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Master Sergeant Henry Sykes (c.1819.......1877.)

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  • Born : c . 1819 
  • Where Born : Yorkshire
  • Occupation : Soldier
  • Date Arrived :  16th of September 1843  
  • Ship Arrived on :   "Constant"
  • Port Arrived :  Hobart / Sydmey
  • Rank on Discharge : Master Sergeant.
  • Date of Army Enlistment : 
  • Where Enlisted Army :
  • Regimental # : 1794 
  • Date Discharged Army : August 1853
  • Comments Regarding Army Discharge :  G / C
  • Where Discharged : Sydney
  • Died :  14th January, 1877   
  • Where Died / Buried:   Dawes Point, Sydney . and is buried Rookwood Cemetery.
  • Parents Names :    in   Louisa Lovel was born in on the , daughter of James Hains Lov
  • Spouse's Name : Louisa Lovel
  • Date Married : 6th December 1847
  • Where Married :St Phillips Church of England.
  • Spouse's Parents :James Hains Lovel (who was born on the 2nd June 1790 in Reading, Berkshire) and Caroline Amelia Gosney (born in Hampshire in 1808) and was baptised on the 13th January 1828 in the same church. 
  • Born : 23rd December 1827
  • Where Born :  Sydney
  • Occupation :Port Arthur  Louisa Sykes was the School Mistress.
  • Date Arrived : 
  • Ship Arrived on : 
  • Died : 1914 at the age of 86.
  • Where Died / Buried
  •  
  • Descendants

    Some information supplied by Jim   jstarling@bigpond.com;

    Area Settled :
    Sydney
    Children :
    Amelia Sykes  (b.   6th September 1848 was born at the Military Barracks in Hobart.
    Henry James (b.   1st September 1851, son  was born at the Military Barracks, Hobart.
    Elizabeth Caroline (b.   22nd June 1856  at Port Arthur  
    Charles Lovel Sykes  (b.  31st March 1859.  Port Arthur on the 31st March 1859.
    Theresa Ann (b. 1861
    Alfred Tasman Haines (b. 1864 
     
     
    History & Achievements :

     

    Henry Sykes Military Career in New South Wales
     
    Henry Sykes was born about 1819 in Yorkshire and died on the 14th January, 1877 at Dawes Point, Sydney.  He was my ( Jim's) great great grandfather.
     
    He arrived in the colony of New South Wales on the 16th of September 1843 on the convict ship Constant, a Braque of 500 tons (Hemery, Master) as a corporal in the 99th Regiment of Foot – the Lannarkshire Regiment.  New South Wales had ceased to be a destination for convict transportation in 1840, although the Lannarks were primarily responsible for guard duty on convict transports sailing to Tasmania.  The Constant’s convict passengers were disembarked in Hobart before the ship reached Sydney.
     
    In 1844 Corporal Sykes was posted to Norfolk Island during the second phase of its use as a convict outpost for New South Wales and Tasmania.  He probably made the voyage in the Governor Phillip of 188 tons (Boyle, Master) which carried a captain of the 99th and 21 rank and file soldiers of the 80th and 99th Regiments plus six women and ten children to the island in March 1844, arriving on the 16thIn 1824, the British government had instructed the Governor of New South Wales Thomas Brisbane to re-occupy Norfolk Island as a place to send ‘the worst description of convicts’.  Its remoteness, seen previously as a disadvantage, was now viewed as an asset for the detention of the ‘twice-convicted’ men, who had committed further crimes since arriving in New South Wales.  Brisbane assured his masters that ‘the felon who is sent there is forever excluded from all hope of return’.
     
    Henry Sykes returned to Sydney in 1845, probably on the Bangalore (T A Castle, Master) which arrived at Port Jackson on the 2nd September.  He was promoted to rank of Sergeant and posted to Port Phillip during 1847.
     
    By December that year, however, Henry Sykes had again returned to Sydney where he married Louisa Lovel on the 6th December 1847 in St Phillips Church of England.  Louisa Lovel was born in Sydney on the 23rd December 1827, daughter of James Hains Lovel (who was born on the 2nd June 1790 in Reading, Berkshire) and Caroline Amelia Gosney (born in Hampshire in 1808) and was baptised on the 13th January 1828 in the same church.  Louisa went with her family to India in 1831 (when she was less than four years old) and to England in 1832.  She grew up in Berkshire, the Ionian Islands, London and Port Macquarie.  Father James was a Wesleyan lay teacher in Berkshire and probably taught Louisa.
     
    Return to Tasmania and Career at Port Arthur
     
    In 1848 Henry was posted to Hobart with his pregnant wife where he arrived on the 14th July.  He sailed on the convict ship Bangalore 876 tons, M Martyn Master.  The Bangalore carried 202 male convicts with a lieutenant and an ensign plus 49 rank and file soldiers of the 11th, 96th and 99th Regiments.
    On the 1st April 1849 he was promoted to Master Sergeant.
    On the 1st September 1851, son Henry James was born at the Military Barracks, Hobart.
    During August 1853 Henry was discharged from the army.
    In 1854 Henry and his family was living in Sandy Bay Road, Hobart.  That year his son Frederick William was born.
    In ??? 1855 Henry Sykes was appointed to the Port Arthur Convict Settlement as Assistant Overseer, but the 1853 cessation of transportation to Tasmania resulted in fewer transportees arriving at the station.  However, since Port Arthur was one of the few secondary punishment stations operating in the colonies, it still received a large proportion of colonially sentenced men, as well as the old transportees still within the system.  This was the background of Port Arthur when Henry Sykes arrived in 1854.  Daughter Elizabeth Caroline was born at Port Arthur on the 22nd June 1856
     
    In 1858 Henry Sykes resigned the position of Assistant Overseer and was appointed School Master at Port Arthur on the 5th February.  Louisa Sykes was the School Mistress.  Charles Lovel Sykes was born at Port Arthur on the 31st March 1859.
     
    However, the numbers of convicts dwindled, those remaining behind were too aged, infirm or insane to be of any use.  In 1859 Henry resigned and the family returned to Sydney.  The last convict was shipped out in 1877.
    Return to Tasmania and Career at Port Arthur
     
    In 1848 Henry was posted to Hobart with his pregnant wife where he arrived on the 14th July.  He sailed on the convict ship Bangalore 876 tons, M Martyn Master.  The Bangalore carried 202 male convicts with a lieutenant and an ensign plus 49 rank and file soldiers of the 11th, 96th and 99th Regiments.
    On the 1st April 1849 he was promoted to Master Sergeant.
    On the 1st September 1851, son Henry James was born at the Military Barracks, Hobart.
    During August 1853 Henry was discharged from the army.
    In 1854 Henry and his family was living in Sandy Bay Road, Hobart.  That year his son Frederick William was born.
     
    In ??? 1855 Henry Sykes was appointed to the Port Arthur Convict Settlement as Assistant Overseer, but the 1853 cessation of transportation to Tasmania resulted in fewer transportees arriving at the station.  However, since Port Arthur was one of the few secondary punishment stations operating in the colonies, it still received a large proportion of colonially sentenced men, as well as the old transportees still within the system.  This was the background of Port Arthur when Henry Sykes arrived in 1854.  Daughter Elizabeth Caroline was born at Port Arthur on the 22nd June 1856
     
    In 1858 Henry Sykes resigned the position of Assistant Overseer and was appointed School Master at Port Arthur on the 5th February.  Louisa Sykes was the School Mistress.  Charles Lovel Sykes was born at Port Arthur on the 31st March 1859.
     
    However, the numbers of convicts dwindled, those remaining behind were too aged, infirm or insane to be of any use.  In 1859 Henry resigned and the family returned to Sydney.  The last convict was shipped out in 1877.
    Henry Sykes in Sydney
    In 1859 Henry joined the NSW Police and lived at the Belmore Barracks near Central Railway Station.  In 1861 he was appointed to the Inspector General's Police Office.  Serious riots broke out at the Riot at Lambing Flat March 1861 Goldfields and the police and military were sent to contain the situation.  As a result of the lessons learned at this action, the previous ad hoc fragmentary system of policing in New South Wales was replaced in 1862 with a single, centrally administered organization.  Henry Sykes thus joined the New South Wales police force just at the time when it began to take on its present professional character.  Further promotion followed quickly because in 1862 he was promoted to the Executive Police Unit as Police Sergeant, presumably as part of this re-organisation.  He served in this unit until 1868.
     
    In 1861 a daughter Theresa Ann was born.  In 1864 a son Alfred Tasman Haines was born.
     
    Just before his death he was the lessee of the Dawes Point Swimming Baths in George Street North.  Henry died in 1877 and is buried in Rookwood Cemetery.
     
    In 1877 Louisa Sykes moved to Mitchell St, North Sydney with sons, Frederick, Charles and Tasman.  The three boys didn't marry and two died before she did.  Louisa died of heart failure in 1914 at the age of 86.
    References
    Family Members, Military records  ,Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records & General Muster Records, Mitchell Library ,Sydney Australia
    The information is intended for short Historical value only,
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    © Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD) Australia
    Last revised: Sunday, 27 September 2009 03:00:35