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Miscellaneous Articles, Part 1
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 2
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 4
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 5
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 6

(Updated October 16, 2005; added City Payroll, 1906 article)

1893
CITY NOTES.

     The following parties returned last Saturday from the mouth of Bachman's creek and Trinity river, about 17 miles up the river, and report that they caught 300 pounds of fish in three day's time: Uncle Bill Cochran, John Cochran, Archie Cochran, Will Cochran, Porter Cochran, Jack Cochran, Tom Cochran, Dutch Cochran, Eli Webb, Dixon Carrick, Chas. Elsby, Joe Garvin, Jim Luna, Charles Ruth, Chas. Smith, John Lively, Andrew Knight, Fletcher Taylor, Joe McClosky, James Record. They extend to the TIMES-HERALD reporter an invitation to go with them some time next month to the Indian Territory for a three week's hunting and fishing expedition.

- April 26, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
- o o o -

HOW TRAMPS CAMP.
_______

THEIR SNUG QUARTERS RAIDED AND
BROKEN UP.

_______

Delicate Test to Tell Honest Laborers
From Idle Vagabond -- Most of Them
Fail to Pass Muster -- Sentinel
in a Treetop.

     Several days ago, Constable Morton, assisted by the police force, made a raid on a tramps' camp in the old bed of the river, about three quarters of a mile above the upper wagon bridge, and arrested nine men. They had a comfortable home in the side of a hill, which was covered with timber, branches of trees and leaves. An old-fashioned fireplace excavated in the side of the hill sent up a bright blaze and diffused a cheerful warmth. A pile of dry wood was in store, and there was an axe handy, with which to replenish the store when necessary. There were several cooking utensils and a small supply of provisions. Piles of leaves served as snug beds, whereon a man might traverse fairyland in his dreams. A quantity of feathers and hair in the close vicinity indicated that the campers subsisted, for the most part, on the fresh meat of the poultry and domestic animals of their neighbors. In fact, the complaint of the neighbors on this behalf was what prompted the raid.
     The campers were arraigned, half of them before Justice Skelton, and the rest before Justice Lauderdale. They claimed to be hard working men without work -- in other words, American kings without crowns. Both courts being experts in detecting horny hands had the tramps shake hands with them. But, in the entire number, there were only two that had a callous buckshot where each finger branches from the palm. The hands of the others felt more like the hands of piano players than anything else the courts could liken them to, and they, therefore, sent them to the poor farm.
     The men thus sent to the poor farm appealed to Gov. Hogg, who wrote to County Judge Nash to investigate the matter. Judge Nash has also had a wide and varied experience in the horny-handed business, and he assured the governor in his reply that the hands of the men were nothing like rasping enough in feel.
     Complaint has been made to the officers of two more camps, one three miles west of the river and the other on the east bank of the river, two miles above town. These camps are said to be arranged quite as comfortably as the one above described, and even better provided with all manner of nice things. Profiting by the fate of the above mentioned campers, these two outfits each keep a sentinel in a treetop to give warning of the approach of officers or other enemies, in which event, they take to the woods.

- December 26, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
- o o o -

1906
[Submitted by Debi Giltner]
ON CITY'S PAYROLL
_______

STATEMENT BY AUDITOR MORRISS
INDICATES THERE ARE 372
EMPLOYES.

_______

FORCE IN EACH DEPARTMENT
_______

List is Furnished in Response to the
Request of Alderman James
A. Florer.

     At the request of Alderman James A. Florer, City Auditor Charles T. Morriss has prepared a list of the people working for the city during the month of May. Since that time, there have been a few changes in the police department. Such a list has never been published before, and shows the names of all people working for the city, and the amount they draw. It indicates that 372 persons are on the payrolls.
The list follows:

List of city employes, character of services rendered,
and compensation for the month of May, 1906:

Curtis P. Smith, Mayor.... $200.00
James J. Fanning, Mayor's secretary... 60.00
Charles T. Morriss, Auditor... 135.00
J. E. Record, Assistant Auditor... 95.00
Charles G. Morgan, Assistant Auditor... 95.00
J. B. Winslett, Secretary... 125.00
W. T. Glidden, Assistant Secretary... 95.00
H. R. Williams, Judge Corporation Court... 100.00
F. M. Rainey, Clerk Corporation Court... 75.00
L. L. Bristol, Building Inspector... 166.66
W. L. Valeton, Building Inspector's clerk... 75.00
Tom Chambers, janitor... 70.00
B. M. Melton, City Assessor... 125.00
George H. Moore, Deputy Assessor... 100.00
F. DuPre, Deputy Assessor... 75.00
W. S. Hoxsey, Deputy Assessor... 60.00
Sam H. Taber, Tax Collector... 125.00
A. S. Taber, chief clerk... 100.00
L. Richenstein, occupation clerk... 75.00
W. S. Simkins Jr., personal clerk... 70.00
James J. Collins, City Attorney... 183.33
John C. Robertson, Assistant City Attorney... 75.00
Dwight L. Lewelling, stenographer... 50.00
E. L. Dalton, City Engineer... 200.00
J. M. Strong, Assistant City Engineer... 115.00
Joe Winslett, levelman... 85.00
W. W. Peevey, clerk, engineer's department... 60.00
L. McKay, rodman... 60.00
A. Muller, rodman... 60.00
J. J. Alston, axman... 40.00
O. F. Yarbrough, draftsman... 150.00
Peters Ross, Sewer Inspector... 65.00
John Dougherty, street repairs... 60.00
M. C. Erwin, engineer... 100.00
J. D. Carter, draftsman... 100.00
A. S. Nelms, tapeman... 50.00
S. H. Hall, tapeman... 50.00
S. M. Leftwich, Board of Appeals... 135.00
C. M. Bolles, Board of Appeals... 135.00
C. H. Huvelle, Board of Appeals... 135.00
W. R. Tietze, Fair Park Superintendent... 62.50
W. Wilson, Fair Park foreman... 67.50
W. L. Fox, Fair Park laborer... 36.75
J. J. Wiler, Fair Park laborer... 37.65
C. O. Hockaby, team... 6.00
T. Wilson, Fair Park laborer... 2.65
James Fanning, Fair Park, secretary board... 16.00
S. G. Anderson, City Electrician... 90.00
J. A. Covington, Assistant Electrician... 75.00
Horse feed, City Electrician... 10.00
W. R. Tietze, City Park Superintendent... 62.50
Horse and wagon, City Park Superintendent... 15.00
Ed Bilger, City Park foreman... 67.50
J. C. Hough, City Park laborer... 47.25
Frank Vogel, City Park laborer... 53.40
J. Forstner, City Park laborer... 47.70
Charles Colson, City Park laborer... 36.75
Ed Lang, City Park laborer... 50.75
L. M. Adams, City Park laborer... 9.65
J. R. Walker, City Park laborer... 12.45
Bill Nossett, City Park laborer... 11.15
H. Lagerhauser, City Park laborer... 8.10
E. Sternfeld, City Park laborer... 46.15
J. J. Moore, night policeman, City Park... 67.50
J. H. Gooden, dump man, City Park... 22.50
B. T. Maddox, team, City Park... 11.25
E. L. Haralson, team, City Park... 57.40

Hospital --

T. B. Fisher, Health Officer... 100.00
K. N. Field, Assistant Health Officer... 25.00
L. Smith, steward... 50.00
E. Hartnett, head nurse... 45.00
G. P. Smart, night nurse... 35.00
S. Malone, nurse... 25.00
G. Moore, nurse... 25.00
L. E. Payne, housekeeper... 30.00
Margaret Tate, cool... 30.00
H. Hamilton, yardman... 20.00
D. Davis, ambulance driver... 50.00

Pesthouse --

J. A. Thomas, nurse... 93.00
K. W. Field, work in quarantine... 150.00
Ed Hale, fumigator... 20.00

Crematory --

John Cason, engineer... 60.00
John Wall, driver dead dog wagon... 55.00

Sanitary Department --

A. S. De Lee, Sanitary Inspector... 85.00
Wm. McKenzie, night foreman... 65.00
Dan Dwyer, sprinkler... 75.00
John Hamlin, sprinkler... 75.00
John Wall, sprinkler... 75.00
E. H. Cothan, sprinkler... 75.00
Bass Hamlin, sprinkler... 75.00
Louis Tospann, sprinkler... 75.00
J. C. Riddle, sprinkler... 75.00
Mike Brennan, sprinkler... 75.00
Jesse Simpson, sprinkler... 75.00
I. D. Killingsworth, sprinkler... 75.00
H. C. Boedeker, sprinkler... 75.00
B. L. Haley, sprinkler... 75.00
Alford Coyle, sprinkler... 75.00
W. B. Parker, sprinkler... 75.00
W. G. Brownlee, driver alley wagon... 77.00
J. H. McDowell, empties can for white wings... 77.00
Sidney Robins, helper, McDowell... 49.00
A. Coats, team to mower... 84.00
Charles Skatts, white wing... 49.00
Edwin Ball, white wing... 49.00
Robert Shea, white wing... 49.00
W. W. Spurlock, white wing... 49.00
J. P. Degn, white wing... 49.00
L. Bison, white wing... 49.00
J. E. Wall, white wing... 49.00
J. L. Payne, white wing... 49.00
W. B. Westbrook, white wing... 49.00
G. B. Kettrell, night teamster... 84.00
Z. W. Garrison, night teamster... 84.00
John Bond, night teamster... 84.00
T. J. Forester, night teamster... 84.00
George Taylor, night teamster... 84.00
W. C. Jones, night teamster... 84.00
Ike Wright, night teamster... 84.00
Tom Howard, night laborer... 49.00
Tom O'Neal, night laborer... 49.00
C. R. Sheets, night laborer... 49.00
William Payne, night laborer... 49.00
A. B. Pyles, night laborer... 49.00

Police Department --

R. P. Keith, Chief... 150.00
J. G. Alexander, Chief Detective... 100.00
George Eimicke, Captain... 100.00
John Lynch, Captain... 100.00
Theodore Harrison, Sergeant... 92.50
R. L. Cornwell, lieutenant detective... 87.50
J. C. Gunning, detective... 82.50
A. P. Pegues, detective... 82.50
J. H. Tanner, detective... 82.50
W. H. Ramsey, detective... 82.50
J. W. Daniels, mounted... 82.50
W. O. Winfrey, mounted... 82.50
T. A. Riddle, mounted... 82.50
J. W. Ryan, mounted... 82.50
C. A. Fanning, mounted... 82.50
George Garrison, mounted... 82.50
J. V. Wright, mounted, Oak Cliff... 82.50
William Brice, patrolman... 67.50
S. M. Duncan, patrolman... 67.50
R. W. Westover, patrolman... 67.50
W. M. Roberts, patrolman... 66.40
S. T. Hanie, patrolman... 67.50
P. C. Garrison, patrolman... 67.50
C. H. Murray, patrolman... 67.50
J. Y. Goldman, patrolman... 67.50
E. R. Williams, patrolman... 67.50
J. P. Alexander, patrolman... 67.50
Joe Parnell, patrolman... 67.50
W. N. Noles, patrolman... 67.50
T. C. Peak, patrolman... 67.50
J. L. Bates, patrolman... 33.75
John De Lee, patrolman... 67.50
J. M. Ferguson, patrolman... 67.50
Frank Brown, patrolman... 67.50
S. S. Hall, patrolman... 67.50
D. G. Brown, patrolman... 67.50
C. M. Foraker, patrolman... 67.50
G. P. Reddick, patrolman... 67.50
Jim Rylie, patrolman... 67.50
E. B. Lane, patrolman... 67.50
A. V. Autrey, patrolman... 67.50
T. A. Tedford, patrolman... 67.50
W. R. Burgess, patrolman... 67.50
J. D. Brannon, patrolman... 67.50
W. D. Williams, patrolman... 67.50
A. B. McDougall, patrolman... 67.50
S. J. Brown, part pay... 25.00
J. K. Helms, part pay... 25.00
William Adams, part pay... 25.00
F. M. Kirby, part pay... 25.00
H. A. White, part pay... 25.00
Joe Austin, part pay... 25.00
T. N. Briggs, part pay... 25.00
J. M. Shipperly, part pay... 25.00
Jess Wright, part pay, Oak Cliff... 25.00
L. W. Brown, part pay... 25.00
R. B. Parsons, part pay... 25.00
B. Ganaway, part pay... 25.00
Julius Beilstein, part pay... 25.00
J. M. Reasonover, part pay... 25.00
E. M. De Witt, patrolman... 67.50
Joe Davis, patrolman... 67.50
G. C. Neal, patrolman... 67.50
D. S. Arnold, station keeper... 75.00
J. P. Keehan, station keeper... 75.00
James Deming, station keeper... 67.50
William Lacy, station keeper... 67.50
E. D. Tanner, driver... 60.00
Joe Buchanan, driver... 60.00
J. E. Murray, part pay... 25.00

Water department --

R. R. Nelms, superintendent... 166.66
J. M. Preston, engr. and bkpr... 125.00
Jack Tuggle, general foreman, and horse feed... 110.00
H. J. Johnson, calker [caulker?]... 75.00
Joe Bounds, helper, and horse feed... 70.00
J. F. Baker, stock keeper... 60.00
Geo. Berger, hydrant man... 75.00
L. C. Cromer, foreman... 60.00
L. C. Bosworth, laborer... 45.00
J. G. Cromer, laborer... 45.00
P. J. Fay, laborer, and horse feed... 55.00
J. E. Record, secretary... 150.00
J. B. Simpson, inspector, and horse feed... 110.00
W. A. Fanning, inspector... 70.00
W. G. Godfrey, inspector... 70.00
Chas. Robson, inspector, Oak Cliff... 60.00
J. H. Tate, laborer... 49.00
W. J. Treadwell, laborer... 50.70
W. H. Dennan, laborer... 49.00
W. T. Brown, laborer... 43.30
Andy Balton, laborer... 45.10
C. O. McManus, laborer... 41.60
W. M. Wilkinson, laborer... 45.10
S. E. Ingrahm, laborer... 38.10
B. L. Harrington, laborer... 46.80
Frank McIntyre, laborer... 45.10
Luke Walpole, laborer... 46.80
Tim Powers, laborer... 43.30
Nat Brennan, laborer... 45.10
M. H. Riley, laborer... 41.60
J. B. Hagg, laborer... 41.60
Ben Cason, laborer... 43.30
Peter Noble, laborer... 36.80
A. L. Grissom, laborer... 26.70
H. T. Bryant, laborer... 10.00
Adolph Lutwiler, laborer... 28.00
John Alexander, laborer... 22.80
A. W. Bomell, laborer... 21.00
R. G. Thompson, laborer... 20.10
R. Tuggle, laborer... 21.00
Ben Olly, laborer... 12.30
J. H. Bryant, laborer... 8.70
Hugh Brady, laborer... 14.00
E. L. Haralson, team... 51.00
J. M. Noyes, rep. man, Oak Cliff... 70.00
J. M. Bassett, chief engineer... 150.00
J. L. Davis, assist. engineer... 90.00
F. P. Phelan, assistant engineer, Turtle Creek... 75.00
Graham Webb, assistant engineer, Turtle Creek... 75.00
L. C. Payne, assistant engineer, Elm... 75.00
Wm. J. Selby, assistant engineer, Elm... 75.00
S. J. Funderburk, assistant engineer and fireman... 65.00
Chas. E. Gilbert, fireman... 60.00
Jas. W. Calvey, fireman... 60.00
C. M. Davis, assistant and helper... 55.00
Jos. C. Young, wiper... 50.00
Robt. Palmer, fireman Oak Cliff... 45.00
Chas. Cagle, keeper, Bachman... 15.00

Street and Bridges Department --

Ben Sira, superintendent... 100.00
M. E. McCarthy, foreman... 67.50
S. R. Dean, foreman... 67.50
R. J. Estep, foreman... 67.50
Worth Peak, guard of prisoners... 61.50
T. P. Estep, barn man... 50.00
L. Day, grader man... 70.00
M. S. Goodrich, grader man... 70.00
Sam Clay, teamster... 45.60
John Burns, teamster... 45.00
U. K. Jarrell, teamster... 45.00
Jim Burns, teamster... 45.00
W. D. Sira, teamster... 45.00
J. C. Johnson, teamster... 45.00
J. W. Storer, laborer... 49.00
Mike Kiely, laborer... 47.30
W. H. Taylor, laborer... 49.00
E. E. Warner, laborer... 49.00
A. Barr [occupation not listed]... 49.00
H. T. Garrett, laborer... 49.00
John Linskie, laborer... 45.50
E. Coates, laborer... 47.30
Wm. Polymeyer, laborer... 49.00
J. W. Cullen, laborer... 50.00
L. M. Ballenger, laborer... 49.00
J. H. Gordon, laborer... 11.70
E. L. McCarty, laborer... 54.50
Sam Owens, laborer... 31.50
B. D. Moody, engineer... 67.50
J. W. Holybee, teamster... 45.00
Wm. Massie, laborer... 49.00
J. C. Yarborough, laborer... 49.00
P. H. Ryan, laborer... 46.40
Harry Sanderson, teamster... 45.00
Frank Stafford, laborer... 40.30
H. J. Kimbrough, laborer... 49.00
J. L. Atwood, laborer... 49.00
D. R. Frank, laborer... 49.00
A. E. Pulliam, laborer... 49.00
J. H. Barron, laborer... 46.40

Fire Department --

H. F. Magee, chief... $150.00
T. A. Myers, first assistant chief... 90.00
J. L. Marder, second assistant chief... 85.00
E. A. Mott, chief engineer... 90.00
E. W. Daniels, engineer... 80.00
W. D. Rainey, engineer... 80.00
John Clifford, engineer... 80.00
W. J. McClellan, engineer... 80.00
A. E. Walbridge, engineer... 80.00
T. G. Morrison, engineer... 80.00
Thomas Hurley, captain... 70.00
N. W. De Borde, captain... 70.00
J. M. Templeton, captain... 70.00
John Redman, captain... 70.00
F. G. Midgitt, captain... 70.00
J. R. Magee, captain... 70.00
F. F. Bennett, captain... 75.00
E. O. Jones, captain... 75.00
J. E. Briggs, captain... 75.00
J. N. McComas, stoker... 65.00
T. J. Kaufman, stoker... 65.00
Joe Clark, stoker... 65.00
B. W. Barton, stoker... 55.00
W. H. Hastings, stoker... 65.00
E. L. Nesbitt, stoker... 65.00
A. H. Cooper, stoker... 65.00
W. B. Duncan, driver... 50.00
John Stanley, driver... 65.00
S. J. Perceller [Purciller?], driver... 65.00
W. W. Spivey, driver... 65.00
J. F. McClure, driver... 65.00
C. C. Crabtree, driver... 65.00
H. Stephens, driver... 65.00
A. M. Jones, driver... 65.00
W. L. Erwin, driver... 65.00
W. J. Owens, driver... 65.00
F. E. Hines, driver... 65.00
W. A. Holbrook, driver... 65.00
William Stampley, driver... 65.00
William Spurr, driver... 65.00
J. J. Gannon, driver... 65.00
A. S. Hughes, driver... 65.00
W. T. Sullivan, driver... 65.00
W. C. Murdock, driver... 65.00
W. B. Lewis, driver... 65.00
R. D. West, driver... 65.00
L. O. McClanahan, driver... 65.00
A. D. Roberson, driver... 70.00
Leslie Dooley, driver... 70.00
C. H. Brantley, driver... 70.00
J. A. Reaves, hose man... 65.00
L. D. Miller, hoseman... 65.00
G. W. Hunnicut, hoseman... 65.00
C. S. Harris, hose man... 65.00
T. J. Ramsey, hose man... 65.00
W. J. Cramer, hose man... 65.00
C. J. Greer, hose man... 65.00
W. R. Dickson, hose man... 65.00
W. H. Nesmith, hose man... 65.00
H. T. Thofern, hose man... 65.00
J. F. Huey, hose man... 65.00
O. L. Patterson, hose man... 65.00
E. O. Wetsel, hose man... 65.00
W. L. Estill, hose man... 65.00
Will Latimer, hose man... 65.00
J. A. Morris, hose man... 65.00
H. J. Duncan, hose man... 65.00
J. F. Lake, hose man... 65.00
H. B. Dillion, hose man... 65.00
C. L. Brannon, hose man... 65.00
B. W. Fentress, hose man... 65.00
T. B. Chandler, hose man... 55.00
P. T. Harpold, hose man... 55.00
J. M. Partin, hose man... 55.00
H. L. Johnson, tiller man... 65.00
J. M. Norris, ladder man... 65.00
William Fentress, ladder man... 65.00
Hugh Rheinlander, ladder man... 65.00
F. W. McClure, ladder man... 70.00
Henry Bachman, ladder man... 70.00
A. W. Coffman, ladder man... 70.00
O. W. Baker, sec. and ladder man... 70.00

- June 14, 1906, The Dallas Morning News, p. 5.
- o o o -

1907
NEW POLICE BADGES
ARE DISTRIBUTED

______

Reorganization Work Still Going on
in Police Department.

     At the shifting of the day and night squads this morning, the police department was partially reorganized and the members given new badges. Two of the badge numbers assigned are especially noteworthy, viz., those assigned to W. D. Williams and T. C. Peak, both patrolmen. Mr. Williams drew badge No. "23," the skidoo number, while the hoodoo, No. "13," went to Mr. Peak. These two officers were the recipients of many jests from other members of the department because of their "luckless" propensities this morning. No. 13 badge was worn by Officer Parnell up until the rearrangement this morning. Captain Dean Arnold announced to-day that the members will be sworn in next Monday.

- August 3, 1907, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
- o o o -


1917
Another Unit of Dallas' New Motor Fire Department

This powerful pumper was placed in the McKinney Avenue Station some months ago, much to the gratification of the property owners of that section of North Dallas.

- October 14, 1917, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. III, p. 5, col. 4-6.
- o o o -


Latest Addition To Central Station Equipment

The big American La France pumper, installed at Central Station some months ago, is the largest machine in the Southwest. Its worth has been demonstrated in several downtown fires.

- October 14, 1917, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
8th Annual Auto Supplement., p. 1, col. 3-5.
- o o o -

MOTOR-DRIVEN FIRE APPARATUS
RAPIDLY TAKING THE PLACE OF
PICTURESQUE FIRE ENGINE HORSE

     In no transportation problem is the inadequacy of the horse more forcibly emphasized than in the fire department service, where the faithful and spectacular, but uneconomic horse is rapidly being replaced by efficient and dependable motor-driven equipment. There is considerable sentiment associated with the plunging, well-groomed fire horse, but the fast motor-driven apparatus, not only excites the admiration of the public, but accomplishes, speedily, the purpose for which it was intended.
     Starting in April, 1909, with an automobile for the use of its chief, the Dallas fire department now has one of the greatest automobile fire fighting departments to be found in the South. With two small hand chemicals on his automobile, Chief Magee demonstrated the fact time itself was a treat fire-fighter, and to arrive upon the scene of any fire promptly was the system absolutely necessary to nip it in the bud.
     The Dallas automobile fire department of today is composed of fourteen separate pieces of fire fighting apparatus, costing over $80,000. Six large pumping engines, two combination hose and chemical, one ladder truck, one supply wagon, three combination chemicals used by division chiefs, and a large Cadillac eight, used by the chief.

Chief is Motor Advocate.
     Chief Magee is an ardent believer in motor-driven fire apparatus. "The original cost," said the chief, "is greater on the start, but the automobile department we now have has saved the city of Dallas many thousands of dollars and has paid for itself many times over.
     "Motor-driven fire apparatus is on the job twenty-four hours a day. They can make a run and be ready for the next one as soon as they return to their stations. This was not the case with horse-drawn apparatus. If the horses are forced to make a long run, they are out of business until they are rested. Then, too, the motor-driven apparatus can cover the ground and reach a fire long before horse-drawn apparatus gets a good start."
     Automobile pump engines are now stationed at the Central fire station, Engine Company No. 1, McKinney and Leonard; Central fire station, Oak Cliff, Tyler street station, Oak Cliff; Fair Grounds station and the Ervay street station. Division chiefs are located at Central station, Fair Park station and Central station, Oak Cliff, each being supplied with a combination chemical motor.

Wants Auto Tractors.
     Chief Magee is now anxious to get three sets of tractors to be used on engines Nos. 4 and 5, and for the large aerial truck stationed at Houston and Main streets.
     The city, which is divided into fire districts, have from one to three automobile pumping engines respond on first alarm.
     "There is no question," said Chief Magee, "but that the prompt arrival of our motor-driven fire apparatus has nipped in the bud many fires that would have proved most disastrous if we had have had to await the arrival of horse-drawn apparatus to get the first lines to use."

- October 14, 1917, Dallas Daily Times Herald, 8th Annual Auto Supplement., p. 1, col. 6-7.
- o o o -


1926
They Cannot Forget the Old Home Town

By H
UNTER GRIFFIN

     The old home town and the flood of memories it brings to thousands of adopted sons and daughters of Dallas still tugs at their heart strings, although by virtue of their residence here, they long ago became fully "naturalized" and are counted among the best boosters of a city which has aroused the admiration of a progressive nation.
     Dallas is truly a cosmopolitan city. Its residents hail from all parts of the United States and from many foreign countries.
     They are, in every sense, devoted to the interests of Dallas and its institutions, and many are leaders in civic and other work looking to the upbuilding of the city.
     Yet, at times, there is the tug of the old home town, of faces dimmed by time, but firmly ensconced in the halls of sacred memories. News of the old home town is eagerly sought.
     If one would take a census of the Dallasites born and reared in other cities, he might obtain fairly accurate figures by counting the customers of the stands here where newspapers and periodicals from all parts of the country are sold.
     Dealers can give a long list of customers who daily call for their home paper. It is not news of the world, state, city and county they seek, for they have been fully supplied with this by the Dallas dailies.

Hunger for News.
     They hunger for items from the old home town, thousands of miles away -- little personal items whose news value is not sufficient to justify papers in far-away cities publishing them.
     They seek, thus, to keep track of schoolmates of years ago, of members of their social set, and of others with whom memories of long ago are associated.
     There are five such news stands in Dallas that carry, in addition to the Dallas dailies, newspapers published in every state in the union and in some foreign countries. These are exclusive of the big hotels where largely similar service can be obtained.
     Practically all of these stands open on the streets. In racks constructed so wind can not blow the wares away, are shown the top of page one of newspapers published thousands of miles away.
     There, also, are huge stacks of magazines, with lurid covers filled with fiction, of love and adventures, there are piles of sporting, trades and other journals appealing to particular classes.
     One dealer declared he had in stock, 100 daily newspapers and 300 magazines. Most of the latter are monthly publications.
He said his best demand for out-of-town newspapers was for those published in New York.
     "That does not mean that there are more people from New York than any other city in Dallas," he said. "New York belongs largely to the entire country. Things that happen there interest many people, because most everybody, at one time or another, has been to the big city. Yet, there are thousands of people here who once lived in the East, and most of them regard the New York papers as their home publication.

Can Anticipate Demands.
     "We can always tell where there is going to be an unusually large demand for New York papers. If there is a big trial like the Thaw case, it seems people thirst for every word, and many want every minor detail. Then, if it is an election -- it seems New York people thrive on politics.
     "Of our steady customers for particular papers, there are many who tell us they have read this or that paper for years. Their day is incomplete unless they receive the home town paper.
     "We frequently get calls for papers we never heard of, but usually we have no trouble in obtaining them, and if the demand is sufficient, they find their way into our daily stock.
     "There comes one of my regular customers now."
     A tall man, wearing a wide-brimmed hat of the West detached himself from the throng surging by.
     "Got a Cheyenne paper today?" he asked.
     But, the question was unnecessary, for the dealer already had thrust the neatly folded paper into his hands and was ringing up the amount of the purchase on the cash register.
     The customer thrust the paper into the pocket of his overcoat and soon was lost in the passing crowd.
     "He's an oil man," the news vendor explained. "Told me once he lived in Wyoming years ago, but he has been in Texas off and on for ten years that I know of. Still, he wants that paper every day to take home to his wife.
     "We have many women customers. They have more time to read than men. A man oftener loses contact with the home town, and the Dallas papers are all he has time to read, but, it seems the women love to pore over the society pages of papers from towns in which they are acquainted just to see what their old friends are doing."
     "Have you a New Y-a-a-rk World?" lisped a feminine voice. The inquirer scanned the long rack displaying newspapers. "Oh, I see you have them all. Well, the World will do. I am going back home soon and I just want to see if the big snowstorm has passed."
     "She's a new one on me," the dealer remarked, as the woman hurried away. "Member of some of the troops at the theaters," he surmised.
     The appearance of a man, wrapped in a heavy overcoat, and showing evident discomfort in the cold blasts cut short the conversation.
     "Los Angeles Times?" he inquired.
     But, the dealer had guessed right again and handed him the paper before he finished speaking.
     "That bird's from California," he declared. "Guess he wishes he was back there, right now. What [do you] suppose he'd do if he had to stand out here in the cold all day like I do?"
     A young girl began eagerly turning the leaves of a magazine whose cover proclaimed it as a journal of stories of love and devotion.
     "I know what she wants," grunted the vendor. "Something lively and snappy."
     He selected a magazine from a big pile and handed it to her, receiving a coin in return, and the customer hurried away.
     "She always stalls that way," he explained. "Makes like she doesn't know what she wants when she gets here, almost on the minute of the day the Blank story magazine comes in; then she runs away like she's afraid someone will see her.

Have Excellent Taste.
     This dealer declared women of Dallas have excellent taste in choosing reading material. Most of them want fashion magazines, he said. Tales of love and adventure, moving picture publications and the daily newspapers. also are in strong favor with them, he asserted.
     Thousands of magazines are sold by these stands in Dallas each month, but it is in the newspapers from the home town that the transplanted population has greatest interest.
     Every grownup remembers with joy the days of his childhood. Troubles are forgotten, their poignancy dulled by the great healer, Time. Only pleasant things linger long in the memory of the average individual. Few care to, or are capable, of nursing hate and remembrances of unpleasant events.
     The man thinks of his boy playmates, the old school, the swimmin' hole with its screen of trees and underbrush, the hunting parties of his young manhood, the town gathering place, and a thousand and one other scenes and events that formed epochs in his early life.
     As vacation time nears, he recalls these things of years long gone with tantalizing frequency.
     The woman recalls her girl friends, their social activities, the old church where she and John were married, and the little home where they spent their early married life. With her, memory, undimmed by drab necessity of battling the world for fame and fortune, lingers longest.
     So, when vacation time rolls around, they decide to visit the old home town. They intend to spend the full two weeks of John's vacation there.
     They arrive. Their few remaining relatives warmly welcome them. Immediately, pathos begins to invade their house of anticipated joy. Gone are many of their old friends and loved ones. So many changes have taken place in the twenty years since they left, that nothing seems the same.

Hardly Recognizable.
     The old well, the horse trough, have given way to the march of progress. A garage and filling station has been built over the old swimming hole. Gone, or so changed as to be hardly recognizable, are many of the places associated with their most cherished memories.
     Time has not dealt as kindly with many of their friends as it has with them. They remembered them as laughing young men and women. They find them gray and stooped. Many rest in the shade of the trees in the cemetery on the hill.
     Three days pass. They begin to talk of returning to the city. Relatives file vigorous protest. John slips out and sends a wire. In a short time, he receives a telegram calling him back on urgent business.
     Despite the disappointment of the visit to the old home town, and finding things so changed from one's cherished recollections and dreams, interest in the old place remains and the sale of the home papers continues to increase as Dallas grows, and by commercial importance and ideal living conditions, attracts people from other parts of the country.
     Several Dallas people, years ago, realized the demand for the home paper and the first stand was established. They have increased in number as the city grew.
     M. Goldman, who has a place opposite the postoffice on Ervay street, has been in the business in Dallas twelve y ears. He was a Dallas newsboy before that and had plied his trade in a number of other cities. He said there were one or two such stands here when he began business. M. C. Jones, Main and Akard, has been in business here nine years. He bought an established stand there. Several others have been in business here for years.

- March 14, 1926, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
Section VII, p. 1, col. 2-7; continued on page 5, col. 2.
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Texas and Pacific Clubhouse at White Rock 

 

(click on image for enlarged view)

     Here is the clubhouse of employes in Dallas, of the Texas and Pacific railway, maintained at White Rock. More than 400 members enjoy the privileges of the club. An entertainment program is given each month and plans are being made for a tacky party dance the night of April 1.
     The Texas and Pacific club was organized January 6, 1925, and on March 20, 1925, a meeting was held at which a decision was reached to issue certificates which would be bought by the members. Later, the club was incorporated and a charter obtained. The actual building of the clubhouse was immediately started, and it is now the only clubhouse of its kind and membership in Texas, and represents a cost of over $7,500. Officers of the club are: O. F. Ellington, president; C. B. Marshall, first vice president; L. C. Porter, second vice president; G. A. Westbrook, treasurer, and E. H. Pierson, secretary.

- March 28, 1926, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
Section I, p. 13, col. 3-5.
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Kids of South Montreal St., Circa 1926
(Photo Courtesy of Bill Parrish)

- Journal Staff Photo 

Kids of the 600 block of South Montreal
in Oak Cliff are shown here.

Photographs for this feature are being taken only by G. A. McAfee, staff photographer
of the Journal. No other photographer is authorized to represent the Journal.

Front row: Sarah Clouse, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Clouse, 609 South Montreal. Jerry Todd, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Todd, 613 South Montreal; Wilberta Louise Elder, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Elder, 615 South Montreal; Annie Jo McAnally, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. N. McAnally, 600 South Montreal; Frances Gary, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. V. Gary, 603 South Montreal; Helen Gary, her sister; Virginia Terry, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Terry, 2115 Gladstone Drive.

Rear row: Alva Gary and Loyce Gary, sons of Mr. and Mrs. S. V. Gary, 603 South Montreal; Fred Thomas Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred P. Thomas, 618 South Montreal; Ezelle Thomas, his sister, holding Harold Rush Elder, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Elder, 615 South Montreal.

- circa 1926, Dallas Journal
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1930
New State Fair Attraction
 

  "The Battle of Gettysburg," a cyclorama, will be one of the attractions at the State Fair this fall. The picture shows the building, 400 feet in circumference and sixty-five feet high, as it will appear when completed.
   
 

CONSTRUCTION
BEGUN ON NEW
FAIR DISPLAY

______

"BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG" TO
BE EXHIBITED IN SPE-
CIAL BUILDING

     Construction was started Monday on the huge coliseum at Fair park, which will house the world-famous cyclorama, "The Battle of Gettysburg," which will be one of the features of the State Fair of Texas this year. This building, which is the largest ever erected in the Fair grounds to house a single exhibition, will be 400 feet in circumference and 65 feet high -- as high as a five-story building. It will be a duplicate of the building used at the Philadelphia Centennial.
     The exclusive contract made with the State Fair officials provides that this will be the only appearance of this cyclorama prior to the World's fair in Chicago in 1933. Dallas is said to be fortunate in becoming the residence of this internationally-famous panoramic painting.
     There is only one other cyclorama in existence larger than the "Battle of Gettysburg," and that is at Paris, France. Quebec, Canada, is the home of a cyclorama showing the crucifixion of Christ, while Atlanta, Ga., has a cyclorama showing a Civil war battle fought near Atlanta, but these two are only about half as large as the "Battle of Gettysburg," which will be shown at Dallas.

Paintings Cost $120,000.
     This is the first time the "Battle of Gettysburg" has ever been exhibited at a State Fair. Over 6,000,000 people have seen this famous attraction at national expositions, particularly at St. Louis, San Francisco, Nashville, Charleston, New Orleans and Philadelphia. It has attracted greater crowds in Southern cities than in the North. Nothing comparable to this exhibit has ever been shown in Texas. It is predicted that 15 to 20 per cent of the attendance of the Fair this year will visit the "Battle of Gettysburg" building.
     The original painting of this cyclorama cost over $120,000.
     A guarantee of $35,000 is being raised by the Cyclorama exposition committee, and the fund is more than two-thirds subscribed. Listed among the supporters of the project are business, professional and social leaders of Dallas, Fort Worth and adjacent towns.
     Elaborate electrical and noise effects, together with sky and terrain designing, create of this mighty spectacle, something ever to be remembered. It is called an educational and historical undertaking worthy of the support of all citizens of Dallas and the community, and has been indorsed by most every organization.
     E. H. Fitzhugh, who has had charge of the auditorium at the State Fair grounds, has been named business manager of the "Battle of Gettysburg" concession, and temporary offices have been established in the Emergency hospital building on the Midway. Mr. Fitzhugh was in charge of "Creation," one of the attractions at the St. Louis World's fair, and is qualified to look after the "Battle of Gettysburg" concession at the State Fair of Texas this year, which should break all records for attendance and interest.

- August 3, 1930, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 3, col. 4-6.
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1931
Peak of Skyline Flood-Lighted
 

Newly-installed floodlights were turned on the upper floors of the Magnolia Building Saturday night. The lights, in red, changing to white, begin at the twenty-sixth floor level and extend to the top of the penthouse, which is flooded in green. Engineers have been adjusting the floodlights for three weeks. The 322 floodlights consume 120,000 watts. The building has been reported visible from a distance of eighteen miles, and E. P. Angus, vice president of the Magnolia Petroleum Company, said that they expect the lights to be visible for thirty-five miles. The lights can be best appreciated from a distance of several miles.

- June 7, 1931, The Dallas Morning News,
Section I, p. 6, col. 5-6.
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Dallas Towers
Break Out in
Rash of Color

______

Green Now Plays Upon
Peerless Capstone
of Magnolia

______

BY RALPH BRYAN.
Written Especially for The News.

     What with the night lighting of the Tower Petroleum and Magnolia Buildings, added to that old familiar beacon atop the Republic Bank, our downtown heavens remind us of Highland Park at Christmas time, only more so. And, we prophesy that this is just the beginning of the nocturnal displays of our skyscraper architecture.
     The theory of night illumination of buildings is the same theory of merchandising that makes the shop keeper light his windows at night. In architecture, it works this way -- that if an owner has invested in a building which is a thing of beauty and an asset to his business in the broad daylight, he can well afford to add the cost of illumination to his investment and thereby received twenty-four-hour-a-day service from it.

Pretty Swell at Night.
     In the case of the Republic Bank Building, we have always felt that the stone colonnaded cupola on the top was not good architecture. But when, several years ago, the outline of this cupola was picked out of the Dallas sky nightly by means of red and blue tube lights, we came to the conclusion that no matter how it looked by day, it was a pretty swell thing at night. It must be good advertising, and it surely is a welcome beacon after a long day's driving.
     Then, all of a sudden, one night last April, the Tower Petroleum Building broke into the black of the night with its two upper setbacks a blaze of yellow light. The effect is almost uncanny from a distance. Only the stories above the first setback are lighted, which makes a sharp line between the main shaft of the structure and the illuminated top. You feel as though the top is not attached to anything, but is some sort of mirage or fairy castle just floating by and likely to be blown over to Fort Worth, or somewhere else, if it comes up a strong enough wind. We didn't like this at first -- but, we do now.
     And, now comes the Magnolia Building, the aristocrat of the Southwest, reminding us by night, as well as by day, that she can still look down upon her lesser neighbors. And, she is doing it in green -- of all colors. We haven't yet asked the authorities about this, but we imagine it has something to do with the visibility -- or the carrying power of colors. Red, green and yellow are the best, which is why the railroads use them, so we have been told. With the Republic red and the Petroleum more yellow than anything else, we suppose the Magnolia had to be green. Whatever the reason -- it is entirely successful.
     But, with these three best colors out of the way, we are anxious to see what some of the rest of the buildings will do -- particularly the Power and Light Building. With all the gentle urging the Power and Light people have been doing to get other people to burn more lights, they can't afford to be pikers on their own building, what with all the free electricity. And, to make it harder, they can't afford to have any scheme but the most effective -- so, I hope they give us all notice when they turn on their lights, as we would like to find some spot in Dallas from which the building can be seen and reserve first night seats.

- June 14, 1931, The Dallas Morning News,
Section III, p. 6, col. 6-8.
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Woman of 72 Paints by Night,
By Day Drives Out to Country
Trading Pictures for Produce

     However trite the phrase that "where there's a will, there's a way," the truth of the adage has been demonstrated by a 72-year-old Dallas woman, upon whose family, unemployment and illness brought poverty. Her case is being pointed to with pride by Miss Mildred Douglass, of the welfare department.
     This woman's husband, himself in the 70s, is an automobile painter by trade, but has been out of employment for months. Her daughter has been ill, and a granddaughter is dependent for both sustenance and education upon the meager family resources.
     It was to meet the exigency thus created that the elder woman, an artist of some ability, resorted to her own energies, and the utilization of those of her husband. She began painting small pictures, said to be excellent in execution, while her husband aided her creative work by making household articles, and in decorating vases and other small objects under her direction.
     Loading these articles in the old family flivver, this woman has gone repeatedly into the country, exchanging pictures, or, other of her products, for foodstuffs, upon which the family has been enabled to subsist. She has exchanged copies of masterpieces for chickens, eggs, butter, turnip greens, potatoes, beets, or, for almost any other thing of value the farmer's wife would give in return for articles for the decoration of her home.
     Sometimes, there has been too much of one commodity and not enough of another. Thus, it came about that the surplus was brought to the welfare department, there, in some cases to be exchanged for staples, such as flour or sugar, or lard, the department using the vegetables or other farm products to give a more balanced ration to some of the worthy people more dependent upon charity than this energetic woman.
     She's happy in doing the job and in making a way for herself and family. There is a twinkle in her eyes, and a youthful demeanor in spite of her silver white hair. Telling her story in Miss Douglass' office, Saturday, she said: "There's no use quitting. There's always a way out of even the worst difficulty if we look for it faithfully enough--and work hard enough."
     "I wish there were more like her," Miss Douglass said. "There would be less need for the welfare department and the legal aid bureau."

- June 7, 1931, The Dallas Morning News, Section II, p. 8, col. 5-6.
- o o o -


 

Flying Windmill Honeymooners
Over Dallas


(click on image for enlarged view)

     Dallasites in large numbers were given their first sight of the "flying windmill" type of airplane Saturday, when Mr. and Mrs. Walter Hoffmann, departing for San Antonio after an overnight stay here, flew over the business district in their Pitcairn autogiro. This is a machine similar to that which Miss Amelia Earhart will demonstrate at Love Field on her visit here Monday or Tuesday.
     Mr. Hoffmann obligingly halted his ship for a hover some 1,500 feet above the Methodist Sanitarium in Oak Cliff, while an aerial photographer in another ship took this picture. The Hoffmanns are a young couple married just a week ago Saturday at Nantucket, R. I., and their present trip is the first autogiro honeymoon trans-continental flight on record.

- June 14, 1931, The Dallas Morning News, Section I, p. 4, col. 2-4.
- o o o -

 

1932
Dusty Streets
To Be Oiled if
Owners Buy Oil

     Dusty gravel and dirt streets may be sprinkled with oil as well as water this summer, if the property owners will buy the oil.
     Under a plan studied Saturday by Public Works Directory O. H. Koch, the city will sprinkle the oil, which may be bought for 2 cents a gallon by property owners.
     Oil, city engineers say, will keep the dust from flying for two to three months, whereas water often settles the dust for only thirty minutes on a hot day.
     Dallas has 300 miles of gravel and dirt streets. And how to keep them from being unbearably dusty during the summer has ever been a problem for city officials.
     Only recently, the council appropriated an additional $5,000 to sprinkle the streets with water, thus making a total of $8,000 available for this purpose during June, July, August and September.

- June 5, 1932, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
Sec. III, p. 6, col. 3.
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1933
They Smiled, in the '90s,
When Asked Debts Paid

_______

Credit Man in Those Days Had to Keep
Gun on Hip and a Stiff Upper Lip;
Old Guard to Be Honored Thursday

     There are certain things that simply weren't done in the roaring '90s, and one of them was to ask a Texan of good standing about his private financial affairs, and if he could or would pay his debts.
     A man's word--well, one might question his antecedents or talk about his behavior and get away with it. But, to question his word in matters of business, which he regarded a better security than a first mortgage on the United States Treasury, was good for a fight any day. The questioner, if he happened to be a merchant seeking credit information about a prospective customer, was in a tough spot.

Merchant Knew His Patrons.
     That is why pioneer credit men of Dallas sometimes carried six-shooters in their hip pockets. Financial investigation had to be done under cover of deep secrecy. Retail merchants were supposed to know their customers personally and the buying gentry was extremely touchy on the subject of business reliability.
     The exact science of the modern credit bureau of today, which, in an hour or two, can furnish the storekeeper with a complete record for years past and estimate the patron's bill-paying habits, did not exist.     One had to make guarded inquiries through surreptitious channels and woe be to him who allowed the customer to find out what he was up to.

Then Town Became City.
     It was back in the '90s, that Dallas merchants, with the city's population of 50,000 growing beyond the list of their acquaintances, began to ponder getting together over their credit woes.
     Old-timers agree that J. E. R. Childress, Sr., in 1893, conceived the idea of organizing a retail credit bureau. At that time, the manager of the business passed on all credit accounts, which averaged about 15 per cent of the yearly business. W. O. Connor, then general manager of Sanger Bros., was in accord with this idea. It was Mr. Connor who wrote the agreements, signed by forty merchants, which resulted in the organization of the Merchants' Retail Credit Association in 1897.

Too Private for Telephoning.
     Among the firms holding charter memberships in the association are eight still operating under the same firm names--Sanger Bros., Arthur A. Everts Co., Gray & Graham Co., A. Harris Co., Simon David Grocery, the Dorsey Co., Linz Bros. and Volk Bros. Mr. Chilton was the manager and the entire staff of the new association.
     "Merchants in those days," Mr. Chilton said, "would not call over the telephone to ask about the credit standing of a prospective customer. Telephones were considered too public. Instead, they would send word for me to drop in when I was down that the. The matter would be discussed behind closed doors. Getting in a credit rating report was a matter of days or weeks."

Old Guard Still Active.
     Up until the early 1900s, there were no credit men, as the manager still looked after this end of the business. As credit transactions increased, the separate positions were created. There were enough credit men in the country in 1912 to organize the National Retail Credit Men's Association.
     The Dallas Retail Credit Men's Association was formed here in 1916. L. S. Crowder, then credit manager for W. A. Green Company, and now general credit manager for the Montgomery Ward stores, was the first president. Other officers were Max J. Rosenfield, vice president; Mr. Chilton, secretary; R. E. Hill, assistant secretary, and J. B. Adoue, Jr., treasurer.
     These old-timers, with other pioneer credit men of the country, are now known as the Old Guard. Their experiences of the early days of the credit system will be recounted on national Old Guard Day, which is next Thursday. The Dallas meeting will be at noon at the Adolphus Hotel.. In cities throughout the United States and Canada, other members of the Old Guard will meet with the younger generation of credit en to reminiscence and to counsel with the new crop of credit men on the peculiar problems they have to meet in a changing world.

New Credit Theories.
     These meetings are hoped, says Leonard L. Meyer, national chairman of Old Guard Day, to lead to the establishment of new credit theories and policies practicable under the new economic conditions.
     Members of the Old Guard committee for Dallas, are:
Robert Stern, Chairman
E. Ziegelmeyer
I. Cottingham
J. O. Yeargan
C. W. Page
Gus Cohen

     The Old Guard meeting will be sponsored by the Dallas Retail Credit Men's Association. Charter members of the association, most of whom will be able to attend, are:
F. E. Turquette
J. R. Heinen
I. S. Crowder
T. F. Vorderkuns
Ed. S. Hurst
C. B. Zuber
Carl Wellner
J. R. McCrary
W. T. Andress
C. M. Oakley
Mrs. E.[?] P. Kirkpatrick
Sam Hymen
T. M. Cullum
J. O. Yeargan
Robert Stern

- April 30, 1933, The Dallas Morning News, Sec. II, p. 1, col. 2-3.
- o o o -

1939
May Send Drunks, Dope
Addicts to 'Pea Patch'

________

CITY FARM AS
REHABILITATION
SITE PROPOSED

_______

SALVATION ARMY WOULD RE-
OPEN PRISON CAMP
UNDER PLAN

_______

STUDIED BY OFFICIALS
______

Aston Says Approval May Be
Given if Legal Details Can
Be Perfected.

     If it can obtain permission to re-open and operate the city prison farm or "pea patch" at White Rock Lake, the Salvation Army will try to rehabilitate habitual drunks and dope addicts who now spend much of their time in the Dallas jail, City Manager James W. Aston announced Monday.
     Aston indicated that he might approve the Salvation Army's plan, "if legal details can be perfected."
     Army officials have been working with Corporation Court Judge Joe Hill for several weeks on experiments designed to determine the feasibility of the plan. They have been given custody of one habitual drunk, who formerly spent two-thirds of his time in the city jail, and they have kept this man sober for a three-week period with one brief, four-hour exception.

Would Direct Work.
     "Under the plan," Aston said, "the Salvation Army would direct the prison farm, at which drunks and dope addicts would work out court fines. The park board would provide quarters for a Salvation Army captain and his wife, and the city would provide for the prisoners at the pea patch.
     "The Salvation Army would provide the welfare workers needed to give the men a new lease on life and help them break their bad habits.
     "Our present method of placing these men in jail isn't a cure. It merely keeps them off the street. And, if the Salvation Army, by operating the prison farm, can rehabilitate one out of 20, or one out of 50 of these men, it will be doing a worthwhile work."
Aston asked L. B. Houston, park director, to study the plan and pass upon its practicability. He explained that he and Houston probably would consult with Salvation Army officials later in the week.

- December 18, 1939, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 1, col. 8.
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