Mustered into U.S. Service August 21, 1861. Three years. Organized at Augusta August 22, 1861 from companies recruited in various parts of the State. Attached to Dix's Division, August to October 1861. Davidson's Brigade, W.F.Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to August 1864.
Record of Service:
August 25, 1861, at Bellevue Garden, Baltimore, MD, to August 30.
August 30, 1861, at Patterson Park, East Baltimore, to September 16.
September 16, 1861, on Murray Hill, opposite Fort McHenry, to October 25.
October 25 & 26, 1861, on line of march.
October 26, at Kalorama Hill, Washington, to November 7.
November 7, 1861, in Lewinsville, Virginia, General Brannan's Third Brigade, till March 1862.
Gaines Mill, Virginia
White Oak Swamp Bridge, Virginia
Crampton's Gap, Maryland
South Mountain, Maryland
Brandy Station, Virginia
Locust Grove, Virginia
Mile Run, Virginia
Cold Harbor, Virginia
Weldon Railroad, Virginia
Fort Stevens, Washington, D.C.
Fishers Hill, Virginia
September 5, 1864, the Seventh Maine Regiment Infantry was mustered out. The re-enlisted men and recruits were consolidated with the battalions of the 5th and 6th Maine Regiments, when its designation was changed to First Veteran Volunteers.
The total enrollment for the 7th Maine Regiment was 1,165. 128 were killed in battle or died of wounds. 212 died as the result of disease, accidents, or in prison. 427 members this regiment were wounded and lived. The total for loss of life for 7th Maine Regiment was 340.
*Information posted here comes from the following sources: A Compendium fo the War of the Rebellion - Frederick H. Dyer
Regimental Losses in the American Civil War (1861-1865) - William F. Fox
The 7th Maine Regiment
The following companies compose the 7th Me. Regiment, rendezvoused at Augusta:
Houlton Company, Capt. Freeze, (Company A)
China Company, Capt. Jones, (Company B)
Unity Company, Capt. Robinson, (Company C)
Bath Company, Capt. Hyde, (Company D)
Fairfield Company, Capt. Conner, (Company E)
Biddeford Company, Capt. Cushman, (Company F)
Portland Company, Capt. Gilman, (Company G)
Bangor Company, Capt. Cass, (Company H)
Presque Isle Company, Capt. Rolfe. (Company I)
Monmouth Company, Capt. Norris, (Company K)
Seven of the above companies were in camp Friday last. Two others came in on Saturday, and the other, the Monmouth Co., arrived on Monday.
(Bath Times). August 19, 1861 The Lewiston Daily Evening Journal - Lewiston, Maine.
The Seventh Maine Regiment
By Sarah Brown
Hurrah for the gallant Seventh of Maine
Three warm heart cheers for you
Who stood on the dreadful battle plain,
The truest of the true!
Nor feared to face sextuple foe,
Where'er the stars and stripes should go.
Then three times three for the brave Pine Tree
That reared her sons to toil
With stalwart arm in labor free,
To fit for traitor soil;
To fight the rebel ensign low,
Where'er the stars and stripes should go.
Where deep forests darken, o'er mountain and dell,
Where lakes lie embosomed and broad rivers swell,
Where hills with their granite foundations arise
And wild deer still startle in timid surprise,
Thence came in broad with ranks, with a ready right-hand,
A host of God's workmen, the pride of the land.
The forest had fallen before their strong stroke,
Their pioneer footsteps its long silence had broke,
And on the Penobscot and Kennebec's breast,
The lumbermen mounted a glorious crest.
Aroostook flung open its long folded door,
And mythic "Down East", was a fable no more.
From woodland and seashore, from mountain and
From Camp-fire and Corn-field came forth the
From Cabin and Cottage and Mansion, as one,
They flocked round our standard, bold sire and
The axe and the plough changed for rifle and sword,
They manfully mustered a proud loyal horde.
Heaven's brownest baptism of sunshine and air
Had christened their foreheads, and left its mark
And Heaven's elixir of wild wine and dew
Had heighted and broadened and strengthened
And steadied a nerve that no tremor could know,
Leastwise when their aim was a base traitor foe.
Then three times three, for the brave Pine Tree
That reared her sons to toil
With stalwart arm in labor free,
To fit for traitor's soil;-
To level rebel stars and bars,
And raise the glorious stripes and stars.
(May 22, 1862)
Reprinted in the Eastern Argus Portland, Maine on Saturday October 11, 1862.
FOX'S REGIMENTAL LOSSES
Chapter X.-7th Maine Infantry.
Neil's Brigade, Howe's Division, 6th Corps.
(1) Col. THOMAS H. MARSHALL (Died).
(2) Col. EDWIN C. MASON, R. A.; BVT. BRIG. GEN.
K Killed and died of wounds.
D Died of disease, accidents, in prison, &c.
E Total Enrollment
Companies O M T O M T E
Field and Staff 2 1 3 1 1 2 18
Company A · · 13 13 · · 19 19 91
B 2 11 13 · · 27 27 175
C 1 11 12 · · 23 23 145
D 3 10 13 · · 19 19 149
E 1 6 7 · · 12 12 71
F 1 17 18 · · 35 35 105
G 2 10 12 · · 13 13 111
H 1 6 7 1 12 13 90
I 1 10 11 · · 23 23 91
K 1 18 19 1 25 26 119
Totals 15 113 128 3 209 212 1,165
128 killed == 10.9 per cent.
Total of killed and wounded, 555.
Died of disease in Confederate prisons (previously included) 19.
BATTLES. K. & M.W.
Siege of Yorktown, Va 3
Lee's Mills, Va 2
Antietam, Md 25
Fredericksburg, Va. (1863) 20
Gettysburg, Pa 1
Wilderness, Va 36
Spotsylvania, Va., May 10th 2
Spotsylvania, Va., May 12th 27
Spotsylvania, Va., May 18th 6
Cold Harbor, Va 2
Petersburg, Va 1
Fort Stevens, D.C. 3
Present, also, at Williamsburg; Mechanicsville (May 24th); Golding's Farm; Garnett's Hill; Savage Station; White Oak Swamp; Malvern Hill; Crampton's Pass; Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; Shenandoah Valley.
NOTES.--Organized at Augusta, Me., August 21, 1861, from companies recruited in various parts of the State. It proceeded immediately to Baltimore, and thence, after a two weeks' stay, to Washington. It encamped there two weeks, and then, on Nov. 7, 1861, marched to Lewinsville, Va., where it performed outpost duty until the spring of 1862. It joined in the advance on Manassas, and then embarked for the Peninsula. It was then in Davidson's (3d) Brigade, Wm F. Smith's Division, Fourth Corps; this division was transferred in May to the newly-formed Sixth Corps. The loss by disease and sickness was so great that the regiment took only 181 men into action at Antietam; it was commanded in that battle by Major Hyde, and lost there 12 killed, 63 wounded, and 20 missing,--over half of those engaged. Becoming much reduced in numbers, it was ordered home to Maine, in October, 1862, to recruit. Five companies--B, C, D, I and K--under command of Lt.-Col. Selden Conner, rejoined the corps in January, 1863, and were engaged at Fredericksburg, May 3, I863, with a loss of 12 killed, 49 wounded, and 31 missing. In May, 1864, the regiment--then in Getty's Division--entered the Wilderness campaign, where it took part in the bloody contest which was waged by the Sixth Corps. From May 5th to May 18th, it lost 310 in killed and wounded. Its last battle occurred at Fort Stevens, within the city limits of Washington, where it assisted in repulsing Early's attack. Major Jones was killed in this action. Its term of service expired August 21, 1864, while in the Shenandoah, and the recruits were transferred to the First Maine Veteran Infantry.
Regimental Losses in The American Civil War 1861-1865 by William F. Fox 1898. Bradow Printing Company Albany, New York. Page 129.
Casualties in the Seventh Me. Regiment
in the Battle of Antietam
Lieut. J.G. Butler - missing
Private James Lewin, Houlton - killed
Private Roger B. Haines, Houlton - wounded
Private Charles H. Wolhampter, Monticello - wounded knee, severe
Private Richard Keating, Houlton - wounded and missing
Corporal Augustus L. Merritt, Maysville - foot, severe
Captain James P. Jones - wounded slightly
Lieut. William L. Haskell, Acting Adj't, Poland - wounded both legs, severe
1st Serg't J. C. McKenney, Phippsburg - missing
Private Thomas Crawford, Bath - killed
Private Calvin Elders, Bath - hip, slightly
Private John Skolfield, Bath - foot, slightly
Corporal Crossman Timmings, color corps, Bath - knee, slight
Private E. M. Tobey, Bath - missing
Private M. M. Hatch, Lewiston - leg, severe
Private Addison Grant, Frankfort - side, severely
Private William York, Skowhegan - thigh, mortal
Private Timothy Merro, Vassalboro - arm, slight
Private Charles B. Hawes, Union - missing
Private William H. Holbrook, Emden - missing
Private C.B. Thoits, Pownal - missing
Lieut. A. M. Benson - hip,slight
Serg't Eli McLaughlin, Oldtown - missing
Corporal W. A. McPheaters - hip, severe
Corporal A.S. Harmon, Lincoln - leg
Private George E. Bragg, Detroit - leg, severe
Private William C. Stickney, Springfield - arm
*Private Moses W. McKay, Oldtown - wounded
Lieut. Charles A. Goodwin, Dresden - killed
Color Serg't Harry Campbell - killed
1st Serg't A. K. Burroughs, Houlton - leg, flesh wound
Serg't Flavell H. Goodwin, Biddeford - killed
Corporal George D. Saunders, Minot - both legs, severe
Private Horace Ross, Bowdoin - leg, severe
Private Charles P. Penbrook, Bath - leg, severe
Private Jacob Page - shoulder, severe
Private Joseph E. Babb, Bowdoin - leg, slight
Private Thomas A. Richards, Dresden - missing
Lieut. A. F. Emery, Kendall's Mills - abdomen, slightly
Private Rufus Preble, Winslow - killed
Private Thomas Hennabry, Hartland - killed
Corporal N.S. Burrill, Hartland - hand
Corporal S. R. Tuttle, Fairfield - hand, slight
Private Abram Batchelder, Pittsfield - arm, severe
Private E. H. Hammond, Pittsfield - foot, severe
Private Thomas Dolan, Portland - arm, slight
Lieut. L. M. Shorey- foot, severe
Private Fred C. Tibbets, Athens - killed
Private C. B. Chase, Canaan - shoulder, ankle and leg
Corporal W. H. Benson, Athens - hip, slight
Private Hiram Wixon, Albion - hand
Private Israel A. Foster, Portland - leg, severe
Private Patrick O'Brian, Portland - leg, mortal
Private E. Townsend, Portland - hand, severe
Private H.D. Philbrick, Skowhegan - hand, slight
Private B.C. Studley, China - missing
Serg't William H. Motly, Portland - face, severe
Serg't James H. Armstrong, Portland - shoulder, severe
Corporal Robert H. Jackson, Naples - foot, severe
Private Charles H. Waterhouse, Portland - thigh
Color Corporal William P. Nason, Portland - leg, slight
Private John R. Begg, Portland - arm, severe
Private J.H. Norton, Bath - missing
Private Dennis Coffer, Bath - face, severe
Private Edward Murphy - elbow, severe
Private James H. Johnson - leg, mortal
Private J. H. Cobb, Saccarappa - foot, severe
Private Alvah J. Sprague, Bath - taken prisoner
Private Charles J. B. Smith, Portland - missing
Private James W. Lent, Richmond - missing
Private T. J. Waterhouse, Scarboro - missing
Lt. Henry Warren, Bangor - missing
Private J.F. Commey, Oldtown - killed
Private G.W. Hodgkins, Stetson - missing
Private G. R. Boyer, Bangor - hip
Private C. H. Eddy, Clifton - hand, slight
Private O. J. Rowe, Clifton - leg, severe
Private E. Debeck - foot, slight
Captain John B. Cook - leg, severe
Lt. Harlow P. Brown, Bethel - killed
Corporal Enoch B. Turney - leg, severe
Private W.T. Jordan, Strong - side, severe
Private Lewis E. Hardy, Hampden - leg
Private D. Hartford - foot
Private A. B. Whittier - leg
Captain G.P. Cochran - ankle, severe
Corporal E. Collins, Lewiston - leg, slight
Color Corporal J.G. Carver, Lewiston - side, severe
Private H. Baker, Bowdinham - killed
Private G.W. McKenney - hip, severe
Private J.A. Wilcox - leg, severe
Private E. S. Fargo - hand, slight
Private P. McHannan, Lewiston - missing
Private G. H. Putney - missing
Private G. B. Hall - wounded and missing
N. C. Staff
Serg't Major John B. Parsons, Houlton - killed
Those reported missing may some have been taken by the enemy, some killed, and their bodies not identified, and some have found their way to some remote hospital.
Thos. W. Hyde
Major Commanding 7th Maine Vols.
Lewiston Falls Journal
October 2, 1862
*From Maine Adjutant Generals Report Vol. II page 173
The 7th Maine Regiment at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg is well know for the gallant actions of Joshua Chamberlain and the 20th Maine Regiment of course, but they were only one of the Maine regiments present on the bloody three days in July 1863. The 7th Maine was one of several Maine regiments who participated in that great battle.
The 7th Maine Regiment arrived late in the afternoon of the 2nd day of the battle. They had marched between 32 and 35 miles in the course of 17 hours. They left Manchester, Maryland and headed for Gettysburg on what would be the longest of their forced marches during the four year span of the Civil War.
The 7th Maine was part of Neill's Brigade, which was attached to Howe's 2nd Division of the 6th Corps. Their positon at the Battle of Gettysburg was at the extreme rear of the Union center and the right of the 12th Corps. The spent the night of the 2nd on Power's Hill moving the next morning across Rock Creek and up to Wolf Hill to protect the Baltimore Pike from the threat of a Confederate advance. It was on Wolf Hill that the 7th Maine would become engaged in a "sharp volley from Confederate skirmishers"* and it was "in their advance to a stone wall and a sharp skirmish"* that they would suffer the loss of several men. Two of the badly wounded would die from those wounds. There were also five who were wounded but survived. The two men who died, as a result of the wounds they received at the Battle of Gettysburg are buried in the National Cemetery at Gettysburg along with 138 other men from Maine regiments.
The 7th Maine Regiments Moument is located on Wolf Hill and is within the boundaries of the National Park at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The land that it rests on, however, is private property and permission is required to visit the area. This is where the 7th Maine held their position that 3rd day of July 1863. The monument was designed by General Seldon Connor, who commanded the 7th Maine at Gettysburg, and was dedicated on October 3, 1889.
The area where the 7th Maine were positioned, now know as Neill's Avenue, has remained virtually the same for the last 146 years. To walk in the footsteps of those Maine men was, for me on that 12th day of November 1999, a chance to step back in time.
The Seventh Maine monument's inscription reads - 7th Maine Infantry 3rd Brigade, 2nd Div. 6th Corps July 3rd, 1863.
The position held by the Seventh Maine Regiment July 3rd, 1863.
*Maine at Gettysburg (Report of the Maine Commissioners) prepared by the Executive Committee. The Lakeside Press, Portland, Maine 1898, pages 432-433.
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