Joseph Griffiths - Arrived Sydney, a soldier, on the convict ship Earl of Cornwallis. This ship weighed 784 tons, with James Tennant, master, and on this voyage traveled from England via the Cape of Good Hope; from which it departed 18th November 1800. They arrived Sydney 12th June 1801, with 253 convicts. The journey lasted 206 days. 193 males departed, 166 arrived; 95 females departed, 87 arrived. Joseph was a Private with the 102nd regiment of foot or NSW Corps on garrison duty in Sydney.
Privates in NSW around this time earned £18 p.a. (each regiment had a paymaster on location).
Pay on active duty was given at monthly Musters when men usually received £1.1.11 subsistence this was halved when men were on transports between posts. Because of an acute shortage of currency prior to 1806, payments to troops were usually in the form of goods instead of cash. So those soldiers involved in escorting convicts from ships had more access to goods arriving from overseas. This was still a time of limited access to food and clothes soldiers great coats had to last 7 years. Officers did quite well accumulating assets and had access to convict labour to work on their land grants. Obviously, this is what Joseph Griffiths decided to do taking monies owed him in the form on an 80 acre land grant and having convicts assigned to work it.
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