Sergeant Lewis Henry
- Descendents and History.
Family Members, Military records of the Regiment ,
Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records
& General Muster Records. Reference:
The information is intended for
short Historical value only,
E- mail address
© Copyright B & M Chapman
Last revised: April 03, 2009.
- 1. Sgt Lewis Henry CAMPBELL-
was born in 1783 in Galway, Ireland, was christened in 1783 in St Nicholas
Collegiate Church, Galway, Ireland, died 7 Apr 1854 (V1854/2124) in Seven
Hills, NSW, and was buried on 10 Apr 1854 in St Bartholomew's Anglican Church,
M4 side, Prospect.
- General Notes: According
to the Description Book of the 1/23rd Foot, he enlisted on 4th July, 1805 at
Wrexham (North Wales) into the 23rd Regiment, 'The Royal Fusiliers', later
known as 'The Welch Royal Fusiliers'.
- The following is
supplied by Captain (Retd) A E GRAY Military Historian, specialising in the
records of soldiers who served on the Regular Establishment of the British
Army (including the King's German Legion) and in the Royal Marines
(1860-1913). (Captain GRAY was hired by a relative of Lewis', Mrs. Beverley
DWYER of Queensland to research Lewis' Army record). The following is dated
19th March, 1993.
- Dear Mrs. Dwyer,
- PRIVATE LEWIS CAMPBELL -
23RD ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS.
- Having pursued the
requests set out in your letter of 9th March, to the fullest extent by
researching all the surviving sources of the 23rd Foot, I am now able to send
you this report of findings.
- 2. You asked
principally for details of Lewis CAMPBELL'S movements with the 23rd Foot
between his enlistment in 1805 and his transfer to the 48th Foot in 1814. A
schedule of those movements, and such other small detail of him as appears in
the regimental muster returns of either the 1/23rd Foot or 2/23rd Foot,
together with any comments in square brackets, is as follows
- SERVICE WITH THE 2ND
- Return for the quarter
ended and rendered to the War Office from:-
WREXHAM Private Lewis CAMPBELL enlisted on 4.7.1805 and
posted to Captain Lord
BURGHERST'S Company. Each
battalion then comprised 10
companies, each named
after its officer commanding.]
WREXHAM Promoted Corporal 25.8.1805. [This rapid promotion
may be an indication that
Lewis had been recruited
into the Regular Army from one
of the county militias
and therefore had some
previous experience]. Posted
to Captain LEAHY'S Company on
CHESTER Promoted Sergeant 25.11.1805. Posted to Captain
CHESTER Engaged on recruiting duty at HOLYWELL.
CHESTER [Take as present where no comment appears.]
CHESTER Reduced to Private 11.12.1806. [His offence is
unstated, but reduction to the
ranks was the mildest
punishment that could be
awarded to a serjeant or
corporal. Military offences were (and are)
and no defaulters' books
survive for any regiment]
- SERVICE WITH THE 1ST
COLCHESTER Received from the 2/23rd Foot and joined at
COLCHESTER on 24.1.1807.
24.1.1807 and posted to
COLCHESTER Reduced to Private [date unstated for an unspecified
Deserted 20.8.1807. [The
1/23rd Foot formed part of a
naval and military expedition
sent to Denmark to
prevent the Danes becoming a
tool in the hands of
- 24.12.1807 -
24.12.1810 [Having deserted, Lewis is not recorded in the muster
returns between these dates.
Following its service
during the expedition to
Denmark, the battalion
embarked from the ISLE OF
WIGHT in January 1808
and took station in BARBADOS.
It left the WEST
INDIES on 9.3.1809 and took
station at HALIFAX,
NOVA SCOTIA. From there it
was recalled to form
part of the Duke of
Wellington's Army in the IBERIAN
PENINSULAR. It left HALIFAX
on 10.11.1810 bound
- 3.1811 AT CAMP
Re-joined from desertion.
[Lewis had either been
apprehended or had given
himself up - see later
paragraph for further
comment. OLIVENZA is in
SPAIN, south-west of BADAJOZ,
close to the
The battles of
BADAJOZ, SALAMANCA, BURGOS, VITTORIA, etc
in which the 1/23rd Foot
participated had yet to take
place at this date]
- 24.6.1811 IN
SPAIN Sick absent: April, General Hospital: May. [This
implies that Lewis was either
sick or wounded]
- 24.9.1811 IN SPAIN
- 24.12.1811 IN SPAIN AND
[The battalion was clearly
engaged in operations in
- 24.3.1812 IN SPAIN AND
Lewis employed as Orderly at
General Hospital at
COIMBRA, PORTUGAL: January.
- 24.6.1812 IN SPAIN AND
- 24.9.1812 IN
PORTUGAL [Noted as also present: Serjeant Michael CAMPBELL
and Privates James and Daniel
men may be related either to
each other or one or
more to Lewis CAMPBELL, but
there is no means of
from old War Office
records. Fathers, sons,
brothers and other
relatives were always allowed
to serve together in
the same regiment even in the
uninformed times of
- 24.12.1812 IN PORTUGAL
- 24.12.1814 GOSPORT
Transferred to 48th Foot 3.11.1814. [Reasons for
transfer are not stated in
- 20.11.1814 Lewis
transferred to 48th Regiment (Northamptonshire Regiment of
Foot; 5th or COCHRANE'S Marines; Col James CHOLMONDEY'S Regiment of
Foot). He enlisted as a labourer. The Army records give a
description of Lewis as 5'8", fresh complexion, grey eyes, sandy hair
an oval face.
- 25.3.1815 Lewis was
promoted to Corporal and was earning 1/10 per day.
- 10.1.1816 Lewis was
promoted to Sergeant Schoolmaster, receiving an
in pay. The pay sheets say "Names not checked forward
consequence of the Regiment having proceeded from Nass, Ireland
- 3. Lewis CAMPBELL'S
desertion in Denmark is of particular interest, although in view of the
limited time at my disposal in extracting detail from musters, etc, I have not
been able to look into the matter. Desertion was a very serious offence; and
desertion in the face of the enemy, with which it seems probable that CAMPBELL
would have been charged, is an even more serious one, for which recaptured
deserters were once hanged.
- 4. His absence from the
1/23rd Foot for nearly 4 years suggests a long term of imprisonment, if he was
recaptured early on. Checks of the 2/23rd musters over the span have shown
that he was not recaptured and returned to that battalion during the period
1807-1811. On recapture, or on giving himself up, it is probable that he was
tried and convicted by general court martial, then the highest military
court. Records of such trials exist in the collections of records of the
Department of Judge Advocate General, the legal officer responsible for
military law. Such records take of the form of a brief summary of the
particular trial normally yielding its date and place, the nature of the
offence and the sentence of the court. However, many cases exist in which the
full record of the proceedings have survived, together with statements of
evidence given by various witnesses, and the full deliberations of the court.
Where such proceedings exist, they often include submissions made to The King
for confirmation of sentence.
- 5. It is impossible to
hazard a guess at what type of record may have survived in Lewis CAMPBELL'S
case, nor is it possible to give any very clear view of how long it may take
to find such a record; but a period of up to 2 1/2 hours further research may
be required if you wished the issue to be pursued further. In that event, no
monies need be sent, and payment may be left until later for settlement on the
basis of mutual trust.
- 6. In seeking such
details of Lewis CAMPBELL and his service as survive, I have also consulted a
2/23rd Foot description book. It is the sole survivor of one of many that once
existed. His name does not appear in it. Nor do service returns of both
1/23rd and 2/23rd Foot, prepared in 1806, make any mention of him, not
withstanding that he enlisted in 1805. It is probable that the returns are
- 7. As you will see from
other entries on the enclosure, desertion in the face of the enemy attracted a
punishment of death by hanging or shooting, while the lesser punishments of
300-1000 lashes, sometimes accompanied by imprisonment with hard labour and/or
transportation were awarded for what were clearly less serious degrees of
- 8. Perhaps you would be
kind enough to let me have your acknowledgement of this letter, together with
a cheque in the sum of 24 pounds to cover the 2 hours' research involved. I
am only sorry that it did not achieve the whole truth, which I am sure would
have made for an interesting article.
- Yours sincerely
- ERIK GRAY
- His next letter to Mrs
DWYER was dated 7th April, 1993.
- PRIVATE LEWIS CAMPBELL -
23RD ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS
- Thank you for your
letter of 29th March. I am so glad that you found the information obtained
from the earlier session of interest.
- 2. While Lewis
CAMPBELL may have been sacked from the police for drunkenness, we have both
condemned him too harshly on the issue of his desertion. He was, in fact,
acquitted, as you will see from entry no. 12 on the accompanying copy page
from an old court-martial summary book [source WO 90/11]
- 3. You will note that
his trial took place at Azambuja [about 30 miles north-north-east of Lisbon in
Portugal] on 21st January 1811, nearly 3 1/2 years after the 23rd Foot musters
recorded him as having deserted at or near Copenhagen on 20th August, 1807.
- 4. I have very
carefully examined all possible collections of papers and proceedings of
courts-martial for 1811 , but, very regrettably, have to be satisfied that no
fuller record of CAMPBELL'S trial and acquittal survives. We are left with
the tantalising question of how he secured his acquittal - a question that can
never be answered.
- 5. I can only hazard
two guesses at the reasons for his innocence. First, that he was able clearly
to demonstrate to the court that he had become separated from the battalion
during confused fighting around Copenhagen in 1807, was unable to rejoin it
and somehow eventually made his way back to England to be posted back to the
regiment in Portugal in 1811. Or, second, that unbeknown to his fellow
soldiers and to the battalion, he had, in fact, been taken prisoner in Denmark
and had either escaped or been released in 1810, in order to be repatriated
- 6. One of these guesses
is, I am sure, the true record of events, but much regret that the absence of
records does not enable me to prove either. This is a great pity, as his
evidence to the court would have been particularly interesting.
- 7. I hope that the
foregoing details will be of interest to you. If you have any queries, I
shall be pleased to answer them; but I should be grateful for your
acknowledgement of this report in any case.
- 8. Incidentally, the
23rd Royal Welch Fusiliers still use the ancient spelling of "Welch" in their
- Yours sincerely
- ERIK GRAY.
- Lewis married Mary
GORDON on 24th May, 1815 at St Munchin's Church, Limerick, Ireland (Church of
Ireland). Lewis evidently served with the 48th from the time of his marriage
until the Regiment was directed to go to New South Wales as replacements for
the 46th South Devonshire Regiment.
- They sailed on the ship
'Dick as part of the 48th Regiment. The ship embarked from the Cove of Cork.
They arrived in Sydney on 3rd September, 1817 and whilst en route to the
Colony of New South Wales, Lewis taught the soldiers and children of the 48th
Regiment of Foot as he was enlisted as Sergeant/Schoolmaster. Lewis was aged
33, Mary was 19 and their first child Ann was born on the ship on 25th July,
1817, near St Paul's Island.
- Their second daughter,
Sarah was born on 9th June, 1819; Henry Lewis was born 15th November, 1820;
William 12th December, 1822; christened 12th January, 1823; Robert Gordon was
born 26th April, 1824, at Sydney Barracks, baptised 30th May, 1824. They were
all baptised at St Phillip's Church of England, York Street, Sydney.
- Lewis was discharged
from the Army on 3rd January, 1823. "Discharged by order of the Constable of
Forces - Voucher No. 9." Voucher no. 9 says"Copy of Major General Sir Thomas
BRISBANE'S order for the discharge of Sergeant CAMPBELL. All the family were
mentioned in the General Muster List of NSW, 1823, 1824 and 1825.
- The Sydney Gazette dated
28th April, states that Lewis was appointed Constable at Parramatta. The 1825
Muster also has Lewis as a Constable at Parramatta. Mary and all the children
- About this time Lewis
was working for Robert CRAWFORD as an Overseer (as well as being a
Constable). By September, 1825, Mary was pregnant by Robert CRAWFORD.
- On 26th November, 1823
Lewis wrote to the Colonial Secretary requesting an allotment of land in
Parramatta, he was living at Prospect at the time. The Colonial Secretary, Mr
Frederick GOULBURN, replied on 28th November, 1823 approving the grant of
land, however the address is not known at this stage. Lewis evidently owned
several parcels of land because in 1834 James BATES Snr, a former convict
acquired the previous grant of Sgt Lewis CAMPBELL at 37-39 Roger Place, Seven
Hills. The estate was originally known as 'Mount Pleasant'. The original
homestead was also known as 'The Red House'. This was demolished sometime
after the present house was built by James BATES Jr in the 1880's. In 1891 the
farmhouse was listed in the census as 'Mount Pleasant', so evidently it was
renamed 'Dayton House' subsequent to this.
- (It is described as a
two storey brick Victorian house with a corrugated iron hipped roof. The
simple symmetrical design of the building, multi -paned windows and doors and
simple chimney stacks are reminiscent of Georgian architecture. The front
entrance is flanked by two French doors. The brick walls were rendered to
produce a textured finish. Each bedroom has a fireplace and the house
originally had a verandah, now absent.) It is still standing. At some stage
prior to 1984 "Dayton House" had been covert ed into flats with a rather
unsightly concrete porch added to the front to allow external access to the
upper floor. The present owners have restored the house, removing the porch.
It is currently privately owned.
- All was not well in the
CAMPBELL household at this time, as Lewis was employed at this stage by Mr
Robert CRAWFORD, Principal Clerk of the Colonial Secretary's Office, to help
clear his land at 'Hill End', Doonside which was a grant of several thousand
- Apparently, Lewis
approached Robert CRAWFORD to help him to obtain a land grant and Lewis was
granted land close to that of Robert's. In a letter to his father in
September 1822, CRAWFORD told his father that he had employed a sergeant of
the 48th to manage his farm and he was about to get his pound of flesh for
favours rendered. (It looks like Mary may have been his "pound of flesh")
Robert was by all accounts something of a ladies man, and had set his sights
on Mary CAMPBELL.
- Lewis and Mary lived on
the Hill End estate, but after accusations of an affair between Mary CAMPBELL
and Robert CRAWFORD, Mary was removed from the estate, set up comfortably in
Sydney and three months later had given birth to Robert CRAWFORD'S daughter,
Mary, in 1826. They had four children together, but their relationship was
kept quiet and Mary CAMPBELL died in 1832 aged 32 and is buried in St John's
Cemetery, Parramatta. Their children were Mary b1826, Robert b1827, George
Canning Campbell CRAWFORD b1829 and Agnes Campbell CRAWFORD, b1831. Robert
married Sarah JONES six months after Mary died.
- Robert CRAWFORD built a
mansion at 43 Lower Fort Street, Sydney. The building is called 'Clyde Bank'
and has been restored and is now a private gallery of early colonial art and
furniture. The Strangers' Guide in New South Wales in 1839 writes - "Fort
Street".... In this quarter a number of respectable dwelling houses have been
erected ... having a fine appearance from their uniformity and are mostly
occupied by opulent persons."
- After his "Immoral
conduct" CRAWFORD resigned from his job, however, I think he did this before
he was removed from his position in the Colonial Secretary's Office. Whilst
visiting Edinburgh in 1848 he suffered a heart attack, fell down some stairs
in an inn, and broke his neck resulting in his death.
- On 2nd April, 1825 a
letter was sent to the Colonial Secretary's Office recommending Lewis to the
position of Constable "to be situated on the Richmond Road, there being only
one Constable in that district, who is unable to execute the duties of the
district, which requires at least three Constables". This was recommended by
W. LAWTON, J.P. and John CAMPBELL J.P.
- The recommendation was
approved and Lewis was appointed Constable, District of Parramatta on 27th
April, 1825. On 7th May, 1825 he was included as District Constable on the
pay list of constables at Parramatta. He was dismissed from this position in
1827 for drunkenness.
- This letter was written
by Lewis to Governor DARLING:
1st November, 1826
- To His Excellency Gov.
- Captain General Governor
in Chief in and over The Territory of New South Wales and its Dependence.
- The Humble Petition of
Lewis CAMPBELL Late Sgt With 48th Regiment
- Herewith, your
Petitioner is obliged to introduce himself to your Excellency's notice a
second time, his petitioner stated to Your Excellency the conduct of Mr
CRAWFORD, a Clerk in the Colonial Secretary's Office. How he seduced your
Petitioners wife, the mother of five small children. Your petitioner most
respectfully urges leave to state to your Excellency that Mr CRAWFORD is
determined to keep the petitioners wife contrary to all laws, his conduct of
the accused is quite Public for instance he removed her from his farm in
Prospect and had her conveyed to Sydney where a furnished house was prepared
for her reception and in the mean time three small helpless children were sent
to your petitioner to take care of.
- Your Petitioner's Public
Duty as a Police Officer often calls him from home and his poor children are
left in a helpless state without any friend to protect them in his absence.
Since the arrival in Sydney from Mr CRAWFORD'S farm in Prospect, which is now
six months, she was confined of a female child. This circumstance and the
menaces held out towards the petitioner places him in a VERY unpleasant
situation. It appears the part Mr CRAWFORD has taken in this melancholy
affair and availing himself of his authority and the situation he holds under
the Government, his conduct should be enquired into and not be allowed to
proceed quietly in his adulterous career.
- Your Petitioner holds in
his possession two letters purporting should your practitioner interfere in
any respect either with Mr CRAWFORD or your petitioner's wife he will be
punished with the loss of his situation or something severer. Such language
as this is an assumption of power it is trampling on the rights of all
Freeborn English men and has a dangerous pending towards it and should not
proceed from a person holding a Lucrative situation in your Government.
- Your Petitioner, Lewis
CAMPBELL Your Excellency to John HARRIS Esquire Police Magistrate, Parramatta
respecting the conduct of Mr CRAWFORD towards your petitioner, Your Petitioner
most respectfully solicits Your Excellency to take the case as stated into
your serious consideration and grant the indulgence of placing your
petitioners two daughters in the female orphan school and also a divorce from
petitioners wife for such act of humanity and ..... Your Petitioner will
consider himself ever in duty bound to pray.
Lewis CAMPBELL Prospect, September 16th 1826.
- The following is a
letter written on 6th November, 1826 by Mary to the Governor of NSW, Lt
General DARLING about her husband, Lewis CAMPBELL. Her letter reads:
- 'I have been told that
my husband has given you a great deal of Trouble and moreover brought into
question the name of a very respectable young gentleman, which causes me to
make the following statement. There is always two ways of telling a story and
I am sure his Petition to your Excellency is very pitiful.
- Lewis CAMPBELL whose
wife I am has a most Diabolical Temper, and the Treatment which I have
received at his hands here and in Ireland is well known to many Officers of
the 48th Regiment - repeatedly have I been Beat and Maltreated; and when he
loaded a gun to shoot me, I thought it high time to quit, and will never more
Return or join him. He offer'd to sell me for a hundred pounds and even sent
to the Gentleman whose name has been mentioned to say that if he would give
100 pounds there would be no more about the matter; if not, that he would make
such a Representation to your Excellency as would Injure the Gentleman - when
he found he could not succeed in this Tack, he sent me a Petition in his own
hand which I was to copy and swear to, before Capt ROSSI that I was not his
wife. This I would not do
- This petition I
enclose. He then sent me the Enclosed Articles of Separation, witness'd by a
man in Mr WEMYS' office, for me to sign and when done he would convey to me
his farm, and I should take the children. I said I would but I was told that a
transfer from him to me would not stand good in law, but if he would give a
Conveyance to some other Person, it would do, this he Refused because his
intention was never that I should obtain the land, but he merely wanted to
humbug me, and clear himself of the children. All the Papers I send to your
Excellency and I will have you to Judge of the Character of Lewis CAMPBELL;
they are all written by himself. I will prove this. In a word he wants to
get married to a woman in Parramatta and wants to get rid of his children by
getting them into the Orphan School.
- As all these Papers are
Genuine, I will thank your Excellency to return them to me, with your
- Please address them
to Benj HODGHAM behind the barracks, Sydney
- It would appear that
Lewis looked after the children himself from the time of Mary's fling with
Robert CRAWFORD until 1827 when Lewis wrote to the Rev W. CARTWRIGHT of the
Male Orphan School at Parramatta, requesting that 2 of his little boys be
accepted to the Orphan School "as since his discharge from the British Army,
he was employed for the last 3 years as an Overseer to Mr Robert CRAWFORD,
who was the Chief Clerk of the Colonial Secretary's Office.
- In return for Lewis'
attention to Robert CRAWFORD'S business he "ungenerously seduced my wife Mary
and brought misery and infamy on my helpless children. Mary now lives with
CRAWFORD and has thrown the 'burthen' of our helpless children on my hands.
It is with pain and anxiety I behold them without mother to pay them that care
that is out of my power to 'shew' them and I most respectfully solicit your
kind interference with the Committee in behalf of my two little boys to be
admitted into the Male Orphan Institution and pledge myself to abide by any
necessary obligation required - Mr FULTON can furnish you with the melancholy
history of the whole affair better than my pen can transcribe. Signed "Sir, I
am most respectfully your humble obedient servant, L.H. CAMPBELL, A
- (The Mr FULTON Lewis was
referring to in his letter to the Colonial Secretary re Mary's infidelity was
the Reverend Henry FULTON who was born in England in 1761. He enrolled in
Trinity College, Dublin in 1788 where he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1792
and was ordained to the ministry of the established Church of Ireland by
Bishop BARNARD of Killaloe. He was sentenced to transportation to New South
Wales for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and arrived aboard the
'Minerva' on 11th January, 1800. He received a conditional pardon on 8th
November, 1800 and was sent to the Hawkesbury. In February 1802 he was sent
to Norfolk Island where he remained until 1806, receiving a full pardon in
1805 because of his work there. On his return to Port Jackson he was
appointed acting Chaplain of Parramatta, Samuel MARSDEN being on leave of
absence in England. He was officially suspended in 1808 because of his
loyalty to the disposed Governor BLIGH and reinstated as assistant Chaplain to
the Colony in January 1810 by Governor MACQUARIE. He travelled to England
with BLIGH to testify at Leut-Colonel JOHNSTON'S court martial, returning on
board the 'Mary' in May 1812.
- He was made resident
chaplain of Castlereagh and Richmond on 18th June, 1814 and opened a seminary
at his new parsonage at Castlereagh on 11th July 1814 where he instructed
young gentlemen in the classics, modern languages and 'such parts of the
Mathematics, both in Theory and Practice, as may set the taste of the
Scholar'.The poet, Charles THOMPSON junior was among his students at
Castlereagh. Thompson dedicated 'Wild Notes, from the Lyre of a Native
Minstrel' to FULTON when it was published in 1826. This Charles THOMPSON may
have been the son of the Charles THOMPSON Lewis worked for in Goulburn Plains
- The town of Castlereagh
failed to flourish and Fulton's designation changed from 'Chaplain of
Castlereagh' to 'Minister of the Parish of Penrith' in 1838.
- He died on 17th
November, 1840, living four years after his wife Ann, and is buried in the
vault of his son-in-law, John MacHENRY at the Castlereagh Cemetery.)
- We do not know which of
the three boys, Henry, William or Robert he is referring to or whether they
were accepted or not as the letter has the notation "Deferred - for further
consideration" and we have not found any further correspondence to or from the
Institution, however we know he kept in contact with Ann because of her death
notice in the Sydney Morning Herald which refers to Lewis as her father. It
is assumed Robert and Henry kept in contact, as they were witnesses to each
other's weddings, Sarah was married to John FARRELL who provided a head stone
for Lewis' grave. William is a mystery; all we know of him is his date of
birth and nothing further.
- The following extract is
taken from the "Historical Records of Australia"
- GOVERNOR DARLING TO
UNDER SECRETARY HAY.
- (Despatch marked
"Private" per ship Marquis of Huntly' acknowledged by Under Secretary HAY,
13th July, 1827)
- My dear Sir, Sydney, 3rd
- I have forwarded with my
Despatch, No 10, a letter from Mr CRAWFORD, appealing to Lord BATHURST on the
subject of his resignation as Chief Clerk in the Office of the Colonial
- He has shewn great folly
in thus obliging me to mention a circumstance, injurious to his moral
character, which I was not disposed to Communicate. Some time after my
arrival here, a Man made a formal Complaint to me that Mr CRAWFORD had seduced
his Wife, that she had abandoned her Children and was then living at his house
in the Country.
- I immediately requested
Mr McLEAY, in whose office he was employed, to warn him, if he persisted in
keeping the Woman from her family, that I should feel myself called on to mark
my disapprobation of such proceeding. I then understood she would be
immediately removed. But the Husband, formerly a Sergeant, soon after
repeated his complaint, and stated, though Mr CRAWFORD had sent his Wife into
Sydney, he had taken a House for her, where she was soon after Confined. As
my remonstrance had failed, I could only inform the Man that the Law was open
to him to prosecute Mr CRAWFORD. But I believe he had not the means of doing
so. You will see from this that Mr CRAWFORD'S Continuance in Office was not
- I remain
&c, Ra. DARLING.
- Robert and Mary stayed
together until her death.
- Mary is buried in the St
John's Cemetery at Parramatta. Her tombstone reads Sacred to the memory MARY
CAMPBELL who departed this life the 23 March 1832, aged 32. (Tombstone is in
- In the 1828 NSW Census
Lewis is shown as
- CAMPBELL, Lewis F45 (F
means free) DICK (Ship) 1817
- Superintendent to Mr
TOMPSON, Goulburn Plains.
- 1 horse, 236 cattle, 800
- Lewis is overseer for Mr
TOMPSON on his Argyle property, known as "Binbingins"?, Goulburn Plains,
County of Argyle. Lewis is Protestant.
- Mary is shown as
- CAMPBELL, Mary, 30 CF
(came free) DICK 1817 P (Protestant)
- Housekeeper to Robert
CRAWFORD, Prospect also their child Robert Jnr aged 18 months.
- Sarah, 10 years. Orphan
at John MALONE, storekeeper, Parramatta.
- Ann, who would have been
about 10 when her parents separated, was too old to go into an orphanage but
may have been working as a maid servant and missed being included in the
census. Young Sarah in the care of the shopkeeper may also have been earning
her keep by helping around the shop.
- Lewis evidently owned
various blocks of land in his time, as follows:
- 6.9.1827 Land
transfer Lewis to James BATES. All that freehold estate lying and situate on
the New Road to Richmond comprising one hundred and twenty acres more or less
and described as following viz - the said land is separated from the Prospect
common by the new road to Richmond and bounded by Hill and Parsley on the old
road side and on the other side by unlocated piece of land and containing the
before described number of acres more or less. Together with such erection or
erections etc. 120pnds sterling.
- 18.12.1830 Land
transfer from Lewis to Francis HUME. 30 acres. Lying and situate in the
district of Appin bounded on the north by 10 chains 30 links of Jones Farm and
a continued West line of three chains seventy links on the west by a south
line of twenty five chains twenty links to a Rocky Gully on the south by that
Gully on the east by Harris Farm bearing north known by the name of Butchers
Farm. 35pnds sterling.
- 11 & 12.3.1833 Land
transfer from Lewis to Hugh HUGHES. 60 roods lying and being in the county of
Cumberland and in the town of Parramatta in Argyle St. 15pnds cash.
- 3.4.1841 Land
transfer from Lewis to Joseph Samuel HANSON. A certain paper writing being or
purported to be a bargain and sale from Henry SHEPPEY bearing date the 8th day
of Feb 1831 of 6 acres of land at Prospect and purchased by the said Lewis
CAMPBELL. Also a certain paper writing being or purporting to be a bargain
and sale from the said Henry SHEPPEY bearing date the 11th day of May 1831 of
130 acres and purchased by the said Lewis CAMPBELL. And also certain
indentures of Lease and release bearing date the 10th and 12th days of May
1831 from Timothy POWER and Morgan POWER of 11 acres and 88 perches of land at
Prospect adjoining Sheppeys Grant and being part of John VARDY'S 65 acres and
purchased by the Sgt Lewis CAMPBELL. 300 pnds.
- Lewis died, aged 71, on
7th April 1854 at Seven Hills, Sydney and was buried on 10th April 1854 at St
Bartholomew's Anglican Church, Prospect.
- THE BEGINNING OF THE
48TH'S TERM SYDNEY (1817 - 1820)
- The Forward guard
of the 48th Regiment arrived onboard the "Pilot", a convict transport at Port
Jackson on the 28th July, 1817.
- The Regiment's
Battalion Headquarters Division, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel
ERSKINE, arrived onboard the Barque "Matilda" at Port Jackson on 3rd August,
1817. On this voyage were 13 officers, 179 "other ranks" and 50 women and
- The remainder of
the 48th under Brevert Major Thomas BELL, CB, sailed on H.M. ship "Lloyd's",
carrying 200 of the garrison arrived on 30th August, 1817 and "Dick" under
Major Gilbert CIMITIERE with the largest party arriving 3rd September, 1817.
The 48th's stay in N.S.W. had began during turbulent times in the colony. The
Governor had established a settlement that was progressing forward as a town
of fortune. But the unrest between the Government and the military had caused
a great deal of friction within the settlement. Regiments were replaced on a
fairly regular basis as they had a tendency to do as they pleased. The 73rd
Regiment replaced the 102nd Regiment as the officer had deposed the then
Governor Royal Navy Captain William BLIGH and seized control of the government
of the colony in 1809. Eventually calm was restored and government control
- Sydney Town had
began to develop roads and outer colonies. Hobart Town had been settled as had
Newcastle, Richmond, Parramatta, Windsor. Norfolk Island, settled in 1788 was
all but abandoned.
- The Governor of the
time, MACQUARIE, had made many improvements which had bought him the
admiration of the populace. The course of action he was to take next was to
bring him in direct conflict with the 46th Regiment, the regiment that
replaced his own, the 73rd. This was to flow on to the 48th. He intended to
restore society worthy emancipists, those who had completed their sentences
and had established themselves as substantial members of the colonial
- This was opposed by
the officers of the 46th Regiment, when he wanted to introduce selected
emancipists into the mess of the 46th. The tension between the government and
the 46th grew. In July 1817, MACQUARIE intended to lay charges against the
officers of the 46th for insubordination. MACQUARIE hoped that the arrival of
the 48th Regiment under a far more tolerant man's command would ease this
instigated the "Rule of Exclusion" to apply to any regiment that succeeded the
46th. The 48th were barracked at the new George Street Barracks. They were
to share the barracks with the regiment that they were to replace, the 46th.
The command accepted with reservation the "Rule of Exclusion" and tension
eased. The 48th Regiment took command from the 46th on the 12th of August at
- The 48th was soon
introduced to the formal duties of the colony with many of the officers and
men confined to as they termed, mundane chores. This was in some ways not
being the case for a good percentage. They were to assist in the exploration
and settlement of a great number of territories. The 48th's problems with the
46th Regiment were to follow them to many places and many times bought them
into direct conflict (politically) with each other.
- When the Regiment's
tour of duty in New South Wales ended in 1824, ten percent of the veteran
other ranks and several officers settled in New South Wales. Many regional
centres and the surrounding towns were settled by members of the 48th
Regiment. Soldiers became farmers, trading their rifles for ploughs, their
only enemies mother nature, not human nature.
- ABOUT SAINT
BARTHOLOMEW'S CHURCH, PROSPECT.
- The Early Days......
- It was from the top
of Prospect Hill that Captain Watkin TENCH first saw the Blue Mountains in
- In 1791 Governor
PHILLIP settled 12 families on small farms around the base of the Hill. These
and later settlers were part of the Parish of St John's Church at Parramatta.
- During the 1830's
attempts were made to have an Anglican Church built at Prospect to serve the
areas of Seven Hills and Prospect.
- In 1838 William
LAWSON, resident at Veteran Hall, Prospect, called for tenders to build the
church. Prominent and local people had subscribed 376 pounds 3 shillings
- The Sydney Morning
Herald of Saturday April 17, 1841 reported that "On Wednesday last the Bishop
of Australia laid the foundation of a Parochial Church at Prospect.
- The Rev H H BOBART
was appointed and performed the first services. The first baptism was of
Margaret GOODIN on May 2, 1841, the first marriage was of Thomas MOREING to
Sarah McDONALD on November 23, 1841 and the first burial was of Ann GOODIN,
aged 15, on July 18, 1841.
- Saint Bartholomew's
Anglican Church, built in the Georgian style, was the first church at
Prospect. James ATKINSON of Mulgoa was selected as the builder at a cost of
1250 pounds. James had built St Stephen's at Penrith. The trustees at the
time were William LAWSON, ROBERT CRAWFORD and Nelson Simmons LAWSON(the
younger son of William) It is unique in that it was built in the Georgian
style at a time when most church buildings were Gothic. The church would have
been substantially completed by August 1840 and served as a place of worship
until Christmas Eve, 1967, when it was closed due to increasing vandalism.
- On Saturday
November 4, 1989 a fire gutted the church, destroying the roof and many of the
interior fittings, including the organ and furniture.
- The Interior ......
- The church is a
plain spacious building comprising a nave, chancel and vestry. The tower at
the western end had a bell, which was rung from inside the porch. The font, a
large shallow bowl on a stone column and base, stood on a slightly raised
platform at the back of the church on the left. Six very large kerosene lamps
were suspended from the ceiling and there were small wall lamps on the eastern
end. A number of marble memorial tablets were on the walls. High box pews
provided the seating on the north and south sides, with low backed pews with
kneelers in the centre. A hand pumped pipe organ stood at the right hand
side. The large windows were of clear glass bordered all around by coloured
glass about 13 cm wide.
- During 1881 - 1889
renovations were made and the wooden ceiling was replaced by a metal one, in
memory of ROBERT CRAWFORD. Other memorial gifts included a reading desk,
pulpit, new communion rail and handsome font cover.
- Restoration .......
- In August 1972, the
then Blacktown Municipal Council leased part of the St Bartholomew's Church
property for 50 years from the Church of England. A committee to manage the
project was formed, the St Bartholomew's, Prospect Preservation Committee. The
aim of this Committee was to "preserve, restore and use the historic property
for the benefit of present and future Australians". The Committee held
working bees at the church on a regular basis, and raised funds by holding
Carols by Candlelight events and Old Ironbark's Day, commemorating the birth
of explorer William LAWSON. Currently, "Back to Prospect" days are held on an
- Blacktown Council
began amassing grant funds to use in the restoration of the Church and work
commenced in early 2000, with an historic building restorer, Stan HELLYER
doing the work supervised by conservation architects Graham EDDS and
Associates. Funding came from various grants, including $500,000 from
Federation Cultural and Heritage Projects programme. Council acquired the
property from the Anglican Church in late 2000.
- Research Notes: Some
information supplied by Hazel MAGANN, Karenn LAYNE ,Ron CAMPBELL, B & M
CHAPMAN, Beverley DWYER.
- Colonial Secretary's
- "When the Country
Became the City Blacktown", 1996, Blacktown & District Historical Society,
NSW Heritage Office Website.
- 1828 Census
- Historical Records of
- NSW Births, Deaths and
- Captain (Retd) E A