1814 & 1822 Musters & 1828 Census all show RA was a 'Veteran' and
a landowner by 'grant & purchase'.
They do not ALL show these things. In 1814 RA is not recorded - Mary
Franklin is recorded as 'Veteran's wife'.
1822 Land & Stock Muster does show RA resident at Liverpool, with 100
acres held by 'Grant & Purchase'.
1828 Census lists him as 'Farmer', with 460 acres, but type of holding is
RA transferred to 73rd Regt. April 1810.
He volunteered on 25 Mar 1810, and the transfer seems to have been
effected on 24 Apr 1810.
...This, along with the marriage to Mary Franklin the previous
month, meant he did not need to accompany the 102nd Regt. who returned to
England on 25 Apr 1810...
As far as I am aware his marriage was immaterial to his being
permitted to stay in Australia - there were many wives and children who
accompanied the 102nd soldiers back overseas.
Having been enlisted in 1793, RA achieved 20 years service. This
explains his name appearing in the transfer list of 73rd Regt. soldiers to
the Veteran company (aka etc.) in Sept 1813.
enlisted in 1797. When he joined the 73rd in April 1810, he is clearly
shown as having '12 yr 203 days service' (which computes to 04 Apr 1797)
(see above). The 20 year service rule was obviously relaxed, with
possibly age becoming a consideration.
RA's life from 1810s was largely as a landowner and farmer (wheat
and cattle) in Sydney town, Liverpool and Illawarra.
he remained a Soldier until 1823. Although he had a cottage on lease at
Sydney (pre Macquarie), and later leased a town lot to Lydia Ragan, I have
seen no evidence of his ever farming at Sydney. (The 1828 Census
incorrectly shows 'Grove Farm Sydney' against his name, but this was
actually at Lower Minto (in district of Liverpool), as was correctly
recorded against his servants.
He is listed in Colonial Secretary's Index ... Sept 1823.
Replace with 'Col. Sec. Papers record that RA was given a 'Certificate
of Entitlement to a Land Grant' (No. 73) as a Veteran Pensioner on 19
(Source: SRNSW: CGS 1224, [4/7015.2], copy COD 125)
The consequent Land Grant was issued on 01 May 1833 (with Quit-Rent dating
from 01 Jan 1829) and consisted of 100 acres situated in the district of
Illawarra. The Grant (incorrectly) stated that the land was to be called
'Frankland', when in fact it was known by the name of
'Franklin Farm' (after his wife).
(Source: LTNSW: Grant Register 33 No. 43)
His will (Proceedings No. 72187:4 ...
I am unaware of the origin of this source reference (which may be correct)
but it is usual to cite the probate No. and the Series, which is No. 1175
Series 1. The Probate Packet is located at SRNSW: [14/3205]
RA's death certificate lists his father as Robert Anderson
Incorrect. RA died in 1839, at a time when there was no such thing as a
'death certificate' (a civil document) in existence in NSW. The RG Burial
Register (Clergy Return) does NOT give a father's name, nor is there any
provision for such on the form.
Mary Franklin ... sentenced ...
The term of her sentence was 7 years.
In the 1814 Muster ... 'concubine'.
The wording seems to have been mixed up slightly here. In 1806 Muster, MF
is listed as being Free by Servitude, and living with RA, Soldier.
Marsden's 1806 List records her as a 'concubine'. In the 1814 Muster MF
is listed as 'Veteran's wife', with 4 children.
She died before RA ... gravestone adjacent ... Park.
, there is only one gravestone, with both epitaphs.
RA arrived at Sydney on board the Boddingtons from Cork as a
convict with a Life sentence. He had been capitally convicted at Donegal
in August 1791, aged 21. He received an Absolute Pardon (no. 108) on 01
I hope that you may be able to make sense of the foregoing, and that
you find it useful to enhance the information you have on Robert.