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Ensign Patrick Bryne (c1775....1808)

Back to . . . The New South Wales Corps. ( Rum Corps. ) "Renamed 102nd Regiment

  • Born : circa 1775
  • Where born :
  • Occupation : Soldier
  • Date Arrived : 11 February 1796
  • Ship Arrived on : " Marquis of Cornwallis "( Convict )
  • Rank on Death : Ensign
  • Date of Enlistment : 10 April, 1801
  • Where Enlisted : Sydney
  • Died : 1 April, 1808. in service
  • Where Died / Buried : Church of St. John, Parramatta.
  • Parents Names :
  • Spouse's Name : Sarah Best
  • Date Married : 22 September 1799,
  • Where Married : Church of St. John, Parramatta.
  • Born : Circa 1774
  • Where Born :
  • Occupation :
  • Date Arrived : 18. July 1798
  • Ship Arrived on : " Britania 111 "
  • Died : 28. October 1853 " Sarah Sykes wife of William Sykes "
  • Where Died / Buried : Spring Valley / St Michael's Rynsvale , Re-interred Catholic Church Cemetery Spring Valley
  • Spouse 's Parents :
  • Descendants
    This information was kindly supplied by Robyn McMellon ,E-mail address
    tassa@iprimus.com.au
    Area Settled :
    Sydney . Parramatta
     
    Children :
    1 . Caroline Best Catapodi Bryne (b.1797....d.1869
    2 . Matilda Bryne (b.1801.....d.1888)
    3 . John Bryne (b.1802...d.1888)
    4 . Mary Bryne (b.1805....d.1848)
    5 . Anne Bryne (b.1806.....d.1885)
    6 . William Byrne (b.1808....d.1906)

    History & Achievements :

    No Heastone exists for either Patrick or Sarah at Church of St. John, Parramatta.

    Patrick Byrne Convicted Carlow in March 1795 for 7 years, Ship Marquis Cornwallis
    Patrick Byrne 20 years, Tried County Carlow in March 1795, Term of 7 years
    Arrival 11 February 1796 on Marquis of Cornwallis. Master: Michael Hagan. Sailed from Cork.
    Transcribed Extracts from "Branching Out" compiled by Amy Humphries.

    The first of our ancestors to come to the colony of NSW was Patrick Byrne, convicted at Carlow, March
    1795, sentence 7 years. Aged 20 , he was transported for an unspecified crime to NSW. An obituary notice for William Byrne (son of Patrick and Sarah) does give a pointer to Patrick's involvement in the Irish troubles and speaks of Patrick being out with the pike men in County Carlow. Some rebels transported on the Marquis of Cornwallis were of the type called "defenders". Originally these were groups of Catholics who banded together to defend themselves against gangs, such as the Peep O"Day Boys, who raided Catholic houses for arms at dawn. Patrick Byrne on the Marquis of Cornwallis may well have been a Defender or member of a similar group. Those transported on this ship were without official papers when they arrived, as the authorities occupied with more pressing matters, delayed sending out even the barest details of these people's sentences until three years later.

    On 9 August, 1795 the Marquis of Cornwallis with Captain Michael Hogan and crew,sailed from Cork

    with 163 male and 70 female transportees under the supervision of a detachment of the NSW Corps commanded by Ensigns John Brabyn and William More. The ship called at the Island of St Helena and the Cape of Good Hope where they lay 25 days in Table Bay, before arriving in Sydney on 11 February, 1796 after a voyage lasting 186 days i.e.. 6 months.

    The first unequivocal documented information about Patrick is that, on 22 September 1799, as Patrick Burn,

    he married Sarah Best, by banns in the Church of St. John, Parramatta. Both lived in the parish and Samuel Marsden officiated. Patrick signed his name with a cross. St. John's Church was on a site adjacent to the present Woolpack Hotel, in George Street, Parramatta and it seems to have been the township's church until 1803.

    When Patrick enlisted in the NSW Corps on 10 April, 1801, he had already served 6 years of his 7 year

    sentence, and he received a bounty of 5 pounds 10 shillings. He was a private in Captain McArthur's Company, even when McArthur was absent from the colony between November, 1801 to June, 1805. In 1805 Captain Savory replaced McArthur.
    For the whole period of his enlistment he was in the Parramatta detachment of the Corps and his pay was about 1 shilling per day. For several months beginning 25 May 1806 he was detailed for guard duty.

    Life in the Corps was not without its excitements for Patrick. It is probable that he was involved in some

    way with the tragic episode on 4 March 1804, called the Battle of Vinegar Hill (or Castle Hill Uprising)- an abortive attempt by 200 Irish prisoners to gain their freedom.

    A few months later on 12 November, 1804 he arrested John Green "a black man from Pennsylvania who

    had committed atrocities in Parramatta" The man was later executed. The account of the trial can be read in the Sydney Gazette and Advertiser Vol. 2 March 1804 - February, 1805.

    Between 6 and 7pm on the evening of 26 January 1808 "the drums of the NSW Corps beat to arms, the

    troops formed in the Barracks Square (Wynyard Square) and then marched, bayonets fixed, band playing and colours flying, towards Government House (at the corner of Bridge and Phillips Streets)" - the Rum Rebellion was underway. Governor William Bligh was under house arrest, Major Johnson proclaimed himself Lieutenant Governor and James Macarthur assumed the position of Colonial Secretary. Apparently this was a fateful night for Patrick also. Possibly the Parramatta detachment of troops had been marched into Sydney Town when trouble was brewing. His son William, speaking of these events many years later, claimed that Patrick caught a chill while on duty during the disturbances associated with the deposition of William Bligh, and died a couple of months later. The military records certainly do not contradict this claim, Patrick Byrne died as a soldier on 1 April, 1808.

    References
    Military records  ,Pay rolls, Pay Musters, Cemetery Records, Church Records & General Muster Records, Mitchell Library ,Sydney Australia
    The information is intended for short Historical value only,
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    Copyright B & M Chapman (QLD) Australia