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NZ pre 1846 Database FLORENCE/FLORANCE one name study Personal Family History

 Chronological Listing of Early European Contacts With NZ 

year

name

Occupation

ship

Other Europeans

comment

1521 Cristoval de MENDOCA explorer   ship's crew Portugese Explorer, possible first  visitor and European discoveror of NZ
1567 Juan FERNANDEZ  explorer   ship's crew Possible visit to NZ by Spanish Explorer

1642

Abel TASMAN

explorer

Zeehaen and Heemskerk

Total crew 110

Four Dutch sailors killed by Maori. (Murderer’s Bay now Golden Bay)

1769

James COOK

explorer

Endeavour

Total crew 94

Crew list.

1st visit

1769

Jean Francois-Marie de SURVILLE

explorer

St Jean-Baptiste

 

French explorer

1772

Marion du FRESNE

explorer

Mascarin

  Lieutenant ROUX

Crozet (officer on Mascarin)

French expedition, 2 ships, Du FRESNE massacred along with 26 crew, Te Hue Bay, Bay of Islands.

1772 M du CLESMEUR explorer Marquis de Castries  

1773

James COOK

explorer

Resolution

90 seamen (17 had been on the Endeavour voyage) see crew list

2nd visit 

1773

Tobias FURNEAUX

explorer

Adventurer

 

Part of James COOK expedition. 10 crew killed by Maori Queen Charlotte Sound

1777

James COOK

explorer

Resolution

 

3rd visit .

1777

Charles CLERKE

explorer

Discovery

Edward RIOU

James KING

Part of James COOK expedition

1791

Eber BUNKER

whaler

William and Ann

 

whaler. visited Doubtless Bay, Northland, NZ

1791

George VANCOUVER

explorer

Discovery Chatham

  Ltnt Peter PUGET William BROUGHTON William HOUSE boatswain

2 vessels, English expedition. Stopped Dusky Sound.

1792

  Captain RAVEN

Sealer / whaler

Brittania

MALEN mate, William LEITH 2nd mate  and Thomas MOORE carpenter Robert MURRAY 4th officer  plus 41 stowaways.

Dusky sound. left sealing gang for 10 months.

1792 Captain William HOUSE   Francis   accompanied Brittania but got blown south.

1793

Alejandro MALASPINA

explorer

Descubierta

Atrevida

 

2 vessels, Spanish exploration of Pacific

1793

Joseph-Antoine Bruni d’ENTRECASTEAUX

explorer

Recherche Esperance

 

2 vessels, stopped at North Cape but never landed.

1793

Captain HANSON

 

HMS Daedalus

 

Sent from Norfolk Island to bring back Maori to demonstrate flax processing.

1793 Governor KING visitor Brittannia Rev BAIN, Thomas JAMISON, W N CHAPMAN 2 NCOs and 12 soldiers. returned the two Maori kdnapped 6 months earlier
1794 Captain DELL trader Fancy   to get spars from Thames
1795 Capt William BAMPTON   Endeavour Robert MURRAY 4th officer. BOWELL chief officer WAINE, WEATHERALL 2nd officer, passengers: ARMS, BOWELL, Thomas BEADLE, CASEY (deserted soldier)  
1795     Fancy DENNISON 1st officer, FREE 2nd officer accompanied Endeavour

1796

 

 

Mermaid

 

Sights Kaikoura Mountains.

1797 Captain G TODD US sealer Mercury   rescued remaining 35 people shipwrecked (Endeavour) Dusky Sound

1798

Thomas (or Henry?) TAYLOR

 

Hunter

3 others

4 crew deserted ship in Thames River while getting timber.

abt 1799 Johanna H FITZNER birth     born in NZ (see 1881 census UK)
abt 1800 unknown settled Bay of Islands unknown   1st Pakeha Maori, probably jumped ship. A halfcaste child seen by Savage 1805.
1801 William DELL timber trading Plumier Thomas Fyshe PALMER Thames for timber

1804

James CAVANAGH

 

 

 

A convict who escaped from his ship near Cavalli Islands.

1805

Captain SKELTON

whaler

Ferrett

  John SAVAGE (and wife )

Spent two months in Bay of Islands.(September/October)

1805   whaler

Adonis

  bought cattle to Bay of Islands
1805 Captain STEWART whaler

Venus

 

1805

 

whaler

Argo

 

Young Maori Ruatara (son of a chief) left NZ working as crew.

1806

Benjamin KELLY

1st Mate

Venus

John LANCASHIRE   Catherine HAGERTY Charlotte EDGAR and baby, Pvte Richard THOMPSON,  David EVANS,  Joseph REDMONDS, Thomas FORD, William EVANS and a Malay cook.

Group of 11, some convicts,  hijacked ship in Port Dalrymple, Australia and sailed to Bay of Islands, NZ.  LANCASHIRE and KELLY captured and taken back for trial. Others died in NZ? REDMONDs settled Mercer.

1806

George BRUCE

sailor

Lady Nelson

 

left ship BOI and married Te Pahi's daughter

1807 Gregory WARNER missionary Elizabeth   spent 12 days in the Bay of Islands.

1807

WILKINSON

Ship’s captain

Star

 

First European visit to Whangaroa Harbour

1808 GLYNN   Parramatta   attacked by Maori and sank Bay of Islands

1809

Captain THOMPSON

Ship’s captain

Boyd

70 plus Europeans. survivors were Anne MORLEY and her child, Betsy BROUGHTON and Thomas DAVIS.

Massacre of Boyd’s crew and passengers, Whangaroa Harbour. 4 survivors.

1809

Captain CHASE

 

Pegasus

 

First Europeans to enter Lyttleton Harbour.

1810

Captain PARKER

Ship’s captain

New Zealander

Captains and more than 200 crew from 6 ships (mostly Whalers).

Mistaken attack on Te Pahi in Bay of Islands by 6 ships as revenge for Boyd.

1810

James CADDELL

16 year old boy with sealers

Sydney Cove

Other sealers

Group attacked by Maori on Stewart Island. James survived and married Tokitoki and lived with the tribe..

1810 David LOWERISTON   Active Alexander BOOK, Robert ROBISON, James ANDERSON, John WAID, William JONES, Frances PERERA, John CARVER, William JACKSON, Bartholomew VINCENT sealing gang left On Open Bay Island, Fiordland. Stranded for almost 4 years.
1810 William LEITH visitor Experiment   Exploring potential for establishing trading posts.

1810?

Richard CAIRNS

?

?

 

From Founders Society membership list. Mr N M SARGISSON.

1812 John BESENT   King George   deserted vessel and lived with Maori in the Bay of Islands for a year.

1814

Thomas KENDALL

 

Active

 

1st visit to make preliminary study of options for a mission

1814

William HALL

 

Active

 

1st visit to make preliminary study of options for a mission

1814

Samuel MARSDEN

Missionary

Active

 

1st visit 1814 to set up

1st CMS Mission Rangihoua (Oihi) Bay, Bay of Islands

1814

Captain Thomas HANSEN

Ship’s captain

Active

Wife: Hannah nee COATES

Hannah and son Thomas stayed with Missionaries.

 

Thomas HANSEN jnr

Settler

Active

 

Aged 29. Settled in NZ

1814

Thomas KENDALL

Missionary

School teacher

 

Active

Jane (wife) and children.

Richard STOCKWELL (servant)

Arrived to set up 1st CMS mission

1814

John KING

Missionary and Flax dresser and ropemaker

Active

Hannah nee HANSEN (wife)

Phillip Hansen KING (son)

 

To work in 1st CMS  Mission

1814

William HALL

Missionary Joiner and Ship builder

Active

Dinah (wife)

1st CMS Mission.

1814

John Liddiard NICHOLAS

visitor

Active

 

Arrived 22 December 1814 and left on the Active February 1815.

1814

Walter HALL

convict

Active

 

Worked in Mission

1814

Henry alias Patrick SHAFFERY

convict

Active

 

Worked in Mission

1815

Thomas Holloway KING

 

 

20 feb 1815

First European birth in NZ.

1815

Joseph ROGERS

Visitor?

Active

Plus wife

 

1815

John SHERGOLD

Visitor?

Active

 

 

1815

Sarah McKENZIE

Visitor?

Active

 

 

1816

Elizabeth HANSEN nee TOLLIS

settler

Active

Thomas HANSEN

Married Thomas in Sydney 1815 and returned with him to settle in NZ

1817 John RUTHERFORD Pakeha maori Agnes also 5 others including John SMITH and JEFFERSON captured by Maori, RUTHERFORD escaped jan 1826

1817

Charles GORDON

missionary

 

Wife Maria LEES

To work as agriculturist in the mission.

           

1817

William CARLISLE

missionary

 

Wife Mary Ann GORDON

 

1819

Samuel MARSDEN

 

Active

 

2nd visit to NZ

1819

John Gare BUTLER

missionary

?

 

2nd CMS Mission Kerikeri, Bay of Isalnds

1819

James KEMP

missionaries

General Gates

Wife Charlotte.

2nd CMS Mission, Kerikeri, Bay of Islands

1819

Samuel LEIGH

missionary

Active

 

Arrived 5 may for visit and left 17 june. Wesleyen Missionary.

1820

Samuel MARSDEN

 

HMS Dromedary

James SHEPHERD, Dr FAIRFOWL surgeon.

Sgt BROWN ( daughter buried at Oihi)

3rd visit to NZ Ship has 5 months in Whangaroa getting timber

1820 BELLINGHAUSEN explorer     leader of Russian ships Vostok and Mirnyy visiting NZ

1820

Gilbert MAIR

trader

 

 

Possibly arrived 1824 (DNZB)

1822

Captain James HERD

Ships Captain

Rosanna?

 

Returned 1827

1822

Samuel LEIGH

missionary

Active

Wife Catherine

Wesleyen, first mission at Kaeo, Whangaroa harbour.

1822

Walter LAWRY

missionary

St Michael

Wife, George LILLY

Visited BOI enroute to Tonga.

1823

Nathaniel TURNER,  John HOBBS, William WHITE and James STACK

missionaries

St Michael

 

Joined LEIGH

Took over responsibility for Wesleyen Mission at Kaeo

1823

Henry WILLIAMS

missionary

Brampton

Wife Marianna , Henry jnr plus at least 2 other children. Mrs Ann TURNER (nee SERGEANT) and 6month old daughter and servant girl Betsy. William and Sarah FAIRBURN and family Samuel MARSDEN.4th visit.

3rd CMS Mission Pahia

1823

William COLENSO

printer

Blackbird

 

First printing press to NZ

1823 John DAY Captain Wellington   1st European ship in Wellington Harbour? (or possibly 2nd after Mendoca 1521?)

1824

Louis DUPERREY

explorer

Coquille

Rene LESSON, naturalist. M JACQUINOT, scientist, M LOTTIN, scientist. Baron Jules  BLOSSEVILLE

French Corvette. Also Jules D’URVILLE (2ndin command) Paul GABERT, Jules Porret de BLOSSEVILLE, H de BLOIS officers. Jules le JEUNE artist.

1824

George CLARK

missionary

Coquille

With wife Martha and baby son George arrived from Port Jackson

1824

DOBBs?

Visitor?

Endeavour

Captain Randolph DACRE.

From Sydney 7 sep 1824

1824

Rev D TYERMAN, Mr George BENNET, Rev L G THREKELD

visitors

Endeavour

 

From London and Sydney. London Missionary Society deputation.

1824

John KELLY

Whaler / settler

 Samuel

 

Married Hine-Tuhawaiki and settled Ruapuke Island.

1824

James STEWART

 

Samuel

 

Left NZ 1824 to Sydney. Also on ship to Sydney ‘native woman and child’

1824 John PARKER   Samuel    
1824 John FARRELL carpenter on whaler     settled NZ abt 1828, Hawkes Bay.

1826

William WILLIAMS

Teacher and Missionary

Brampton

Wife Jane and daughter Mary

Brother to Henry

1826 CUNNINGHAM Govt Botanist     based in Sydney?

1826

Jules D’URVILLE

explorer

Astrolabe

 

2nd visit.

1826

Captain James HERD

 

Rosanna  

Lambton

see list. 4 of the group, Scots, GILLIE, NESBIT, NIMMO and McLEAN set up a saw mill in the Bay of Islands.

an unsuccessful expedition to settle in NZ  “The NZ Company”

1827

Captain YOUNG

trader

 

 

Bay of Islands

1827

Mr and Mrs BUTLER

traders

 

 

Bay of Islands

1827

John MARTIN

pilot

 

 

Bay of Islands

1827

Augustus EARLE

visitor

 

 

Spent 9 months in NZ

1827

John GUARD

Whaler/

settler

 

Wife Betty.

Worked in shore whaling stations in Marlborough Sounds/ Port Underwood.

1828

Thomas POYNTON and wife

Trader/merchant

 

 

Hokianga., Mangamuku Inlet,

1829

Captain WALKER

Escaped convict

 

17 crew

Arrived Port Underwood

1829 Phillip TAPSELL trader     Arrived Tauranga to trade flax
1829 James and Daniel FARROW traders     Arrived Tauranga to trade flax.

1829/30

Captains YOUNG and KENT

 

 

 

To find site at Hokianga for Wesleyen Mission.

1830

Cyrille LAPLACE

explorer

La Favorite

12 yr old English boy passenger from Australia to England

French Explorer

1831

Captain William YOUNG

 

 

Wife Elizabeth and her brothers Charles and Edward DAVIS.

To establish Mission at Hokianga.

1831     Leydes 3 Wesleyan missionary couples enroute to Tonga 1 month in BOI / Hokianga

1832

James Reddy CLENDON

Trader

Fortitude

Wife Martha  and children John and Eliza.

Samuel STEPHENSON

1st US Consul, 1839  see website

http://www.clendonfamilytree.org.uk/ 

1833

James BUSBY

“Official British Resident”

HMS Imogen

 

Wife. Plus Catherine RICHLEY, nurse followed following year.

1833

Mr WHITLEY

missionary

New Zealander

 

To Wesleyan Mission at Mangugnu, Hokianga.

1835

Charles DARWIN

visitor

  Beagle

  about 78 total crew and officers

On round the world voyage

1835 Richard MATTHEWS missionary Beagle    

1835

Mr WALLIS

missionary

Brazil Packet

Mrs WALLIS

To Wesleyan Mission at Raglan.

1837

Samuel FORD

Medical surgeon

 

Martha

To CMS mission, Pahia. 1st resident Medical Surgeon in NZ.

1837

Captain HOBSON

 

H M S Rattlesnake

 

Governor of NSW sent HOBSON to investigate situation in NZ

1838

Bishop Jean Baptiste Francois POMPALLIER

missionary

Raiatea

Rev Father SERVANT

Plus two others

Established Catholic Mission, Hokianga

1838

Captain William HOBSON

British Consul

 

 

Replaced James BUSBY

1839

Rev Cort SCHNACKENBURG

missionary

 

 

To Raglan Mission

1840

Jules D’URVILLE

explorer

Astrolabe

 

3rd visit

1840

Charles WILKES

explorer

Flying Fish

Number of crew jumped ship and new crew also taken on in Bay of islands.

US Exploring Expedition

1841 J C ROSS explorer HMS Erebus  HMS Terror 2 ships each with 67 offciers and crew including Captain Francis CROZIER Antartica exploration
Notes: Generally Ships Captains (other than Explorers) and crews not included.

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