Early Dallas Hotels
BY W. S. ADAIR
looked in the late '70s and early '80s is shown by some stereoscopic
views taken by Alfred Freeman, photographer, and passed to Yancey
Bartholow by his uncle, Joel Y. Field. "I was a small
boy, with wide-open eyes, in those days, and, crude as the town
was, it was very wonderful to me," said Mr. Bartholow. "The
courthouse square was the heart of town, but there were business
houses away from the square, some of them on roads that had not
yet been given street names. The postoffice was on the
northwest corner of Main and Houston streets, the present site
of the Criminal Courts Building. In the same block, facing
the courthouse, were W. T. Clark's grocery, Dr. Cornelius' drug
store and W.M. C. Hill's grocery. On the southeast corner
of Main and Jefferson streets was Ash & Wagner's grocery,
later, and to this day, known as the L. Wagner grocery. The
L. Wagner grocery is, beyond doubt, the oldest business establishment
of any kind in the city. The furniture store of Jeffreys
& Terry was another big concern, on the square. Between
the courthouse and the river was S. H. Cockrell's flour mill.
That was before the Todd mill was built farther north,
up about the Texas & Pacific Railroad tracks.
Early Day Hotels.
"Among the old-time hotels
were the Crutchfield House, on the north side of Main street,
between Houston street and the river, and the Commercial Hotel,
on the north side of Elm street, between Houston and Market streets,
William Sells, manager. The St. Nicholas, erected by Mrs.
Sarah Cockrell, on Houston street, west of the courthouse, must
have passed out of existence as a hotel before my day. The
St. Charles, southeast corner of Commerce and Jefferson streets,
and the San Jacinto and the Windsor, around Commerce and Austin
streets, and later, the Le Grande, with which the Windsor was
combined, under the name of the Grand Windsor, all came in response
to the needs of the growing town, and as the business center
Old Residence Section.
"North Market street was in
early days, a residence thoroughfare. On the present site
of the Briggs-Weaver Company, was the dwelling of Joel Yancey
Field, whose mother, Elizabeth Y. Field, lived with him. Next
door to him, a small brick, was the dwelling of my mother, Mrs.
Mary Augusta Bartholow, sister of J. Y. and Thomas Field. We
had for neighbors, in the same block, Judge J. M. Thurmond, William
Worden, the blacksmith, and the family of Mr. Bailey. North
of us, on Carondelet street, was the Christian Church, a frame
structure with a big square tower, which was, a few years later,
abandoned as a church and used first as a grain warehouse; and
next to [that] house, the first electric light plant in Dallas.
West of the Christian Church, was the Planters' wagonyard,
facing Market street, and beyond the wagonyard, soared the tall
spire of the Presbyterian Church. Across Market street,
to the east of us, was the cotton compress, managed by Capt.
J. M. Hardie. The greatest gathering I had seen up to that
time was the Democratic State Convention, held in the compress.
I was not old enough to follow the proceedings, but I am
almost sure it was the convention that nominated the Old Alcalde,
Gov. O. M. Roberts. The compress was afterward destroyed
by a spectacular fire, which also reduced to ashes, a number
of dwellings and outhouses in the two blocks north of the compress.
We also had for neighbors, the Titteringtons, the Swindells
and the families of Frank Austin and L. Craddock. Near
the present site of the Katy freight yards was the cemetery.
I think it had never had a name, and to distinguish it
from the newer Masonic Cemetery, it was called 'the Old Graveyard.'
Business Concerns of the Day.
On the south side of Elm street,
west of Market street, Miles K. Thorburn operated a grain and
feed store. In the same block, were W. R. Hinckley's tinshop
and C. M. Wheat's dry goods store. In the neighborhood
were Adams & Leonard's Bank, Carter & Gibson's printing
office, W. A. Rodgers' hardware store, and Bowser and Lemmon's
agricultural implement establishment. Some other business
men and business establishments of the times, were Sanger Bros.,
E. M. Kahn, Schoellkopf & Delling, Stone & Keating, B.
M. Bond & Bro., Ervay & Connor, Fox's candy factory,
Jacob Nussbaumer's market, A. M. Cochran's drug store, L. Caperan's
grocery, Wallace & Wagner, grocers; DeStafano Bros.', fruit
and produce store, Kahn & May's bakery, Dave Rainwater's
grocery, Francis Fendrick's tobacco and cigar store and R. Platas'
cigar store, J. Y and Thomas Field, who carried sash and doors;
Thompson Bros., dry goods; Ott & Pfaffle's gun store, Padgitt
Bros., J. J. Miller, W. H. Lehman, J. M. Moroney, K. J. Kivlen's
barrel factory, A. & E. Mittenthal, dry goods; Dave Goslin's
china hall, Hoyt & Coffin, druggists; T. Billington's furniture,
stone; Gayle & Bright, A. Dysterbach, C. T. Rowan, Fulton's
corn mill, Dave Gluckman, Will Apperson, Trammel & Sansom,
M. Ullman & Co., wholesale grocers, and Clark & Bryan,
"Some of the real estate firms
were Prather & Ardrey, Jones & Murphy, Powell & Gage,
Obenchain & Gillespie, W. H. Gaston & C. S. Wellborn.
Among the druggists were Williams & Tolliver, R. F.
Eisenlohr, W. H. Howell & Bro., George T. Atkins and W. H.
(Billy) Patterson. Eisenlohr's drug store was on the southwest
corner of Main and Field streets. Next door to him was
John McElhare's soda water and candy store. It was taken
as a sign that the town was spreading when, in 1878, Murphy street
was opened between Main and Elm street, the St. James Hotel was
erected on the southeast corner of Main and Murphy streets, on
the site of the present Southland Hotel, and T. L. Marsalis,
wholesale grocer, built across the street, where the City National
Bank now stands. E. M. Tillman and Henry Friend's wholesale
liquor house was at the head of Murphy street, on the north side
Once Familiar Names.
"Other business signs up and down
the street in the '70s were those of Joe Menczer, M. Hyman, Ben
Irelson, Connor & Walker, A. B. Taber, W. E. Best, Harry
Bros., I. Goldsmith, Holloway's grocery, Middleton Bros. marble
yard, J. J. Brick; Bartlett, Baker & Co., C. H. Edward's
music store, Reed & Lathrop's book store, J. S. Witwer, agent
for the Studebaker wagons and buggies; George Rick's furniture
store. The jewelry line was represented by Frank Austin,
J. W. Webb, J. M. Oram and Knepfly & Son. The physicians
were Drs. J. W. Crowdus, W. S. Lee, Francis Keller, L. E. Locke,
S. D. Thruston, J. H. Morton, A. A. Johnson and R. H. Allen.
The undertakers were: P. W. Linskie and (Ed C.) Smith &
Prosperous concerns in the growing
town and country were Elliott's lumber yard and Clark's planing
mill. Kane Shield's paint and glass store, Huey & Philp's
hardware house, and R. V. Tompkins' agricultural implement establishment
and Mitchell & Scruggs, in the same line. Other individuals
and firms were M. D. Garlington, E. P. Cowan & Co., W. C.
Howard, Ben Cahn, Ben Long, one time Mayor; W. E. Parry, who
put on Exposition Park Addition; A. W. Childress, who promoted
a cable street railway line on Elm street; W. P. Siler, the transfer
man; John Moninger, manager of the opera house; Charles Meisterhans,
Sam Klein, Levi Craft, B. O. Weller, Sam Ayres, P. H. Kleber,
A. E. Bouche, Barnett Gibbs, W. B. Greenlaw, Joe Record, Judge
J. M. Patterson, Alex Harwood, Major J. E. Barkley, Jerry Brown,
Gen. W. L. Cabell, Col. W. G. Sterett, Judge G. N. Aldredge,
Capt. Sam Adams, S. B. Morgan and his son, Judge Richard Morgan;
the Kellers and the Knights, the Cochrans, the Caruths, the Gastons,
the Rosses and the Slaughters. The Rock College in East
Dallas was one of the leading schools in my day, conducted by
Prof. W. H. Allen, assisted by his brother, and by Mrs. L. M.
Dake. Other popular educators were Profs. Aldehoff, Scales
Mardi Gras Parades.
- February 17, 1924,
The Dallas Morning News,
"The street railway lines
were operated by W. J. Keller. Shadyview Park, at the end
of the San Jacinto line, was, for several years, the popular
pleasure resort. It had taken precedence of Long's Lake
Park, and, in turn, was superseded by the City Park. The
most vivid of my boyhood memories concern the Mardi Gras parades
in 1876 and 1877. The strictly Mardi Gras features were
mixed with business displays. These festivities brought
to town more people than I had imagined were in the world. In
those days, the town hardly extended beyond Akard street, but
the parade traversed the short streets several times in order
that it might not be over too soon. From what I have been
able to gather in after years, the Mardi Gras parades were put
on precisely as similar spectacles were put on in New Orleans,
so that ours was the real thing, crude as our town was. At
all events, it was a great advertisement of Dallas, and thus,
answered the purpose for which the outlay was made. We
have since had nothing in the way of street parades to compare
Magazine Section, p. 6.
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