooley and his wife, Susanna, with their children, Asenath and Isaac, from Elk M. M. dated 4th. of 7th. month, 18 12, which was read and received." Birth of daughter Elizabeth, daughter Rachel and daughter Sarah. Dates not given. In this Book of Center Records is the following account of the pur-chase of books for the use of Friends’ children: "13 Testaments, 13 Spelling Books, 12 Primers, 1 Murray’s Introduc-tion to the English Reader, 2 English Readers, and 3 Bibles." From the Springfield meetings in Clinton Co., year 18 18, a certificate is given for John Schooley and son, Isaac, to New Garden, Wayne Co., Ind.
From the New Garden, Ind., records of the Men’s meetings, p. 84, states that "Certificate received for John Schooley and son Isaac, from Springfield M. M., OHIO, date, 24-4-1819." and in the following year, 1820, "Arba M. M. preparative proposes, and this meeting appoints John Schooley Overseer of that meeting." Arba is northeast of New Garden in Randolph county. In the year 1823 John Schooley requests to be released as Overseer of Arba.
During the following years at New Garden, John Schooley was serving on various committees as:"Ira Hough, John Schooley, Eli Over-man and others, corn. on spiritous licquors, in 1823." On other com-mittees with Stephen Thomas, Daniel Jones, and W. Whilson, etc. The following, taken from the New Garden records, show location of John Schooley’s home, and some of his neighbors. " . . . the balance of New Garden as far as to line dividing between Jonathan Hough’s and George Shugart’s, and between JohnSchooley’s and John Huff’s, the 3d. and remaining part should be divided by the main Creek into two districts. The several districts are pretty well satisfied with the boundries thereof, except the district of New Port, and have agreed on location for school houses."Eli Osborn and Charles Baldwin, year 1830." The above may have been the first establishment of Public schools.
In the year 1827 is the marriage of his son Isaac, and in the year of 1829 the marriages of daughter Elizabeth, as follows: Book of Marriages, p. 72: "Whereas, William Sheridan of the County of Henry, and State of Ind., son of John Sheridan and Margaret his wife, of the same place, and Elizabeth Schooley, daughter of John Schooley and Susannah, his wife, of the County of Wayne, and State aforesaid, having declared their intentions of marriage with each other before a Monthly Meeting of the religious Society of Friends held at New Garden, and having consent of parents, their said proposals were allowed. For the full accomplish-ment of their said intentions, this day of 25th. of 6 m., 1829." Witnesses: John Thomas John Schooley Susannah Schooley Isaac Scholey Lydia Thomas Margaret Sheridan
Apparently Asenath Schooley and Asa Burnsides were married out of meeting, as no record is given. From the New Garden Women’s records is the following:"Those appointed in the case of Asenath Schooley report to some satisfaction, and that the case be dismissed." and in the entry:"Susannah Schooley and Asenath Burnsides, appointed to attend marriage, etc."1830, indicate that she was married at this time. In the year 1831, Susannah Schooley requests for herself and daughters, (Rachel and Sarah) rights of membership to Duck Creek M. M. (Henry Co.), Indiana. The Women’s Records of Northern Quarterly Meeting, of the 9th. mo. 20th. 184 1, at Mississinwa M. M., have the following entry: "Committee to visit other meetings: Polly Overman, Susannah Schooley, Mary Thomas, Anna Winslow, and others." Other entries: "Sarah Thomas, Susannah Schooley, Mary Thomas, and others." "Esteemed Friend, Lydia Thomas (an Elder) attended meeting, year 1855. "Susannah Schooley on committee, year 1846; which is the last record of her services.She died at the age of 83 years, in ----------- Ind.
In the Men’s records is the entry: "John Schooley and others, on committee for welfare of people of color." Year 1860. Date and place of his death is not known. The time and place of the marriages of John and Susannah’s two younger daughters is not known. Rachel married Curtis Beauchamp, and had one son, Robert Beauchamp, who was an attorney. One daughter, Bonnie. The family lived at Tipton, Indiana.The other daughter, Sarah, married Henry Shugart, and had sons, William and Albert. Daughter, Rachel, who married Elwood Davis. In letters of Leander Schooley is mentioned Will Shugart, who is to be made Captain.Also a letter from Asenath Sheridan, his cousin, and daughter of William and Elizabeth Schooley Sheridan.
SAMUEL AND RACHEL JOHNSON SCHOOLEY
SAMUEL SCHOOLEY, 3d. son of Capt. Samuel and wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born 8-25-1784, at Hardwick, W. Div. of New Jersey, near Newton.) His early years were spent in Surry and Stokes counties of N. C. and in Grayson County, Va. That part of Grayson, now Carroll. He is mentioned as a witness with brothers John and Benjamin, in purchase of lands by his father, in the year 1804. Mt. Pleasant M. M. records to Rachel Johnson, daughter of the marriage of Samuel Schooley,
Co., Va., on the 2d. day of the 1 Thomas and Ann Johnson, of Gray st. mo., 1809.Jr., son
In the Census of 1820, it was reported that Samuel and Rachel had four sons and three daughters born in Grayson Co., Virginia. As has been mentioned in preceding chapters, Samuel received most of the family lands, household goods from his father in later years. On the death of his father, he, with his family, received certificates of removal to White Lick M. M., Morgan Co., Ind., in the year of 1833, 11 th. day, of 2d. month. (Guilford College Records, N. C.), and Wm. Wade Hinshaw Records. Samuel Schooley died 1-27-1844, age 69 years, and is buried in old Center burying ground near Wilmington, Clinton Co., Ohio. Rachel Schooley, his wife, died 4th. mo. 1 Id., 1863, and is buried beside her husband. GABRIEL, fourth son of Capt. Samuel, and wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born in Surry County, N. C., in the year 1786-9mo. 4th day. He was evidently named for his maternal Grandfather, Gabriel Willson of Allamucha, Warren Co., N. J. No other records being found of this son Gabriel, it is supposed he died early in life.
BENJAMIN AND REBECCA JOHNSON SCHOOLEY
BENJAMIN, fifth son of Capt. Samuel, and his wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born 4-2-1788, in Surry County, N. C., lived for a time in Stokes County, and thence to Grayson Co., Va. Records of the Mt. Pleasant, Chestnut Creek M. M. show that Benjamin Schooley was married to Rebecca Johnson, daughter of Thomas and Ann Johnson, and sister of Susanna and Rachel Johnson, all of same county and state, in the year of 1809-2-l. Benjamin Schooley and wife Rebecca, were granted certificates of removal to Center M. M. near Wilmington, Ohio, the 9-26-18 12. From Center M. M.: "A certificate for Benjamin Schooley, his wife Rebecca, from Mt. Pleasant M. M., Va., dated 26th. of the 9th. mo. 1812, which was read and recieved." p. 93. (Men’s Book, Springfield M. M., 0.)"Benjamin Schooley, and wife Rebecca, and children Eliza, Samuel, and Nelson, requests certificates to New Garden, Ind., year 1820, the 30th. day of the 12th. mo. John Sheridan appointed to make inquiries." "From Men’s Records, New Garden M. M. p. 158, year 1821. "Certificate recieved for Benjamin Schooley and sons William and Samuel, from Springfield M. M., dated 30-12-1820." Page 236. Page 236: "Certificate for Benjamin Schooley and family to Cherry Grove M. M. Ind." Page 270. Page 270: "Benjamin Schooley, John Shugart, and others, on committee to collect money for the M. M., 1825."
NATHAN AND SARAH STANBRAUGH SCHOOLEY
NATHAN, sixth, and youngest son of Captain Samuel, and his wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born in Stokes County, N. C., 1-9-1792, and lived in Grayson Co.,Va., on his father’s farms, until he joined others going west.
In Southern Ohio: Center M. M. (Wilmington) date, 15-2-1817, has the following entry on page 152 of the men’s records:"A certificate was produced to this meeting from Mt. Pleasant M. M., Virginia, dated 26th. day of 10th. mo. 1816, for Nathan Schooley, which was read and recieved." Another entry reads: "Nathan Schoolly and Sarah Stanbraugh, appeared and declared their intentions of marriage with each other. Enoch Wickersham and Samuel Stanton, are appointed to inquire into the young man’s clearness. Date, 15-of the 3d. mo. 1817." "Friends appointed to enquire into Nathan Schooley’s clearness, report they found nothing to hinder his marriage with Sarah Stanbraugh; they are left at liberty to accomplish the same, agreeable to our order, and appoints Enoch Wickersham and Samuel Stanton to attend, as the Discipline directs." "19th. d. of 4th. mo. 1817, Friends report marriage of Nathan Schooley orderly." Nathan and Sarah were members of the Springfield M. M. in same County of Clinton, and on page 235 of the men’s book of Records is given,"A certificate was produced for Nathan Schooley, his wife Sarah, and children, Aaron, and -Nancy, from Springfield M. M., 25-l l-1820." Again from the Centre M. M. records, page 317, is given some account of his activities. "Jesse Thatcher, Jesse Painter, Nathan Scholey, and others, appointed to collect an account for Friend’s Suffer-ings, for year 1825." Center Records: "Nathan Schooley, wife Sarah, and children, Aaron, b. 18 18, Nancy, b. 1820, Omri, b. 1822, Ezra, b. 1824, Rachel, 1826, Benjamin, 1828, Nathan, 1832, and Unice, 1837, recieved certificates to Mississinwa M. M. (in Grant Co., Ind.) the 11 th. d. 12th. mo. 1845."
ELIZABETH SCHOOLEY HENSON
ELIZABETH, third, and youngest daughter of Capt. Samuel and his wife, Elizabeth Willson Schooley, was born 1st day of 7th mo., 1797, in Stokes County, N. C., and lived with parents on the Schooley farms in Grayson County (now Carroll), Virginia. According to records of the Mt. Pleasant, Chestnut Creek Friends Meetings, Elizabeth was married the 8th mo., 16th day, 1815, to -Henson, and thereby disowned, according to custom of Friends, for "having been married out of Unity" to one not of their faith, or service performed by another religious sect.
FAMILY OF THOMAS AND ANN JOHNSON
There is no record of former home, or places of births before they resided at Westfield, Guilford Co., N. C. (Guilford College Records). The Westfield M. M. (near Guilford C. H.). The minutes of these meetings, Vol. I., p. 126, year 1796, the 11th mo., 19th day, has the fol-lowing entry: "THOMAS JOHNSON requests for himself and family, namely, John, Samuel, Elizabeth, Susanna, Jesse, Rachel and Rebecca, having been for sometime under the care of the Preparative meet, and now requests to be joined in full membership, which this meet grants." Date of their removal to Mt. Pleasant M. M., Grayson Co., Va., is not known, but minutes of M. M. show that they were members in the year of 1805. Three daughters, Susanna, Rachel and Rebecca, married brothers, John, Samuel and Benjamin Schooley, of same meetings and county. James, son of Amos and Ann Lundy, married Elizabeth Johnson, other daughter of Thomas and Ann Johnson, 1801-12-13, Westfield M. M. 1814-2-26, Mt. Pleasant, Va. "Certificates for Thomas Johnson, wife, Ann, and daughter to Elk Creek, (Preeble Co., Ohio) ." Center M. M., Ohio. "Certificate for John Johnson, wife, Lydia, and children, Rhoda, Eliza-beth, Mary, Susannah, Thomas, Lydia and Anna, from Mt. Pleasant, Virginia, dated 27th, 11 th mo., 1813."
ISAAC AND SELAH THOMAS SCHOOLEY
Isaac Schooley was born in Grayson County, Virginia, in 1808, and came to Center, near Wilmington, Ohio, with his parents, thence, in 1818, to New Garden, Indiana, when he was about twelve years of age. Selah Thomas came to New Garden with her parents in the year of 18 12 from North Carolina. In Records of Men’s Meetings, New Garden, is the following, p. 322: "Isaac Schooley and Selah Thomas declared intentions of marriage 4th month, 1827. P. 323: "Isaac Schooley and Selah Thomas declared they continued their intention of marriage, 5th. month, 1827." P. 55, BOOK OF MARRIAGES, New Garden M. M., Wayne Co., Ind. "Whereas, Isaac Schooley of Wayne County, Indiana, son of John Schooley and Susanna, his wife, and Selah Thomas, daughter of Stephen Thomas and Hannah, his wife, of the County and State aforesaid, having declared their intentions of marriage with each other before a monthly meeting of the religious Society of Friends County aforesaid, and nothing appearing to of marriage, were allowed by s-d meeting held atNewGarden, in the obstructthiers-d proposals
"Now these are to certify whom it may concern that for the full ac-complishment of their s-d intentions this the 24th day of the 5th month in the year of ourLord 1827, they, the s--d Isaac Schooley and Selah Thomas appearedin public meetingof thes-d people, held at New Garden, and the s--d Isaac Schooleytakingthe s-d Selah Thomas by the hand, declaredthat he took her,the s-d Selah Thomas, to be his wife, promising to be unto her a loving and faithful husband until death should separate them, and then the s--d Selah Thomas did in like man-ner declare that she took him, the s-d Isaac Schooley, to be her hus-band, promising to be unto him a loving and faithful wife until death should separate them. Moreover, the said Isaac Schooley and Selah Thomas, she, accord-ing to the custom of marriage, assuming the name of her husband, did as a further confirmation thereof, then and there to these presents set their hands. "Isaac Schooley, "Selah Schooley." "Solemnized in the presence of us: John Schooley, Susanna Schoo-ley, Stephen Thomas, Ira Hough, Charles Baldwin, Ahira Balard, Mary Ballard, Beulah Puckett, Mary Huff."
Account of above marriage is given on page 302 of Wayne Co., Indiana, History, 1872, by Young. Page 327: "Those appointed to attend the marriage (Cader Woodward and John Huff) of Isaac Schooley and Selah Thomas report it was orderly, and produced the certificate." In the same year of 1827, Isaac and Selah Schooley were witnesses to the marriage of her sister, Sarah, to Lewis Moorman.Anna, first child of Isaac and Selah, was born at New Garden, 5-26-28, and Nancy, the second child, was born 11-24-1831.
From New Garden Friends Book of Records: "To Duck Creek M. M. of Friends (Henry Co.). "Dear Friends: The occasion of our writing to you at this time is on account of Isaac Schooley, who requests our certificate to your meeting for himself and family, namely, Celia, his wife, and their two children, Anna and Nancy. This is to certify that they are members of our religious Society and we recommend them to you as such. Their outward affairs are settled to satisfaction as far as appears given forth from New Garden M. M. of Friends, held the 21st day of 1st mo., 1832. "Signed by direction of the same by: "Eleazar Hiatt, Clerk for Day. "Sarah Williams. "Francis Thomas, Corresp." Selah Thomas Schooley received from her mother, Hannah Men-denhall Thomas, several interesting books, including a family Bible, Shakespeare’s Complete Works, The Life of Thomas Shilatoe, from Friends Library, and early books used for instruction of children. At Duck Creek and the small town of Dublin, in Henry County, were other families of friends and relatives, including the Pikes, Harrolds, Sheridans, and perhaps the Burnsides. The exact date of their removal to Grant County is not known, but was about the time of establishment of Mississinwa Meetings.
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF ISAAC AND SELAH SCHOOLEY ANNA, born 5-26-1828, at New Garden, Ind., married to Eli Thomas in Grant County in 1845. Died 1853, aged 26 years. Left two sons, Marcus and Sylvanus. NANCY, born I I-24-1831, at New Garden, Ind. Married Eli Richards, lived in Nebraska. HANNAH, born 10-8-1833, in Henry County, Ind. EDITH, born I-5-1835, married John Lemon in -Died Jan. 16th, 1915, at Fairmont, Ind. Had two sons, and one daughter, Lola, who died at age of nineteen, at Fairmont. JOHN Mendenhall, born 10-29-1836, in -Indiana. Died at Littsville, near Marysville, MO., year 1859. STEPHEN, born 8-27-1838, at Marion, Ind. Died -. SUSANNAH, born 7-18-1840, at Marion, Ind. Drowned at age of two years in Deer Creek, near Marion, Tnd. She tried to follow her mother across on a foot-log and fell in. EMILY, born 9-23-1842, at Marion, Ind. Married Wesley Bates. Chil-dren are: William, Lee, Zella, Essie, Edith and Frederick. Edith married at doctor and moved to Chicago, Ill. Emily died about 1885 at Jonesboro, Ind., and later other members of the family went west to live. LEANDER, born 6-15-1844, at Marion, Ind. Died 3-20-1916 at Chatta-nooga, Tenn. Buried at National Cemetery, Chattanooga. Married Anna S. Dannefer in 1873. CAM THOMAS, born 4-1846, at Marion, Ind. Died at Johnson City, Ten-nessee, in 1912. Married Mattie -.Children, -.CONSTANTINE, born 11-18-1848, at Marion, Ind. Died- Grant Co., Indiana. * * *
In the year 1849 Isaac Schooley had returned to his former home near Center M. M. Clinton County History states that he was one of the Petitioners for the formation of Adams Township, in Clinton county. Later he was Trustee, and Tax Collector for same township. Anephew, Isaac in theU. S. Army. Schooley, 25years,enlisted from thiscounty
Sometime before the beginning of the Civil War, he was in Missouri where the Indians were giving a great deal of trouble. It was at Litts-ville, near Marysville, Mo., that his oldest son, John M. Schooley, died. The next record of his activities is in the state of Kansas, though it is not known just what year he went out there.
From History of Republic Co., Kans. By I. 0. Savage; Jones & Cubbic, Printers; 1901. Beloit, Kans.
Settlement of Salt Creek. Fall of 1862, Isaac M. Schooley settled on N.W.1/4 of Sec. 7, town 4 South, 2 West, and made homestead entry No. 54 on same, Jan. 17th, 1863, and final proof on same Jan. 17th, 1868. Cert. number 9. (Land office at Junction City.) Population of Republic Co. in 186 1, was only five. R. P. West came to Republic Co. in 1863. (P. 37). The first organized armed resistance to Indians in Republic county was made Sept. 1864.A company of Militia formed of fifty men mounted on horses of theirown, from and Republic, corn.manded by at Elk Creek, nowClyde.the counties ofClay, Cloud,Washington, Captain IsaacM. Schooley,headquarters
The Arms and munitions furnished by the General Government, drawing same at Fort Riley, nearest military Post. Captain Schooley held Commission from Governor Robinson, and seems to have been chosen to this distinction on account of gallant services in Missouri, or some other place in the early part of the war. He fas said to be prudent and careful. (P. 45). The Convention at Pleasant Hill, Oct., 1868, was the first in county for purpose of nominating a candidate for Representative in State Legis-lature, and nominate county officers, for November elections. At this convention, fifteen voters present and Captain Schooley was nominated for Representative, but defeated at polls by Rev. R. P. West, Independent Candidate, by majority of nine votes.West, 37 votes, Schooley, 28 votes. West had been candidate for Representative in 1867 while Republic Co. was attached to Washington County. (P. 58). In 1867-8, a school was taught in what is now District No. 1, by a Miss Adkins, in a part of Captain Schooley’s residence on N.W.l/4 Sec. 7, Grant Township." Isaac Schooley died while in Grandview, Texas, July lOth, 1883. Selah Schooley lived the latter part of her life with her son Leander, and while at his home in Moline, Kans., died at the age of 83 years, the 12th. of July, 189 1. (P. 229).
LEANDER AND ANNA DANNEFER SCHOOLEY
Leander Schooley was born at Marion, Grant Co., Indiana, in 1844. In this county were many relatives and friends. In the year 1862, he enlisted in Company K, First Ind. Cavalry, at the age of eighteen years, and served three years or until the close of the war. He was made Orderly for Major General Siegel, and was in a number of important battles. His descriptive letters written in camps and on battlefields are still preserved. He was a member of Modern Woodman Camp Number 3557, at Marion, Ind.
Following the war, Leander, or Lee, as he was more often called, returned to Marion and to Jonesboro, at Tipton and other places. Ind., where he taught school In 1871-2 he went to Republic County, Kansas, and took up a Claim, or Homestead, fifteen miles away, in Cloud county. In this new western country he continued teaching country schools. It was at the home of a neighbor that he met another country school teacher, Miss Anna Dannefer.
On November the 13th, 1873, they were married at the home of her parents in Republic county, by Rev. R. P. West of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They continued teaching and boarding around among patrons. Later they established a home in Republic county where first child was born at "Prairie Home,"near Belleville. Some years later they returned to Marion, Ind., where other chil-dren were born, but the lure of vast prairie lands calls them again, this time to the little town of Moline, in Elk County, Kansas, in the year 1886. In a few years came the drouths, the grass-hoppers, and the cyclones, and in 1891, the ne w home is in Tampa, Fla. At this time, Tampa had been incorporated but six years.
Sanitary and drainage fa-cilities had not yet been installed, which caused much trouble from mos-quitoes; and then came the last quarantine for yellow fever, from which the family fled in a borrowed wagon to Lake Thonotosassa until the quarantine was lifted. Tampa was then the home until all had grown up, and in homes of their own, with the exception of the second daughter, Lola Gay, who died July 3lst, 1895. Three years later, April 18th, 1898, the mother and wife passed away, and both lie in the little cemetery, undr the old oak trees with the swaying moss above.
Anna Schooley had the love and respect of all who knew her, a good, Christian character. Leander Schooley died while on a visit to his daughter, Mrs. Walter J. Turnbull, in Chattanooga, Tenn., in the year 1916, aged 72 years, and is buried in the National Cemetery, at Chattanooga, Tenn. It was in the little town of Moline, Kansas, that the youngest child, Victor Stanley, was born in 1890, and as he has since stated, "that as soon as he found out where he was, he came to Florida" and has lived in that state ever since.
HANS OLESON DANNEFER FAMILY
The home of the Dannefer family was in Nieukobing, Falster Island, Denmark. They were dealers in, and manufacturers of shoes, having thirty or more apprentices, and workmen. The family came to America in 1865, and went to Racine, Wisconsin, where they lived for a time, later going to Viroqua, Vernon County. The daughter Anna taught school in LaCross, Wis. His wife, Mary, died at Viroqua.
After a few years they moved to Kansas, locating six miles east of Belleville, County seat of Republic County. They took up three Home-steads adjoining, the father, his son Nelson O., and daughter Anna. They erected stone houses and outbuildings, and planted trees.
The Dannefer family were members of the Lutheran Church, and a prayer book written in the Danish language, was in the family descend-ants for many years. Anna Dannefer became converted, and joined the Methodist Episcopal Church while living in Republic county. Hans Oleson Dannefer died, and his son Nelson married, and went into the mercantile business. Later, all went to the central part of Kansas, near Burlingame. His daughter Mary died, and his son Henry remained unmarried and lived in Kansas. From History of Kansas, by A. T. Andreas, 1883. Biographies of Republic County. Page 1049: NELSON 0. DANNEFER, Merchant, Cuba, Kans., was born in Den-mark 1847. In 1863, he emigrated to America and located in Vernon Co., Wis. Engaged in farming until 1870 when he emigrated to Kansas and took a homestead on Sec. 4, Twp. 3, Range 2, which he lived on and improved until 188 1. He broke 70 acres, planted four acres of timber, 350 peach trees, a good grove of plum trees, and some fine hedge. In September 1881 he went into the mercantile business in Cuba, Kans., with a general line of merchandise. Store, 18 by 30 ft., well filled, and a good trade. Was married in Belleville, Kans., in 1876 to Miss R............. Jackson. Have two children: Sarah May and Grace H. From Republic Co. History, by I. 0. Savage-1901. Jones & Chubbic, Printers, Beloit, Kans. Page 187: Nelson 0. Dannefer built first general store on corner of N.W.1/4, corner of Sec. 4, and was for several years the leading merchant.
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF LEANDER AND ANNA DANNEFER
WALTER M. AND MAY S. IVEY
SELAH MAY SCHOOLEY,born Kansas, January 19th 1875. Li in Belleville, Republic County, ved inMarion, Ind., Moline, Kans., and Tampa, Fla.; Married in Tampa,Fla., toWalter M. Ivey, of Orlando, Fla., May 28, 1903, and lived in Montgomery, Ala., then to Savannah, Ga., Birmingham, Ala., Washington, D. C., in 1912-16, and to Pittsburgh, Pa.
After World War, 1918, adopted three sons, brothers, Jack Delbert, William Earnest, and Robert Lee, in the year of 1919. In the year 1933, came to Columbus, Ohio. Member of Indianola Church of Christ, Ohio State University Mother’s Club, McGuffey Society, and the Ann Simpson Davis Chapter of D. A. R. In later years, home in Chattanooga, Tenn. Jack Delbert Ivey, born April 13th, 1913, near Philadelphia, Pa. At-tended Pittsburgh Business Academy; member DeMolays, member Pres-byterian Church. The Jack D. Ivey Insurance Agency, Pittsburgh, Pa.
William Earnest Ivey, born Aug. 8th, 1915, near Philadelphia, Pa. Attended Ohio State University 1934136. Member Polo Club, Phi. Sigma Kappa Fraternity, and Indianola M. E. Church. Special agent for the Monarch Life Insurance Co., of Pittsburgh, Pa. Robert Lee Ivey, born near Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 1 Oth, 1917. At-tended North High School, Columbus, 0. Member School Band, Orchestra, and Glee Club. Attended Ohio State University 1935-37. Member of Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity, Polo Club, and Indianola Church of Christ. Attended Thiel College, Greenville, Pa. 1938-39, Member College Chorus, and Sadhe Aleph Fraternity. Licensed air-plane pilot, member National Guard.
LOLA GAY SCHOOLEY. Lola Gay Schooley wasborn inMarion, Ind., August died at Tampa, Fla., July 31st, 1895,aged nineteen years. 16th, 1876, and
BERNAL CONNOR SCHOOLEY. Bernal Connor Schooley was born in Marion, Ind., March 9th, 1878. After living in Kansas a few years, and then in Tampa, Fla., where he became of-age, he again went west on his twenty-first birthday, in 1899. He lived at Butte, Montana, Gebo, Wyoming, and Pocatello, Idaho. Since World War his address unknown.
JOHN HARRIS AND DESSA SCHOOLEY JOHNSON
LENA ODESSA SCHQOLEY, born in Marion, Ind., November 26th, 1880. Lived in Moline, Kansas, Tampa, Fla., Montgomery, Ala., and Greenville, Ala. Member M. E. Church South. Reared family of six children. Present home, Birmingham, Ala. John Harris Johnson, son of James Harris Johnson, Sr., and wife, Emma Francis McGehee Johnson, was born in Greenville, Ala., April 16th, 1882. Married at Montgomery, Ala., July 17th, 1904, to Dessa Schooley, of Tampa, Fla. Inherited Livery stable business from his father and later became Ford Agent, and dealer in automobiles. Died Feb. 21st, 1924, and buried at Greenville, Ala.
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF HARRIS AND DESSA SCHOOLEY JOHNSON:
VICTOR EWING JOHNSON, born April IOth, 1905, in Montgomery, Ala. Graduated from Butler County High School in Greenville, Ala., as Salutatorian. Graduated from University of Ala., May 29th, 1928. Fra-ternities, Phi Beta Kappa, Delta Sigma Pi, and Quadrangle. Accountant for Jemison Seibles, Birmingham, Ala. Member M. E. Church South. Mar-ried Lillian Beatrice Kumli, of Birmingham, Ala., April 17th, 1937. Lillian Beatrice Kumli, was born in Montgomery, Ala., April lst, 1914. Graduate of Mt. Sinai Hospital for Nurses, New York City. Mem-ber of M. E. Church South, Birmingham, Ala.
EUGENE HARRIS JOHNSON, born Oct. 17th, 1906, at Greenville, Ala. Was graduated from Butler County High School, Greenville, Ala., as Valedictorian. Graduated from University of Alabama, 1907. Winner of first Algernon Sidney Sullivan Medallion, as most promising student in senior class, at University of Alabama. Member of Phi Beta Kappa, and Quadrangle. Finished Law Course and admitted to Bar in 1932. Employed in Trust Dept. of First National Bank, Birmingham, Ala., in June, 1932. Assistant Trust Officer in 1938. Married Knoxie Faulk, of Birmingham, June, 1932. Knoxie Faulk, was born August, 1905, in Birmingham, Ala. Gradu-ated from Birmingham Southern College. Summa Cum Laudi, Alpha Omicron Pi. Permanent Honor Roll. -Teacher of Languages for five years at Phillips High School. Leader and Director for several years at Camp Winnetaska. Member of Julia Tutwiler Federated Clubs. Held each* office in Alpha Omicron Pi Allumni Association. President Birm-ingham City Panhellenic. Children of Eugene and Knoxie Johnson: Knoxye Falk, born Oct. 14, 1935; Eugene Harris, Jr., born Oct. 9th, 1938; Betty Wynn, born Oct. 8th, 1940. Members of M. E. Church South.
RUBY MAY JOHNSON, born Oct. 24th, 1911, at Greenville, Ala. Graduated from Butler County High School at Greenville, Ala. Attended Birmingham Southern College, 1929-30-31. Graduated from Alabama College, Montevallo, Ala., in 1932. Member of Belles Lettres, and Pi Mu. Majored in Music and Mathematics. Married to William Alton Wilder, June 30th, in 1934. Member M. E. Church South, Birmingham, Ala. William Alton Wilder, born June 16th, 19 12, in Birmingham, Ala. Member First Methodist Church South. Ass’t. Foreman American Cast Iron Pipe Company, Birmingham.
JAMES LEE JOHNSON, born Aug. 7th, 1914, Greenville, Ala. Gradu-ated from University of Alabama, year 1936. Member of Delta Sigma Pi. Member of Junior Weslyian Board of Stewards, M. E. Church South. Home in Knoxville, Tenn. Employed with the Southern Bell Telephone Co., of Knoxville. Married Betty Kelley, of Dunlap, Tenn., May lOth, 1940. Betty Kelley, Graduate of University of Tennessee. Teacher of Domestic Science. Born, 1918.
EMMA McGEHEE JOHNSON, born Aug. 7th, 1914, Greenville, Ala. Graduate of Alabama College, Montevallo, Ala., in 1937. Member Athletic Club. Sports Director at Lake Junaluska Camp, N. C. Course in Physiotherapy, at William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., 1940-4 1. Member of M. E. Church, South.
DESSA SCHOOLEY JOHNSON, born Feb. 17th, 1918, at Greenville, Ala. Attended Ramsey High School, Birmingham. Graduated from University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala., in June, 1939. Member of Delta Zeta Sorority. Secretary of Alumni Ass’n., 1940. Married Robert Jerome Rea, June 17th, 1939. Member M. E. Church South. Robert Jerome Rea, born Dec. 5th, 1914. Graduate of University of Alabama, 1938. Member M. E. Church, South. Assistant Steel Buyer, Ingalls Iron Works Company, Birmingham, Ala.
DANE 0. AND CARRIE WILSON SCHOOLEY
Dane 0. Schooley was born in Marion, Ind., May 23d, 1882. Lived in Moline, Kansas, and Tampa, Fla. Iater going to Jacksonville, Fla., while still a young man, and has continued to reside there. Enlisted with National Guards June 15th, 1917. Helped organize Regimental Medical Inf.Encamped at Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga., and at Mineola, L. I., before going over for World War. Arrived in Glasgow, Scotland, on English Transport Bal Moral Castle. Had brush with German sub-marines. Sank one with a depth bomb. Attached to the 106th English Regiment Medical Inf. as Pvt. 1st. Acting Sergt. 31st. Division; arrived in France, Sept. 29th, 1918.Left Brest July 5th, 1919, and arrived in ‘Newport News, Va., July 5th, 1919. Member American Legion Post No. 9. (Edw. DeSassure.) F. & A. M. Scottish Rite Masons; S. S. Davis Lodge 15, K. of of Jacksonville; Clerk of Duval County Hospital. Married Carrie Belle Wilson, daughter of Jo Wilson, of Winston-Salem, N. C., July 27th, 1926.P.; First BaptistChurch
seph and ElizaBolding She was bornJan. 29, 1887. One daughter, Peggy Lee, born Nov. 3d, 1927, Attends Kirby Smith Junior High School, Jacksonville.
WALTER J. AND INEZ SCHOOLEY TURNBULL
ELLA INEZ SCHOOLEY, was born in Marion, Ind., April 27th, 1884. After a few years in Kansas, she spent her girlhood in Tampa, Fla., and while on a visit to friends in Ashville, N. C., she met, and was married to Walter J. Turnbull, in that city, Sept. 16th, 1903. Reared six children. Died Aug. 31st, 1939, and buried in Chattanooga Memorial Park. Walter Jones Turnbull, was born in Elm City, N. C., Oct. 23d, 1878. Engaged in the mercantile business in Ashville, N. C., Johnson City, Knoxville, and Chattanooga, Tenn.,Member Uniform Rank Knights of Pythias, and M. E. Church South.
CHILDREN: LOIS MAY TURNBULL, was born Aug. 17th, 1905, in Ashville, N. C. Educated in Chattanooga, Tenn. Received reward as Decorative Artist and employed by the Cavalier Corporation of Chattanooga. Member of the Presbyterian Church, Signal Mountain. Married Bernard T. White, Jr., in Chattanooga, Dec. 22d, 1928. Bernard T. White, Jr., born March 4th, 1903, in Blackstone, Va. Graduate of William and Mary College, B. A. 1924, at Williamsburg, Va. Fraternities, Kappa Sigma, and Phi Delta Kappa. Principal of Mineral High School, Mineral, Va., 1924-5. Prof. of Spanish at Baylor Prep. School, four years. Past Master, Chattanooga Ma 199, year 1937. Claim Examiner, Provident Life Insuran Chattanooga.sonic Lodge No. ce Company, at Member Presbyterian Church, Signal Mountain.
WALTER JOHNSON TURNBULL, born Nov. 25th, 1907, at Bristol, Tenn. Died on May, 1908, in Johnson City, Tenn.
EDITH DANNEFER TURNBULL, born Oct. 27th, 1909, in Johnson City, Tenn. Graduate Chattanooga High School, Sorority, Kala Sophia. Married Frank Wilmuth Farmer, Jr., Dec. 19th, 1931. Member St. Elmo M. E. Church South. Frank Wilmuth Farmer, Jr., was born Jan. 30th, 1905, Chicago, Ill. Educated University of Chattanooga, Emory & Henry University, and Georgia School of Technology. Pianist for Glee Club at Emory and Henry. Fraternities, Phi Gamma Delta, and Delta Chi. Ass't. Manager Postal Telegraph Co. 1929-37. Special Agent for Provident Life and Accident Insurance Co., Chattanooga, 1938-9. Special Agent for Aetna Life Insurance Co.,1939-40. Member St. Elmo M. E. Church South.
WILLARD JUSTIN TURNBULL was born Dec. 1Oth, 1911, at Knoxville, Tenn. Graduate Chattanooga High School, as Salutatorian. Graduate of Georgia School of Technology, Atlanta, Ga., in 1933. Editor of The Technique. Member of Kappa Sigma. Elected to Phi Kappa Phi, and Omicron Delta-Kappa. Was Grand Vice President, Pi Delta Epsilon, Honorary National Journalistic Fraternity. Representative National Theatre Supply Co. of New York City, 1934-5.Manager National Theatre Supply Co., Detroit, Mich. Married to Jacqueline Boyd, in Detroit, Mich., Juno 18th, 1939. Jacqueline Boyd, born in West Fraikfort, Ill.
KATHERINEINEZ TURNBULL, born August 25th, 1913, inChatta-nooga, Tenn. Graduate of Chattanooga High School. Member High-land Park M. E. Church, South.
ANNA LEE TURNBULL, born Feb. 22d, 1918, Chattanooga, Tenn. Graduated from Chattanooga High School. Married to Charles
Henry Trotter, of Chattanooga, November 25th, 1939. Charles H. Trotter, born Aug. 15th, 1919, Chattanooga, Tenn. Pressman, Photographer. One daughter, Marjorie Ann, born Oct. 16th, 1940, ‘Chattanooga, Tenn. Members of the Baptist Church. ROBERT DANE TURNBULL, born Nov. IOth, 1920, Chattanooga, Tenn. Graduate Chattanooga High School 1939. University of Tenn., 1939-40-41. Member of M. E. Church.
VICTOR S. AND GOLDIE I. SCHOOLEY
VICTOR STANLEY SCHOOLEY, born in Moline, Kansas, May 11, 1890. Attended public schools of Hillsboro County at Tampa, Florida. Owner and operator of Motion Picture Theatres at Tampa under firm name of Ortagus and Schooley. Moved to Miami, Florida, in September, 1913. Projectionist with Paramount Enterprises, Inc.,until 1921; during the following years he became president of the following: Miami Realty and Development Co., Schooley Realty Co., Tamiami Square Development Co., Autocrat Auto Service Co., and M. P. M. 0. No. 545. Member of Miami Realty Board, Miami Chamber of Commerce, James Carnell Lodge F. & A. M., Knights of Pythias, Athletic Governing Board for Dade County High Schools,Treasurer of Rader Memorial M. E. Church, Vice President (1939 & 1940) Florida State Society Sons of the American Revolution. Sound projectionist associated with Paramount Enterprises, Inc. Married June 25th, 1914, to Goldie Irene Perry. Children: Bernal LaVelle and Dorothy May. Goldie Irene Perry-daughter of Converse and Daisy Snyder Perry, born March 3, 1896, at Barberton, Ohio. Member of Rader Memorial M. E. Church, Parent-Teachers Association.
BERNAL LaVELLE SCHOOLEY-born at Akron, Ohio, September 12, 1917. Member of Rader Memorial M. E. Church. Graduated from Miami Edison High School, Class of 1937. Awarded letter in football, basket ball, and baseball. Sailing instructor at St. Leo Camp for boys. University of Miami, Senior in College of Business Administration. Class of 1941. Member and treasurer in 1938-39 of Phi Alpha Fraternity-oldest fraternity on campus of University of Miami, which became Gamma Omega Chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha National Fraternity in May, 1940, of which he was a charter member, also member of Alpha Phi Omega, National Boy Scout Service Fraternity, M. P. M. 0. No. 316, Miami Yacht Club, Coral Gables Country Club and Sons of the American Revolution. Sound projectionist associated with Wometco Theatres Corporation.
DOROTHY MAY SCHOOLEY-born at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 30, 1918. Member of Rader Memorial M. E. Church. Graduated from Miami Edison High School, Class of 1936. Attended Florida State College for Women at Tallahassee, Fla., (1937-38.) Graduated from University of Miami with Bachelor of Science in Business Administration degree. Class of 1940. Member of Young Women’s Christian Association, Charter member of Wesleyan Society, Alpha Omega Sorority (local) which became Beta Nu Chapter of Delta Zeta National Sorority in 1939, of which she was a charter member at the University of Miami, President of Pledge Class, 1939, Vice-President of active Chapter,1940. Carnival Queen, 1940, Magazine Chairman of Delta Zeta Alumnae Chapter, 1940-4 1. Associated with Administrative Dept., Technical Division of Em&y-Riddle School of Aviation, Miami, Fla.
HANNAH MENDEHALL (1780-1871)
JOHN MENDENHALL came from Wiltshire, England, and settled in Pennsylvania, and in 1685 married Elizabeth Maris. AARON MENDENHALL ,son of John and Elizabeth, married Rose Peirson. JAMES MENDENHALL, son of Aaron and Rose Pierson Mendenhall, of Jamestown, North Carolina, married Hannah Thomas. PHINEAS MENDENHALL, son of James and Hannah Thomas Men-denhall, married Tamar Kirk. Caleb and Joseph were sons of Phineas and Tamar Kirk Mendenhall. Above records from book’ "Centennial Anniversary of West Branch, Ohio, 1807-1907." ELIJAH MENDENHALL, son of James and Hannah Thomas Menden-hall, married Mary Kendall, daughter of Thomas Kendall, 4-17-17 11. CHILDREN of Elijah and Hannah Thomas Mendenhall were: Isiah, James, Daniel, Sarah, and Hannah. DEEP RIVER M. M. Records, p. 827, North Carolina. HANNAH MENDENHALL, daughter of Elijah and Mary Kendall Mendenhall, married Stephen Thomas, 1804-2-9. Above records from Guilford College Vaults, North Carolina. CHILDREN OF Stephen and Hannah Mendenhall Thomas: Born in North and South Carolina, Piney Grove M. M., Mary, born 12-20-1804. Sarah, born I-3-1807. Selah, born 11-21-1808. Charles, born 10-15-1810. Children born in Wayne Co.,Ind., were: Nancy, Lydia, Daniel, Ann, Camm, Francis, Christina. HANNAH MENDENHALL THOMAS was born in 1780, died in 1871, aged 91 years and buried in Friends burying ground, New Garden, Wayne Co., Ind. To her daughter Selah, she gave her Family Bible, "The Life of Thomas Shillitoe" and Shakespeare’s complete works.
THE THOMAS FAMILY
JOHN THOMAS, SR., son of Stephen and Mary Thomas, came from Chester County, Pennsylvania (notes of Francis W. Thomas, Spiceland, Ind.) and united with Friends at Piney Grove M. M., nine miles north of Bennettsville, in Marlborough County, South Carolina’ near the line of North Carolina, later moving over into North Carolina.Piney Grove M. M. Records: John Thomas was born 6-1743. His wife, Molly Clark, daughter of Francis and Christina Clark, was born 1 1-1748. Children of John and Molly Clark Thomas: Isaac, born 1767. John Jr., b. 1769. Betty, born 1770. Mary, 1773, Rebecca, born1775. Elijah, born 1777. Stephen, born 2-23-Francis, born 2-19-1781. Benjamin, born 1-9-l 783. Christina, 2-12-1785. Susanna,born 2-25-1787. Sarah, born 2-19-1790.born 1779. born
Stephen Thomas, was given certificate to Deep River M. M. Guilford Co., North Carolina, for marriage to Hannah Mendenhall, daughter of Elijah and Mary Kendall Mendenhall, dated I-21-1804. Children of Stephen and Hannah Thomas, recorded in Piney Grove M.: Mary, born 12-20-1804. Sarah, born l-3-1807. Selah, born 11-21-1808. Charles, born 10-15-1810. Selah, born in N. C. near Fayetteville. Stafford C. H. Piney Grove M. M. gives certificate to Stephen Thomas and family, to White Water M. M. (Richmond, Wayne Co., Ind.) 3-19-1814. (The family moved about 1812.) The route taken was over the mountains, through Saluda Gap? and on through the Cumberland Gap, at junction of Tenn., Virginia, and Kentucky, crossing Kentucky to Lexington and to the Ohio river, crossing at Cincinnati, then occupied by the British. It is remembered that as they were crossing, someone called out, "You British, stop that Barge." Selah Thomas, then about four years old, remembered pushing on the front of the wagon to help the horses get over the mountains.
THOMAS FAMILY, WAYNE CO., INDIANA
The following is taken from Young’s History of Wayne Co., Ind., 1872. BENJAMIN THOMAS, arrived in 1811, settled where his son Eli lives. JOHN THOMAS, brother of Benjamin, arrived in 1811 or 1812, and settled where Elias Baldwin lives. STEPHEN THOMAS, from S. C. about 1812, on land owned by Charles Thomas, one mile S. E. of Fountain City. ISAAC THOMAS, arrived 1814. It is stated that while John Thomas, Sr., of Marlborough Co., S. C., was on a visit to his sons and daughters in Wayne County, he was taken ill and died in 1814, and is buried in New Garden Friend’s burying ground. History of Wayne county states that none of the family were married the second time, and all had large families. In 1872 there were eighty-three Grandchildren of John Thomas, Sr." Children of Stephen and Hannah Mendenhall Thomas who were born in Wayne Co., Ind., were: Nancy, Lydia, Daniel, Ann, Camm, Francis, and Christina. Marriages of sons and daughters of John, Sr., and Molly Clark Thomas: Isaac, married Rachel Knight. John, Jr., married Lydia Sneed. Betty, died. Mary, married Moses Mendenhall. Rebecca died. Elijah married Susannah Sneed. Stephen married Hannah Mendenhall. Francis mar-ried ------------------, Benjamin married ------------------, Christina married , ----------------, Sarah married Charles Baldwin.
Marriages of sons and daughters of Stephen and Hannah M. Thomas: Mary, married Thomas Hobson; died in Grant Co. Sarah, married Lewis Moorman, 1827; died in Grant Co., Ind. Selah, married Isaac Schooley, 1827; died in Moline, Kansas, 1891. Charles, married Nancy Moorman. Nancy, married David Little, 1833; died in Randolph Co.; Lydia, married Thomas Baldwin, 1833; died in Fairmount, Ind. Daniel, married Eleanor Newby, Grant Co., Ind. Ann, died at age 25 unmarried. Camm, married Pricilla Crampton, Iowa. Francis, married Lydia Wood-ward; lived at New Garden, Ind. Christina, married Thomas Knight; lived in Grant Co., Ind.
CHILDREN OF THOMAS AND LYDIA THOMAS BALDWIN: Addison, Steve G., Terah, Asa T., Mrs. E. A. Stanley, Mrs. Ann Fel-low, Mary and Daniel.
CHILDREN OF JOHN AND LYDIA SNEED THOMAS: Polly, married Eli Overman. James died. Jesse, married Hannah Cox. Hannah, married Richard Jones. Nancy, married Aaron Morris. Lydia, married John Pierson. Hendly, married Polly Hunt. Hulda, married, 1825, Levi Pierson. John died. William, married Martha Ad-dington. Noah, married Elizabeth Overman.
CHILDREN OF JESSE AND HANNAH COX THOMAS: Hannah, Jeremiah, Amy, Enoch, b. 1823. Eli, born 1825. Hulda, 1827. Mary, 1829. Jesse, ----. ELI THOMAS married Anna Schooley, daughter of Isaac and Selah Schooley, at Marion, Ind., date, ----. Anna died 1853, aged 26.
CHILDREN OF ELI AND ANNA THOMAS: Sylvanus,born1847,married Mary . . . . . _._._ . .._......_..._._ _ __.. _ ._.._ ____; sons:Glen,Guy, Kenneth, Gonner. Marcus, born 1850, married Sarah Elizabeth Shugart, Marion, Ind.
CHILDREN OF MARCUS AND SARAH E. S. THOMAS: Ethelbert Lomax and Anna Nancy.
COPIED FROM OLD NEW GARDEN, INDIANA, BURYING GROUND: HANNAH MENDENHALL THOMAS, wife of Stephen, died at age of 91, born 1780 in N. C., died 1871, and buried in Friend’s burying ground in New Garden. NANCY MOORMAN THOMAS, wife of Charles Thomas, buried at New Garden. BENJAMIN THOMAS, died 1869, aged 82 years. ELI H. THOMAS, 1858-1825. ISAAC THOMAS, 1828-1919. MAHALA THOMAS, 1829-1913. MARRIAGES: MARY THOMAS, daughter of Francis Thomas, of New Garden, married Ahira Ballard, 18.
F I N I S
And so ends these chronicles of one pioneer family as to how they
were woven into that fabric called AMERICA. It is with pride that we
present this younger generation, prepared to carry on the high ideals
that were our forefathers’ when they came to these shores to establish
homes, so many years ago.
APPENDIX I SCHOOLEY'S MOUNTAIN
Schooley’s Mountain is a broad plateau in the northern part of New Jersey, 1,200 feet above tidewater, overlooking the Musconetcong Valley on the north and German Valley on the south. The Musconetcong River flows along its northern base and the south branch of the Raritan River forms its southern lines. Lake Hopatcong and Delaware Water Gap are within easy reach. The mineral springs made this mountain a favorite for Indian tribal councils long before the advent of the palefaces in the Jerseys. The mountain is reached by the D. L. & W. Railroad at Hacketts-town, and the Central Railroad of New Jersey at Washington. The Chalybeate mineral spring is located about a half-mile from the Heath House. "The iron springs at Schooley’s Mountain were known to the Indians for many generations.
Their virtues and altitude and the beauty of the surrounding country rendered it a favorite place of resort. Thither for many years after the Revolutionary War came the old aristocracy of Philadelphia, who traveled in their own conveyances, large coaches drawn by four or six horses and with the family coat of arms emblaz-oned on their sides."
"First Century of Hunterdon County," p. 107, by George S. Mott, D.D. "Morse" Geography (1789) explains the chemical qualities of the springs. In 18 10 Professor Mitchell of Columbia College made an analysis of the water and announced it perfect water.
Before 1800 Joseph Heath (1762-1825) of Bethlehem township of Hunterdon county erected a build-ing at the Schooley’s Mountain Springs for boarders. In 18 17 the larger Heath House was built by Ephriam Marsh, son-in-law of Heath. Belmont Hall was erected in 1820 and later was named The Dorin-court. Schooley’s Mountain Springs have been a resort place since 1770.
From Early Germans of New Jersey, by Rev. T. F. Chambers, p. 181. The New Jersey Historical Society held its convention at Schooley’s Mountain and reported:"The Society was royally entertained by the proprietors of the Heath House and Belmont Hall and evidenced their appreciation by gifts which were acknowledged as follows: Schooley’s Mountain Springs, N. J. Stephen Wickes, Esq., Sept. 24th, 1886. Cor. Sec., N. J. Historical Society. Dear Sir: I beg to acknowledge receipt of your esteemed favor of the 13th instant, and to express my warmest thanks for the valuable donation of ten volumes of the New Jersey Archives. The pleasure of meeting so many enthusiastic members of the society at the gathering of 1886 at Schooley’s Mountain which they received. Society, I remain was ample compensation for any little attention With assurances of interest in the welfare of the
Very truly yours, J. Warren Coleman. (Proceedings of the N. J. Historical Society).
"The famous Schooley’s Mountain Springs, which were for half a century the most fashionable watering place in America. Here the wealth and fashion of New York and Philadelphia came in the summers. The mountains were named in honor of Thomas Schooley, one of three brothers who came to New Jersey from Yorkshire, England." (History of Warren County, N. J., p. 149)
. "The celebrated spring on Schooley’s Mountain is on the western declivity of the eminence,in a deep defile, between two beautifully wooded mountains. The chalybeate was originally known to the In-dians and used by them for rheumatic complaints and cutaneous erup-tions. It has been a place of fashionable resort for about forty years." (History of New Jersey, by Barber & Howe, p. 403, published 1844).
"Roxbury township-In this township and the adjoining one, Wash-ington,. are the celebrated Schooley’s Mountains, a great summer resort for invalids." (Barber & Howe, p. 269).
"The Morristown Railroad connected in that town with stage coaches for Schooley’s, the more famous Spa which rapidly grew as a summer resort after it could be reached by railroad." (N. J. Hist. Society, vol. xv, p. 371, July, 1930).
"Schooley’s Mountain Seminary was founded about 1870 in the Forest Grove-House, near the post office, by Rev. Luke I. Stoughtenburg, for years a minister of the Congregational Church of Chester." (Families of Wyoming Valley, p. 930).
II OLD HOTEL DORINCOURT, ONCE CENTER OF SPA, TO BE RESTORED MAY GLORIFY SCHOOLEY’S MOUNTAIN AGAIN
(Hackettstown N. J., Sept. 2Oth, 1935-Newark Evening News) The glory that once was Hotel Dorincourt’s has the promise of com-ing back. Richard Rosendale recently purchased the property on Schoo-ley’s Mountain from W. J. Landau. Mr. Landau spent many thousand dollars in additions and repairs but never operated it. He died three years ago. Belmont Hall, later Dorincourt, was built in 1820 by Conover Bowne. The early history of the hotel was in the tallyho and coach days, the turnpike being a stage road. When the railroad extended its tracks to Hackettstown in 1855 the resort was made more accessible.
Schooley’s Mountain history as a fashionable resort goes back to the building of the turnpike over Schooley’s Mountain-the present motor route. The turnpike, connecting Morristown and Easton, was chartered in 1806 and completed in 1810. Along this pike in the days of old rolled many a gay barouche, drawn by blooded horses, carrying well-to-do persons to Schooley’s Mountain, which was known for its beauty and healthfulness and its mineral springs famed for chalybeate water. The tallyho’s horn rang through the hills. Dorincourt, forty years ago, was a summer hotel that rivaled those of Newport, Saratoga and Long Branch. Surrounding it are thirty-nine acres and all about are noble trees. The original building, a sturdy structure of stone covered with cement, stands next to the highway. The next addition is of brick at the end of which is a more modern addi-tion of wood.
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