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Private James Ratcliffe (Radcliffe) (1800.........)


Back To . . 57th Foot West Middlesex Regiment

  • Born : C . 1800
  • Where Born : London, London, England
  • Occupation : / Soldier
  • Date Arrived : March 21st, 1826
  • Ship Arrived on : " Sesostris "
  • Port Arrived : Sydney  
  • Rank on Discharge : Private
  • Date of Enlistment :
  • Where Enlisted :
  • Date of Discharge :
  • Where Discharged :
  • Died :
  • Where Died / Buried :
  • Parents Names :
  • Spouse's Name : Sarah PHILLIPS
  • Date Born : c 1801
  • Where Born :
  • Occupation :
  • Date Arrived : on 7 Sep 1822  Hobart Town VDL, 10 Feb 1823.
  • Ship Arrived on :  "Lord Sidmouth"
  • Date Married : 1 Mar 1824
  • Where Married : Muddy Plains, Hobart, Tasmania
  • Spouse's Parents :
  • Died :
  • Where Died / Buried : 

  • Descendants

    This information was kindly supplied by

    Area Settled :
    Children :
    John Ratcliffe  bn 1824 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    James Ratcliffe bn 11 Jun 1825 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    William Marshall Ratcliffe bn 5 Jun 1827 Muddy Plains, Hobart, mrd 1850 Greensborough, Victoria to Margaret Patterson, died 24 Jul 1900 Walhalla, Victoria; 12 children - see below
    Elizabeth Ratcliffe bn 1829 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    Robert Felix Ratcliffe bn 1834 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    Joseph Josiah Ratcliffe bn 23 Sep 1836 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    Sarah Maria Ratcliffe bn 7 Jul 1838 Muddy Plains, Hobart
    History & Achievements :
    Arrived: "SESOSTRIS" March 21st, 1826.
    Lloyd's Shipping Register:
    Sesostris - 1826     Voyage to New South Wales under Captain Drake. Owner Staniforth.  [N.B. This was a convict voyage - SK note]

    Seaman on the 'Dragon' when it sailed for Port Jackson on 13th Mar 1828.
    Soldier of the 57th Regiment, made two trips between Tasmania and Port Philip.

    Embarked with 57th rgt "YORK" July 15th, 1831 for Madras.
    The regiment started out as the 59th Regiment of Foot raised in Gloucester in 1755. After the disbandment of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 51st Regiment of Foot in 1756, it became the 57th Regiment of Foot. In 1782, it was given a county connection, becoming the "57th (the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot".[1]

    The 57th Regiment earned their nickname of "the Die Hards" after their participation in the Battle of Albuera, one of the bloodiest battles of the Peninsular War, fought on the 16 May 1811. The commanding officer of the 57th, Colonel Inglis, was struck down by a charge of canister shot which hit him in the neck and left breast. He refused to be carried to the rear for treatment, but lay in front of his men calling on them to hold their position and when the fight reached its fiercest cried, "Die hard the 57th, die hard!".[2] The casualties of the 57th were 422 out of the 570 men in the ranks and 20 out of the 30 officers.[1] The Allied commander of the Anglo-Portuguese force Field Marshal Beresford wrote in his dispatch, "our dead, particularly the 57th Regiment, were lying as they fought in the ranks, every wound in front".".[3]

    The 57th arrived in New South Wales during 1826 serving at Van Diemens Land, Sydney, Victoria South Australia and the Swan River colony. The regiment was transferred to Madras in March, 1831. In 1881 it was united with the 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot to form The Middlesex Regiment.[1]

    Its regimental marches were 'Sir Manley Power' (quick) and 'Caledonian' (slow).[1]

    Soldier's lot - 1839
    'The ration of a soldier, scanty as it is, costs him half his pay, the remaining half is swallowed up in procuring necessaries. Even his allowance of rum is useless to him, for he is compelled to drink it on the spot, and consequently cannot convert it into cash, wherewith to purchase any of the comforts of life.
    The soldier is charged sixpence for his ration, yet it is notorious that until within the last few weeks its real cost in this Colony to the commissariat has not been more that four pence; so that the British government have actually for the last eight or ten years been reaping a profit of two pence upon the daily ration of each private soldier!
    The situation of the convict at all times, but especially during the present scarcity, is far preferable to that of the private soldier. The ration allowed the former is better; in proof of this we subjoin the scale of weekly rations issued under authority to each at the present time
    7 Pounds Bread, 7 pounds meat, Allowance of rum
    9 pounds meat, 4 pounds seconds flour, 4 1/2 pounds rice, 6 ounces sugar, 2 ounces salt, 2 ounces soap
    The convict's labour is as light as the soldier's and the laws which regulate his conduct are scarcely more severe than are the rules laid down for the preservation and guidance of military discipline.
    The soldier in New South Wales where every necessary of life is higher in price than at home receives no higher pay than the soldier stationed in Great Britain or Ireland, and to add to the hardship of his situation in this Colony he has the mortification of knowing that he would receive a higher recompense for his labour than at home, but the severity of his duty prevents him from having any spare time to employ in his own behalf.
    His pay is one shilling per day out of which sixpence goes to pay for his scanty ration and the remainder to purchase clothes etc. On this ration, insufficient for the support of a single man, many of the soldiers have to support wives and children. The soldier labours under far greater disadvantages than the common labourer, even supposing the pay of each were alike, for he must always appear respectably clad, and at his own cost. With bread sixteen pence the 2lb load, and beef and mutton nine pence per lb. How is it possible for these men to live honestly? Sydney Gazette 6 August 1839.

    A convict who sailed from Bristol on the "Lord Sidmouth" on 7 Sep 1822 and
    arrived Hobart Town VDL, 10 Feb 1823.  She was given her free certificate on
    22 Jun 1849.
    Age 21 years when married - marriage record
    Had other husbands and children.

    Believe this is the same James who married Ann Dunbar and lived at Vaughan, Victoria and whose children burned in a house fire in 1862.

    Occ: Caretaker.  Age at death 72 years.  In Victoria since 1837.
    Death cert.  My line.

    Married Mary McGarrigle ca 1852

    Arrived in Victoria in 1842, her father had died of burns and/or drowning when the Barque "India" caught fire and sank of the coast of Rio de Janiero.

    Children of William Marshall Ratcliffe and Margaret Patterson:
    Mary Ann Ratcliffe bn 1850  Dromana, Victoria   died 1852  Dromana, Victoria
    Jane Ann Marshall Ratcliffe bn 1854 Dromana
    William Ratcliffe bn 1856 Dromana mrd Henrietta Dredar MILLER 1877 Castlemaine, Victoria - my line
    James Ratcliffe bn 1857 Dromana mrd Mary SHERWOOD 1882 Tarraville, Victoria, died 1905 Western Australia
    Sarah Ann Ratcliffe bn 1859 Dromana mrd Richard YEATES 1881 Snapper Point, Victoria, died 28 Aug 1895 Walhalla, Victoria
    Louisa Margaret Ratcliffe bn 1861 Dromana mrd Alfred John THORNE 1882 Victoria
    Mary Ann Alice Ratcliffe bn 1863 Dromana mrd Thomas MILNER 1883 South Gippsland, Victoria
    Rosanna or Rashanna Ratcliffe bn 1865 Dromana mrd James NICHOLS Victoria
    Ada Elizabeth Ratcliffe bn 1868 Walhalla died 1877 Walhalla, Victoria
    Robert Albert Ratcliffe bn 1870 Walhalla
    Stillborn Ratcliffe, sex unknown bn and died 1872 Walhalla, Victoria
    Margaret Jeanet Ratcliffe, bn 1874 Walhalla mrd Ernest Albert PORTCH, 1892 Victoria
    Family Members, Military records  ,Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records & General Muster Records, Mitchell Library ,Sydney Australia
    The information is intended for short Historical value only,
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    Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD) Australia
    Last revised: Thursday, 21 January 2010 08:16:30