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(Updated February 14, 2004)

1890
THE TURBULENT TRINITY

________

Floods That Paralyzed The Old-
est Inhabitant.

________

THE FLOODS OF 1866 ECLIPSED
AT ALL POINTS
ON THE RIVER.

______

Railroads Under Water and Tourists
Water-Bound.

_______

TWO-HUNDRED HOUSES SUBMERGED
BY THE RISING WATERS.

______

Scenes Along the River Banks--
The Homeless and the Penniless
Provided for--The
Railroads and the Loss
Sustained.

______

Storm Notes Gathered by Times-Herald
Reporters-Heroic Deeds Recorded.
Interviews with Railroad Officials.
The River Falling Rapidly.

     The TIMES-HERALD, Saturday afternoon, predicted that the Trinity was on the biggest bender in its history, at least within the recollection of the oldest inhabitant, and the "subsequent proceedings" demonstrated that fact. The great rainfall of the past week was general and the tributaries of the Trinity were swollen into good-sized streams, and in turn, emptied their torrents into the sluggish Trinity. At 6 o'clock Saturday evening, the rise became more noticeable and the dwellers on the banks on either side, and the officials of the different railroads became apprehensive of approaching danger. The river rose at the rate of 11 inches an hour, and at 11 o'clock Saturday night, the first signal of distress came from West Dallas. Mayor Connor, with commendable promptitude, sent the police and firemen to the relief of the distressed and the beleaguered families, and their household effects were removed to dry quarters.
     Yesterday morning, at early dawn, the banks of the river were lined with spectators. The sight which presented itself was a genuine surprise. The broad expanse of water (it was nearly two miles across) reminded one of the Father of Waters. Great logs and other debris floated down the river, and here and there, a boatman propelled his frail skiff from house to house and from shore to shore. The river had risen five feet during the night and the damage inflicted was almost appalling. The last train on the Dallas & Oak Cliff road crossed over at 4 a. m., and shortly after that hour, the road was submerged, and at 9 o'clock, all that was visible was the iron bridge which spans the channel of the river proper.
     The bridge at the foot of Commerce street was in danger, and a detachment of police kept back the crowd. The water was up even to the foot of the bridge, and the pike road leading to Oak Cliff was covered with water twenty feet deep. It reached to the tops of the telegraph poles. In West Dallas, the inhabitants suffered severely. One hundred houses were submerged, and their occupants were compelled to flee for their lives to the highlands. A number of them left their household goods and other effects in their homes. No time was lost, but many narrow escapes are recorded.
     At 9 o'clock, the brick yards near the Commerce street bridge were inundated and began to "cave in." The works of the New Pressed Brick Company, near the compress, were flooded and the compress itself, where 2000 bales of cotton are stored, shared the same fate. The backwater rose rapidly and the inhabitants, mostly negroes, along the west banks, from the foot of Commerce street, around to the Eureka Steam Laundry on Poydras street, were in a sorry plight. New cabins were flooded early in the engagement, and on the highlands, the dusky matrons and their [children] stood guard over the household goods and furniture, that is, those who were lucky enough to save their belongings. Many of the cabins were overturned, and only the roofs of their homes could be discerned in the distance. Many of the unfortunates were awakened in the night by the noise of rushing waters and barely escaped with their lives. Last evening, the homeless [negroes] were ordered taken to the skating rink by Mayor Connor, and the whites were established in boarding houses. The railroads suffered severely. The Oak Cliff trestle and roadbed was washed away, but the new one, now under course of construction, will be ten feet higher and a structure that will resist all attacks of the elements. The Santa Fe tracks were washed away for upwards of two miles and no trains were run on that road yesterday. The Houston and Texas Central did not escape the wrath of the angry waters. Passengers were transferred during the day, but the damage to the track compelled the officials to cease operations toward evening. The Texas Trunk was submerged, and the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, likewise. The trains are running over the Denton branch alone of the "Katy," and the passengers are transferred near the standpipe. The Texas & Pacific trains east came in on time over a clear track. The trestle on the west side of the bridge, however, was in a precarious condition and the passengers were transferred at that point. It is impossible at this writing to make an estimate of the loss sustained by the railroads, but it must necessarily foot away up in the thousands.
     The inhabitants of North Dallas did not escape. The brewery, the electric light works, and all buildings in that neighborhood, are flooded. Along on Cochran street and McKinney avenue, the backwater rose to a great height and hundreds of neat cottages are submerged. Many of the cottages are in the neighborhood of the brewery. Nearly all of these buildings were occupied by colored people, and they were fortunate in having taken the precaution to remove their household furniture beyond the flooded districts.
     The water reached the point at 2:30 this morning, it is understood, and remained at a standstill for several hours. At 8 o'clock, it had fallen four inches, and this was certainly joyful news to all interested.

FALLING RAPIDLY

     At 2 o'clock this afternoon, a TIMES-HERALD reporter called at the elevator and interrogated the affable bookkeeper. Said he: "The river has fallen ten inches since morning and the water is subsiding rapidly . It is keeps up its present lick, the railroad tracks will be above water by to-morrow. We are in luck. The water did not reach the wheat bins at all and the machinery is uninjured. Not a dollar's damage has been done to the property in any way."

THE RAILROADS.

     A TIMES-HERALD reporter made the rounds of the railroad offices this morning to ascertain the true condition of affairs. Assistant General Freight Agent J. M. Steere, of the Santa [Fe], said:
"The Santa Fe north is all o. k. We are running trains on schedule time. South, however, we are under water. Five hundred feet of trestle is gone. The bridge is intact and has not been damaged. The track is under water and we cannot form an estimate of the loss. Three hundred men are waiting for the water to go down to begin operations and repair the track. It will not take any great length of time to get it in shape after the high water disappears. I think to-morrow or Wednesday will find trains running on regular schedule time."
     George A. Quinlan, general superintendent of the Houston & Texas Central is in the city directing affairs. The roadbed and trestle work of the line are intact, but under water. The Trinity is not what annoys the Houston & Texas Central people. The water cut a channel through a field and submerged the roadbed. No. 4, it was thought, would depart last night, but Mr. Quinlan, while he had no doubt of the security of the track, decided to take no risks. If the water goes down, trains will make the regular trips to-morrow or Wednesday. The Houston & Texas Central north as a clear track.
     General Manager Mowry, of the Trunk, said: "All trains on our road have been abandoned. there is a washout three miles from the city, and another at King's Creek, as afar as heard from. The damage at King's creek will be repaired at once, and then we'll tackle the damaged road-bed near the city as soon as the water subsides. I cannot say when the running of trains will be resumed, but we will have all damages repaired without loss of time--by Wednesday, in all probability."
     The Texas & Pacific people sustained their greatest loss yesterday afternoon, by 300 feet of trestle on the West Dallas approach, to the railroad bridge, giving way. The pile driver, manned by a large force of workmen, have been busily engaged since last night repairing the break, and they are making good headway. C. P. Fegan, general traveling passenger agent, is confident that the damage will be repaired by night and the transfer of passengers will be an easy matter if it is decided inexpedient to run trains over the bridge trestle.
     Trainmaster J. L. McDowell, of Greenville, is in the city looking after the interests of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas, said he: ""We are running trains on the Greenville branch and transferring at Cedar Springs. Bad washouts are reported on the Denton and Waxahachie divisions, and in many places, the road bed is under water. No trains are running on these lines. I can give no estimate of the damage sustained by the Missouri, Kansas & Texas. I understand that there are several bad washouts on the joint track (the Texas & Pacific and Missouri, Kansas & Texas), between Denton and Denison. We will repair all damage to our tracks inside of twenty-four hours after the water subsides."
     Many of the ticket offices were crowded with belated travelers to-day in quest of information regarding the running of trains, what length of time the would be compelled to remain over, etc. A number of them wanted their money back, while others rather enjoyed their experience.

NARROW ESCAPE.

     Sheriff Henry Lewis and Police Officer H. M. Grizzle, had a narrow escape from drowning. The discharge of firearms in the treetops near West Dallas was interpreted as a signal of distress. The officers jumped into an old scow and attempted to paddle in the direction of the water-bound sufferers. Their boat ran athwart a telegraph wire and capsized. Lewis and his companion struck out boldly for a tree about eighty feet distant. Grizzle came very near sinking two other times, weakened by cold and exposure, but Lewis encouraged him to keep on, and finally, the two men reached the treetops and were saved. They were taken from their quarters by boatmen, and when dry land was reached, Mr. Grizzle was completely fagged out. He was taken to his home, and this morning is none the worse for his experience. Sheriff Lewis, after a change of clothing, returned to the river and remained until a late hour.

SALOON RUNNING WET ON SUNDAY.

     Alderman Kivlen introduced the ordinance requiring saloons to close on Sunday. Yesterday, the alderman was approached by a wag who told him that a saloon was "wide open down the street," and anybody could get a drink who wanted it." The alderman declared vengeance on the law-breaker and started in haste to the saloon. He found it up to the door top in water, free to any who wanted it.
A West Dallas lady, washed out of her little new home, took a philosophical view of the loss. She said, "Yes, sir, my house is floating, my household goods are ruined; but, I can work and pay for more, just as I did for these."

DENY THEIR REPORT.

     T. W. Howard and J. F. Andrice, of the second ward, near the trunk factory, called on the TIMES-HERALD to say that the report of police officers who were sent to rescue water-imprisoned families, was incorrect. The News related the officers went down and rescued Howard, et al; while Messrs. Howard, LeBuff and Andrice say the officers did not do anything of the kind, but left the people to get out as best they could, with the help of each other. The water was about eight feet deep in their houses, their effects were being damaged and life endangered, and there was no outside help; the officers (names unknown) refused to aid them, and even threatened to arrest them if they did not stop talking as if the officers should assist them. Jno. J. Conroy, the new alderman, sent a float and help to aid them in securing their effects.

WASHOUT NOTES.

     J. A. Williams, night watchman for the Oak Cliff railroad, was bitten by a rattlesnake, which climbed up the river bank. Williams drank copious draughts of whiskey and the poison was completely washed out of his system.
     Alderman Kivlen's cooperage works and several houses at the foot of Austin street, were submerged yesterday. The engine room was under water.
     The dairymen came over in boats yesterday, and to-day from Oak Cliff, and supplied their customers.
     J. W. Danforth, a T
IMES-HERALD subscriber, who resides at Oak Cliff, crossed the Texas & Pacific bridge and trestle work last night, walking on the hanging ties.
     Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Croce, who were married at Waco Wednesday, arrived from Fort Worth yesterday. They were transferred in the hand-car pressed into service by the Texas & Pacific officials.
     Among the flood sufferers are M. C. Dill, grocer at the foot of Lamar street; Barnett Gibbs' tenants in the same neighborhood; G. L. Bettrock, saloon keeper, Mosher's foundry and many others.
     Jesse Strong cut the North Dallas park dam yesterday morning, affording an outlet for the backwater.
     James O'Brien, of Sedalia, Mo., one of the largest cigar manufacturers in that state, came in Saturday, coming from Fort Worth, accompanied by Jule Wittstock, of Logan, Evans & Smith's and Jack Bird, a young tourist. The jolly trio put in their time, since, viewing the sights. They are water-bound and seem to like it. "Dallas is a great city," said Mr. O'Brien, "and I believe I could remain here for a month. This is my first visit and I am free to confess that I'm dead stuck on the town, and the flood, well, it beats the Mississippi. I am here now and propose to remain for several days. Dallas is good enough for me." Mr. O'Brien contemplates locating a branch of his establishment in Texas, and may decide upon Dallas.
     Milton Powell, of Kansas City, one of the best known hotel men in that section of the country, has leased the Oak Cliff hotel and his name is a guarantee that it will have a first class manager. Last season, he conducted the Sweet Springs hotel, at the fashionable summer resort of Missouri, which is thronged from June until September. Mr. Powell was an interested spectator on the river banks yesterday. He remarked, "this beats the 'Big Muddy' on a rampage all hollow."
     John Hoeny, of the Abilene Reporter, is in receipt of a telegram received at noon, reporting all that country for four or five miles west of Abilene under water, and no trains from the west have come in for three days.
     At the foot of Austin street, one can get a fair idea of the extent of the flood. The entire neighborhood in the ravine is under water, and it stands on the tracks of the elevated railroad six feet deep.
     All day long, the banks of the river have been strewn with wreckers, fishing out the logs and lumber and other articles of wreckage as the debris floats along. Other parties, in boats, visited their property in the flooded districts to ascertain the extent of their losses.
     At an early hour this morning, the report was current that two colored men were drowned in Happy Hollow. On investigation, it turned out that a colored man and his wife had occupied their little home too late to escape the general destruction, and at daylight, the structure came down about their ears. In an effort to save some little effects, the man was swept beyond his depth. He was rescued, and he triumphantly landed an old dilapidated hair trunk that might have done service in the ark. It seemed to be his principal concern. He knocked off the cover and took out a bundle of rags, carefully inclosed, in which was a snug bundle of greenbacks. This he pocketed, and, seizing the "old woman's" arm, he bolted off in search of high ground.
     The basement store rooms of Armstrong & Co., Crowdus Drug Co. and Scarff & O'Connor, on south side of Commerce street, are flooded, the latter firm having 500 bundles of newspaper under water.
     Mr. Wm. Donaldson, who was raised in and about Dallas, since 47 years ago, says the flood of '66 was two and a half feet higher than this, and one of hits disastrous results was the financial ruin of the proprietor of the old mill south of the grain elevator at Oak Cliff and Missouri, Kansas & Texas crossing, and the closing of the mill for business. It has stood there vacant ever since as a reminder of the highest water Dallas has ever known. Mr. Donaldson, Mr. Ballard and other sixty-sixers say they have landed out of skiffs into the windows of the second story of the old mill.
     The police of Dallas are creditable to the city, both as officers and men. One incident came to the notice of our reporter worthy of record. A man just south of the Texas and Pacific bridge, fell into the stream. He was fished out, and as he stood shivering, waiting for a conveyance, an officer stripped off his coat and, flinging it over the shoulders of the moistened citizen, remarked: "Here, I have no use for this and you have none just now."
     Another circumstance struck the reporter. An officer near the Oak Cliff station was soaking wet. "I have not had my clothes off in thirty-six hours," he said. A bystander, and evidently a friend, produced a pocket flask. "Take a swig," he remarked, "it will keep the life in you." "Much obliged," says Cop. "I won't touch it---this is bis; I'm on duty, so I'm let out." He did not "take a swig" as requested.
     A negro with a healthy specimen of the porcine genus under his arm was the observed of all observers just south of the bridge this morning. "Whar you got dat shote?" says a son of sunny Africa. "Cotched it swimmin' an' toke it in---its worf four dollars," was the grinning response.
     The hotels are crowded. A traveling man remarked this morning, "well, there's no kick coming to me. I'd rather be water bound here than any city in the world. Plenty to eat, lots to drink and all the fun I can stand up to. So, let old Trinity whoop 'em up. I'm happy." He was.
     P. J. Butler said to a T
IMES-HERALD reporters: My loss is 500,000 brick. I lost 1,000,000 last year, and am acclimated."
     The Waco base ball team came in from Fort Worth yesterday. On the West Dallas side of the river, they donned their uniforms and came across on the hand car, expecting to go direct to the grounds. A disappointment awaited them. The boys were on dress parade the remainder of the day. They returned to Waco this morning.
     Thousands of people were on the river banks yesterday, surveying the situation and offering consolation to the flood sufferers.
     Several saloons were submerged, which led a waggish individual to remark, "It's a shame to mix good whisky with a bad quality of water."
     The cellars of the buildings occupied by Armstrong and E. M. Tillman & Bro., on Commerce street, were flooded and considerable damage entailed.
     The Eureka Steam Laundry is a flood sufferer. The boilers in the engine room were submerged early in the engagement.
     The two brickyards on the Oak Cliff side, near the railroad track, are under water, and the proprietors suffered greatly in a financial way.
     Gabe Tourisell and Sam Green, two colored men, stood on the banks yesterday morning, and witnessed their humble homes floated away on the bosom of the tide.
     The river at Mill creek backed up into the park, flooding several small shanties. No great damage was done.
     Sanitary Officer Busbee reports many sad cases. One woman, Mrs. S. J. Green, said, with tears in her eyes: "We were living in a tent. My husband is bedridden--paralyzed and I am ill. All we had is gone." Mr. Busbee generously aided the poor woman, whose distress would have touched the stoniest heart.
     The police and sanitary officer never did better work in their lives. Those rescued were the families of Mrs. Perriott, Mr. Zuoint, Joseph Merritt, Mrs. Hace, Mrs. Gerard, Mr. La Beth, Mrs. Tepoe, Mr. Wymiller, Mr. La Buff, George Heefenstine, Dan Stein, Howard. A firm, who had a great deal of furniture let out in North Dallas, will lose about $1500.

FERRY NOTES.

     J. J. Casey, a boatman, came near losing his life. His frail boat ran against a telephone wire, and the occupants were thrown into the river. He managed to right his craft and made good time to the shore.
     "Say, mister, take me picter," remarked an urchin to the photographer who was taking the ferry this morning.
     "Too late," said the artist, as the boy slipped on a wet rail and went below the surface.
     Judge Charltan and a party of seven others started out in a dug-out from Oak Cliff at 8:30. At 10 o'clock, they were still struggling with the current when Captain Gooch, in a keel skiff, passed them and asked if they needed help. The judge declined assistance and Commodore Gooch kept on. He arrived in time to have his back photographed, and his beaming countenance can easily be recognized in one sketch.
     Good humor is the prevailing feature of the crowds at Oak Cliff, who surrounded the ferry landing, eagerly inquiring for friends at this side. There is no suffering or anxiety--and all are as jolly as if a rise in the Trinity was a "circus" gotten up for their special amusement.
     Miss Cowart, principal of the young ladies school, was the first lady who braved the swollen waters this morning. She came down to the landing with a lady companion and they smilingly took their seats in a skiff. Six gentlemen were in the boat. The frail craft put out into the stream, and it was seen that the boat was too heavily laden. They returned to the landing, and two gentlemen gallantly stepped ashore. The boat, with its precious freight, made the trip in just thirty minutes and the ladies were well pleased with their venture.

- April 28, 1890, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4. col. 2-4; p. 5, col. 3-4.
- o o o -

1891
HO FOR THE TRINITY!

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A Company to Organize, Build a
Boat and Navigate.

     At the Trinity river navigation meeting held yesterday afternoon, it was decided to organize a stock company and begin work. The principal part of the work at the start will be the building of a $6000 stern-wheel boat, and the next work will be to clean the river of overhanging timber and snags. With the use of giant powder it is said that the obstructions in the bed of the river can be moved at very little expense.
     When the enterprise was prominently before the business men last summer, $15,000 was subscribed, and $5000 of that amount was paid in; but owing to the fact that there was no organization to make practical use of the money, nothing further was done and the cash was returned to the subscribers. Capt. J. Pink Thomas and his associates, who take charge of the enterprise now, know their business, and they will see that it is a success.
     In the course of a few weeks or months, the T
IMES-HERALD hopes to announce that the boat is ready to launch and make the first trip.

- June 26, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 3.
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THE FIRST TRINITY BOAT
_______

ARRIVES WITH A CARGO OF
CORD WOOD.

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Seven Days "Polling" From
Point Ten Miles Below
the City.

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A Deep Channel and Clean Bot-
tom--Only a Few Snags
Encountered.

     The TIMES-HERALD being first and foremost in advocacy of the Trinity river navigation enterprise, it is proper that this paper should be the first to record the arrival of the first boat.
     Last evening, without any flourishing of trumpets, a flat boat, 51 feet long and 10 feet, 4 inches wide, was towed in at a point opposite the brick yard, just below the Commerce street bridge. Its cargo consisted of eight cords of fine stovewood. It is the first boat of that size seen on the river here since navigation gave way to the iron rail and steam horse.
     The boat was manned by Capt. W. C. Husing and Capt. Styx. Last Monday morning, they left Miller's Ferry, ten miles below the city by water, and started on their expedition to the city. They were provided with [the] necessary tools for clearing snags and removing drifts. They polled the boat up the river, that is, pushed it with poles eighteen feet long, and made up their cargo from the drift as they passed up the river. Considering the low stage of the river, about as low as it ever gets, they made fine progress and encountered comparatively few snags. The worst point on the ten miles was at the Oak Cliff railroad bridge, where the channel is only about thirty inches deep, and it was filled with snags, which they took out. With this exception, they found a deep channel, the bottom of which, they frequently could not reach with their poles. It is a solid gravel bottom, and is not filled with mud, as is generally believed. The flat boat, which they brought through with the cargo, draws six inches of water. It is an old boat which was built twelve years ago by Captain Husing, afterwards abandoned and sunk beneath ten feet of water. He discovered it a few weeks ago, and immediately set about to raise it.
     This is considered a starter in the way of practical navigation of the river, and the gentlemen who brought up the boat, deserve a premium from the business men of Dallas for their enterprise.
     Capt. Husing is familiar with the Trinity, from Dallas down to Magnolia. He says the river will sustain light draft steamboats, by which flat boats may be towed the year round.
     Capt. Styx, who has plied on the waters of the rivers in Arkansas, says the Trinity is one of the prettiest small rivers in the United States, as far as its adaptability to navigation is concerned. These gentlemen will continue to run their boat, clean the river and bring cord wood to the city.
     In this connection, the statement is due that Trinity stock is going. The company is forming and will soon begin the erection of a steamer.

- August 24, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
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DR. BRIGGS TO DR. ROSSER
______

ON DISPOSITION OF FILTH.
DOCTORS WILL DISAGREE.

______

Dr. Briggs Argues That the
Trinity is Incapable of
Carrying Off the Night
Soil Without Danger
to Health.

Dr. C. M. Rosser, Health Officer of Dallas:
     Dear Sir--It appears from your communication in the T
IMES-HERALD of yesterday that you deprecate "newspaper flourish." To this I must reply that, [as] a rule, newspapers are dangerous mediums through which to advocate questionable strokes of public policy; since by such publicity, the humblest citizen can form and express correct opinions on the question at issue. I regret, exceedingly, that you ever expected my "assistance in overcoming any prejudice" to the deluging of the sluggish Trinity with additional elements of danger to the public health. In this connection, I must express surprise at your argument that the Trinity is now, and has for some time, been the receptacle of privy contents.
     From this fact, and our recommendation to further contaminate the river, seems conclusive that with two wrongs, you expect to make one right. Thus: The river is already contaminated--ergo, let it become a putrescent cesspool and breeder of disease and death. The major portion of your open letter is as to the means by which the privy contents can be forced into the river by a complicated process, the drawings of which, are now in the city engineer's office. I make no issue with you on this point--enough employes and sufficient water will wash the contents of privies into the river--no doubt about it. This done, then what? With the many short curves in the river, its very slow current and the large quantity of filth and mud held in solution, completely preclude the possibility of washing the filth far enough down the river to reach a safe distance from the city. But for one thing, I would be greatly surprised at your views on the harmless results of large dilutions, viz: I know y our extreme skepticism of homeopathy, I know your disbelief in the potency of high dilutions, and I may say, that in dealing with inert substances, I can agree with you, but when it comes to privy contents, I draw the line. I cannot conceive of a dilution being sufficiently high to render harmless diphtheritic and typhoid germs.
     It is surprising to me that you think that I must select my "excited moments" to insist that we are "filthy and sickly." If you are correct, then my five years' residence in Dallas have been made up of "excited moments'" for I am certain---taking chances on you thinking me "excited"--I have never in life seen such an infamously filthy city. I disclaim, in so saying, of being "uncomplimentary" to the health department; but, if it should become necessary for me, in my honest opposition to a policy which I think hazardous to our people, to say uncomplimentary things I would not hesitate to do so. I would prefer a tirade of "uncomplimentary" things to the consciousness that my wild cat schemes had caused the death of even one person, be he ever so low in social status.
     As to "injuring the city's reputation," I must say that nothing has done, nor can do, this so much as the filth it contains. My saying that Dallas is filthy will not stink near so loud as a dead tom cat up a back alley. I have no respect for the city's reputation of cleanliness so long as it is filthy. If Dallas wants a 'reputation" for cleanliness, let her get it in an honest way by first getting clean. Dallas is filthy; her death rate is too high; and to convert her only running stream into an open sewer with 90 per cent more of filth simply because 10 per cent is now running into it through the sewer is, in my sincere opinion, a dangerous policy and one which should never be allowed by the city.
     In conclusion, allow me to suggest, that in my honest opinion, the wisest course to pursue is the one embraced in your former recommendation in which you demonstrate with unanswerable logic, the absolute necessity of a crematory, with sufficient capacity to destroy every vestige of filth daily accumulating in the city. If this cannot be done, let the city engineer's suggestion, to run the sewer outlet two miles down the river, be adopted. This should be done even now, with the present sewer discharge, and all the more so it all the night soil of the city is to be poured into the river.
     I am, my dear doctor, your devoted friend, J. R. B
RIGGS.

- October 2, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1.
- o o o -

WOULD STIFLE A BUZZARD.

________

THE RIVER FOR MILES IN A
HORRIBLE STATE.

________

Caused by the Filth from Sewers
and Water Closets.

     This afternoon, a TIMES-HERALD reporter interviewed Mr. J. Pink Thomas in regard to the filthy condition of the river, caused by the deposits of the sewers. He said:
     For ten miles down from Dallas, the river is in a horrible condition. Its banks are strewn with filth, the surface of the water is covered with floating filth, the river is full of filth for miles, it is nothing less than a contaminating slough of filth. The air for a long ways is rendered stifling by the stench which rises from the river.
No one who has not investigated can imagine what a fearful condition the river is in. On the banks, in drifts and floating on the surface of the water, is filth from water closets from its normal state down. On floating logs, great wade of it greet the eye. Oh, I tell you it is simply awful, so awful indeed, that no human tongue could describe it.
     "How could it be remedied?"
     "Well, the mouth of the sewer might be run a couple of miles down the river, but that would help but very little."
     "Can you explain why the river is so filthy?"
     "Yes. The trouble is that there is not enough current to carry the filth off and it just simply fills the river up."
     "Can you name a remedy?"
     "The only remedy is to cremate the filth, and until that is done, the river will be a breeding place for all kinds of disease."

- October 3, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 2.
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1892
THE TRINITY RIVER.

______

Stock Taken Up and the Enter-
prise Certain to Pan Out.

     The Trinity River Navigation Company is now about made up, so that its organization is assured. The following gentlemen will compose the company: J. P. Murphy, Henry Exall, W. J. Keller, D. C. Mitchell, C. E. Perry, P. J. Butler, S. R. Crawford, James Moroney, W. H. Prather, A. C. Ardrey, Bryan T. Barry. They will take the $100,000 capital stock, and as son as fully organized, will send expert engineers down the river to make estimate of cost, which, when ascertained, will be the basis of the bonus asked of the people, and to be paid only when they have made the Trinity navigable and steamboats are actually running.

- March 3, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
- o o o -

IT WAS DONE ONCE
_____

And is Practicable Again -- It
Must Go.

     Trinity river navigation sentiment continues to grow. Few there are in or around Dallas now, who doubt the practicability or feasibility of river navigation.
     L. M. White, of Grapevine, Texas, was in Dallas yesterday, visiting Col. Martin of Oak Cliff, and in conversation with Mr. F. N. Oliver, as he crossed river on the Oak Cliff train, said: "Twenty-six years ago, I came up this river on a steamboat with Captain McGarvey and landed at foot of Commerce street. The boat was 128 feet long, a nice steamer. The river can be made navigable beyond a doubt, and it is an enterprise of the greatest good for this country for less outlay than anything that confronts our people."

- March 3, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
- o o o -

City Notes.

     The Oak Cliff executive committee on the navigation of the Trinity river, consisting of Dr. E. G. Patton, G. N. Owens and Mayor Oliver, have called a general mass meeting of the people of Oak cliff and vicinity at the city hall, Oak cliff, at 8 p. m. on the 30th inst. for the purpose of organized action on Trinity river navigation.
     During the Emancipation celebration yesterday by the colored people, a disgruntled member of one of the brass bands, who had been dispossessed of his very handsome uniform, held the procession up on its way to Shady View Park, and with a shotgun in hand, declared that the procession should not move until he was reinstated in full possession of his uniform and position in the band. Officer Beard was called to the scene by a telephone message, and on his approach, the warrior musician broke and ran and the column moved on.

- June 21, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

An Object of Interest.

     One of the prettiest windows seen in Dallas is shown at Herman's the Tailor on Elm street, and is a strong evidence of the exquisite taste and originality of M. Aschner, whose idea the window is. The scene is laid a year hence and shows Dallas under the influence of Trinity river navigation, and shows the river in natural form, with numerous craft floating on its placid surface. The levee represents an animated scene, with numerous miniature vehicles loaded with mercantile freights, with the idea of Nicholson pavement made into a very suggestive pun by having the streets laid in nickels. The window has been the cynosure of passers-by to-day, and is well worth the walk down town to see.

- December 17, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2.
- o o o -



1893
THE RIVER NOW OPEN

_____

AND THE PEOPLE WILL CELEBRATE
NEXT WEDNESDAY.

_______

The Resumption of Navigation on the
Trinity - The Big Parade and the Mar-
shals -- Prominent Texans Who Will Be
Present -- All Texas Should Respond.

     As announced by the TIMES-HERALD Saturday afternoon, the steamer Harvey has arrived in port, and next Wednesday, the grandest industrial celebration of modern times will take place. Two years ago, the TIMES-HERALD, at a cost of $700, sent an expedition down the river. The expedition demonstrated that the Trinity could be made, at a slight cost, a navigable stream. The arrival of the steamer Harvey, Saturday evening, was a complete vindication of the position taken by the TIMES-HERALD two years ago.
     Yesterday, thousands of people visited the steamer at the lower Oak Cliff bridge, and today, the banks of the river were dotted with sightseers from morning till night. The following address has been issued, with regard to the celebration:
     Acting on the information of Mr. C. A. Keating, president of the Trinity Navigation Company, that the steamboat Harvey will arrive in port next Wednesday, we take pleasure in announcing that the people of Dallas have decided upon that day for their industrial celebration, which promises to be one of the largest of the kind ever held in the South, and in proportion to the great importance that the opening of the Trinity river to navigation is to Texas, in general, and to Dallas, in particular, arrangements have been made for a mammoth entertainment on the grounds, in which there will be lots to eat and drink and everything free. Rates have been made as follows for the round trip with railways leading to Dallas:
     The Texas and Pacific -- One fare from Mineola, Weatherford and intermediate points, tickets to be good to, and including, the day after the celebration.
     The Houston and Texas Central -- One and one-third fare from Bremond and Denison, and all points between.
     The Missouri, Kansas and Texas -- One and one-third fares from Greenville, Hillsboro, Gainesville and intermediate points.
     The Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe -- One and one-third fares between Cleburne and Celeste and all intermediate points.
     The Texas Trunk -- One fare all along its line.
     The celebration grounds, which are perfectly shaded with forest trees, have been provided with tables, a band stand, etc. Six brass bands will be in attendance.
     The Trinity Navigation Company will have the Harvey run up from her present anchorage to meet the procession at the celebration grounds. The steamer will be decorated with flags, a brass band will furnish music on her hurricane deck, and as she advances, the Dallas battery will fire a salute.
     The grand celebration will be commenced at sunrise Wednesday morning by the firing of 100 minute guns, and at 11:55 a. m., the battery will fire ten guns as a signal for the procession to form. At 12 p.m., the procession will form, and in order that it may proceed with the regularity of clockwork, it becomes my pleasing duty to present for the government of marshals, the following order of formation:
     The parade will be divided into twenty divisions, each of which will be headed by a marshal or marshals, who will see that their respective divisions will take their proper places in the parade as indicated in the programme. In order that there may be no confusion at the outset, the divisions preparatory to joining the parade will form as follows:
     Division 1 -- Dallas wheel club, W. L. Springfield, marshal, preceded by a bugler, head of column resting on Austin street, facing south line of Main.
     Division 2 -- Mounted police, Chief Arnold, marshal, following in rear of first division. Union band No. 1 on Austin street, at the rear of second division and followed on that street by Dallas artillery.
     Division 3 -- Trinity Navigation Company and stockholders, J. P. Thomas and C. E. Perry, marshals, will form on the side of Commerce, eat of and facing Austin.
     Division 5 -- Senators, representatives, district and county officers and county commissioner, Lee H. Hughes, marshal, will form on the north side of Commerce, west of and facing Austin.
     Division 6 -- The press, followed by state fair directors, Col. John N. Simpson, marshal, Board of Trade and Dallas Commercial club, will form on the south side of Commerce, west of, and facing Austin.
     Division 7 -- Local insurance agents, Thomas Scurry, marshal, followed by the T. B. A., J. J. Knight, marshal, will form on south side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 4, city government.
     Division 8 -- Fire department, Chief Wilkinson, marshal, will form on the north side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 3, Navigation Company and stockholders.
     Division 9 -- Secret societies, headed by Union Band No. 2, will form on Commerce street, at the rear of divisions 5 and 6, facing Austin street, in the following order: Coeur de Leon, division No. 5, Uniform Rank Knights of Pythias, Dallas; division No. 18, Uniform Rank Knights of Pythias; Coeur de Leon Lodge Knights of Pythias, No. 8; Dallas lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias; Elk's Dallas Lodge No. 71; Sons of Hermann; Ashland Lodge No. 2 Sons of Hermann; Columbia Lodge; Dallas Turnverein; Italian Society.
     Division 10 -- Typographical Union and Dallas News display, Graham McMurray, marshal, will form on Market, north of and facing Commerce.
     Division 11 -- Trades Union, John F. Reiger, marshal, will form on Market, south of and facing Commerce.
     Division 12 -- Manufacturers and their operatives; marshals, W. C. Howard, Dr. F. E. Hughes, A. F. Dechman, S. L. Munger, S. W. Henry, T. C. Harry, J. W. Rogers, Dr. Morgan, R., Myrick, H. Pollack, A. P. Tennison, W. C. Padgitt, K. J. Kivlen and G. H. Schoelkopf, will form on the south side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 7, local insurance agents and T. P. A.
     Division 13. -- Letter carriers, J. S. Witwer, marshal, will form on Lamar, south of, and facing Commerce street. Oak Cliff contingent, W. H. W. Smith, marshal, will form on Lamar street, at the rear of the letter carriers.
     Division 14 -- The white public schools, headed by Harris' band, will form on the north side of Commerce, at the rear of the fire department. Marshals, John M. Howell, Hans Kreissig, H. S. Keating, M. L. Crawford, R. C. Glover, Willard Fisher, L. T. Tune.
     Division 15 -- Merchants floats, will form on the north side of Jackson, facing Austin, and will file up Austin to Commerce, when artillery moves and will then halt, facing Commerce, until division 14 has moved. Marshals, W. H. Lewis, Henry Hamilton, E. M. Reardon, Edward Gray, Col. H. C. Stevenson, Col. R. R. Lawther, P. W. Linskie and B. McRosky.
     Division 16 -- Liquor Dealers' Association, M. J. P. Lacy, marshal, will form on Austin street, north of, and facing Main.
     Division 17 -- Citizens on foot and in carriages, will form on Main street, west of, and facing Austin. Marshals, Sam Klein, Joe Record, Will M. Waters, A. L. Hodge and A. E. Bouche.
     Division 18 -- St. Luke's lodge No. 1, K. of P., headed by the Metropolitan colored band, will form on the south side of Jackson, east of, and facing Austin street, and will be followed by other colored societies and floats of colored merchants; S. W. J. Lowery and Monroe Spikes, marshals.
     Division 19 -- Colored schools, headed by Hussar colored band, will form at the rear of division 18.
     Division 20 -- Amos Carr, marshal -- Colored people on foot, and in carriages, will form at the rear of division 18, colored schools.
     The following will compose the staff of the grand marshal: A. P. Wozencraft, J. W. Thompson, D. H. Morrow, Ben E. Cabell, Ed C. Smith and J. J. Eckford. The aids will see that each division takes its proper place in the procession, and that no break occurs in the line of march. Their orders will be obeyed by the marshals.
     The procession will form at noon at the opera house, with its head resting on Austin street, and will proceed at 12:30 p. m. on Main street, east to Preston street, thence north on Preston to Elm, thence west on Elm to Houston, thence south on Houston to Commerce, thence west on Commerce, across Commerce street bridge to the celebration grounds. Floats and other vehicles not desirous of crossing the bridge, will drop out on Houston street, south of Commerce.
     All organizations to participate in the procession, in order to avoid delay and confusion, are requested to form to the minute, as designated in the programme, and to implicitly obey the orders of their marshals.
     As soon as the procession reaches the celebration grounds, the Harvey will proceed up the river, amid the firing of artillery and the music of six brass bands.
     The grand marshal will introduce Mr. C. A. Keating, president of the navigation company, who, assisted by Mayor Connor, will introduce the speakers.
     There will be an abundance of refreshments on the grounds, to the enjoyment of which, the public is cordially invited. Everything will be free.
     All old Trinity river captains are invited to seats of honor on the deck of the Harvey. C
HAS. F. BOLANZ, Grand marshal and chairman of committee of arrangements.
     The following gentlemen have been selected as assistant marshals for the parade:
     Staff marshals: A. P. Wozencraft, J. W. Thompson, D. H. Morrow, Ben E. Cabell, Ed C. Smith and J. J. Eckford.
     Division marshals: W. L. Springfield, James Arnold, J. P. Thomas, C. E. Perry, W. McGrain, Lee H. Hughes, John N. Simpson, Thomas Scurry, J. J. Knight, Thomas Wilkinson, C. W. Felter, Graham McMurry, John F. Reiger, W. C. Howard, Dr. F. E. Hughes , A. F. Dechman, S. I. Munger, S. W. Henry, T. C. Harry, J. W. Rogers, Dan Morgan, R. Myrick, H. Pollack, A. P. Tenison, W. C. Padgitt, K. J. Kivlen, G. H. Schoelkopf, J. S. Witwer, W. H. W. Smith, John M. Howell, Hans Kreissig, H. S. Keating, M. L. Crawford, R. C. Glover, Willard Fisher, L. T. Tune, W. H. Lewis, Henry Hamilton, E. M. Reardon, Edward Gray, H. C. Stevenson, R. R. Lawther, P. W. Linskie, B. McCrosky, A. Gottuso, M. J. P. Lacy, Sam Klein, Joe Record, Will M. Waters, A. L. Hodge, A. E. Bouche, S. W. J. Lowry, Monroe Spikes and Amos Carr.

- May 22, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4-5.
- o o o -

TURN DALLAS LOOSE
______

The Battle-Cry of Sixty Thous-
and People To-Day.

_______

BIGGEST IN HISTORY.
_______

AN INDUSTRIAL PROCESSION TEN
MILES IN LENGTH

______

That Was Two Hours in Passing a Given
Point - The Greatest Day That Dallas
Has Ever Known -- Seventy-Five Thous-
and People in the City.

     This has been the biggest day in the history of Dallas, and every man, woman and child in the city and thousands from abroad, celebrated the resumption of navigation on the Trinity river. The day opened auspiciously. Not a cloud was visible in the sky this morning and a stiff and bracing breeze from the gulf tempered the rays of old Sol from early morn till this afternoon. The city had on its holiday garb, and all along the line of march, the business houses were gaily decorated with flags and bunting. The small boy and big tin horn swooped down upon the city early and music by ten bands filled the air with melody. It was the largest procession ever witnessed in Texas; the greatest industrial display ever made by the manufacturers and business men, the artisans, and the laborers of the metropolis of Texas. The floats were numerous and many of them magnificently constructed.
     Every business enterprise in the city was represented. It was a demonstration that caused a thrill of pride in the hearts of all citizens of the metropolis. It was a democratic demonstration, too. All classes were represented , from the millionaire to the most humble laborer, and the motto of all was, "Turn Dallas Loose and Let Her Grow."
     Hundreds of visitors were in the city from all sections of the state, including fifty or seventy-five editors en route home from Chicago,. Grand Marshal Charles F. Bolanz, as assisted by the following aides: A. P. Wozencraft, J. W. Thompson, D. H. Morrow, Ben E. Cabell, Ed. C. Smith, J. J. Eckford, A. D. Aldridge, B. Friedenberg, Theodore M. Beilharz and Ben. F. Tanner.
     The procession formed at noon at the opera house, with its head resting on Austin street, and proceeded at 12:30 p. m. on Main street, east to Preston street, thence north on Preston street to Elm, thence west on Elm street to Houston, thence south on Houston to Commerce, thence west on Commerce across the Commerce street bridge to the celebration grounds. Floats and other vehicles not desirous of crossing the bridge dropped out on Houston street, south of Commerce.
     All along the line of march, the sidewalks were thronged, and the doors and the windows teemed with life. The little boys tooted on their tin horns, the bands played and the multitudes cheered. The cannon began thundering at 11:30, and at intervals, its hoarse roaring announced to the people for miles and miles around, that Old Neptune had established himself at the head waters of the Trinity, and that the queen city of Texas was united to the Gulf by ties that shall never be sundered. It was late in the afternoon when the great crowd arrived at the picnic grounds. The Harvey moved up the river and the artillery played again. C. A. Keating, president of the Trinity Navigation Company, was then introduced by Grand Marshal Bolanz, and the celebration on the grounds began in earnest.

Order of Procession.

     Division 1 -- Dallas wheel club, Mr. Knight, marshal, preceded by a bugler, head of column resting on Austin street, facing south line of Main.
     Division 2 -- Mounted police, Chief Arnold marshal, following in rear of first division, Union band, No. 1 on Austin street, at the rear of second division and followed on that street by Dallas artillery.
     Division 3 -- Trinity navigation company and stockholders, J. P. Thomas and C. E. Perry, marshal, formed on north side of commerce street, east of, and facing Austin.
     Division 4 -- Mayor, board of aldermen and city officers, Wm. McGrain, marshal, formed on the south side of Commerce, east of, and facing Austin.
     Division 5 -- Senators, representatives and county officers and county commissioners, Lee H. Hughes, marshal, formed on the north side of Commerce, west of, and facing Austin.
     Division 6 -- The press, followed by the State Fair directors, Board of Trade, and Dallas Commercial Club, Col. John N. Simpson, marshal, formed on south side of Commerce, west of, and facing Austin.
     Division 7 -- Local insurance agents, Thos. L. Scurry, marshal, followed by the T. P. A., J. J. Knight, marshal, formed on the south side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 4, city government.
     Division 8 -- Fire department, Chief Wilkinson, marshal, formed on the north side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 3, Navigation Company and stockholders.
     Division 9 -- Secret societies, headed by Union Band No. 2, formed on Commerce street, at the rear of division 5 and 6, facing Austin street, in the following order: Coeur de Leon, division No. 5, Uniform Rank K. of P., Uniform Rank K. of P., No. 18; Coeur de Leon lodge K. of P., No. 8; Dallas lodge No. 70, K. of P.; Queen City lodge No. 941, Knights of Honor, Elks. Dallas lodge 71, Uhland lodge No. 22, Sons of Hermann, Columbia lodge No. 8, Sons of Hermann, Dallas Turnverein, Italian society, Ben C. Tanner as marshal of the Knights of Honor and T. M. Beilharz of the German societies.
     Division 10 -- Dallas News display, Arthur Green, marshal; Typographical union, Major C. W. Felter, marshal, formed on Market, north of, and facing Commerce.
     Division 11 -- Trades union, John F. Reiger, marshal, formed on Market, south of, and facing Commerce.
     Division 12 -- Manufacturers and their operatives, headed by Union band No. 3; marshals, W. C. Howard, Dr. F. E. Hughes, A. F. Dechman, S. L. Munger, S. W. Henry, A. D. Aldridge, T. C. Harry, J. W. Rogers, Dan Morgan, R. Myrick, A. P. Tenison, W. C. Padgitt, Henry Pollack, K. J. Kivlen and G. H. Schoellkopf, formed on the south side of Commerce street, at the rear of division 7, local insurance agents and T. P. A.
     Division 13 -- Letter carriers, J. S. Witwer, marshal, formed on Lamar, south of facing Commerce street. Oak Cliff contingent, W. H. W. Smith, marshal, formed on Lamar street, at the rear of the letter carriers.
     Division 14 -- The white public schools headed by Harris' band, formed on the north side of Commerce, at the rear of fire department. Marshals, John M. Howell, Hans Kriessig, H. S. Keating, M. L. Crawford, R. C. Glover, Willard Fisher, L. T. Tune.
     Division 15 -- Merchants floats formed on the north side of Jackson, facing Austin, and filed up Austin to Commerce. Marshals W. H. Lewis, Henry Hamilton, E. M. Reardon, Edward Gray, P. W. Linskie, B. McRosky and Henry Friedberger.
     Division 16 -- Liquor dealers' association, M. J. P. Lacy, marshal, formed on Austin street, north of, and facing Main.
     Division 17 -- Citizens on foot and in carriages, formed on Main street, west of, and facing Austin. Marshals, Joe Record, Will M. Waters, A. L. Hodge, Sam Klein, and A. E. Bouche.
     Division 18 -- St. Luke's lodge No. 1, Knights of Pythias, headed by the Metropolitan colored band, formed on the south side of Jackson, east of, and facing Austin street, and was followed by other colored societies and floats of colored merchants. S. W. J. Lowery and Monroe Spikes, marshals.
     Division 19 -- Colored schools, headed by the Hussar colored band, formed at the rear of division 18.
     Division 20 -- Colored people on foot and in carriages, Amos Carr and J. W. Ray, marshals, formed at the rear of division 19, colored schools.

Celebration Notes.

     Hon. William Cameron of Waco attended the celebration.
     Mayor C. C. McCulloch, of Waco, came in early and remained all day.
     Land Commissioner Tom J. Jackson, of the Santa Fe, came in from Galveston this morning and was around with his friend, Sam Klein. Jackson generally gets what he wants in Dallas, as he is [a] popular gentleman.
     Vice President Robinson, General Manager Yoakum, General Freight Agent Polk and other officials of the Santa Fe, came in this morning and spent the day here.
     Senator Kearby, of Wills Point, is in the city. Senator Bowser chaperoned him, and it is safe to bet that the visitor missed nothing worth witnessing.
     The brewery had a very attractive exhibit, a keg about ten feet in diameter, surmounted by the typical beer-lover with large bay-window and full whiskers.
     The T
IMES-HERALD, a wagon with paintings on either side, representing the "TIMES-HERALD Exposition during low water 1890 -- The Beginning of a Great Enterprise." There were two boats and the party of four, engineer, reporter, etc., with camping outfit.
     All the courts adjourned to-day and the court officials joined hands with the "celebrators."
     Doolittle & Simpson's Arcade had a very pretty exhibit.
     I. Goldsmith & Co., the dry goods men, had a beautiful float.
     The Texas Installment company was in it strong, with an attractive furniture exhibit.

Manufacturers in Line.

     G. H. Schoellkopf, Manufacturer of Saddles, Harness and Collars.
     Padgitt Bros., Manufactures of Saddles, Harnett, etc.
     Tenison Bros., Manufacturers Saddles, Harness, etc.
     Trinity Cotton Oil Company.
     E. C. Stanard Milling Company.
     Dallas Electric Manufacturing Co.
     Dallas Ice Factory and Cold Storage.
     Sam'l. H. Taber & Bro. Mfg Jewelers.
     American Fixture [Company].
     S. W. Henry & Bro., Cigar Manufacturers.
     O. K. Harry Iron Works.
     Dan Morgan Steam Stone Saw Mill.
     Theodore Beilharz, Steam Stone Saw Mill, N. W. cor. Pac. ave. and Hawkins.
     Oak Cliff Paper Mill.
     Dallas Cotton Mills.
     Munger Cotton Gin Manufacturing Company.
     Southern Manufacturing Company.
     M. D. Garlington & Co.'s Steam Candy Manufacturers.
     Dallas Show Case and Manufacturing Company.
     Dallas Stamping Mill.
     Mosher Foundry.
     Texas Paper Company.
     Western Newspaper Union.
     John J. Conroy, wagons.
     Dallas Lithograph Company.
     Sutton & Steele, manufacturers of dynamos and motors.
     Dallas Tinware Manufacturing Company.
     City Planing Mill.
     Leeds & Conkling, Railroad Planing Mill.
     Texas Spring Bed Company.
     Texas Gin and Elevator Company.
     James Simmons & Co., patent refrigerators, cooling rooms, etc.
     Hughes Bros., manufacturers of baking powders and extracts.
     Henry Pollack & Co., manufacturers of trunks, etc.
     The American Press Association, manufacturers.
     Sanger Bros., millinery.
     Ryer Bros., manufactures of cigars.
     J. M. Harry & Co., brick manufacturers.
     Schweikhardt & De Lorenzi, manufactures of perfumes.
     Herman, the Tailor, merchant tailor.
     Dallas Steam Coffee & Spice Mills.
     North Texas Broom Factory.
     Huey & Philp, manufacturers of tinware.
     J. F. Giles, manufacturer of saddles and Harness.
     Edward Lehman, manufacturer of saddles and harness.
     Dallas Gas and Fuel Company.
     The Queen City Iron Works.
     Hinckley & Son, manufactures iron cornice, etc.
     Texas Elevator and Compress Co.
     The Dallas Brewery.
     Ott & Trieller, manufactures of bicycles.
     Dallas Cooperage Company.
     Saxet Medicine Company.
     Brooks Carriage works.
     J. P. Dengenhart, manufacture of saddles and harness.
     Trice & Baird, manufacturers of saddles and harness.
     Davoren & McKee, marble and granite works.
     John F. Worley, blank book manufacturer.
     M. Iralson & Co., manufacturers of millinery.
     I. Goldsmith & Co., millinery.
     C. H. Clancey, shirt factory.
     Central planing mills.
     Murray ginning system company.
     Dallas corn mill.
     Antone Wagenhauser Weiss beer brewery.
     A. D. Aldridge & Co., book binders and manufacturers.
     James Wilkinson, book binder and printer.
     F. Michel, brick manufacturer.
     Dallas spring bed and mattress factory.
     D. A. Cline, buggy manufactory.
     G. E. [E. G.?] Rust, manufacturer of screens.
     Texas coal tar and asphaltum company.
     D. G. Stokey.
     Dallas tannery company.
     S. T. Blessing, manufacturer of photographer's material.
     Anheuser-Busch, brewing association.
     August Tronier foundry.
     Worden & Smith, carriage manufacturers.
     Sheets & Cossman, carriage manufacturers.
     A. L. Low, cabinet works.
     Douglass Bros. Tailoring Co.
     Knepfly & Son, jewelry manufacturers.
     J. J. Miler & Son, manufacturers of saddles and harness.
     Spaugh Manufacturing Co., black land plows.
     J. D. Roberts, picture frame manufacturer.
     Dallas ammonia works.
     Burke Bros., manufacturers of iron cornice.
     Dallas Vinegar and Cider Company.
     J. Winter, Jr., merchant tailor.
     J. M. Clower, manufacturer of electrical machinery.
     De Vry Bros., grinders of razors.
     C. D. Kanady, iron cornice.
     H. Page, boot and shoe factory.
     H. Arons, copper and sheet iron works.
     W. F. Matthews, manufacturer of roofs, cornices, etc.
     H. B. Jones, manufacturer of Jo-He.
     Dr. E. G. Patton, manufacturer of patent medicine.
     M. W. Russey, brick manufacturer.
     P. J. Butler, brick manufacturer.
     Leftwick & Jamison, brick manufacturers.
     E. G. Beilharz, manufacturer of boot and shoe uppers.
     Oak Cliff Screen Factory.
     Miss Carrie Waller, millinery, etc.
     R. F. Monday, model maker.
     W. T. Huffman, marble and granite works.
     Queen City Marble Works.
     Dallas Milling Company.
     Willett & Haney, candy manufacturers.
     H. Dorsey, manufacturer of printers' rollers.
     F. S. Stafford, manufacturing jeweler.
     Vendig Bros., shirt manufacturers.
     F. M. Tacket & Son, manufacturer of mattresses.
     D. G. Miller, manufacturer of cigars.
     A. Hoerr, soda water.
     J. M. Colville, manufacturing stationer.
     Fox, candy manufacturer.
     A. P. Black, paint manufacturer.
     Mrs. M. E. Newman, bookbinding.
     Eel Oil Co., manufacturer of patent medicine.
     Star Manufacturing Co., extracts, cider.
     Texas Roller Factory.
     J. A. Cummings, manufacturer of mattresses.
     King Axle Grease.
     J. W. Stacey, candy manufacturer.
     Lone Star Medicine Co.
     Geo. Hamm, sausage factory.
     J. S. Clifford, broom manufacturer.
     Weatherington Bros., manufacturers of compound for photographs.
     Dallas Engraving and Manufacturing Company.
     Sanitary Chemical Co.
     Borich's Dallas Sign Works.
     Rankin Sign Co.
     Smith Bros. Sign Co.
     Flishmann & Co., compressed yeast.
     Daniel Ankell, steam carpet cleaning.
     Burn's Broom Factory.
     Hassell's Cigar Manufactory.
     E. H. Pratt, manufacturer of patent medicine.
     D. H. Keiper, cisterns.
     H. Godard, cornet manufacturer.
     L. E. Williams, mattress manufacturer.
     Noizet's Machine Shop.
     Moore & Rawlins, manufacturers of artificial stone pipe.
     Skaer Candy Factory.
     K. Shields & Co., manufacturers of leaded glass.
     Sam Hargreaves, bookbinder and paper roller.
     John Fisher, manufacturer of jewelry.
     Dallas Stamp and Printing Company.
     Sisler's Broom Factory.
     Texas Electric Grinding Company.
     Coley Bros. Corn Mills.
     Harry Bros., manufacturers of iron cisterns.
     Goode Label and Printing Company.
     Dallas Novelty Works.
     King's Broom Factory.
     E. Redmond, clay works.
     McClure's Soda Factory.
     Cartoon Engraving Company.
     Munzesheimer's Steam Carpet Renovating Company.
     R. C. Travers, carriage trimming.
     Doolittle & Simpson, picture frames.
     Dallas Bottling Company.
     Jacob Waspi, manufacturer of artificial stone.
     Frank Shannon, tinware.
     F. Brown, manufacturer saddles and harness.
     S. W. Kanady, manufacturer of saddles, harness and collars.
     Wood & Edwards, manufacturers of felt hats.
     _____ Bros., vinegar factory
     ____ Transit Electric Power House.
     ______ Bros.' Steam Laundry.
     ______ Steam Laundry.
     _________ Steam Laundry.
     ________, saddles and harness.
     ________ wall paper, paints.
     Magnolia Flouring Mills.
     Hill Bro's. Soap Factory.
     Excelsior Soap Factory.
     Star Portrait Company.
     Dallas Novelty Works.
     Union Pretzel Factory.
     The Dallas Tanning and Mfg. Co.
     Metropolitan Pharmacy Co.
     Mrs. E. Ducourt & Co., Tent and Awning Manufacturers
     Frank T. Payne, Manufacturer of Cornice, etc.
     H. L. Reed & Co., Mattress Manufactory.
     Geo. C. Speagle, Cigar Manufactory.
     Harry Eeles, Horse Shoe Manufacturer.
     Dorsey Printing Co.
     J. T. Howard, Mfg. Chemist.
     A. A. Brown & Co., Umbrella Factory.
     Lone Star Cordial Co.
     Ozone Chemical Co.
     Dunlop, White & Co., blank Book Manufacturer.
     Moulard Bros., Screen Manufacturers.

Mottoes Carried.

     The mottoes on the floats and wagons and banners were various and gorgeous and appropriately expressive. Following, are some of the many:
     "Dallas, the Head of Navigation."
     "The Victory is Won."
     "Now for Water Rates."
     "Ho, for the Iron Mines and Lignite Beds."
     "The Trinity River Runs for 100 Miles Through Iron Mines."
     "Finest Forests of Hard Wood in American on the Trinity River."
     "Now for a Furniture Factory."
     "We Have 4000 Operatives in This Procession."
     "Dallas Has 186 Factories and no Rival in the Southwest."
     "Let Us All Take Off Our Coats and Pull Together for Dallas."
     "We Have a Market in Texas for 1000 Dallas Factories."
     "Texas is an Empire State and Dallas is Its Metropolis."
     "Turn Dallas Loose."
     "We Have the Best Finished City in the South."
     "Three more Railroads this Year.
     "Just one Ray in our Flood of Sunshine."
     "We have the Second Largest Agricultural Implement City in the World."
     "We are the First in Hotels in the Southwest."
     "Dallas, the Headquarters of Insurance in the Southwest."
     "We have the Greatest Country in the World around us and no Rival."
     "The Fuel Problem is Solved."
     "The Transportation Problem is Solved."
     "Blow in Your Furnaces."
     "Start Wood Factories."
     "We got there, Eli, with Both Feet."
     "Our Battle Cry is Dallas."
     "The Metropolis of Texas should have a Quarter of a Million Inhabitants by the Next Census."
     "We are in the Swim."
     "Go down to the wharf and inspect a first-class steamboat."
     "We have navigation through the most fertile part of Texas."
     "Tell it not in Gath." Tim. 10:13.
     "Gird up your loins, for great things are in store for you."
     "Dallas is the manufacturing center of the southwest."
     "Half the products of Texas are raised within a few hours ride by rail of us."
     "Dance the Sailor's Hornpipe."
     "There are 540 towns and villages and 14,000 merchants within 100 miles of Dallas."
     "Patronize Home Industries."
     "There are 600 Different Kinds of Articles Manufactured Here."
     "In the North People Buy Home Manufacture. Do You Likewise."
     "This is a Day of Thanksgiving."
     "Dallas Welcomes Enterprise."
     "Everybody Talks of Dallas."
     "What the Erie Canal is to New York the Trinity is to Texas."
     "Dallas, the Hub of Texas."
     "Like Ancient Rome we Invite the World to Come Here and Bring their Gods Along."
     "Every Dollar Spent in Buying Home Products is a Dollar Added to Your Circulation."
     "Before Buying an Article Ask if It is Made in Dallas. If It is, Buy It."
     "Our Factories Are the Sinews of Our Strength. It is to Your Interest to Patronize Them."
     "Hurrah for Wolff, the Peter the Hermit of Trinity Navigation."
     "Hurrah for Commodore Duncan."
     "Hurrah for Commodore Griffith."
     "Hurrah for Commodore Mitchell."
     "Hurrah for the Directors of the Trinity Navigation Company."
     "Hurrah for the Press."
     "Hurrah for the Captain of the Harvey."
     "Hurrah for the Captain of the Snag Boat."
     "Hurrah for the Dallas."
     "Hip! Hip! Hurrah!"
     "Our First Allegiance is to Our City."
     "Dallas Never Stands Still."
     "Our Motto is Progress."
     "Inspect What We Have Got."
     "The Most Advantageously Situated City in America."
     "The Death Rate is Only 12 to the 1000 Inhabitants."
     "We Have 80 Miles of Cement Sidewalks."
     "We Have 40 Miles of Paved Streets."
     "We Have 29 Factories Operated by Electricity."
     "Finest Public School System in the South."
     "Ratio of Illiteracy Less Than One Per Cent Among the Negroes."
     "Finest School Buildings in the South."
     "By Mutual Action and by Mutual Aid, Great Deeds are Done and Mammoth Cities Made."
     "The Wise New Backbone From the Wise Acquire, and One Hard Worker Fans Another's Fire."
     "Talk Up Your Town."
     "An Exhaustless Supply of Artesian Water."
     "All Praise to the Contributors of Navigation."
     "Welcome the strangers."
     "Welcome the Railroads."
     "Welcome Galveston."
     "Welcome Houston."
     "Welcome Gainesville."
     "Welcome Greenville."
     "Welcome Sherman."
     "Welcome McKinney."
     "Welcome, the Panhandle."
     "Welcome, Wills Point."
     "Welcome, Fort Worth."
     "Welcome, Hillsboro."
     "Welcome, Terrell."
     "Welcome, Temple."
     "Welcome, Cleburne."
     "Welcome, Kaufman."
     "Welcome, Ennis."
     "Welcome, Corsicana."
     "Welcome, Waxahachie."
     "Welcome, Waco."
     "Welcome, Paris."
     "Welcome, Denison."
     "Welcome Governor."
     "Welcome the Army Engineers."
     "Welcome the Towns on the Trinity."
     "A Welcome to Everybody."
     "Welcome New Enterprises."
     "The Greatest Field in the South for Manufactures."
     "Manufacturers Get Coal at $1.60 a Ton. See the City's Contract."
     "Manufacturing Pays 20 Per Cent Dividend in Dallas."
     "Our Resources are the Greatest in the World."
     "Dallas the Best Finished City in the South."
     "City Taxes Only $1.50 and Dallas Bonds Retired Yearly."
     "The Finest Water Works in the South. Daily Pumping Capacity 30,000,000 Gallons."
     "Dallas Owns Its Own Water Works."
     "The Value of the Public Property of Dallas is Equal to Its Bonded Indebtedness."
     "The Finest Public and Private Buildings in the Southwest."
     "Dallas, the Grain Center of the Southwest."
     "Dallas has a System of Grain Elevators Scattered Through the Grain District as Feeders to its Home Elevators."
     "E. C. Stanard has made Dallas the Center for Grinding in the Southwest."
     "Dallas has the Largest State Fair in America."
     "Read what Jay Gould said about Dallas."
     "You find Dallas Manufactures in all the Western States and Territories."
     "The Texas Farmers are out of Debt."
     "No Conflict Between Capital and Labor Here. The Wealthy Manufacturers of Dallas Started with Nothing."
     "Sound the loud timbrels
          O'er Egypt's dark sea;
     Our ship is in port,
          And our people are free."
     "We can Transport Iron as Ballast."
     "Dallas has 200 Public Arc Lights."
     "Texas is Remote from all Outside Centers of Production."
     "No Rivalry to Home Manufacturers."
     "The Finest Equipped Pay Fire Department in the Southwest. Gamewell System."
     "Police Department, 48 strong, has a Mounted Force."
     "The Headquarters for Everything Solid in Texas. Come to the River Bank and Celebrate."
     "The Eye of the Country is on Dallas."
     "Our Feet are Planted on Solid Prosperity and not Wind."
     "Bring Your Fat Cattle and Hogs to Our Packing House."
     "We are a Band of Brothers."
     "Make the Welkin Ring."
     "Read What the Postoffice Tells About Dallas."
     "A Dozen new Factories Coming Here."
     "Three Cheers for Dallas."
     "Look at Our Granite Buildings."
     "Inspect Our Miles of Beautiful Suburbs."
     "We are Marching to Progress."
     "Onward to Victory."
     "Our Shoulders are to the Wheel."
     "Dallas, the Beehive of Texas."
     "Oak Cliff Shows up Fine."
     "Strike the Iron While 'tis Hot."
     "Dallas Talks to the World in the Language of facts. Read the Census."
     "We want a Bonded Warehouse."
     "We want a Tanyard."
     "We Want a Rubber Factory."
     "We Want a Shoe Factory."
     "We Want a Furniture Factory."
     "We Want a Cracker Factory."
     "We Want a Broom and Ax Handle Factory."
     "We Want a Wagon Factory."
     "We Want a Vitrified Pipe Kiln."
     "We Want a Terra Cotta Factory."
     "We Want a Soda Factory."
     "We Want Several Hard Wood Factories."
     "We Want a Packing Box Factory."
     "We Want a Broom Factory."
     "We Want a Knitting Factory."
     "We Want a Woolen Mill."
     "We Want a Foundry for Railroad Material."
     "We want a Starch Manufactory."
     "We Want a Glass Factory."
     "We Want a Boiler Manufactory."
     "We Want a Stove Factory."
     "We Want a Shot Tower."
     "We Want a Candle Factory."
     "We Want a Nail Mill."
     "We Want a Barbed Wire Factory."
     "We Want Car Shops."
     "We Want a Sugar Refinery."
     "We Want a Piano Factory."
     "We Want Car Works."
     "We Want Spoke Works."
     "We Want a Pottery."
     "We Want Cutlery Works."
     "We Want a Brush Factory."
     "Give Us Saw Mills on the Trinity."
     "We Want a Tobacco Factory."
     "We Want a Dry Kiln."
     "Welcome the Harvey."
     "Welcome the Snag Boat."
     "What Helps Dallas, Helps Texas."
     "Now for the Locks and Dams."
     "We Must Have Permanent Navigation."
     "Onward to the _____."
     "List to the Hymn of Industry."
     "There are no Drones in Our Line."
     "We are on Dress Parade."
     "How We Apples Swim."
     "Just Think of Our Natural Advantages."
     "This Caps the Climax."
     "Our Problem in Solved."
     "Dallas is the Manufacturing Center of the Southwest."

At the Picnic Grounds.

     The Crowd!
     It was immense!
     There never was
     Anything like it before
     In the whole state of Texas.
     When the crowd was scattered along three main streets and the cross streets jammed, the crowd was estimated at 40,000 to 50,000.
     But, since they have tried to "gather at the river," the estimates have swelled, and six figures are now used in all estimates.
     After the break-up of the procession, the crowd started across the river to the picnic grounds.
     Then commenced a blockade at Commerce street bridge, which lasted from 2:10 to 5 o'clock, it oft requiring half an hour of patient and persistent effort to get a vehicle over the bride in either direction.
     At 3:30, the cannon gave the signal for the start of the Harvey and Snag boat, and at 3:45, the two boats arrived in the shade of the trees below Commerce street bridge. The cheers of the thousands of men and boys was deafening and lasted ten minutes.
     The bands played.
     The snagboat came first, and on it were a dozen pretty girls, costumed in sailor blue and white.
     As the Harvey came up, a boat was sent ashore and Grand Marshal C. F. Bolanz was taken ashore amid tumultuous applause, which spoke volumes in approval and commendation of the great work accomplished this day under his splendid leadership.
     The party on the boats in charge of Commodore Duncan came ashore and repaired to the grand stand in the grove.
     Here, Marshal Bolanz introduced President Keating of the Navigation Company, who, after appropriate remarks, introduced Mayor Connor, who spoke the enthusiasm of the crowd, and in turn, introduced Judge George Aldredge, the orator of the day, who is now speaking.
     Dinner will follow.

Celebration Notes.

     The E. C. Stanard flour mill had a number of floats full of flour, decorated with wheat and appropriate mottoes, among them: "Has made Dallas the Center for Grinding in the [South]west."
     Hunter & Booso had a beautiful display of electric goods on several floats.
     B. P. Fakes & Co. had a handsome float, containing baby carriages, suggesting of future growth and development.
     The Cotton Mills, Tennison Bros., Padgitts, Schoelkopf and other great houses made great displays. Hundreds of employes in line speaks volumes.
     Sanger Bro.'s display was a mammoth affair. The house has 326 employes and about 40 wagons.
     The Typographical Union showed up well, and with it, the Dallas News had handsome banners and each compositor carried a banner consisting of the first page of the News.
     Gov. Hogg, Congressman Abbott and other notables were conspicuous by their absence.
     Seventy thousand people celebrated to-day in Dallas.
     Garlington's candy display was doubly attractive. It was pleasing to the eye of the old and the handfuls of candy thrown, fell into eager, childish hands.
     The Dallas Bottling Works had a good exhibit of their kind.
     The parade was ten miles long, and eclipsed any demonstration ever made in Texas.
     The Munger Machine Company made a creditable display.
     By unanimous consent, the display made by Smith Bros. carried off the honors. The Trinity river steamer mounted on a float was the most unique, as well as the most artistic, display by any firm in the city.
     Sanger Bros. had several floats and more than a dozen wagons, including their delivery wagons, gaily decorated. One large float, with anchors and beautiful decorations, contained the information, that in 1872, the firm had eleven employes; in 1880, 97; in 1885, 221, and in 1893, there are 328 people employed in that mammoth establishment, which, alone, is typical of the growth of this city.
     C. E. Momand & Bro., grocers, were in it with a clown, wagon and fine decorated deliveries.
     Louis F. Rick, a very attractive furniture float.
     The piano firms were all in the procession strong.
     Parks & Bradford had a grocer's float.
     There is a great crowd at the grounds this afternoon. Thousands have visited the Harvey, and the Great Eastern, itself, was never more admired than the trim little steamer.
     Trinity Navigator Wolff is the biggest man in Texas.
     Grand Marshal Bolanz is the Napoleon of navigators after the success which has attended his work for the past two months. He is a world-beater.
     The Knights of Pythias, German societies and Elks were out in shape.
     Chief Arnold and his force made an imposing demonstration.
     Marshal Smith and the Oak Cliff section of the parade were not slow, and don't you forget it.
     The butchers of the city were in line.
     The colored people made a very imposing demonstration.
     Salvos of artillery awakened the echoes this afternoon; gifted orators aroused the enthusiasm of the people and a corps of waiters saw that the hungry were satisfied and the thirst of parched throats quenched.
     The Texas Floral company had a beautiful exhibit surmounted with a miniature steamer Harvey of white and colored flowers.
     Munger Gin company had a good machinery exhibit, followed by their force.

- May 24, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
p. 1 col. 3-6; continued on p. 2, col. 1-5.
- o o o -

Added February 8, 2004:
TRINITY NAVIGATION.

______

A System of Locks and Dams Adopted by
Trinity Navigation Company.

     The Trinity River Navigation Company, yesterday, adopted a system of locks and dams, which is based upon reports of the United States engineers, but modified in detail by the company to suit the special case of the Trinity. Mr. Wereinskoild is now formulating the plans as agreed upon. The dams will be composed of piling and puddling, and the gates of wood and iron, with a preponderance of the latter. The first dam will be put in at McCommas' Bluff, 15 miles below the Commerce street bridge. It is estimated that this dam will raise the river fifteen feet on an average, and put four feet of water on the shoals below the Commerce street bridge. Work will begin on this dam next week, and if the people will pay their subscriptions promptly, two other dams will be constructed simultaneously with the first. These three dams will give slack water navigation as far as the crossing of Texas Midland railroad, a distance of 60 miles. The company hope to have the first dam completed by the middle of September, or first of October, at the outside. Advertisements are already out for piling, wagons, teams, etc., and estimates will be given Tuesday.

- July 1, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
- o o o -

Trinity Dam.

     The temporary dam across the river, just below the mouth of White Rock creek, is composed of three rows of piling and is solid and substantial, and will hold all the water that comes down. The river is slowly rising above the dam and will shortly be deep enough to float the Harvey in the shallowest place.

- July 17, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
- o o o -

TRINITY DAMS
______

Workmen Rushing the Construction Be-
low Wilmer.

     J. Roll Johnson, of Seagoville, is in the city to-day. Speaking of the Trinity navigation, he said: "Workmen are clearing out the bed of the river between Wilmer and the head of Bois d'Arc Island. Next week, they will begin on the dam just at the head of the Island. The old dam, the first one constructed, which gave way during the recent rise, has been repaired and is stronger than ever."
     Speaking of crops, Mr. Johnson said: "In our section of the state, we have been blessed with the finest crops for years. The problem that confronts the farmer now, is this sufficient funds to move the crops? The outlook is unfavorable for those who have not the money to either move their crops or hold them for better prices"

- August 14, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 2.
- o o o -



1894
DALLAS IS A
BIG RIVER TOWN.

_______

THE SUNDAY EXCURSIONS ON THE
HARVEY PROVE THE CLAIM.

_______

Yesterday Was a Big Day on Deck and at
the Landing--An Appropriation by
Congress and More Steamboats
the Watchword.

     If anybody doubts that Dallas is a "big river town," he should have been at the steamboat landing when the Harvey departed for McComas' bluff in the morning and returned in the evening yesterday.
     That prairie suburb to the west of us, Fort Worth, would have died of envy could she have witnessed the sight.


- April 7, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8

     

     At 9 o'clock, when the Harvey's bridge was hauled in, every spot on the upper and lower decks was occupied. The full registered capacity for passengers, 150 in number, had been taken on board and twice as many more, with lunches and other preparations for the excursion and outing, were turned away. In fact, three steamers could have been run instead of one. The Navigation Company will have to increase its fleet or disappoint its friends. The suggestion has been made that a couple of barges for excursion use be procured.
     It was a jolly crowd that went down to the bluff. There were private lunches, steamboat refreshments, string band music and lots of private conviviality and general sociability.
     J. A. Heard filled the double capacity of captain and pilot, and he was a success as a navigator equal to Columbus.
     Sam Loving was the engineer and he kept the Harvey steamed up in genuine Jim Bludso fashion.
     Secretary Leo Wolfson made a model purser, and in a general way, acted as master of ceremonies of the social function.
     The day was spent most pleasantly at the bluff and the excursionists received a royal welcome on their return at 5:15. Trinity river bridge, at the foot of Commerce street, was alive with persons who had come on foot, on horseback and in carriages. All classes of the people were there, from O'Houlihan with his "galways," which Puck would have envied and copied, to "me lady," in her victoria. The small boy was there by the hundreds and made things lively during the wait as only the small boy can. He lined the river bank and climbed the bridge cables and used his lungs. When the Harvey's whistle shrieked as she came 'round the bend a mile below the city, the small boy, in unison, echoed back the tooting.
     When the landing was reached, almost underneath the Commerce street bridge, Secretary Wolfson played the Chesterfield in top grade style. In his left hand, he held the tin box containing the coin of the realm that represented the Navigation Company's harvest for the day, while with his right, he steadied the lady passengers by the arm as they disembarked down the narrow and nerve-testing gang plank.
     The navigation of the Trinity is daily being demonstrated as an established fact. What is next in order, is a big appropriation by Congress and more steamboats.
     Congressman Joe Abbott's attention is called to what is going on here at Dallas, and then he should pull for the appropriation and a port of entry.
     We need these things in our business and must have them.

- April 9, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
- o o o -

MORE RAILROADS
AND STEAMBOATS.

_______

THE SUPREME OPPORTUNITY IN
THE CAREER OF DALLAS.

_____

On to Metropolitan Proportions or Back to
a Sleepy Town are the Alternatives
Submitted by the Present
Situation.

     The navigation of the Trinity is no longer an experiment. Twenty miles of the smallest, narrowest and most doubtful part of the stream is now being successfully navigated, the steamer Harvey making regular daily trips between Dallas and the dam. From a point three miles below Dallas, the river expands into a beautiful, deep stream in which the boat can turn round at any place. The mean depth of the water, at the shallowest point, namely at the old ford a short distance below the Commerce street wharf, is six feet, which is four feet to spare, as the Harvey, with 390 passengers aboard, only draws two feet.
     The Harvey carried the lumbermen to the dam yesterday afternoon, making the run each way in two hours. This morning, there were seventy-six excursionists aboard the steamer, several picnic and fishing parties being included among the number. To-morrow will be the big excursion day. Over 100 tickets have been purchased by the county officials and their clerical forces, who will take their families along.
     The successful navigation of the first twenty miles of the Trinity is of more significance to Dallas, if properly appreciated and utilizes by the citizens, than any other achievement of her patriotic citizens. The navigation of the river solves the freight problem, which is the chief drawback to the city at present. The navigation project is in the hands of Messrs. Duncan, Keating and Griffith, who have the confidence of the community, and there is no reason why they should not have the aid and co-operation of the entire city, particularly, as the city will be the only winner.
     What is necessary, is one more dam, twenty miles below the first one, and a congressman who will labor for an appropriation.

______

     The committee who are endeavoring to raise the $35,000 required to construct a terminal road, as a condition of securing to Dallas the Cotton Belt, the Rock Island, the Fort Worth and Denver, the Fort Worth and Rio Grande the Palestine and Dallas and the Dallas and Southeastern, are hard at work. They are not raising the money as fast as they could have done during the boom, but they are slowly getting $50 and $100 at a time, and have hopes of raising it in a few weeks.
     The citizens realize the importance, both of the navigation and the terminal scheme, and they are contributing as liberally as their fortunes will admit. Every citizen should contribute what he can, even $10 and $20 contributions will help out.

____

     At the meeting last Wednesday night, of the Central Industrial Council, the following resolution was adopted without a dissenting voice:
     Resolved, that the Texas Central Industrial Council heartily endorses the efforts of the Dallas Commercial club to secure better railroad facilities for this city; that we believe the enterprise to be a pressing one and the action of the club most opportune; and further, that we pledge ourselves to render these men all the assistance in our power to make the movement a success; that ample railroad facilities, in connection with the navigation of the Trinity, will add greatly to the wealth of the city, and therefore cannot but conduce to the best interests, the happiness and prosperity of the people.
                                       J
AMES FITZGERALD,
                                       J
AMES SCOTT,
                                                 Press Committee.

_____

     The lumbermen came in last night in high spirits from their trip to the dam at McComas bluff on the Harvey, and all converted to the faith that the Trinity is navigable.
     At the banquet at the Oriental last night, William Cameron, of Waco, the capitalist and lumberman, said, in answer to the toast, "To The Ladies:" "While I hold the ladies in high esteem, I must stop awhile to mention the fact that Dallas, in navigating the Trinity, has done one of the greatest things ever known, not only for this hustling city, but for Texas."
     When a man so gallant as is Col. Cameron places the ladies second to the river, there is little danger of his backsliding.

- April 13, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
- o o o -

IT'S THE AMAZON
OF TEXAS RIVERS.

_______

THE TRINITY AND ITS UNDEVEL-
OPED POSSIBILITIES.

_______

Every Day adds to the Conviction That it
Can be Made a Grand Navigable Water-
way--The Trip on the Harvey Yesterday.

     More than 200 excursionists were aboard the Harvey yesterday morning when she weighed anchor and started for McComas' Bluff. The number of passengers which the boat is now allowed to carry, is 250. The Navigation Company removed a lot of heavy and cumbersome machinery and otherwise improved the boat, and the steamboat inspector at Galveston readily granted a permit to increase the carrying capacity from 150 to 250. The latter number of passengers are now more comfortably carried than 150 were before, and with absolute safety.
     The people of Dallas who have not made the trip to McCommas' Bluff have not the remotest idea of what they have in the shape of a navigable river. Every person who can possibly get away for the day should make the trip. There is six feet of water at the shallowest point, and in the greater part of the stream, the average depth is from twelve to fifteen feet, and in many long stretches, it will reach twenty to thirty feet. There is ample room for steamers to pass each other going up and down stream.
     The Navigation Company should press the claims of the Trinity before Congress for a place in the river and harbor bill before it is reported to the house for action. The business community of Dallas should, through the Commercial Club, or other agency, make a special appeal to Congressman Jo Abbott and Senators Coke and Mills, to give this matter their immediate and energetic personal attention. With what has been already accomplished, $50,000 spent on the river between here and McComas' Bluff, will make that part of the river one of the best and most important waterways of the country. It would largely solve the lumber problem for Texas, and completely solve the firewood problem for Dallas. The Trinity is the Amazon of this state and should be developed on the lines that Nature has made so feasible.
     Talk about the Amazon and the Congo; why, South American and the continent of Africa are not "in it" with Texas, if anything like the proper thing is done for the Trinity. These are not random, buncombe remarks, but are facts as seen by a T
IMES-HERALD representative who went on the trip to the bluff yesterday and took close observation on the way.
     A lumberman, in discussing the matter, put it very tersely this way:
     "Improve the Trinity to the extent that it should be and the lumber question is settled. Dallas is now paying 20 cents a hundred for lumber from the Southeast Texas pineries, or from $80 to $100 a car, which is almost as much as is charged from the same section to Omaha. One barge on the Trinity would carry as much as twelve cars, and the transportation would cost less than the one car by rail. Any number of barges could be placed in the lumber transportation service and hauled by tugs. It is easy to see what a great blessing this one item would be to the lumber and building trades."
     At McComas' Bluff, there is good natural picnic grounds, and a short distance below the dam, the fishing is excellent. Jack Duncan, who is in charge of the Navigation Company's forces, said yesterday that he will, at once, put up a large tent and see that ample eating refreshments are dispensed on the grounds for excursionists desiring them.
     When the Harvey reached the city at 6 p. m. yesterday, it looked as if the entire population of Dallas had turned out on a holiday excursion. Nearly 100 private carriages were on the west bank of the river extending for nearly a mile below the landing. Commerce street bridge was packed full and the banks of the river were lined.
     The St. Matthew's Cathedral organ fund excursion and basket picnic comes off on Wednesday. Tickets are for sale at Sanger Bros.' and Glover's jewelry store.

- April 16, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5-6.
- o o o -

Added February 14, 2004:
To Tow Up a Log Raft.

     The Harvey carried no passengers this morning when she departed for the dam at 8:45 from whence, this evening, she will tow up to her Commerce street landing, a large consignment of logs, in the shape of an immense raft.

- May 28, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added January 19, 2004:
RIVER NEWS.

     The gauge showed a depth of 9 1/2 feet in the Trinity yesterday evening at 6 o'clock.
     The new steamer, Dallas, got up steam yesterday evening and made a trial trip up the river to the waterworks dam and returned. Her officers express entire satisfaction over the way she performed. After some of the minor details of her re-fitment shall have been completed, she will be ready to go into commission. The government steamboat inspectors are daily expected in Dallas from Galveston.
     The public should keep in mind the Oak Cliff Christian church excursion on the Harvey on Thursday, June 7. This excursion is for the benefit of the church building, which was wrecked by a storm last winter. All friends of the church are invited to avail themselves of this occasion to enjoy a pleasant steamboat ride, and at the same time, assist in a worthy cause. Tickets will be found on sale at the Oak Cliff drug stores, Tenth street station, Bumpas & Kirby's drug store in Dallas, and at the steamboat landing on the morning of the excursion. The boat has been especially chartered for this trip, and it will be gala day for the children.

- June 5, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
- o o o -

Added January 23, 2004:
RIVER NEWS.

     A picnic will be held at McComas Bluff on the Fourth of July. The Navigation Company boats will make two trips in the morning for the benefit of excursionists from the city.
     The steamer Harvey has been equipped with electric lights, and will make her first night excursion to-morrow evening. Forty-five couples of young people will enjoy the moonlight trip and the ball. Prof. Day's band will furnish the music.

- June 19, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
- o o o -

TRINITY NAVIGATION.
______

Interesting History of Early Efforts
to Navigate the Upper
Trinity.

______

First Boat Built in 1852 -- Suspension
in Navigation Followed by a Suspen-
sion in Cotton Raising.

     Capt. W. L. Murphy, for many years a resident of Dallas, but now of Lincoln, Neb., has sent The News the following history of the early navigation of the Trinity river:
     Lincoln, Neb., Dec. 23. -- [To The News.] -- It was not until the year 1852 that any attempt was made to navigate the upper Trinity. Magnolia, opposite Palestine, and Parker's Bluff, a short distance above, were the highest points to which steamboats ascended. Still further up the river, near the mouth of Richland creek in Navarro county, keel and other like small boats were poled to Runnyon's Landing, to which point merchandise was carried by these small crafts as transfer freight from the steamboats at Magnolia and Parker's Bluff landings. In the early spring of 1852, two of the leading and enterprising mercantile firms of Dallas, viz., J. W. Smith & Co. and C. W. Adams & Co., caused to be built at Dallas, a keel boat, on which they placed 128 bales of cotton produced by the farmers of Dallas county. The cotton was consigned to Galveston factors and Capt. A. C. Haught [afterward sheriff of Dallas county] was put in command as master. About the 1st of April, the "Dallas Keel" was duly fitted up with provisions and a working crew taken on board and the boat headed for Galveston. Quite a large number of farmers and other citizens on both sides of the river volunteered with axes, saws and other tools, and for weeks, assisted in cutting a passage through the rafts that had formed in many places along the river. With this generous assistance, the 'Dallas Keel', about the 1st of May, arrived at Porter's Bluff in Navarro county. The very low stage of water at this time necessitated a tie-up, and as the usual May rise in the river failed to put in an appearance, the master made the customary protest and the trip to Galveston was abandoned. J. W. Smith & Co. reconsigned their cotton and had it transported by land with ox wagons to Messrs. Allen & Bagby of Houston. Messrs. C. W. Adams & Co., having chartered the steamboat Nick Hill, loaded with assorted merchandise, mostly salt, for the "port of Dallas," at this time was only a few miles below Porter's Bluff, pulling away and cutting through the obstructions, they held their cotton for the Nick Hill's return trip, and a few days later, she reached Porter's Bluff and discharged her cargo. But, owing to the continued low stage of the water, she did not attempt to go further or to return, but went into summer quarters, where she remained until a considerable rise in August enabled her to float down stream once more, loaded with the C. W. Adams & Co. cotton and some pecans and hides consigned to their Galveston house. The boat made a safe and successful return to Galveston.
     This was the beginning and the ending of the navigation of the upper Trinity for almost fifteen years, and so, it was the ending of cotton raising in Dallas county for sixteen years. Not until the year 1868, was there a bale of cotton produced in the county, or in northern Texas, on that account, except in some of the counties bordering on Red river. During the year 1868, a Mr. Sanderson, a recent newcomer from the state of Mississippi, farming on Spring creek in Dallas county, planted, and with the aid of his boys, produced sufficient bales of cotton to sell for the sum of $3000, all paid to him in $20 gold pieces. Mr. Sanderson's $3000 success was noised all through the neighborhood. The farmers who were raising wheat and selling it for 60 to 75 cents per bushel the following season, put in as much as 600 acres in cotton in that immediate neighborhood, and for the year 1869, Dallas county produced 1200 bales of cotton, which was hauled in wagons to Bryan, Tex., the head of the Houston and Texas Central railroad. From that year on, to the present time, Dallas county farmers have continued to raise cotton, but they have never yet, for the same amount of cotton, reached Sanderson's $3000 gold pile. The whole state of Texas, in 1868, produced less than 146,000 bales of cotton. Now, she makes something like 2,000,000 bales. Again in 1868, the navigation of the upper Trinity came suddenly to the front. The Houston and Texas Central railroad was staying at Bryan and gave little promise or evidence of ever getting to Dallas, so that the urgent necessity for a cheaper transportation than wagon freights gave a new impetus to steamboat enterprises. Both at Galveston and Dallas, efforts were made to open up water communication. Capt. McGarvey started up the Trinity with his little steamboat, "Job No. 2," for Dallas, having on board a small amount of freight, and he succeeded in landing his boat at the foot of Commerce street, where he remained for a short time. After getting a small bonus from the merchants of Dallas, he returned with his boat to Galveston, but we never saw, nor heard from him, afterward.
     About the same time that Job No. 2 arrived at Dallas, a company was formed at Dallas, composed of Messrs. Crossley, Ballard and Royer, all three of them skilled mechanics, who built the steamboat Sallie Haynes and set her afloat to ply between Dallas and Magnolia, there to meet with the steamboats of the lower Trinity. She made the trip to Magnolia and took freight for intermediate points on the river, but she never returned to Dallas. She attempted to do so, and on reaching the mouth of the East Fork of the 'Trinity, tied up to await a rise in the river, but before the rise came, she sprang a leak and sank, never to rise again. Thus ended steamboat enterprises on the upper Trinity.
     In giving this brief history of the efforts made to navigate the upper Trinity, many of the details and interesting incidents connected therewith had to be left out for brevity's sake, but I will add a few incidents and personal observations by way of finishing up the narrative:
     On or about the 1st of June, in company with Mr. W. A. Gold, of the firm of C. W. Adams & Co., and his attorney general, John J. Good, I, as agent for J. W. Smith & Co., together with Capt. A. C. Haught, master of the Keel boat, set out from Dallas, all mounted on horseback, for Porter's Bluff, a distance of sixty miles, to look after the business interest and condition of the Keel boat's cargo. Our first halt was made at the store of James H. Holloway, the only one then in the village of Lancaster, where we obtained a bunch of crackers and cheese, about noon. Our destination for a rest and entertainment for the night was the "Willow Pond," which place we reached at 9 p. m., hungry, thirsty and much fatigued, after a long, hot June day ride. Settlements then were like angel's visits, few and far between. We traveled that afternoon as much as twelve miles without seeing a house or finding water for ourselves or our horses. On arriving at the cabin of our landlord, we staked out our horses to grass. The 800 head of cattle of this ranch, and ourselves, all drank the water from the same pond. The cattle stood in the water to drink, while we dipped ours and drank from a tin cup. The water was both warm and well mixed with black mud, besides other obnoxious-smelling ingredients. The next day, we arrived at Porter's Bluff, where we found the keel boat made fast to a tree. The improvements and business of the bluff were a country store, a blacksmith shop and a two-story frame hotel, the latter kept by Col. Hodge, a recent immigrant from Kentucky. The table and other accommodations were passably good for those early days of the Lone Star state. Here we first met and made the pleasant acquaintance of Capt. Jefferson Peak, Sr., then of Warsaw, Ky., who had made the visit to the state to assist his eldest son, Dr. C. M. Peak, in finding a desirable location in which to practice his profession. Dr. Peak selected Dallas, where he had from the start, a liberal patronage. He only remained in Dallas one year, and then went to Fort Worth for a permanent location. There, he built up a lucrative practice, and with his early investments in Fort Worth real estate, he left to his family, a large and valuable income property. Capt. Jefferson Peak, Sr., returned to Kentucky, and the following year [1853], brought out to Dallas, his entire family. Major Wallace W. Peak, his second son, came in the fall of 1852, and soon thereafter, was elected county clerk of Dallas county. The incident of meeting with Capt. Jefferson Peak, Sr., at Porter's Bluff in connection with the navigation of the upper Trinity is my excuse for the little discussion in mentioning the prominence of the Peak family in the local history of Dallas during the past forty-two years. To write up the local history of Dallas without mentioning the Peak family would be like the play of Hamlet with Hamlet left out.
                                                                W. L. M
URPHY.

- December 25, 1894, The Dallas Morning News, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -

1896
Will Repair the Harvey.

     The contractors who have had the work of repairing the Harvey in charge will soon start down the river to the dam, taking along with them, a photographic apparatus. With this, they will take views along the river. On reaching the dam, the Harvey will be inspected, with a view of repairing it and getting it in shape, so that excursions may be run down the river this summer. If the work is deemed feasible, a regular pleasure resort will be laid off at the dam, and a neat park fitted.

- April 28, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 8, col. 6.
- o o o -

1903
FIRST TRIP
OF NEW BOAT

_______

The Frank P. Holland Made
a Dry Land
Voyage.

_______

Small Boys were Present at the
Launching. Commodore
Duncan Pleased with
Conditions.

     The first trip of the government supply boat, "Frank P. Holland," ever made was for about half a mile on dry land, the latter part of last week. The voyage was from a lumber yard in South Dallas to the river bank, where the craft was launched without the breaking of the customary bottle of champagne across its bows, or the usual ceremonies that take place when one of Uncle Sam's boats takes the initial plunge.
     Persons who traveled across the long bridge last Friday viewed the unusual sight of a sixty-seven foot boat being hauled overland with ships' carpenters working the hull while she was moving. The government is rushing the completion of the snug little steamer, and the sound of the hammer was mingled with the creaking of the windlass that was wound around and around by a strong pair of mules. The boat, without its engines, was mounted on four pairs of huge rollers, similar to the kind used in house moving, and dragged through the river bottom to an easy launching place at the bank of the Trinity.
     "Let 'er go!" was all the speechmaking done as she slid off the ways into the placid Trinity, but Chief Steam Engineer Roscoe, an Irish-American who has seen service off Santiago, murmured, "Good luck to 'er."
     "She's a good boat," said Engineer Roscoe to a Times Herald reporter, "and she is going to give a good account of herself. Why, I've gone to sea in worse boats than her. There is plenty of model to the 'Holland.' Notice those curves and that bow. They are not as graceful as a racing yacht, but it beats anything in these parts."
      The "Holland" is sixty-seven feet over all, which includes the paddle wheel at the stern. The width is eighteen feet and when loaded, the boat will draw twelve inches of water.


STEAMER FRANK P. HOLLAND

     The boiler is to be set well forward in the craft, while the two engines of twenty horse power each are to be placed in the stern. The speed will be from eight to twelve knots, which is considered good time for a river boat. The boiler and engines are to be put in place this week under the direction of Engineer Roscoe, who arrived in Dallas last Thursday from Galveston. The engineer is a small man, not more than five feet tall, but he has seen many years of hard service on the seas. He has been in the mechanical department of the naval service for the past twelve years, and before that time, he was in the merchant's service. He has made Galveston his port since 1872. Engineer Roscoe will superintend the placing of the boiler and engine in the "Holland." He has just completed a sister boat to the "Frank P.," which is now plying the Brazos. Both crafts are of almost the same pattern.
     The Dallas steamboat was begun about the middle of last September by a local cabinet maker, but he turned the job over to the government again, and since that time, Builder Delahunty of Galveston, and a corps of men have been in charge of the construction work. The "Holland" is thoroughly sea worthy and can be trusted to safely do battle with the ocean waves. The deck has been caulked until it sheds water like a duck's back, and a cabin is to be built that will afford shelter and sleeping room to the crew that will make her. The pilot house is to be located well forward and will be five feet above the deck to give the steersman every opportunity to see ahead. It will be ten days before Superin-
tendent Harris, in charge of the river crews, who are clearing the channel and banks of the Trinity of snags and other obstructions, will be given charge of the boat in condition for active service. A picket service will then be inaugurated between Dallas and "down-river points," where the government crews are working. Supplies will be carried from here to the men and it will not be long before the shrill whistle of the "Holland" will be the signal for the small boys to make a stampede to the river bank. A gang of young Americans have watched, with deep interest and pride, the development of the boat while it was being constructed, and a large delegation of them were present at the launching. They have bothered the workmen with numerous questions, until many of them can now explain every detail of the boat's construction.
     The snag puller, "W. C. Wolfe," is now located about thirty-five miles down the river, hauling out obstructions and the shore gangs of men are busy chopping out overhanging timber along the banks. Superintendent Harris, who is in charge of the boat and the men, was in Dallas for a few days last week and he stated that he was very much pleased with the progress being made.
     The exact location of the men is known only to the government engineer's office in Galveston, by a system of charts. The river is charged from the Commerce street bridge to its mouth, showing every bend and variation correctly. Copies of these charts are kept both at Galveston and aboard the "W. C. Wolfe," and Superintendent Harris marks his location daily and reports it to headquarters.
     Commodore S. W. S. Duncan was seen yesterday in regard to the river improvements, and he seemed more than pleased with the outlook for navigation on the Trinity at an early date.
     "Why, we will soon be able to navigate respectable sized boats several months in the year without locks and dams," he said. "The government has $300,000 to spend between now and August 1 on the river, and the engineers are going to rush the work. Superintendent Harris will be given as many men as he can handle, with instructions to clear out the channel from Dallas to the Gulf.
     "A part of this money will be spent on locks and dams. Locks are to be put in at the White Rock shoals, 170 miles from the mouth of the river, immediately. Another snag boat will be put in commission and the entire length of the river will be the scene of the most intense activity, for the next few months.
     "Assistant Engineer W. A. Watt of Galveston, was here the other day to give instructions to Superintendent Harris to push his work and also to make inspections. There never was a better outlook for Trinity river navigation than right at the present time."

- November 29, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 9, col. 1.
- o o o -

1904

COMMODORE DUNCAN

COMMODORE
DUNCAN HERE

_______

He Returned From Washington
Yesterday Afternoon.

________

HE IS ENTHUSIASTIC
_______

Outlook For Canalization of the Trinity
is Extremely Bright--An
Interview.

     Commodore S. W. S. Duncan, who has been in Washington during the last four months in the interest of Trinity river navigation, returned to Dallas yesterday afternoon. The commodore is looking hale and hearty and he is very optimistic in regard to the canalization of the Trinity by the federal government.
     When seen by a reporter, he said: "Congress did not take up the river and harbors bill at the last session. My work was appearing before the committee on rivers and harbors at its numerous sessions and stating our position in regard to the matter. Colonel Cowart and myself were given ample opportunity to file arguments in defense of the Trinity, and we were always accorded a fair hearing.
     "The outlook is extremely bright, and I believe we are now on the road to final success. I believe that congress will appropriate more money for the rivers and harbors at the next session than ever before, and I think that the Trinity will get its share of it.
     "Col. R. E. Cowart, who has been my colleague in Washington, will remain there several weeks before returning to Dallas.
     "Congressman T. E. Burton of Ohio, who is chairman of the rivers and harbors committee, may come to Texas this summer for the purpose of making a personal inspection of the Texas projects. There is no politics in this committee, and I consider its members a fine body of men. Mr. Burton is one of the ablest men in the house and understands his business thoroughly.
     "I feel confident that the Trinity river project is all right, and its merits are fully understood by the Washington government.
     "Yes, I heard of the trip made by a number of Dallas business men on the Frank P. Holland the other day, but that was not surprising to me in the least, as I have been up and down the river on steamboats a number of times."
     Commodore Duncan held a conference with Commodores C. A. Keating and Tom Griffiths yesterday afternoon, and all three of the Trinity river enthusiasts seemed highly elated with the prospects.

- April 10, 1904, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 19, col. 1.
- o o o -

1911
URGES ACTION TOWARD
WIDENING OF TRINITY

________

MR. HEPPNER SAYS DALLAS PEO-
PLE SHOULD GET TOGETHER.

________

Engineers to Be Here Soon and Ques-
tion Should Be Settled -- Opposes
Additional Obstructions

To The News,
     West Dallas needs a street car line. There has been a crying necessity for one for twenty years. In 1889, a St. Louis Company started one in the right place -- from the foot of Main street, and the roadbed was put in shape for four miles west of the city. Trestling was used across the bottoms, but before the road was finished, it was found that the piling was not high enough. This difficulty, and others, finally decided the company to sell the property. They sold out to Marsalis, who changed the route to run to Oak Cliff, instead of across the hills west of the city.
     A petition has been presented to the County Commissioners, asking for a right of way on the north side of the pike as far west as the Eagle Ford road, thence down the center of the pike, westward to a point near the old Fisher place. The roadcap is, at present, only twenty feet wide where the street car company wants to put their line on the road. Along the pike from the river to the Eagle Ford road, the line is to be trestled four or five feet high, and it looks to me like one would be compelled to crawl under the trestle in order to see the land on the north side of the pike.
     This pike is built wrong, as it is. The openings for flood waters are too few and too narrow. The Texas and Pacific dump has openings aggregating 1,675 feet, while the pike only has 800 feet of openings. I have seen the time when flood waters were two feet lower on the south side of the pike than on the north side, which went to show that the openings were inadequate to carry the volume of water which comes down the river.
     The pike across the bottoms has been built up to a level with the road in front of my house, and if the proposed line should elevate their tracks above the pike across the bottoms, it strikes me they may have to swim their cars from the west end of their trestle to the foot of the hill in case of very high water. I am against placing any other obstructions to the water in the bottoms in the way of embankments. The fact that I suffered from two floods that everybody said should not have injured me, caused me to make an investigation, and the truth of the matter is, that since the Santa Fe embankment was put across the bottoms in 1882, another, and another, obstruction has been placed above it, until there is nothing left for the water, but to run out over the higher ground until it can slowly run through the scant openings provided for it.
     It is now only a question of our getting another rise like the flood of 1908, and I dare say water will cover the court house square.
     After the flood of 1890, I spoke to many people about the plan of getting the river widened or building levees on both sides to protect everything, but no one would pay any attention to me. After the 1908 flood, we got together and organized the Trinity River Levee and Drainage Club and sent petitions to trustees and to the Legislature. These petitions had 365 signatures asking that bonds be issued for these improvements. The money for the bonds has been in the City National Bank over two years, and now is the time for the city of Dallas and the railroads to move the river and make room for the Union Depot and railroad yard facilities according to Mr. Kessler's plans. I understand that the State engineers, who are making the topographical surveys, will be here some time this month, and, now is the time for the people of Dallas to get together and determine what they want the engineers to include in their survey.
     We need 1,500 feet right of way for the river. My plans have always called for 1,000 feet with a levee on both sides, built on a gentle slope of one foot rise every four feet. With an adequate bridge across this, there will be room for wagon and street car traffic with only a gentle climb on either end of the bridge.
     The drain ditches outside these levees can be used for irrigation water for the rich lands adjoining, and I venture to say, that when market gardeners have begun to utilize this land, that each acre will net from $500 to $1,000 a year in vegetables and fruit. The crooks in the river can thus be straightened out and the horseshoe bends can easily be converted into reservoirs.
     Provision can readily be made for steamboat anchorage and slips, on account of the method of building the levees. It might be better not to fill the channel of the river where it is now, as this cut might, in time, come in handy for a tunnel, whereby fast freights and other fast trains might save much time in entering and departing from the city. Arches above this would extend the building area along what is now the water front.
     It is now up to the people to work together, and pull just one way for the benefit of Dallas, and then Dallas will be a great city. C. W. H
EPPNER.

- November 11, 1911, Dallas Morning News, p. 4, col. 5.
- o o o -

1914
POISONING THE TRINITY RIVER.

[Editorial]

     IN the State Fair art exhibit is a picture that attracts much attention.      It is called the "Poisoned Pool." It pictures a crack-lipped man drinking from water polluted with a deadly pollution.
     The picture commands the interest of aversion.
     It attracts because it repels.
     The great interest it has for even the uninitiate in art is caused by the fact that it represents nature's laws being twisted awry.
     Water, the life saver, is made water, the death bringer.
     The other day, the waters of the Trinity river were polluted by some substance so deadly, that numbers of fish were killed.
     Fortunately, the fish dealers of Dallas indignantly declined to handle these fish, else they might have caused the deaths of human beings.
     Fortunately, the city does not get its water supply from this fork of the Trinity, so that another great danger to human life was averted.
     Still, the deadly pollution of the stream was reprehensible enough. We do not know who is to blame.
     But, we would suggest that no city has a moral right to pollute the waters of a stream so that the people of another city are endangered.
     In civilized warfare, poisoning water sources meets with the most utter condemnation, no matter who bitter the warfare may be.
     Surely, in times of peace, one city ought not to be guilty of an act which hostile nations will not stoop to use.

- August 4, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
- o o o -

RIVER BOAT
TIES UP AT
LOCAL WHARF

______

Commodore Duncan Anchors
Below Viaduct Saturday
Afternoon

________

The Commodore Duncan arrived
at its landing below the Oak Cliff
viaduct Saturday afternoon, fin-
ishing its trip from the seaboard,
carrying in addition to its cargo
of cotton and other merchandise, a
number of passengers.

     Among the first cabin passengers, appeared the names of W. M. Holland, mayor of Dallas; Gen. M. M. Crane, John W. Philp, J. R. Babcock, J. J. Simmons, J. R. Cranfill, W. R. Boyd and Commodore S. W. S. Duncan.

Cotton Part of Cargo.
     A part of the cargo consisted of twenty bales of cotton consigned to the Interstate Warehouse Company of Dallas, to be held for Henry D. Lindsley and J. C. Duke, Dallas. The cotton was purchased through J. L. McLung, of Seagoville, at 8.62 cents a pound.
     A return cargo for points down the river is ready for the Commodore Duncan, consisting of government supplies and other merchandise to various parties along the river. The cargo will be loaded at once.

Says Boat Welcome.
     Already, the need of larger docking facilities are felt and the construction of a large dock will be commenced immediately. The Commodore Duncan, formerly the Douglas the III, was in command of Capt. Gray. The boat made the run from Houston to Dallas in an actual running time of seven and one-half days. This included the run down Buffalo Bayou, or the Houston ship channel to Galveston bay and across the bay to the mouth of the Trinity.
     According to Capt. Gray, large plantation owners and timber men along the lower stretches of the river welcome the running of the boat and promise enough shipping to keep the boat busy all the time. Cotton, cord wood and lumber will probably be the chief items handled by the boat.

- September 20, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
- o o o -

Unloading Cotton From Steamboat Commodore Duncan

- Photo by Staff Photographer Frank Rogers. 

     RIVER STEAMER DOCKED BELOW
COMMERCE STREET BRIDGE. 

     The above picture shows the steamboat, Commodore Duncan, docked below the Commerce street bridge. The picture was taken late Saturday evening after the boat had reached its landing below the bridge. As shown in the picture, the boat was being unloaded of its cargo of cotton in preparations for the trip, which it will make down the river, probably Wednesday, with a load of supplies for the workmen on the locks and dams down the river and for planters along the river bank.
     Unusual interest was manifested Sunday by Dallas citizens over the arrival of the boat, large numbers visiting the vessel at her berth at the foot of Commerce street. At daylight, Sunday morning, the crew of the steamer were awakened by callers who desired to come aboard and inspect the craft. From that time on, throughout the day, the men of the crew were busy receiving visitors and answering the hundreds of questions propounded. Every nook and cranny of the Commodore Duncan was thoroughly inspected, visitors even asking that the hammocks, in which the crew slept, be unslung for inspection.

- September 21, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 12, col. 4-6.
- o o o -

Trinity Freight
Traffic Growing

     The Commodore Duncan loaded with a cargo of groceries for merchants at Seagoville and general supplies for government employes at lock and dam No. 1, departed Wednesday afternoon at 5 o'clock for the trip down the Trinity.
     The return trip of the Commodore Duncan to Dallas will be made the latter part of the week. Although no regular schedule has been adopted by the navigation company, the trips up and down the river will be made with increasing frequency as the freight traffic business continues to grow and expand.

- September 24, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -

Return Trip of
Duncan Saturday

     J. R. Babcock, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, announced Friday morning that the Commodore Duncan would probably reach Dallas Saturday afternoon on its return trip from lock and dam No. 1. The Duncan will probably bring a cargo of cotton and freight from Seagoville and other points on the river for delivery at Dallas.
     It is also planned to build freight barges at once for freight service on the Trinity. Mr. Babcock also stated that large quantities of cord wood for the Dallas market would be shipped here in the near future. According to present indications, there will be plenty of work for the Commodore Duncan for many weeks to come.

- September 25, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
- o o o -