- Back To 48th Foot .The
Northamptonshire Regiment 1817 - 1824
- Information below has been given (with thanks) by
the following organisations
- 1 ) Members
of the 48th Regiment of Foot Re-enactment Group. ( P.O.
Box 1480 Port Macquarie )
- 2 ) Port
Macquarie Historical Court House Museum ( Clarence Street
Port Macquarie )
- 3 ) Port
Macquarie Museum ( Port Macquarie Historical Society
- On the 11th of March 1821 records show that
Captain Allman embarked for Port Macquarie on board the
- Briganteen "Lady Nelson". She was
accompanied by the cutter "Mermaid" and the
schooner "Prince Regent". The detatchment
consisted of two officers, one being Captain Francis
Allman the other Lieutenant Wm Wilson , one surgeon , two
Sergeants , two Corporals , one Drummer, and thirty three
- With the 48th detatchment
was Stephen Partridge , Superintendent of Convicts , one
convict Doctor , sixty
- convict labourers, some
women and children . The detatchment in some ways set up
and began the settlement at Port Macqarie for free
settlement . Port Macquarie was originally set up as a
penal colony for the hardened convicts (Secondary
offenders since arriving in the colony of New South Wales).
- Excerpt from : On Parade
the 48th Northamptonshire Regiment
- With provisions for 6
months a company of 40 soldiers of the 48th Regiment
under the command of
- Captain Allman ,together
with Superintendent of Convicts , one convict Doctor ,
sixty convict labourers, some women and children,
disembarked from 3 small vessels at the mouth of the
Hastings River on the 17th of April 1821,having being
despatched by Govenor Macquarie from Sydney Town to
establish a penal colony at Port Macquarie .
- John Oxley, Australia's
first Surveyor General, had previously surveyed the area
and furnished a report to
- the govenor, who favoured
the site as a secondary place of punishment for the worst
offenders, those who had re-offended since being
transported The regiment being awarded battle honours at
Talavera during the Napolionic Wars was to remain (only a
small part of the regiment served in Port Macquarie) in
Port Macquarie for three years,guarding the convicts and
protecting the infant colony before sailing from
Australia for further active service in India.
- Port Macquarie was the
third Penal settlement in the colony of New South Wales .
The 48th Regiment
- played an important role as
vast areas of the colony began to be settled.
- When John Oxley followed
the Hastings River to the coast after crossing the
mountain ranges , he
- stumbled across an area
that he believed to be of great potential. The Govenor of
the day Lauchlan Macquarie acted an Oxley's advice and
sent a detatchment of soldiers and a number of convicts
to establish a settlement at Port Macquarie. Govenor
Macquarie needed another penal colony to replace the one
at Newcastle and following further examinations of
Newport and Jervis Bay, the former was chosen to house
the growing population of convicts who had been double
- The Govenor chose Captain
Francis Allman of the 48th Regiment to lead the
expidition . A Military
- detatchment along with 60
volunteer convicts was despatched they were to prepare
the site for settlement.
- The detachment sailed from
Port Jackson on the 3rd of March 1821, in the Brig "
Lady Nelson" the cutter
- " Mermaid " and
the schooner " Prince Regent " on arrival at
Port Macquarie high seas prevented the ships from
crossing the bar (entrance to a harbour). They were
forced to take shelter at Trial bay and await better
conditions. With more favorable sea's the " Prince
Regent " crossed the bar of the new port on the
evening of the 17th of April 1821. She was forced to
anchor of shore as she had damaged her rudder on a
submerged rock,this left her unable to steer . On the
following morning ( the 18th of April 1821) the "Mermaid"
made her bar crossing attempt , but she too found trouble.
The "Mermaid had ran aground damaging her stern
plates and also losing her rudder. The "Lady Nelson"
made it across the bar that day with no mishap. The first
camp was set up near the river and consisted of only
- By August Captain Allman
had moved the settlement to more permanent quarters back
from the river . The
- settlement was becoming
more and more self sufficient with gardens for
cultivation . Just prior to Govenor Macquarie vacating
his post on the 22nd of July 1822 he recorded the state
of the settlement as having weatherboard accomodation for
the Commandant of the Military , Military Houses ,
Comisariate Stores & temporary accomodation for 100
soldiers and 300 convicts . The Officers and Soldiers
were accomodated at Allmans Hill while the convicts were
accomodated near the propsed future town .
- On the 17th Day of April in
the yera of our lord 1821.
- I Francis Allman Captain of
the 48th Regiment of Foot,as the Commander and Magistrate
appointed by his Excelency the Govenor & Commander-in
-Chief in the Colony of New South Wales Lauchlan
- As directed by his
Excelency. Know all men by his prescence this Penal
Settlement shall be known as a place of Secondary
Punishment with in the Colony of New South Wales.
- They are charged to
administer Justice with clemency. It is my duty
unswervingly to keep all convicts at constant hard labour
to prevent their escape .
- Let it be known to all that
his Excelency directs all residents to partake of
frequent bathing in the sea, such being condusive to
cleanliness and good health.
- The Govenor further directs
that all fellons be informed, each may be rewarded with a
ticket of leave or a conditional Pardon after 18 months
of satisfactory service.
- His Excelency desires of
the affairs of the Settlement be so managed that with the
fullness of time Port Macquarie shall develope into a
place of freedom, progress and proseraty for all.
- Three Regiments served in
Port Macquarie from 1821 to 1823, the 48th Northampton
Regiment of Foot, the Third Regiment (The Buffs) &
the 39th Dorsetshire Regiment .Pictures of the colours
are located in the steeple gallery of St Thomas Church ,Port
Macquarie. They were presented to the church on the 8th
of December 1974 by Sir Roden Cutler, Govenor of New
South Wales at that time
- Accounts from local residents
& library material
- © Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD)
- Last revised: August 05, 2001.