Private James Ratcliffe
Back To . . 57th
Foot West Middlesex Regiment
C . 1800
Where Born : London, London, England
Occupation : / Soldier
Date Arrived : March 21st, 1826
Ship Arrived on : "
Port Arrived : Sydney
Rank on Discharge : Private
Date of Enlistment :
Where Enlisted :
Date of Discharge :
Where Discharged :
Where Died /
Parents Names :
Spouse's Name : Sarah PHILLIPS
Date Born :
Where Born :
Date Arrived :
on 7 Sep 1822 Hobart Town VDL, 10 Feb 1823.
Ship Arrived on : "Lord
Date Married : 1 Mar 1824
Where Married :
Muddy Plains, Hobart, Tasmania
Spouse's Parents :
Where Died /
This information was kindly
- Area Settled :
- John Ratcliffe bn 1824 Muddy Plains, Hobart
James Ratcliffe bn 11 Jun 1825 Muddy Plains, Hobart
William Marshall Ratcliffe bn 5 Jun 1827 Muddy Plains, Hobart, mrd 1850
Greensborough, Victoria to Margaret Patterson, died 24 Jul 1900 Walhalla,
Victoria; 12 children - see below
Elizabeth Ratcliffe bn 1829 Muddy Plains, Hobart
Robert Felix Ratcliffe bn 1834 Muddy Plains, Hobart
Joseph Josiah Ratcliffe bn 23 Sep 1836 Muddy Plains, Hobart
Sarah Maria Ratcliffe bn 7 Jul 1838 Muddy Plains, Hobart
- History &
- NOTES FOR JAMES RATCLIFFE:
Arrived: "SESOSTRIS" March 21st, 1826.
Lloyd's Shipping Register:
Sesostris - 1826 Voyage to New South Wales under Captain Drake. Owner
Staniforth. [N.B. This was a convict voyage - SK note]
Seaman on the 'Dragon' when it sailed for Port Jackson on 13th Mar 1828.
Soldier of the 57th Regiment, made two trips between Tasmania and Port
Embarked with 57th rgt "YORK" July 15th, 1831 for Madras.
The regiment started out as the 59th Regiment of Foot raised in Gloucester
in 1755. After the disbandment of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 51st
Regiment of Foot in 1756, it became the 57th Regiment of Foot. In 1782, it
was given a county connection, becoming the "57th (the West Middlesex)
Regiment of Foot".
The 57th Regiment earned their nickname of "the Die Hards" after their
participation in the Battle of Albuera, one of the bloodiest battles of the
Peninsular War, fought on the 16 May 1811. The commanding officer of the
57th, Colonel Inglis, was struck down by a charge of canister shot which hit
him in the neck and left breast. He refused to be carried to the rear for
treatment, but lay in front of his men calling on them to hold their
position and when the fight reached its fiercest cried, "Die hard the 57th,
die hard!". The casualties of the 57th were 422 out of the 570 men in the
ranks and 20 out of the 30 officers. The Allied commander of the
Anglo-Portuguese force Field Marshal Beresford wrote in his dispatch, "our
dead, particularly the 57th Regiment, were lying as they fought in the
ranks, every wound in front".".
The 57th arrived in New South Wales during 1826 serving at Van Diemens Land,
Sydney, Victoria South Australia and the Swan River colony. The regiment was
transferred to Madras in March, 1831. In 1881 it was united with the 77th
(East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot to form The Middlesex Regiment.
Its regimental marches were 'Sir Manley Power' (quick) and 'Caledonian'
Soldier's lot - 1839
'The ration of a soldier, scanty as it is, costs him half his pay, the
remaining half is swallowed up in procuring necessaries. Even his allowance
of rum is useless to him, for he is compelled to drink it on the spot, and
consequently cannot convert it into cash, wherewith to purchase any of the
comforts of life.
The soldier is charged sixpence for his ration, yet it is notorious that
until within the last few weeks its real cost in this Colony to the
commissariat has not been more that four pence; so that the British
government have actually for the last eight or ten years been reaping a
profit of two pence upon the daily ration of each private soldier!
The situation of the convict at all times, but especially during the present
scarcity, is far preferable to that of the private soldier. The ration
allowed the former is better; in proof of this we subjoin the scale of
weekly rations issued under authority to each at the present time
7 Pounds Bread, 7 pounds meat, Allowance of rum
9 pounds meat, 4 pounds seconds flour, 4 1/2 pounds rice, 6 ounces sugar, 2
ounces salt, 2 ounces soap
The convict's labour is as light as the soldier's and the laws which
regulate his conduct are scarcely more severe than are the rules laid down
for the preservation and guidance of military discipline.
The soldier in New South Wales where every necessary of life is higher in
price than at home receives no higher pay than the soldier stationed in
Great Britain or Ireland, and to add to the hardship of his situation in
this Colony he has the mortification of knowing that he would receive a
higher recompense for his labour than at home, but the severity of his duty
prevents him from having any spare time to employ in his own behalf.
His pay is one shilling per day out of which sixpence goes to pay for his
scanty ration and the remainder to purchase clothes etc. On this ration,
insufficient for the support of a single man, many of the soldiers have to
support wives and children. The soldier labours under far greater
disadvantages than the common labourer, even supposing the pay of each were
alike, for he must always appear respectably clad, and at his own cost. With
bread sixteen pence the 2lb load, and beef and mutton nine pence per lb. How
is it possible for these men to live honestly? Sydney Gazette 6 August 1839.
NOTES FOR SARAH PHILLIPS:
A convict who sailed from Bristol on the "Lord Sidmouth" on 7 Sep 1822 and
arrived Hobart Town VDL, 10 Feb 1823. She was given her free certificate on
22 Jun 1849.
Age 21 years when married - marriage record
Had other husbands and children.
NOTES FOR JAMES RATCLIFFE (1825 -)
Believe this is the same James who married Ann Dunbar and lived at Vaughan,
Victoria and whose children burned in a house fire in 1862.
NOTES FOR WILLIAM MARSHALL RATCLIFFE
Occ: Caretaker. Age at death 72 years. In Victoria since 1837.
Death cert. My line.
NOTES FOR JOSEPH JOSIAH RATCLIFFE:
Married Mary McGarrigle ca 1852
NOTES FOR MARGARET PATTERSON, WIFE OF WILLIAM MARSHALL RATCLIFFE:
Arrived in Victoria in 1842, her father had died of burns and/or drowning
when the Barque "India" caught fire and sank of the coast of Rio de Janiero.
Children of William Marshall Ratcliffe and Margaret Patterson:
Mary Ann Ratcliffe bn 1850 Dromana, Victoria died 1852 Dromana, Victoria
Jane Ann Marshall Ratcliffe bn 1854 Dromana
William Ratcliffe bn 1856 Dromana mrd Henrietta Dredar MILLER 1877
Castlemaine, Victoria - my line
James Ratcliffe bn 1857 Dromana mrd Mary SHERWOOD 1882 Tarraville, Victoria,
died 1905 Western Australia
Sarah Ann Ratcliffe bn 1859 Dromana mrd Richard YEATES 1881 Snapper Point,
Victoria, died 28 Aug 1895 Walhalla, Victoria
Louisa Margaret Ratcliffe bn 1861 Dromana mrd Alfred John THORNE 1882
Mary Ann Alice Ratcliffe bn 1863 Dromana mrd Thomas MILNER 1883 South
Rosanna or Rashanna Ratcliffe bn 1865 Dromana mrd James NICHOLS Victoria
Ada Elizabeth Ratcliffe bn 1868 Walhalla died 1877 Walhalla, Victoria
Robert Albert Ratcliffe bn 1870 Walhalla
Stillborn Ratcliffe, sex unknown bn and died 1872 Walhalla, Victoria
Margaret Jeanet Ratcliffe, bn 1874 Walhalla mrd Ernest Albert PORTCH, 1892
- Family Members, Military records
,Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records & General Muster
Records, Mitchell Library ,Sydney Australia
- The information is intended for short Historical
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- © Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD) Australia
- Last revised: Thursday, 21 January 2010 08:16:30