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(Updated May 31, 2004)

1875
[Editorial]

     MUCH of the success of our city is due to the unanimity of our citizens in all public matters. The most noticeable evidence of this is, that whenever anything is gotten up by one religious denomination, the others lend a helping hand, by their presence and patronage. This is as it should be. We hope, therefore, to see a general disposition on the part of all the Christian denominations to aid our Jewish fellow-citizens in their laudable efforts to build themselves a house of worship. They have never failed to respond to the many appeals for Christian charities made to them, and it is eminently proper and just that their liberality should be reciprocated, in order that they may be enable to erect their synagogue here.

- February 19, 1875, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
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1880
The Entertainment

     Of the Young Men's Hebrew association this evening at B'nai B'rth room. Members, their relatives and friends are cordially envited to attend.

- March 28, 1880, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
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Congregation Emanuel.

     Will hold a regular meeting to-day (Sunday) at 2 o'clock p. m. Business of great importance. Every member is requested to be present.

- March 28, 1880, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
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1887
[No Heading]

     A Hebrew lady from Poland, Mrs. Mary Rich, came to the city recently, looking for her husband, of whom she discovered no trace. Her little child was taken seriously ill with measles in the meanwhile. Both mother and child are now in charge of the Hebrew Benevolent Assocation.

- November 28, 1887, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
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1889
D. GOSLIN IS DEAD.

__________

Unfortunate Termination to the
Existence of a Well Known Busi-
ness Man.

     Last night at 9 o'clock, Mr. D. Goslin, a prominent Hebrew merchant doing business on Elm street, and a well known and like citizen, was found in his store in a dying condition from the effects of an overdose of morphine, the use of which, his acquaintances say, he was addicted to. He was removed to his home on Ervay street, where every known remedy and every effort to revive him was brought into play, but to no purpose, and this morning at 2 o'clock, he died.
     His friends deny the theory of suicide that was being circulated the early part of the day. It was a well known custom with Mr. Goslin to go down to his store Sunday night, and lighting his lamps, return home. Last evening, he remained longer than usual downtown, and his absence from the supper table created uneasiness, as he was a man generally to be found at home when not detained by business. Investigation resulted in the discovery as above stated.
     Mr. Goslin's well-known happy, jovial disposition and his pleasant surroundings, preclude the idea of suicide, especially when it is known that he used the drug as some people use other stimulants.
     It was an unfortunate termination to the life of a citizen who will be sadly missed from the community, from his family, and from the social circles where he contributed liberally to charity and to works of rendering the existence of others happy.

- August 12, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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CITY NEWS.

     The fine residence which Mr. Joe Lowenstein was having erected on Akard street when he died very suddenly about a week ago, is nearly completed. A number of offers to rent it have been received by the agents for from $60 to $70 a month.

- March 23, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
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[No Heading]

     Rev. Dr. Hippolyte Wertheim, who is a finished Hebrew scholar from Paris, France, will officiate to-night at Temple Eman-el.

- November 8, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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1891
RUSSIAN JEWS PERSECUTED.

_______

THE CZAR PUTTING THE
SCREWS TO HIS SUBJECTS.

_______

Letters From America Opened
and Tickets and Money
Confiscated.

     Russia enjoys the most despotic government of any semi-civilized country in the world. The press is muzzled, the people manacled and the barbarous practices in vogue in that alleged Christian government would bring the blush of shame to the cheek of a Sious ghost dancer.
     For years, the Jews have been ruled with an iron hand by the minions of the czar. Their property has been confiscated, their synagogues destroyed, their rabbis humiliated, their women outraged, thousands of the flower of the Jewish youth transported to frozen Siberia, sent into exile to other lands or murdered by the sword or galling chains in hideous dungeons.
     Charlie Goldstein, the Main street pawnbroker, is a Russian Jew by birth and has no love for the Czar or his satraps. In 1881, while traveling in that country armed with a passport from the secretary of state, he was seized by the Russian police and jailed on suspicion of being a Nihilist. "Goldy" had a rocky time of it, but finally escaped from the clutches of the Russian authorities, owing to the intervention of the American consul, and lost no time in getting back into God's country, far removed from despots, and despotic rule. This morning, Charles received a letter from a friend in Russia which demonstrates that the czar and his government have redoubled their efforts to harass Jews in that country. According to his advices[?], the Russian postmaster-general has given orders to his subordinates to open all letters from American Jews to their kinsfolk in their old country. Prepaid-passage tickets and funds are to be confiscated. Not only this, but the Russians to whom the letters are addressed, are arrested and thrown into prison. Orders have been issued prohibiting Russian Jews from receiving financial aid from their countrymen in America. Mr. Goldstein says that $100,000 per month has been sent to Russia from America by parties desiring to aid relatives at home. By order of the Russian government, this must cease. The Russian rabbis have been notified by the Jewish Gazette, published in New York, that hereafter, letters consigned to them for other parties, will subject them to arrest and prosecution.
     As a matter of course, the Russian press is silent on the subject of these outrages, the censors of the newspapersss are the paid hirelings of the czar, and the poor victims have no redress.
     No wonder nihilism flourishes in the land of the Cossack.

- April 25, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 4.
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Israelites, Attention.

     Every Israelite of this city is earnestly requested to attend a meeting to be held at Phoenix Hall Wednesday, 30th inst., at 8 p. m. sharp for the purpose of organizing a branch of the Jewish Alliance of America.
                                By order of the committee.

- September 30, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1.
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HEBREW BENEVOLENT WORK.
______

AN ORGANIZATION FOR THE
AID OF THE RUSSIAN JEW

______

Perfected in Dallas--An Enthu-
siastic Meeting--Work
Commenced.

     A well attended and enthusiastic meeting of members of the Hebrew race was held last night at Phoenix Hall for the purpose of organizing a branch of the American Benevolent Association, which has headquarters in Philadelphia. Its object is to aid the persecuted Russian Jew to homes in America.
     The meeting organized last night by electing Dr. E. M. Tillman chairman and Mr. A. Panders, temporary secretary.
     Dr. Tillman read from the constitution and by-laws of the American Benevolent Association, which gave the full scope and design of the work.
     The address of the association to American Hebrews was read, showing that nearly 3,000,000 persecuted and destitute Jews in Russia need a helping hand.
     Upon the motion of Mr. Victor Hexter, the meeting was resolved into a branch of the American Benevolent Association.
     Messrs. Hexter, Phillipson and Weber were appointed a committee to draft a constitution and by-laws for the government of the branch organization.
     Dr. Tillman suggested that the meeting should consider the question of finances.
     Mr. Hexter suggested that a subscription list be immediately started for the benefit of some who possibly could not be seen when the list was started, and who might desire to subscribe then.
     Dr. Tillman stated that about 165 people had already subscribed liberally.
     Dr. Chapman moved to fix the monthly dues at 50 cents.
     Mr. Phillipson suggested that the amount was too much, as many could afford to pay 25 cents a month who could not pay 50.      With the consent of his second, Dr. Chapman changed his motion to 25 cents per month.
     Mr. Goldstein thought that any member could afford to give $2.50 a year.
     Dr. Tillman thought the limit should be $3 per annum. He read from the constitution of the head association in support of his position.
     Mr. Hurst thought that action should be deferred until the committee on constitution and by-laws reported.
     The question of the manner of distributing the funds was raised. Whether they should be sent to the central organization in Philadelphia, or controlled by the local organization, was the question.
     Mr. Phillipson thought the money should be sent to Philadelphia.
Dr. Chapman made a strong appeal for the object of the organization be stated at the outset, and he saw no necessity for presenting the question of how the funds were to be distributed, after the meeting had organized as a branch of the Philadelphia association, and was, therefore, subject to the requirements of the constitution of that body.
     Mr. A. Harris spoke on the same line. He thought they should direct their efforts to the organization of the Jews in every part of the state for this benevolent work.
     The attention of the meeting reverted to Dr. Chapman's motion to fix the dues at 25 cents a month, and it was adopted.
     On a motion made by Dr. Chapman, the meeting proceeded to permanent organization.
     Dr. Tillman was elected president and Mr. Philip Sanger, vice-president; S. M. Goldberg, secretary and C. Goldstein, treasurer.
     The trustees elected were Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Kahn, A. Harris and A. Weber.
     Upon a motion made by Mr. Harris, those who signed the subscription list, and those who were present at the meeting, constitute the Dallas branch of the association, which adjourned subject to the call of the president.

- October 1, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 2.
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Jewish Alliance Meeting.

     Dr. E. M. Tillman, president of the local branch of the Jewish Alliance of America, has called a meeting of the society for two o'clock to-morrow (Sunday) afternoon, at Phoenix Hall. All members are pre-requested to attend.

- October 17, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
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Aid the Persecuted Jews.

     A meeting of the Dallas branch of the Jewish Alliance of America will be held to-morrow afternoon at 3 o'clock at the Phoenix Hall. All members, as well as non-members, are earnestly requested to be present, as business of importance is to be disposed of.

- November 21, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
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1892
THE COURTS

NEW SUITS FILED.

     Max Goethinger vs. J. F. Worley et al; suit for possession of pew No. 29 in Temple Emanuel.

- April 27, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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Building Permits.

     The following building permits have been issued by the city engineer for the week ending to-day:

     Sheareth Israel congregation, three-story pressed brick front, lots 23 and 24, block 140, $7500.

- June 6, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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DEDICATION OF A TEMPLE.
_______

IMPOSING CEREMONIES WIT-
NESSED YESTERDAY.

_______

The Occasion Being the Dedi-
cation of the Temple of
Shaareth Israel.

     Just five years after the founding of the congregation of Shaareth Israel by Mr. Charles Goldstein, the president, their new synagogue was on yesterday dedicated with imposing ritualistic ceremonies.
     The building is located on the south side of Jackson street, near Preston. It is a handsomely-finished structure 40 x 60 feet in the main, with a vestibule 12 x 20 feet. It is neatly finished inside, the cost of the structure being $13,500.
     Although the day was calculated to make people stay indoors, every pew was filled at the appointed hour, when Rev. Mr. Weisburg, the cantor of the congregation, with Messrs. C. Goldstein, the president; E. Mittenthal, H. Goldstein, Joe Rosthein and S. Iralson, each bringing a scroll of the law, presented themselves on the outside of the edifice. Rabbi Dr. Chapman of Temple Emanu-El, the officiating minister, was stationed in front of the ark. The cortege outside knocked for admittance into the snynagogue, speaking in Hebrew: "Open for me the gates of righteousness that I may enter through them to praise the Lord." Rabbi Chapman from the ark responded in Hebrew:
     "Blessed be ye who come in the name of the Lord. We bless you from the house of our God." The doors were then opened and the cantor and those with him entered, the cantor chanting in Hebrew: "How Beautiful Are Thy Tents, Oh, Israel!" Seven circuits inside the building were then made by the cantor and party, while appropriate
selections were being intoned during the circuits. At the end of the seventh circuit, the procession ascended what is known as the almanmar, the reading desk of the cantor.
     Rabbi Chapman then offered the dedication prayer, including
a prayer for the government of the United States and for the welfare of the city. After this one of the scrolls of the law was opened and the first chapter of Genesis was read in Hebrew by Rev. Dr. Weisburg. The scroll was then deposited in the ark and Rabbi Chapman read the first chapter of Genesis in English. When he came to the words, "And God said, 'let there be light,' " the president of the congregation was ready to light the continual lamp, which was standing before the ark, and when the words, "and there was light," were uttered, the continual lamp was lighted, never to be extinguished while the synagogue stands.
     The regular afternoon service was then read in Hebrew by the congregation, at the close of which the dedication sermon was delivered by Rabbi Chapman. It was based upon the text: "Let them build me a sanctuary and I will dwell among them."
     At the close of Dr. Chapman's sermon, Mr. Sam Mittenthal, in a beautifully worded speech, delivered the key to Mr. Charles Goldstein, president of the congregation.
     Mr. Goldstein, in accepting the key, spoke a word of welcome to the audience and expressed his grartitude at the attendance. He continued with a brief resume of the work done by the little congregation from the time of its foundation until the dedication of the synagogue.
     Mr. Sam Klein of Temple Emanu-El, followed in a short, interesting address. He referred to the house of worship, and incidentally touched upon the subject of the comparatively small number of Israelites upon earth, being only about 10,000,000 out of 800,000,000 souls. He then spoke of the great man furnished by the race, patriots, humanintarians and statesmen, and the important part which the race has taken in science, art and literature. He spoke feelingly of David Goslin, the founder of Temple Emanu-El and one of the Nestors in the establishment of non-sectarian schools in Dallas. Among the early pioneers who have been foremost in building up the city and country, he referred to the Sangers, Kahns, Tillmans and others, whom he referred to as the Baron Hirschs of Texas. Years and years ago, they had manifested a philanthropic spirit and in the early history of Dallas, established a colony from the exiled of their race from Russia, some of whom are members of the congregation Shareth-Israel and good and useful citizens.
      Mr. L. A. Michaelson, in a short speech, expressed gratitude for the spiritual and material advancement made by the congregation and was followed by Mr. S. Iralson, Rev. Dr. Weisburg and Rev. Dr. Chapman, in addresses in the Jewish tongue, after which the congregation adjourned to the vestry rooms where a sumptuous repast was enjoyed by the congregation and their guests.

- September 12, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1-2.
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City Notes.

     The concert given Thursday night at Phoenix Hall under the auspices of the Orthodox Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Association proved a success, socially and financially.

- November 26, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
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1893
Added February 9, 2004:
CITY NOTES.

     Rev. N. Mosessohn of Philadelphia is the new rabbi of the Shaareth-Israel congregation. A school has also been established in connection with the temple.

- January 17, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
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CITY NOTES.

     Benny, the son of Mr. and Mrs.. A. I. Kauffman will be confirmed at the Orthodox Synagogue, on Jackson street, on Saturday morning during the regular service.

- May 4, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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The Feast of Weeks.

     The festival of Shebnoth (feast of week) will be celebrated to-morrow evening and Sunday morning. The services at Emanu-El will commence at 8 o'clock on Saturday night, and at 10 o'clock on Sunday morning. The rite of confirmation will be administered by Rabbi Chapman to the following children: Misses Bessie and Julia Chapman, Pauline Friend, Edna Hass, Selma Gugenheim, Selina Gradwohl, Lottie Moses, Fannie Oppenheim and Masters Charles Cohn and Louis H. Tillman.

- May 19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 4.
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Added February 8, 2004:
PUBLIC EXAMINATION.
______

At Shaareth Israel Congregation Sunday
School.

     An examination of the Hebrew school of the Shaareth Israel congregation on Jackson street, will take place to-morrow afternoon at 3 o'clock, and all members of the congregation, as well as the public, generally, are respectfully invited. The school, whose superintendent is Rev. D. Mosesohn, has only been in existence six months, but has made a surprising progress. The programme is as follows:

Opening prayer in English...Annie Wasserman
Examination of the First Class, consisting of Hebrew Syllables, Vowels and Writings.
Sol. Lottman, Aaron Miller & Rachel Goldstein.
Debate -- Is the Hebrew Language a Dead One?
David Mosessohn, leader, affirmative.
Isabella Goldstein, leader, negative.
Recitation .................Minnie Tobiansky
Examination of the Second Class consisting of
Hebrew Reading, Writing and Translation:
Mamie Cohn, Annie Wasserman, Abe Goldstein,
Abe Rosenthal and N. Goodman.
Duet.....Moses Mosesshon and Rosa Goldstein.
Recitation......Fannie Lottman
Recitation.....Mamie Cohn
Recitation......Mary Goodman
Examination of the Low Third Class, consisting
of Hebrew, Practical Grammar, Translation
and Writing Sentences from English in He-
brew, History and Religion:
R. Goldstein, J. Goldstein and M. Mosessohn.
Recitation.......Moses Mosessohn
Recitation.......Rosa Goldstein.

MINCHA PRAYER WITH CHILDREN CHOIR.

Examination of the High Third Class, consist-
ing of Hebrew Bible, History, Religion, Trans-
lating and Writing Sentences from English in
Hebrew, Conjugation of Nouns and Declen-
sion of Verbs:
David N. Mosessohn, Jennie Tobiansky, Mary
Goodman and Fannie Lottman.
Hebrew Recitation......David N. Mosessohn
English Recitation......Jennie Tobiansky

SONG -- "OUR COUNTRY" BY ALL THE PUPILS.

Distribution of presents to the Promoted Pupils.

- July 1, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
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1894
Clothing for Cyclone Sufferers.

     Mrs. S. Heidensfelder, president of the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent association, to-day, sent Mayor Barry a box of clothing to be forwarded to the cyclone sufferers at Emory.

- March 26, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 7.
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Added February 29, 2004:
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     M. Bauman has been appointed correspondent for the Jewish Tidings, of Rochester, N. Y.

- October 20, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 5.
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1895
Added March 26, 2004:
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Association will celebrate its twentieth anniversary by a donation tea, Thursday evening, at Phoenix Hall. The hours will be from 3 to 9 o'clock, and the hostesses will be the officers of the Association.

- January 29, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Added April 12, 2004:
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     The Purim masquerade ball, given by the Hebrew Benevolent associations of this city, took place Monday night at Phoenix hall. Dancing was the feature of the occasion, followed by a banquet. The prize offered to the young lady who sold the largest number of tickets was awarded Miss Ruby Moses, and the prize for the most popular young lady was given to Miss Camille Blunt, of Galveston.

- March 13, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 5.
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Added April 12, 2004:
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     Police Clerk Kahn is said to be the only Irish Jew in the country. He was born on St. Patrick's Day.

- March 16, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3-4.
- o o o -

Added May 6, 2004:
RABBI H. M. BIEN
COMMITS SUICIDE.

_____

HE ONCE LIVED IN DALLAS.
_____

Everybody Liked Him On Account of His
Gentleness of Spirit, Learning and Piety.
Recent Reverses Threw Him Into
Despondency.

     A telegram from Birmingham, Ala., announces that Rabbi H. M. Bien suicided by taking morphine at the Florence hotel in that city on the evening of the 21st instant.
     Dr. Bien was pastor of the Jewish congregation in Vicksburg for fifteen years, but was let out recently, the congregation preferring a young man. He applied for a place in Birmingham, but on the night of his death, was informed that he could not get it. He left a note stating that things had been going against him for some time, and therefore, he had taken his life.
     Dr. Bien, who was 60 years old, left three sons -- one a prominent lawyer in California, another in Memphis, a third, a merchant in Canton, Ohio -- and one daughter. His remains will be buried in Vicksburg.

_____

     Dr. Bien was in charge of Temple Emanu-El congregation in Dallas from August, 1879, to '82 or '83. He was a learned and pious man, and was liked by both Jews and Gentiles, who regret very much to hear of his death.
     Dr. Bien was the author of several books which show not only very high literary art in the author, but also learned and laborious research.

- April 24, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 5.
- o o o -

Added May 22, 2004:
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     For the benefit of Emanu-El Aid Society, Mrs. Aug. Cahn, assisted by the following ladies: Mesdames D. G. Openheim, E. M. Kahn, Maurice Cohn, F. Pollack, A. K. Hurst, Morris Leibman, Sam Fechenbach, Leo. Wolfson, Leon Kahn, Henry Hirsh -- will utilize the magnificent lawn at the northwest corner of Akard and Cadiz streets for the purpose of a lawn party, to-morrow night. Special enjoyment of the children, for whom a big surprise will be in store.

- May 15, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5-7.
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Added May 30, 2004:
PENTECOSTAL FEAST
IN HEBREW CHURCH.

_____

Elaborate Confirmation Exercises in
Temple Emanu-El

     In the Jewish church to-day, is the anniversary of the revelation on Mount Sinai, called in Hewbrew, the Festival of Shabuoth, which, in English, means Pentecost.
     The chief feature of this festival is the confirmation of the children, a beautiful rite, emblematic of the giving of the commandment to the Israelites.
     The services at Temple Emanu-El were very impressive. The church was beautifully decorated with flowers and greenery, the altar being particularly profusely adorned. The musical part of the exercises was very fine. Mrs. Dietz and Miss Bright were members of the choir.
     The following children were confirmed: Ida and Anna Shaparl, Estelle Cahn, Sylvan Dysterbach, Morris Lewis, Jessie and Rena Friend, Gertrude Kahn, Rosa Gugenheim, Rachael Goodman.

____

     Confirmation exercises in the orthodox Jewish church on Jackson street will take place to-morrow morning. There are four to be confirmed in this church.

- May 29, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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CITY NEWS NOTES.

     What promises to eclipse all former efforts is the lawn party to be given to-morrow evening by Mrs. Cohn for the benefit of the Emanu-El Aid Society. There will be features for the enjoyment of both adults and children, and a large attendance is anticipated.
     At the annual meeting held by Congregation Emanu-El last night, at the Temple on Commerce street, the following officers were elected to serve for the ensuing year: E. M. Kahn, President; L. Philipson, Vice President; S. Beck, Treasurer; Leo Wolfson, Secretary.

- June 6, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2-3.
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1897
CITY NEWS NOTES.

     Rev. Dr. Kohut was elected at a meeting of the board of directors of Temple Emanuel to officiate as director for a year.

- October 11, 1897, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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1898
THE JEWISH JAHRMARKT.

_______

A Great Fair Scheduled for
This Month.

_______

FROM APRIL 13 TO 20, INCLUSIVE.
_______

The Great Annual German Event
to be Produced for Temple
Emanu-El.

[portions of the text (displayed as _______) are missing]

     If indications assure anything, and they generally do, the citizens of Dallas ______ event in Germany called the "Jahrmarkt." [as given--missing text]
     The Dallas Jahrmarkt--for that is to be its name--will be given in Dallas from April 13th to the 20th, inclusive, in a building 50x200 feet, two stories high, on Elm street. It will be given by the Jewish ladies of Dallas for the benefit of the building fund of Temple Emanu-El.
     Since 1875, the Jewish people of Dallas have worshipped in the small temple on Commerce street. During that time, the congregation has been so considerably augmented in numbers, that the building is not large enough to accommodate the congregation. Besides this, winter's fierce and chilly blasts and summer's sultry suns have dealt unkindly wit the structure. The building is decayed in many essential parts, and the walls are cracked in several places. In addition to all this, that portion of Commerce street is being reduced to grade and the temple must be removed. The Jewish people of Dallas have ever responded nobly and most generously to every charitable entertainment ever given in this city or state--an entertainment which will smack to such an extent of orientalism that the casual observer will scarcely be able to distinguish the difference between it and the annual ________ ble call from other denominations, no matter of what sect or creed, or for what purpose--building or otherwise. They have never asked anything in return until now. They feel that it is absolutely necessary to build a new house of worship. They will ask the generous citizens of Dallas to contribute something for this purpose, and at the same time, receive something in return for their money.
     The Jahrmarkt in the old country is the annual event to which all eyes, old and young, are continually turned, and to which every heart beats in anticipatory throbs; an occasion when everybody from everywhere gather for a fortnight's revelrous feast; an occasion when the cars of household, field, factory and shop are laid aside for a period of uninterrupted merriment. The street singers and dancers, minstrels, strolling mountebanks and jesters and entertainers of all descriptions contribute their share to this occasion and receive a rich harvest in return, in the shape of the coin of the realm. There are eating booths where student and professors gather and make merry. The Dallas Jahrmarkt will be as near an exact representation of the German Jahrmarkt as it is possible to make from descriptions furnished by those of our citizens who have participated in the ones in the old country and from photographs. The Jewish young ladies have entered into the idea with all their hearts and souls. They will costume themselves as do the Germans in Faderland, the Bavarians, The Austrians, the Moors, and Australians, the Turks, and, in fact, all nations. In addition to the regular programme, which will be changed each day, these young ladies will use their best and most original efforts to entertain the visitors.
     There will be thirteen booths, representing the Palace of the Sphinx, the Moorish Mosque, the Turkish Alhambra, and various other scenes from across the pond. Descriptions of these will be published from day to day in these columns.
     Mrs. Alexander Sanger is chairman of the executive committee, which has the entertainment in charge. They are working night and day for the Jahrmarkt, and will leave nothing undone to make the affair an enjoyable success.

- April 1, 1898, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 5.
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1906
Yiddish Performance.

     A large crowd witnessed the Yiddish performance at Turner Hall last night. The play was "The Devil in Paradise," and the lines were recited in Yiddish, a tongue spoken by Hebrews only. Largman, a well known Yiddish actor, assumed and carried out the principal role.

- June 25, 1906, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 7.
- o o o -

TO HAVE OUTING.
______

Entertainment by Ladies' Hebrew Be-
nevolent Association.

     The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent society contemplate giving an outing and dance at Oak Lawn park early in July. Mrs. Francis Rosenthal, chairman, assisted by Mesdames Meyer, M. Hurst, A. Moses, L. Wenar, Ben Goldbaum, E. Brin, T. Markus, Sam Levy and J. Harris. From 5 to 8, there will be dancing and amusements for the children and, 8:30 to 11:30, dancing for everybody. There will be refreshments served on the grounds. The committee will meet with the chairman Wednesday, June 27, at 5 p. m.

- June 25, 1906, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 10, col. 3.
- o o o -

1914
SEEKS TO RAISE $5,000 FUND.

_______

Dallas Jews Will Be Asked to Con-
tribute to Hebrew Institute Be-
ing Erected in Fort Worth.

________

     Dallas Jews will this week be asked to contribute $5,000 toward a fund of $30,000, which is being used in the construction of the Fort Worth Hebrew institute. Rev. Philip Dan, of Fort Worth, is in Dallas to receive donations. He will remain here during the week.
     According to Rev. Mr. Dan, the institute is being erected for the purpose of educating the Jew immigrant. It is broad in scope and free, or practically so, to all Jews.
     "Ever since the European immigration was diverted from the port of New York to Galveston, a large percentage of the Jewish immigrants have, by reason of the large packing plants and other alluring prospects, settled in Fort Worth," Rev. Mr. Dan said yesterday.
     "To Americanize, educate and make of them good, useful citizens has become a problem that has engaged the constant attention of the Jewish leaders of Fort Worth. Night schools have been established for the purpose of teaching them the English language and American customs. But, these night schools are no longer able to cope with the large number of immigrants, and it has become necessary to do something bigger. The night schools were taught free by young women and men of Fort Worth and much good has been done, but it has developed that, in order to carry on this work successfully, a home for developing these newcomers and their children, morally, physically and intellectually, a Hebrew institute is a necessity. A building is now being erected in Fort Worth for this purpose. This building will contain all the facilities for the transformation of the immigrant and the molding of his character into a good, useful American citizen."
     Rev. Mr. Dan has been in Fort Worth several years, giving most of his time to the instruction of the immigrant and the small Jewish children. He has been a teacher in one of the Jewish night schools, and is thoroughly familiar with the work being conducted there. He expressed a belief that he will obtain the money needed from Dallas Jews in less than a week.

- August 10, 1914, Dallas Morning News, p. 16, col. 3.
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Polish League Is
Organized Here

     The Anshaly Poland League, a new benevolent organization of Polish-Jews, was organized Sunday at 2707 Lake avenue. The officers elected were as follows: A. M. Warner, president; D. Roblatt, vice president; M. Laufer, treasurer, and I. Zimmerman and Harry Kurshner, trustees.
     Meetings will be held regularly at 2707 Lake avenue on alternating Sundays. A meeting has been called for next Sunday, however. The subject of the meeting will be a discussion of plans to help the Russian, German and other European Jews.

- September 28, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 5.
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1917
B'NAI B'RITH FORMS
MILITARY LEAGUE

     To attend to the spiritual, social and material needs of the men in each of the cantonments, the B'nai B'rith has organized the American Soldiers and Sailors' Welfare League. It is the intention of the organization to establish recreation rooms outside of the camps, offering entertainments, lectures and opportunities for worship.
     The local committee of the organization is composed of Dr. William H. Greenburg, chairman; Chas. L. Sanger, treasurer; V. H. Hexter, Joe Utay, Arthur L. Kramer, Rabbi Bosniak, H. S. Schellne, Tobias Abrahams, Lawrence Miller, Phillip Garonzik, Charles L. Sanger, Louis Kleinman.

- October 3, 1917, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 12, col. 5.
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