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REPRESENTATION IN
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS

(Transcribed by Dorman Holub)

    To the secession convention, January 28 to March 25, 1861, the delegates representing Dallas county were Pleasant Taylor, Thomas J. Nash, E. P. Nicholson, W. S. J. Adams.
   John Henry Brown, now of Dallas, represented Bell and Lampasas counties in the same convention, and was author of the declaration of the causes which impelled the State of Texas to secede from the Federal Union.
   To the constitutional convention of 1866, under President Johnson's proclamation: Alexander Harwood and James K. P. Record.
   To the reconstruction convention of 1868 -1869: A. Bledsoe, known as "Big A."
   To the constitutional convention of 1875: John Henry Brown, of Dallas; Nicholas H. Darnell, of Tarrant, and John W. Ferris, of Ellis (one district)
   Wm. B. Wright, for some years since of Dallas, represented Lamar county in that convention. William L. Crawford, now of Dallas, represented Marion county.
   Under the general head of Dallas county as organized, it is proper to place the names of all those who have been officially connected with it as a county, including the representation at constitutional conventions and legislative bodies.
   Owing to the close of the war and provisional government by the appointment of President Johnson, there was no election in 1865. The president appointed A. J. Hamilton provisional governor, who served from July 25, 1865, to August 1866.
   Under the constitution of 1866 and the session in that year J. K. P. Record, of Dallas, was senator. The constitution and government were overthrown by the reconstruction act of Congress of March 2, 1867, and various supplementary acts, and from July 30, 1867, to April 16, 1870, the State was under military government.
   The reconstruction convention of 1868, in its dual sessions, was largely, but by no means entirely, composed of irresponsible adventurers, lately enfranchised slaves and political mendicants, with a sprinkling of men who can be described as ignoramuses. The following delectable morceau, introduced by a delegate claiming to be a native Kentuckian, is illustrative of the latter species of the genus homo. By this convention a new (commonly called the "reconstruction" constitution was framed by a convention assembled in Austin in June and December, 1868, when many thousands of the people were disfranchised, while the negro, for the first time, war, allowed to vote.
   Following a four days' election, commencing on the first Monday in December, 1869, this constitution, by the military commander, was declared ratified by a majority of those permitted to vote. At the same time and by the same authority a full set of State, district and county officers were declared elected. But this now constitution and the officers so elected, including that rara avis in American government, the twelfth legislature assumed legal effect only on the 30th day of March, 1870. Under this regime Dallas, Collin and Tarrant constituted a senatorial district and were entitled to three representatives. Samuel Evans, of Tarrant, was the senator till 1873, when Amzi Bradshaw, of Ellis county, was elected, the district, under the census of 1870', having been changed to Dallas, Tarrant and Ellis.
   In February, 1876, under the new (present) constitution, Robert S. Guy, of Lancaster, a clear-headed lawyer and an ex-captain of the Confederate army, was elected senator from Dallas, Tarrant and Ellis counties, and served for four years with marked fidelity. He was succeeded in 1880 by Anson Rainey, of Ellis county, in 1882, under a new apportionment, by Barnett Gibbs, of Dallas, and in 1884 by Joseph O. Terrell, of Kaufman, who was succeeded by R. S. Kimbrough, of Mesquite, Dallas county, the present incumbent.

SENATORS FROM 1846 TO 1866.
In 1846, when Dallas county was created, Joseph L. Hogg, of Nacogdoches, represented in the senate the east half of the county, and Henry J. Jewett, of Robertson county, the west half.
   In 1849, in a new district, Albert G. Walker, of Dallas, was elected over John H. Reagan (present United States, senator), of Anderson, the senatorial term being four years. In 1851 Walker resigned and Samuel Bogart, of Collin county, was elected to fill the unexpired term.
   From 1853 to 1857 Jefferson Weatherford of Dallas county, was senator. From 1857 to 1861 Albert G. Walker, of Tarrant, was senator. From 1861 to 1865 Jefferson Weatherford again served.

REPRESENTATIVES OF DALLAS COUNTY-1847 TO 1887.
1847-1849, Win. M. Cochran; 1849-1851, Jefferson Weatherford; 1851-1853, John M. Crockett; 1853-1859. three terms, Andrew Jackson Witt; 1859-1861, Nicholas H. Darnell; 1861-1863, James P. Thomas, resigned in 1862 and James P. Goodnight elected; in 1863-1865, George Wilson, resigned and John C. McCoy elected; in 1865, no election; 1866, under new constitution, Nathaniel Burford and Archelaus M. Cochran; 1869-1872, under reconstruction constitution, John W. Lane; in 1872-1873, John Henry Brown, of Collin district, Tarrant and Dallas; 1873-1875, John H. Cochran, in district; 1876, under new constitution, John H. Cochran and J. T. Downs; 1878, John Ii. Cochran, speaker of the house, and John W. Daniel; 1880, John W. Daniel and Thomas F. Nash; 1882, John H. Cochran and Thomas F. Nash; 1884, R. S. Kimbrough and Z. Ellis Coombes; 1886, Jesse M. Strong and J. C. Rugel; 1888, Jesse M. Strong and - Rowland; 1890-1892, John H. Cochran and Rowland.

OTHER OFFICERS.
In regard to State and other officers, citizens of Dallas have filled the following positions: From 1861 to 1863, during the war, John. M. Crockett was Lieutenant Governor; from 1884 to 1886, Barnett Gibbs was Lieutenant Governor.
   From 1880 to 1887 James Madison Hurt was judge of the Court of Appeals, and for a second term has some time yet to serve.
   Sawnie Robertson was appointed in 1884 to fill a vacancy in the Supreme Court, and served till the next election, but refused to serve further.
   From 1878 to 1886 Olin Welborn represented this district in Congress, his last term expiring March 3, 1887, soon after which he removed to and settled in San Diego, California.
   Reuben A. Reeves, for a number of years a judge of the Supreme Court, at one time resided in Dallas, but not at the time of his election. In 1887, he war appointed by President Cleveland a judge of the Supreme Court of New Mexico, and now resider there. Being absent it is admissible to say that all Texas indorsed the appointment of Judge Reeves as eminently judicious. He is thoroughly qualified, and a more modest and honest gentleman does not exist.

FIRST PRECINCT BOUNDARIES.
The first division of Dallas county into precincts was made by John Neely Bryan, the county being divided into seven precincts, with boundaries as follows:
   Precinct -No. I.- Commencing at the mouth of Five-Mile creek, thence up said creek to the source of North prong; thence north to west fork of Trinity; thence down said stream to mouth; thence up the Elm fork to mouth of Thompson's creek; thence up said creek to the source of South fork; thence east to the divide road east of White Rock; thence with said road to the mouth of White Rock; thence down Trinity river to beginning.
   Precinct No. 2.-Commencing on the West fork at the western boundary of Precinct No. 1; thence south with said boundary to the Mountain road; thence with said road to the southern bonndary of the county; thence west with said boundary to corner; thence north with western boundary of the county to the West fork; thence down said stream to the beginning.
   Precinct No. 3.-Commencing at the mouth of the West fork; thence up said stream to the western boundary of the county; thence north with said boundary to corner; thence east with the northern boundary of the county to the Elm fork; thence down said stream to beginning.
   Precinct No. 4.- Commencing at the mouth of Thompson's creek; thence up said creek to the source of South fork; thence east to the divide road east of White Rock; thence up said road to the northern boundary of the county; thence west with said northern bounjary to the Elm fork, thence down' the Elm fork to the beginning.
   Precinct No. 5.- Commencing at the northeast corner of the county; thence west with the northern boundary of the county to the divide road east of White Rock; thence south with said road to where it crosses the national road; thence east with said national road to the eastern boundary of the county; thence north with said eastern boundary to beginning.
   Precinct No.6.-Commencing at the southeast corner of the county; thence north with the eastern boundary of the county to the national road; thence west with said road to where it crosses the Divide road; thence with said road to the month of White Rock; thence down the Trinity to the southern boundary of the county; thence east with said southern boundary to beginning.
   Precinct No. 7. -Commencing at the mouth of Five-Mile creek; thence up said creek to the source of the North fork; thence west to the Mountain road; thence south with said road to the southern boundary of the county; thence east with said southern boundary to the Trinity river; thence up said river to beginning.
   The above precincts were laid off in the early part of July, 1846, the description of which, as above given, being recorded on the 20th day of July, 1846. The above boundary lines of these precincts have many times been changed since they were thus located, and the county is now divided into eight precincts (justices), the bonndaries of which will not here be given, as they can be discerned by reference to a map of Dallas county. The towns included in the different precincts, however, are as follows: Precinct No. 1, the city of Dallas and suburbs and Calhoun; Precinct No. 2, Farmers' Branch, Carrollon, Trinity Mills and Richardson; Precinct No. 3, Rose Hill, Pleasant Valley, Garland, New Hope and Reinhardt; Precinct No. 4, Seyene, Mesquite, Haugbt's Store, Seagoville and Kleburg, Precinct No. 5, De Soto, Hutchins, Wilmer, and Lancaster; Precinct No. 6, Duncanville and Cedar Hill; Precinct No. 7, Lisbon, Eagle Ford, Grand Prairie and Oak Cliff; Precinct No. 8, Sowers.
   There are fifty-seven voting precincts in the county, each of the above named towns and surrounding territory constituting a voting precinct, except the city of Dallas, in which each ward is a voting precinct, there being twelve wards in the city. Besides these there are others which are not here named, as they are places of minor importance.




(Transcribed by Dorman Holub from John Henry Brown's Memorial & Biographical History of Dallas County, Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago,, 1892, pp. 188-191. Permission to reproduce this transcription must be obtained from Dorman Holub)