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1892
Objects of Charity.

Editor Times-Herald:
                        D
ALLAS, Feb. 26, 1892.
     I am taking the scholastic census of the Sixth ward. In my rounds, I find at 109 Boll street, an object of charity that should be seen after; a mother and two small children that need immediate attention. Please call the attention of the city authorities and charitalbe societies of the city to the same, so they may act immediately. W. C. L
INN.

- February 26, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
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A LAWN PARTY
_____

For the Benefit of the Poor of
the City.

     A lawn party will be given at the residence of Col. Seth Shepard to-morrow afternoon, beginning at 6 p. m. for children, and 8 o'clock for grown persons; under the auspices of the charity organization for the benefit of the poor of the city. There should be a large attendance.

- June 28, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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1896
HOME FOR WHITE BOYS.

______

The Charter of a New Institution to
Be Located in This City.

     A non-sectarian home for white boys is an enterprise recently launched in this city. Below will be found a copy of its charter:
     The undersigned, citizens of the state of Texas, do hereby form ourselves into a charitable corporation under the constitution and laws of the state of Texas, and declare the objects of the corporation to be the placing of dependent and helpless white children in good homes, where they will have parental care and the advantages of educational and religious training.
     The name of the corporation shall be "The Sam Houston Exchange for White Children of the State of Texas."
     The corporation will take charge of neglected, destitute white children, whose parents are unable to suitably provide for such children, by throwing around them, those educational and religious influences necessary to develop and raise them to the higher planes of womanhood and manhood. the accomplishment of these purposes will be effected by suitable persons and agencies and local boards of directors in the several counties in the state, where practicable, acting under, and as auxiliary, to the state board of control.
     When such children are surrendered to the corporation, they become its legal wards under a surrender contract containing mutual dependent covenants, binding alike on the corporation and the parties surrendering the child, and no contract shall be made not having for its primal object, the interest and welfare of the child.
     And, if at any time it should appear that the custodian of such child has disregarded his or her covenants with the corporation, it shall be the duty of the corporation to declare the contract at an end and to repossess the child, to be again replaced with some good family who will observe the contract.
     The control of the corporation is hereby vested in a state board of three directors, which may be increased from time to time as expediency may require, and the chief executive officer of the corporation shall be a state superintendent and his assistants.
     Auxiliary local boards shall be formed in the several counties of the state, where expedient, and these local boards shall be auxiliary to, and under, the control of the state board.
     The state superintendent and his assistants are charged with the organization of the local boards, subject to confirmation by the state board of control and removal for sufficient cause. The corporation does not own any property, real or personal, and neither owns or issues stock. It depends entirely upon future acquisitions by charitable donations. Its business is a work of charity for poor white children. It does not issue shares.
     The corporation shall have a common seal and power to sue and be sued in the several courts of the state on all questions involving its corporate rights and contracts. It shall have power, through its officers and agents, to solicit donations to the corporation to enable it to effect the objects of its creation.
     It shall have power to receive, by written surrender or otherwise, any and all children surrendered to it, and no child shall be reclaimed by the party surrendering such child without the consent of the corporation.
     It shall have power to fix the compensation of its active agents and employes.
     The corporation shall exist for twenty-one years and by a majority vote of all those in attendance at the time on the state board, the charter may be amended.
     The board of directors shall adopt and print and circulate by-laws, rules and regulations and manual, giving full and explicit details relating to the power and business of the corporation.
     The location of the principal office of the corporation is hereby fixed at Dallas, in the state of Texas, until further and otherwise provided.
     The following names persons are hereby declared to be the state board of directors and state superintendent for the period of one year: C. E. Bird, Dallas, Tex.; Rev. Edward Wilkins, Dallas; E. E. Flippin, Dallas; John Hallum, Dallas; N. L. Davis, Waco; Ben T. Seay, Dallas; Rev. James Foster, Marlin; Geo. Hunter Smith, Waco; Miss Hattie A. Hallum, Dallas; Wm. R. Houston, Dallas; Rev. J. H. Davis, Dallas.

- May 6, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 10, col. 6.
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ORPHANS AT CITY PARK.
______

The Inmates of St. Joseph's Home
Enjoy an Outing.

     The sisters of St. Joseph's Orphans, assisted by Miss Barry and other kind hearted ladies of the parish, gave the inmates, sixty in number, a picnic at the City park yesterday. The party came over tin the morning and remained at the park until 5 o'clock and the little ones had the jolliest time that can be imagined. The sisters and other ladies in charge return thanks through The News to the managers of the Oak Cliff Electric Railway and the Dallas City Street Railway companies and also to Hughes Bros. for courtesies extended. The sixty neatly-clad, robust and bright-faced children enjoyed themselves during the day as only children can.

- May 8, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 10, col. 4.
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1897
CHARITY WORK.

_____

The Wagon Will Make the
Rounds To-morrow.

     As stated in yesterday's Times Herald, the United Charities wagon will make the rounds on South Akard, Browder, South Ervay, South Harwood and all cross streets to Grand avenue to-morrow. All persons having donations of any kind will confer a favor by having them ready when the wagon calls.
     The demand made upon the charity fund during the past few days have been very great and clothing can be used to good advantage now and during the remainder of the winter. The clothing will be placed in a building provided by the city for that purpose, properly assorted and given to the deserving poor. The association has received $903 in cash contributions up to the present time. Messrs. Wakefield, Nott and Wadleigh have consented to canvass the city for more cash contributions, and this sum is expected to be doubled through their efforts.

- December 21, 1897, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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1902
CHARITIES OF DALLAS

______

INSTITUTIONS FOR THE AID AND
PROTECTION OF THE NEEDY
AND UNFORTUNATE

______

HAS MODERN CITY HOSPITAL
_______

Orphans' Asylums, Homes for the
Aged and Friendless and a Large
and Beautiful Sanitarium.

     The charitable and benevolent institutions of Dallas are numerous, and in their scope, offer aid and protection to the orphan, the aged, the sick, the needy and the unfortunate.
     Most of them had small beginnings, but have developed under the devotion and care of the people to whom they owe their existence.
     Most of them are broad in their field, offering aid to the suffering without reference to the lines of creed or caste.


PARKLAND HOSPITAL


Parkland (City) Hospital.
     Twenty-seven years ago, the city of Dallas began to take care of its indigent sick by the establishment of a municipal hospital. The original hospital was on South Lamar street. In 1893, on account of the growth of the population and the undesirable surroundings, the present city hospital, now called Parkland Hospital, was erected.
     The building stands on a tract of twenty acres at the corner of Oak Lawn and Maple avenues, two miles north of the City Hall. It is 250 feet long by 90 feet back, and contains six large and well ventilated wards. There are extra rooms for offices, dining and operating rooms; also for quarters for the surgeon in charge, and employes. Wide porches surround the building. There are accommodations for about seventy-five patients. The employes consist of a matron, a housekeeper, yard man, cook and four nurses. The last fiscal year, a total of 752 patients were cared for, the average daily number of patients was 41, each patient costing the city 67 2/3¢ per day. The Health Officer and family live in the institution. His duties are many, and he must be in his office at the City Hall a portion of the day. He is required to look after the needy sick who do not go to the hospital, but call there for medical attention and live at home. The attention of the sick confined in the two city prisons, and going to all emergency calls, comes within the scope of his authority, and is attended to by the assistant health officer.
     The intention of the City Hospital was to care only for the resident sick of the city, but many people who are non-residents of the city, are sent here and to other cities over the country for treatment, or because there is often no hospital at the smaller towns, and the indigent poor are sent to the larger towns, and arriving sick and without money to go further, the city is compelled to take them until they die, or improve sufficiently to take care of themselves.

Buckner Orphans' Home.
     This is the oldest charitable institution in Dallas County, and well nigh so as to the entire State of Texas. It enjoys a splendid reputation as one of the leading orphanages in the United States. It was opened in 1879 with three children in a rented wooden cottage, but its unencumbered property is now valued at more than $200,000, and it has care for 2,500 children.
     There are many good, thrifty citizens now in Dallas City and County who were reared and educated in this "Home," and others like them are to be found in the various walks of life in other States. Some are in the United States army on the Philippine Islands, some have homes of their own and some have obtained regular employment in different spheres at the Orphanage itself.
     Its buildings include two large, substantial bricks, one for the boys and one for the girls; a large brick power house and mill house. It is a home for its wards, and a literary and industrial training school for them.
     The main site of the institution is five miles east of the city, where it has nearly 700 acres of black land, including an orchard of 7,000 trees. It has its own canning factory, grist mill, shops with planer, turning lathe, power saws, etc.; also an electric light plant and a telephone system, including eight instruments.
     It has a special department with buildings located in the city, on large grounds, with all the conveniences of paved streets, cement walks, sewerage, hydrant and cistern water, and electric lights. The main building here contains twenty rooms, including an operating room, well furnished, with all conveniences for surgical operations and the care of the sick This is known as Buckner Home Annex, the Children's Hospital. Like the parent institution, it is not restricted by sectarian or sectional boundaries.
     The founder and manager of this great orphanage is a Baptist minister, and its board of directors are Baptist deacons, but in its benefactions, it is strictly undenominational, both in practice and in its organic laws.
     Buckner Orphans' Home distinguished itself immediately after the great devastating storm at Galveston, September, 1900, by throwing its doors open to all the orphans of that city and the entire storm-swept coast. Dr. Buckner was among the first to reach the island after the storm. He brought out at one time, twenty-nine children, and received many others at intervals thereafter from the stricken city and different sections swept by the storm. Ten of these children were returned only recently to the rebuilt Galveston orphanage; others have gone at intervals to friends; but, a number are still in the home.
     The property is inalienable and can not be mortgaged or otherwise encumbered for debt. The founder and manager has, at all times, carried all financial obligations, personally, not officially; has often encumbered his own property, , besides having made liberal cash donations.

St. Joseph's Orphanage.
     About the year 1887, the Catholic bishop of Dallas, Rt. Rev. Bishop N. A. Gallagher, then in charge of the whole diocese of Northern Texas, seeing the need of an orphan asylum for the orphans of this part of his diocese, was looking about for a location and received through Rev. Father Martiniere, from Mr. T. L. Marsalis, seven and one-half acres of ground on Adams street, Oak Cliff, as a donation, the same to be used as a location for an orphans' home. At once, the Catholic ladies of Dallas commenced to raise money to build a suitable building. Year after year, they carried on a booth at the State Fair, aided by generous subscriptions from citizens and friends, they completed the building, and in October, 1891, the institution was opened and dedicated to the noble work of caring for the poor homeless little ones. The institution is under the care of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. The Sisters care for from 60 to 80 children, boys and girls, of all creeds, from two to fourteen years of age, giving them a mother's care and watchfulness and a common school education; teaching them domestic habits, training them up in virtue and morals that will make them useful law abiding citizens. They never let them leave the home until they are well provided for as to homes and situations. The home is under the fostering care of Rt. Rev. Bishop of Dallas, E. J. Dunne, and V. Rev. Father Martiniere, and is supported by charity alone, having no endowment. It is the desire of the friends of the home to put up a better, more substantial and commodious building whenever means can be procured.

Ann Browder Cunningham Mission.
     The Ann Browder Cunningham Mission Home and Training School of Dallas is conducted under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and is the property of the Woman's Home Mission Society of that denomination.
     The movement for the home was commenced in 1893, with the object of providing a place of refuge for unfortunate women. The King's Daughters of Dallas initiated the work, and in 1895, presented the idea to the Woman's Parsonage and Home Mission Society of the North Texas conference. It was taken up, and in connection with the North, East and West Texas conferences, the work progressed satisfactorily.
     Seven city lots were donated for a site for a new and larger building, which was placed upon it.
     In 1898, the property was deeded to the Woman's Home Missionary Society, and all funds donated and expended pass through the general treasury. The Woman's board of Nashville, Tenn., appropriates $4,000 a year to the maintenance of the Home.
     There are now 58 girls sheltered in the Home. When they enter, they sign a pledge to obey the rules and remain at least one year.
     During that period, their bodily and spiritual needs are cared for and they are given advantages of practical education in scholastic, sewing, cooking and laundry branches, and it is the intention to place the school on an equal footing with the best training schools.
     Special care is given the spiritual welfare of the girls, and all those at present there are Christians.
     Six hundred girls have been taken into the Home and assisted to honorable positions in the world where they could earn a livelihood.
     The founder of the home is Mrs. W. H. Johnson, who published The King's Messenger in its interest. Mrs. Ann Browder Cunningham donated the property and the Home is named in her honor.

The Woman's Home.
     In the year 1886, a number of ladies of the city of Dallas, seeing the great need of some place being provided for the purpose of affording a temporary shelter and assistance to women of reputable character who were in need, formed an association for charitable work. At the Texas State Fair, lunches and other meals were given by these ladies, and, as the result, sufficient funds were obtained to enable them to purchase the building, corner of Young and Jefferson streets, and on the 22d of November, 1886, the institution was formally opened as a charitable institution under the name of the "Woman's Home," the only charitable organization in the city of Dallas providing a temporary home for women who were in need, through sickness or in poverty. In 1892, the ladies of the Home, seeing the great necessity for securing a more desirable location for the institution, it was removed to its present location, 406 South Akard street.
     Two thousand and fifty-five persons have been recipients of the hospitality of the Home since its inception in 1886. One hundred and nine babies have been born within the walls of the institution.
The Home will celebrate its sixteenth anniversary, November 23, 1902.


ST. PAUL'S SANITARIUM

St. Paul's Sanitarium.
     St. Paul's Sanitarium, one of the most complete and best furnished hospitals in the United States, is located at Dallas. It is conducted by the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, and is for the care of both pay and charity patients.
     The movement to induce the order to locate a hospital in Dallas was begun in 1897. The members of the medical profession of the city took an active part in securing the hospital, and it was largely through their efforts that the donation of the larger portion of the plot of ground on which the Sanitarium stand, was made. After the location was secured, the building was erected at once, and was planned on the very latest methods for caring for the sick and given the very best attention to people suffering from accidents and injuries of all kinds.
     Suites of rooms are furnished to suit the purses of the wealthiest or those in poverty. The best suites of rooms are furnished luxuriously. There are also rooms for lower prices, going down in the scale to where they are only expected to pay the expense of caring for the sick. In the charity ward, any person not able to pay for treatment is taken and cared for.
     There are eighteen Sisters in charge of the Sanitarium, assisted by a strong corps of nurses and a faculty of twenty physicians of the city.
     The cost of the building was $185,000, and it contains eight wards with accommodations for 200 patients, and forty-five private rooms and two operating rooms. The operating rooms are fitted with every modern device to assist a surgeon at his work, and are finished with white tiling on walls and floor, with enameled iron furniture.

St. Matthew's Home for Aged Women.
     This institution is an offshoot from the Charity Chapter of St. Matthew's Cathedral. It was found necessary, four or five year ago, to rent a building in which a number of superannuated pensioners of the society might have rooms, as a measure of economy and ease of administration, and a long disused house in the Southern suburbs was secured for this purpose. It was a rookery, leaky and gusty, the owners of which, would spend no money upon it. The floors were rotten, and the roof was imperfect, and most of the stairways had been burned up by previous tenants who suffered under a scarcity of legitimate fuel, but it was some sort of shelter, and was prized by a number of aged folks who would otherwise have had to accept the hospitality of the poor farm.
     The state of affairs touched the heart of a generous woman of this city, and two year ago, she gave a house and lot, far in the Northern suburbs of Dallas, to a new society of ladies who charged themselves with the furnishing and maintenance of the place as a Home for Aged Women. The society secured a charter from the State, and raised the necessary money to make a most comfortable home for the unfortunates in question. Like all other charities connected with St. Matthew's Cathedral, this home has no religious test, and there are, as inmates today, a roman Catholic, a Primitive Methodist, an adherent of Christian Science, as well as members of the Episcopal Church. At present, it is supported by the contributions of the members of the society, which includes some of the best known women of Dallas. Mrs. A. H. Belo is the president and Mrs. J. S. Armstrong is the secretary and treasurer. But, the founder of the home and the giver of the property is Miranda Morrill.

St. Matthew's Home for Children.
     St. Matthew's Home for Children is a charity that, from its inception, has had the ungrudging support of the citizens, without regard to their religious affiliations. It is not an orphan asylum, and although it is carried on under the direction of the Episcopal Church, is not designed for the benefit of any particular religious belief. It takes children from vicious surroundings of all sorts, whether they have parents or not, whether they are legitimate or illegitimate, the only conditions being that the children are in need and the home has room.
     So far, the work has been carried on in a rented building, quite ill-adapted to the purposes of the institution, and handicapping the efforts of those who have it in charge. A lot was bought some three year ago, and there is now in the bank, the sum of nearly $4,000 toward the two-story brick structure that an architect has planned gratuitously.
     Now there is a question as to whether the lot owned by the home is large enough for its purposes, and friends have interested themselves in the effort to exchange it for a larger one, where a cow or two could be kept, and a kitchen garden planted and plenty of space for play ground reserved. The lot must be near enough to a public school to permit the attendance of the children, and accessible from a street car line. So soon as these matters can be settled, it is the purpose to begin building, and although the money in hand will not suffice to complete the structure that is contemplated, those in charge have reliance that the charitable people of Dallas will see them through with their enterprise, as they have so generously supported them hither to.
     There are, at present, about thirty children under the care of the home, and it is planned to accommodate twice that number in the new quarters.

The Young Women's Christian Association.
     The Young Women's Christian Association of Dallas has been developed from the organization formerly known as the Girls' Co-Operative Home, which was established in 1891 by a number of philanthropic women of Dallas, who wished to help by means of the co-operative plan, those self-supporting young women of the city whose salaries are often inadequate to provide for them the comforts and safeguards of home.
     This organization, which was charted in 1892, filled its purpose for some years, being well managed and showing steady financial gain, acquiring its real estate and making necessary improvements thereupon, and would have probably have continued along the same lines, but for certain misapprehensions as to its name and purposes, which arose in the public mind, and which finally led the directors to apply for an amended charter under the present name.
     It became known that the provisions of the home were being stigmatized as a charity, and that persons were confusing it with a different institution, with the result that many of those who most needed its advantages would not consider them for a moment, thereby defeating the purposes of the women who founded and had stood by the home for many years. These facts decided the officers to seek the amended charter and a name not subject to misunderstanding, under which, all of the old benefits and many new ones, are offered to any self-supporting woman of good moral character without question as to nationality or creed.
     The object of this association is to throw around, all who seek the shelter of its roof, the blessings and safeguards of a truly Christian home, in the sense that all are trying to do Christ's work in his way.

The United Charities.
     The United Charities is n organization of the charitably inclined people of the city, including every creed. The object is to give aid to the needy and deserving during the winter months.
     The organization maintains an office with a secretary, and when calls for assistance are numerous, they secure the services of a policeman from the city to make inspections as to the necessities of the applicants for aid. The Untied Charities distributes annually, large quantities of clothing, shoes, hats, groceries, fuel and other necessaries of life to the needy.

- April 23, 1902, Dallas Morning News, p. 66, col. 1-3.
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1921
HOPE COTTAGE IS
OVERFLOWED WITH
PARENTLESS BABES

     Babies, babies everywhere is the present condition at Hope Cottage, according to Mrs. Emma Wylie Ballard in charge. Forty-six babies, the largest number in the history of the cottage, representing an increase of 100 per cent in the last five months, are now being cared for.
     A tent will be built outside the cottage for the overflow. The babies are being brought in faster than parents can be found who will adopt them.
     "We must have another building to handle the babies," said Mrs. Ballard. "A tent can only do for temporary use. I cannot understand why there is such an unusual increase." Mrs. Ballard made a monthly report on Hope Cottage to the Dallas County Humane Society at a meeting Thursday noon.

- May 5, 1921, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 23, col. 7.
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1923
PROTECTIVE BODY TO
OPEN HAVEN OF HOPE
FOR DESTITUTE GIRLS

______

Young Women on Brink of Shame Will Find
Opportunity to Make New Start at Rescue
Home; Will Be Opened Thanksgiving Day

_____

BY B. C. JEFFERSON.

Where Girls Will Be Able to Make New Start

The residence shown in the accompanying picture is at 2206 Thomas avenue near the First Methodist church, South. It is here that the Girl's Protective association will open on Thanksgiving Day a home for girls who are being rescued from delinquency and starvation. The house will have room for only fourteen young women but the inmates will be released as quickly as possible to make way for newcomers. There already is a waiting list. Mrs. Albert Walker, welfare director, announced that Mrs. C. L. Cox will be matron of the home. Staff photo by Rogers.

     When a motion picture producer wishes to flavor his production with something that will work the audience up to the proper degree of hatred for the villain, and to the point of shedding tears, he usually flashes a few hundred feet of film showing a poor working girl wandering the streets.
     This is done so often, the trick is called "hokum" by the sophisticated, but the sad part of it is that such pictures are painfully true to life. Such scenes are generally set in New York, "the great heartless city," but they might be laid in Dallas, as hardly a night passes that the emergency bed at the municipal girls' lodge is not occupied by a sobbing, heartbroken young woman.
     At present, there are only two public havens of refuge in the city for a girl who is penniless and friendless. One of them is the emergency bed at the girls' lodge, the other is the disease ward at the county jail, where girls are interned for venereal treatment. There are several places where they can go if they are able to pay for their lodging, but charity has little to offer.

* * *

Small Beginning.
     It is an effort to meet the need for such an emergency that the Girls' Protective association has arranged to open a rescue home at 2206 Thomas avenue on Thanksgiving day. The home will be a feeble effort, as it will have room for only fourteen girls, but Mrs. Albert Walker, welfare director, and Mrs. C. H. Huvelle, president of the association, hope that it will prove a nucleus for something larger.
     Two classes of young women will be taken into the home -- those who are released from internment at the county jail, and those who have been driven by misfortune to brink of the shores of decency, and who are willing to go anywhere as a last resort.
     The Girls' Protective association is the only auxiliary to the city welfare department that will receive benefits from the funds of the community chest. The association has been striving to open such a home for several years, but without success. In the meantime, the need has become desperate.
     A large percentage of the girls who come to the attention of the welfare department are those who have been living in Dallas for a year or more, and the home being established will be expressly for Dallas girls, but the care of newcomers is, in itself, a problem. Many young women arrive here expecting to be met by relatives. Sometimes, the relatives fail to come, and they are at a loss what to do. Three or four such girls are sent to the girls' lodge every week by the Y. W. C. A. traveler's aid society. If the emergency bed is already occupied, the matron is compelled to rise to the emergency by some means. Sometimes, these girls are able to leave the next day, but occasionally, they are totally helpless and have nowhere to go. The new institution will be used to handle the destitute cases, as far as possible.
     Hope Cottage, for foundlings, shows that the public is coming to the rescue of helpless foundlings, but there is another angle to the story. The mother is, in some way, suffering the penalty of indiscretion . The city county hospital has the only maternity wards in the city operated on a charity basis. Mrs. Walker says the next objective of the department is to establish a convalescent home for destitute mothers. A place is needed where they can remain until they are able to return to work. The home on Thomas avenue is not designed to meet such a need.

* * *

Home Will Be Too Small.
     "We shall try to take care of as many girls as possible by finding permanent homes for them as quickly as we can, but for the home to serve the proper purpose, each girl must be allowed to stay until she is ready to be released," said Mrs. Walker. "The object will be to take a girl into the home and give her domestic training, and, when necessary, convalescent treatment, so that they will be able to make a decent living."
     Girls who come to the attention of the welfare director are of many types. Some are arrested by the police on the streets, but are not really of criminal type. Some are those who leave country homes and come to the city to find work. Others are young married women who have been deserted by their husbands. Others are working girls, whose salaries were so inadequate, they were victims of temptation. Those who will go to the home from the county jail are the unfortunate Magdalenes who have been treated for social diseases. They usually are subject to re-arrest as soon as they step out of the jail.

* * *

No Place For Widows.
     The home for delinquent girls at Gainesville, maintained by the state, has saved many girls sent from Dallas, but girls do not go to Gainesville unless they are sentenced for delinquency. The problem the welfare department is trying to solve is that of the girl who is on the verge of delinquency, but who has not overstepped the bounds of decency.
     "It is appalling how numerous are such cases," said Mrs. Walker. "Board, in even the cheapest rooming houses, is high enough to take all the wages of many girls. Little is left for buying clothes, and at the same time, employers are compelled to require their girl employes to dress neatly. Orphan girls, who are working beside girls, who also draw low wages, but, who are assisted by their relatives, find it impossible to keep pace with their friends. They become desperate, and there is but one result."
     Another class of young women who cannot be sent to Gainesville, is the deserted wives. A married woman is no longer a juvenile, and therefore, cannot be given the benefits of the juvenile laws. The number of deserted wives is increasing, and in most desertion cases, the relatives of the unlucky wife show little sympathy. They take an "I told you so" attitude.
     The working mothers' home, opened by the city several years ago, accommodates a few widowed mothers, but the home is too small to meet the needs. Deserted wives who have no children, are in a more difficult position than unmarried women, for the state has no place for them, even when delinquent, except the jail or the penitentiary.

* * *

World Still Cruel.
     The attitude of the world toward girls who have been branded with the scarlet letter is not as cruel as it was forty years ago, but records of the welfare department show that they have not yet succeeded in eliminating the so-called double standard of morals. Employers are forced to comply with the rules of society in their demands of their girl employes.
     Many stories of misfortune are told to Mrs. Walker. A few weeks ago, a girl working in the office of a large firm at a salary of $12 a week, told the matron she had a girl friend who was in trouble and needed advice. In a week or two, the girl was reported ill. An investigation was made. When she returned to work, she was met with a discharge slip. No other job could be found and the man in the case had found it convenient to leave the city. The girl's plight was another case for the welfare department.
     That many girls are waking up to the fact that there may come a time when they will be thrown on their own resources, is proven by the larger number who are attending the free night schools to learn stenography or some other special line of work, but, many of them are disappointed when they finish school, for hundreds of fairly competent stenographers are working in Dallas now, at $12 a week.

- November 18, 1923, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. V, p. 3, col. 1-4.
- o o o -
[Note: Medford B. DeLoach, engineer at Texas Ice & Cold Storage Co.,
was residing at 2206 Thomas (near its intersection with N. Pearl),
in 1920. Source: 1920 Worley's Dallas city directory, p. 668]

1930
Classifieds

Personal and Business Notices

HOPE COTTAGE, 2301 Welborn St., Dallas, Tex. Phone 3-5587. The purpose of this institution is to care for dependent and abandoned babies under 2 years of age, subject to adoption; supported by the Community Chest and licensed by the state health department to carry on such work.
...
"C
OLONIAL Maternity Home." for unfortunate girls; reasonable; licensed. #311 Colonial. 4-5550.

- September 3, 1930, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 12, col. 2.
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