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The Lady Juliana

A convict transport  of 401 tons. She was the first convict ship to arrive in Port Jackson after the  First Fleet. Chartered to transport Female convicts.  Her master was Thomas Edger who had sailed with James Cook on his last voyage. The surgeon was Richard Alley  .Following a six month delay   the Lady Juliana left  Plymouth 29th July 1789 with 226 female convicts, arrived at Port Jackson on 6th June 1790  During the voyage  five convicts died

Histories Errors. Her first voyage here was written by John Nicol Mariner Steward on Board the Lady Julian. And that's how she was called  through his writings and the British Admiralty Records

John Nicol. 1822 "My only object was to see the country, not to remain at sea. I therefore chose the Lady Juliana, as she was a transport, although I did not by any means like her cargo — yet to see the country I was resolved to submit to a great deal.

I was appointed steward of the Lady Julian, commanded by Captain Aitkin, who was an excellent humane man and did all in his power to make the convicts as comfortable as the their circumstances would allow.

We lay six months in the river before we sailed, during which time all the jails in England were emptied to complete the cargo of the Lady Julian. When we sailed there were on board 245 female convicts.*  There were not a great many very bad characters. The greater number was for petty crimes, and a great proportion for only being disorderly, that is, street walkers, the colony at the time being in great want of women.

The agent, Lieutenant Edgar, had been with Captain Cook, was a kind humane man and very good to them. He had it in his power to throw all their clothes overboard when he gave them the convict dress, but he gave them to me to stow in the after hold, saying, “They would be of use to the poor creatures when they arrived in Port Jackson”.

When we were fairly out to sea, every man on board took a wife from among the convicts, they nothing loath. The girl, with whom I lived, for I was as bad in this point as the others, was named Sarah Whitlam. She was a native of Lincoln, a girl of modest reserved turn, as kind and true a creature as ever lived. I courted her for a week and upwards, and would have married her on the spot had there been a clergyman on board.’

( An account of his voyages was first published in 1822 by John Howell much of it as told to him by John Nicol.)

Watkin Tench recorded her as the Lady Juliana in 1790 whilst writing in his dairy

"A few minutes completed our wishes, and we found ourselves on board
the 'Lady Juliana' transport, with two hundred and twenty-five of our
countrywomen whom crime or misfortune had condemned to exile.  We learned
that they had been almost eleven months on their passage, having left Plymouth,
into which port they had put in July, 1789. 
( Watkin Tench 1790)
Tench Watkin,  Transactions of the Colony in June, July, and August, 1790 CHAPTER VII



Soldiers of the New South Wales Corps on board who may have stayed. Some where convicts who later enlisted.

If the person has a link it is confirmed they stayed and have their own page