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Lieutenant Colonel David Collins  (1756.......1810.)

 Lieutenant Colonel David Collins engraving

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  • Born : 3 March 1756
  • Where Born : London , England
  • Occupation : Soldier
  • Date Arrived : 26 January 1788
  • Ship Arrived on : " Sirius
  • Rank on Discharge : Captain
  • Date of Enlistment : 20. Feb 1771
  • Where Enlisted : Chatham  
  • Sail for England :August 1796 in the "Britannia"
  • Returned: 9 October 1803
  • Ship Arrived on : H.M.S. Calcutta
  • Date of Discharge :  28th March 1810 died in service
  • Where Discharged :  Van Diemenís Land
  • Died :  28th March 1810 age 56
  • Where Died / Buried : St David's Cathedral in Hobart  1810 in Van Diemenís
  • Parents Names : Major General Arthur Tooker Collins (b.......d.) & Henrietta Caroline Fraser (b.......d.) Arthur Tooker Collins, an officer of marines and later major-general commanding the Plymouth Division, and his wife Henrietta Caroline, nťe Fraser, of Park, King's County, Ireland
  • Spouse's Name :  Mary (Maria Stuart)
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  • Date Married :  13 June 1777 
  • Where Married : Halifax, Nova Scotia Church of St Paul 
  • Spouse's Parents :  Captain Charles Proctor (b....d.) & unknown  
  • Date Arrived : Maria remained in England
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  • Partner 1 : Nancy Yates
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  • Partner 2 : Margaret Eddington
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  • Partner 2 's Parents : Thomas Eddington (b.........d) &
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    Descendants
    Area Settled :
      Hobart Tasmania

     

    Children :
     
    1 . Child born to Maria Stuart Proctor
    2 . Child born to Nancy Yates
    3 . Child born to Nancy Yates
    4 . John Collins ( bapt 14/1/1810 . Hobart ...d.) mother Margaret Eddington
    5 . Eliza Collins ( bapt 14/1/1810 . Hobart ...d.) mother Margaret Eddington
  • Descendants
    Area Settled :
    Tasmania
    Children :

     

    History & Achievements :
    Settled in Tasmania, At the age of 14 David Collins joined the Royal Marines and by 1780 had risen to the rank of captain. In 1786 he was commissioned Deputy-Judge-Advocate of the proposed new colony of New South Wales. He arrived in Sydney with the First Fleet in 1788 and on 7 February, when the government was formally proclaimed, Collins read the relevant Act, commissions and Letters Patent for the establishment of the colony. Under Governor Arthur Phillip, Collins was responsible for the administration of legal matters in New South Wales. Although he had no legal training Collins performed his duties conscientiously issuing all writs, summonses and processes and presiding over the civil and criminal courts. He returned to England in 1797. While in England he wrote and published An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, an important work on the early settlement. Collins was later commissioned to establish the proposed new dependency in Van Diemen's Land and in 1804 he chose the site of Hobart as the base for a new settlement. He served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land until he died in 1810.

     Lieutenant Governor of this Colony and Lt Colonel of the Royal Marine Forces. On the first establishment of the Colony of New South Wales he was employed as Deputy Judge Advocate And in the year 1803 he was entrusted by His Majestyís Government with the command of an expedition destined to form a settlement at Port Philip on the south coast of New Holland but which was subsequently removed to Van Diemenís Land Under his direction as Lieutenant-Governor the site of this town was chosen and the foundation of its first building laid in 1804 He died here on the 28th March 1810 Aged 56 years and this monument long projected was erected to his memory in 1838 by direction of His Excellency Sir John Franklin KCHKR. Site of the first church erected 1810 in Van Diemenís land Built over the grave of Lieutenant-Governor Collins Whose body rested beneath the Altar.

     

    Early in 1789, after Captain Shea's death, Ross had invited Collins to take the vacancy. Acceptance would certainly have bettered his advancement in the marines, but he refused, to the great satisfaction of Phillip who in June 1788 had appointed him secretary to the governor, or as Collins preferred, to the colony, at an additional 5s. a day. With his multiple duties he was deeply involved in questions of crime and punishment, convict labour, health, rations and stores. He organized the celebration of each new year and royal birthday, and on occasions accompanied expeditions to outlying areas proposed for new settlements and places of secondary punishment. Like Phillip he had a compassionate interest in the Aboriginals, and deplored each racial clash, tending always to blame the convicts for disobedience of the governor's orders.

    References
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    Military records  ,Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records & General Muster Records, Mitchell Library ,Sydney Australia
    The information is intended for short Historical value only,
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    © Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD) Australia
    Last revised: October 26, 2008