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1st / 96th Regiment of Foot  and  1st / 58th Foot (Rutlandshire ) Regiment

Narrative of Events at the Bay of Islands.

Transcribed as is word for word from the original document held in the National Library of New Zealand.

Information forwarded by tizme@ihug.co.nz  Gary

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=NZ18451119.2.3&srpos=54&e=-------10--51----0despard+report-all

On Thursday, 4th July, 1844, the chief Hone Heke, of the Nga Pui Tribe, with considerable numbers of natives assembled at the mouth of the river Waitangi, at the Bay of Islands, avowing it was their intention to proceed to Russell, in consequence of some abusive language applied to Hone Heke, by a native woman, the wife of an European named Lord, in order to obtain according to their native customs, compensation for the insult. The Protector of Aborigines, Mr. Kemp, prevented them from fulfilling their intentions, on that evening, ; and on the following morning, in conjunction with other Magistrates, and Nene, (Thomas Walker), the chief of the Nga-ti-hoa, of Hokianga, who was on the spot and after much consultation, it was understood, that Heke would be content to take away the woman, until she should be redeemed, by the required payment for the insult, of a cask of tobacco. On the same evening the natives had a war dance, and at night broke into the house of Mr. Caffler, contiguous to that of Mr. Lord. The next day, Saturday, the natives commenced plundering the houses of several of the inhabitants, and threatened to violate the person of two or three females. The Sunday passed quietly, but at daylight on Monday morning, they assembled in a body, and carried into effect, that which they had long been threatening ; the destruction of the Government Flagstaff,—which they accomplished by cutting it down, «nd burning part of it, carrying away the signal balls, and the remaining part of the staff. The only reason they gave for destroying the flag-staff was, because, they said, it prevented American vessels from entering the harbour. In consequence of this insurrection, and insult to the British Flag, by the natives, the local government immediately despatched vessels from Auckland to Sydney, and Hobart Town, to obtain military reinforcements, and in the second week of August, the barque Sydney, arrived at the Bay of Islands, from New South Wales, with 160 troops, and on the 24th of the same month, His Excellency the Governor arrived there also, with H.M.S. Hazard, and the Government brig, Victoria, accompanied by a detachment of the 96th regiment, under Colonel Hulme, from Auckland. The troops were landed and encamped in Matoui bay, and every necessary preparation was made, to act with immediate hostility against the natives ; when many of the high chiefs residing in the Bay of Islands, and neighbourhood, who had entirely disapproved of the rebellious proceedings of Hone Heke, and his tribe, intimated through the chief protector, Mr. Clarke, and the missonaries resident at the Bay of Islands, their desire to have a conference with his Excellency, the Governor, in older to ; prevent, if possible, actual collision between the Europeans and the natives. Accordingly on the 2nd of September, his Excellency the Governor, with Colonel Hulme, the Captain of H.M.S. Hazard, and other officers, met the chiefs, assembled at Waimate, in the presence of the Bishop of New Zealand, Archdeacon Wjlliams, and several clergyman ; when his Excellency addressed them as follows :— " Friends,, Chiefs, and Elders, — " I salute you kindly. lam j?lad to meet you. 1 wish that >ou may enjoy peace and prosperity. My interest in > our welfare is great and lastmg. IVly heart's desire is to do you good. " 1 am come here to talk to you about matters of 1 great importance to yourselves ; and I have much to say. Have patience. •• The subject uppermost in my mind, as in your own, is that which has caused this meeting. " About six weeks ago, the town cf Kororarika, was disturbed by a party of young men, headed by Howe Heke, who alarmed and ins-ulled the inhabitants ; broke into and ransacked a house, cariied away a native woman, the vi ife of Mr. Lo.d, and cut down the Government flag staff. " H' d not the inhabitants been most peaceable, and foi bearing, lives might have been lost, and then, what would have been the consequence ? " But although no lives were lost, thanks be to God, and although there were circumstances tending to diminish part of the blame attached to Heke,— there was undoubtedly much meaning attached to the act of cutting down the flag staff; which it is my particular duty to notice seriously. " The conduct of Heke and bis party, while at Kororarika, was so unbearable, that it obliged me to place soldieis there. *« i will now speak of the Flagstaff; in itself it is worth nothiusr, a meie >tick ; but as connected with the British Fla--', of veiy great impol lance. " 1 have heard tlutHeke aud a tew others, have baid, that the British Flag, has done them harm, aud it was for that reason they cut down t> c staff. 1 have also been told that some persons have been suspicions ot the British Hag, and doubtful of our intentions. It is the existence ot tins leding that I consider so injurious to your welfare,— so neeessaiy 10 be removed. *' The more fully and openly the matter is discussed the better. There is nothwg to conceal or disguise. The mote plainly we talk about this matter, the more tliolO'ighly shall we itraore those suspicions nud doubt*, w lucti have been raised in the nnuds of Heke and some ulluTs, by wicked aud designing I'stkehas ; by persons who care not what disasters, what uoicnce, what mm muy be brouahton yo<i selves. " I do uoi blame Uekc ami hbosu who acted with him,

nearly so much as those bad Pakehas who poisoned Ml mind with their fake arid malicious assertions. I believe that Heke himself would take a very different view of the subject, if he had heard the whole truth. « he had heard all that 1 and others have to tell you openly,— -deiying contradiction.  I will begin by reminding you that only thirty veara ago, you were wild barbarians, utterly unlike Christians, utterly uncivilised. 1 need not say more, for you well know what you then Were. A few ships visited your country, and your sad condition was told to good men in other parts of the world. Some few of those good men collected money from their Amends, brought tools and clothing, and came to this. 'land to teach you to be like themselves ;< to be tthnsufftv knowing the way to salvation, civilised,. peaceable Ind happy; enjoying life in this world. *nd preparing wC a better. Those good;men had nj>,,t>ttier objeqt in, view.} They were even thought very fodlish.by their^cowtiy-. men for risking their lives, and as i^was said, throwing away their existence among the most barbarous Ql the human race. •• Those men were not then known, they were not heard of by the British Government, till after they haa bcen>inAny,ye,ar£in tgfalang. They had never any kind of connection' with the^Government. " After those good men had' taught 700 to heliays kindly to strangei s, many people came to trade with you, and among them came some bad men, who did: much harm. The mischief done by those bad men, was told to King William in a letter trom yourselves. "The King of England sent Mr. Busby to stop th« mischief, and send away the bad st angers. But Mr. Busby could not do so ; because he had not iorce to support his authority. , ♦• About that time other great nations of the world hegan to talk about New Zealand, 'i hose great nat on* were France, America, and Russia. The ships, of those nations are very numerous, and their power is lrresis^ tible by those nations who have neither ships, powder, nor shot of their own. a " Formerly European nations attacked and conquerea countries inhabited by uncivilized men, and to their 1 everlasting disgi ace, killed numbers of their men. But Kngland acted different y. England .leterniined to save and protect the inhabitants of New Zeal.ud. King William and after him Queen Victoria, have protected' the New Zealanders. When King Willwm was asked to send ships and soldiers to take away part of New Zealand by force, he refused, and said he wou'd protect the natives of New Zealand, and guard their lands. He never would allow those scene* to be repeated, in New Zealand which had eternally disgraced other countries, ... " About this time the French prepared an expedition to this country ; and to save the men of this land from such usage as might be feared from that nation ; from such a fate as has since befallen Tahiti and the Marques.i IslamL, to save them also from the acts of lawless . Pakehas, who were settling in various parts of the country : the British government proposed to take New Zealand under the protection of that Flag of which we have been speaking, the only security which could be effectual . Without such protection it wa>- pi obabie that the New Zealanders would soon be extei mmated. in order to protect them effectually, he offered to make them a part of the British family ,— the g. eatest nation in the world ; to give them all the advantages of British laws, but not to interfere with their own laws against while affecting only themselves. His offers were gladly accepted by the greater number of the chiefs, and the consequence has been, that no one injures or molests, them, that their lands are secured to them, and that they are perfectly free. " The British Flag is the signal of freedom, liberty, and safety. T*

4hat Flag is dons dered most sacred, because it defends and protects us. In sharing its advantages with you, we make you our brother:. ; we place you on equal terms with ourselves. Every advantage that we obtain through that Flag, is open to you, and we are instructing jou how to make use of those advantages. Can we do more ? No. *• " But 1 ha* c found out that some of the regulations of the Government about ships, and goods brought in them, have been injurious, have done harm, to those who live near the Bay of islands. ••Being truly desirous of promoting the welfare of v the settlers among you, and yourselves : 1 have altered those regulations, and you will in future be enabled to trade freely with all ships. " You must remember that disturbances, and bad conduct to Europeans, make ships, settlers, iiid traders go to other places, and foisake you. To keen them among yourselves, you should always treat them Kindly, never alarm them, but assist them when in trouble. I 'isturbances, insults, and other annoyances, must drive away even your best friends j and if they were to leave you, would you not become destitute, wanting everything ; •• ihe Queen of England is the protector and d"» fender of all who belong to her nation. By means of her govern ment, her soldieis and her ships, she protects their lands, their properties, and their lives. " In order to enable her to protect your land, against those who would uy more from you than you couJd spare, without distressing your children, an agreement was made at Waitangi, that no land should be sold without the consent of the Queen. This was much for your advantage. " Let me now remind you of the immense suras of money subscribed for you every year iv England ; fur the bUppoit ot your teachers, lor your instruction and 1 aud improvement. " All this has been done for yon without your being able to make any return for such disinterested exertions, except that of yarly progress ia improvement., " it is necessaiy 1 should tell you that some years ago, the natives of Tahiti asked the King of Euglaadfor Ins protection and assistance, but he refused to comply. He refused to join J ahiti to the great English fam.ly. " What ha» been the fatal consequence ? I hey hoisted their own Flag, which was of no use to them; and the Fiench sent large ships full of soldiers, who have taken possession of the land, after killing nnmbeis— hundicda of the natives. The French have done the same at the Marquesa Islands; and if it were not for the security^ you have in the brotherhood of England, they might do the same here. •* Ask your oldest, aud most trusted friends, about these things, ask the oldest Missionaries. "The guns, and powder, and shot, and clothes of the natives of these countries soon go, and if men-of w»v prevent more from cotuiug, how can such powerful enemies be resisted for any length of time! •' It made me very sad, it made my heart sick 5 to be obliged to bring soldiers and war-ships here, on account of bad conduct, but 1 caunot allow such behaviour, or ' such insults as those of Heke to pass nuatoned for. I am veiy desirous of acting in such tnutteis m concert, with the principal chiefs. 1 wish to consult them on all important occasions. •* My wish it. for peaceable measures ; although I am prepared to act otherwise, but with your help, under God's providence, we shall succeed iv restraining the ill-conuueted. and checking the bad men. " t have consulted about this matter of Hekes misconduct with several chiefs, and he has written me a letter of apology, about the Flag staff, aud offered to put np another. 1 shall now only require further, that a certain number of guns be dihveied up as anatoue* meut 1 shall not demand many, because 1 only wish to mark the uature of his ulfcuce by u public acknowledgment, not by any acquisition of property belouging to him or Ins friends. ( " 1 shaU therefore only, require aow that ten £«i» .be immediately given up tome-."

Several chic-ft sprang up, went away to their places and brought about twenty guns, and many tomihawks which they laid at the Governors feet, telling him, h< might have more if lie chose. After the guns had been so delivered, His Excellency again shortly addressed the chiefs, giving them to un derst3nd that it was not his wish to make any profit fo: the government by the crimes of any of the natives. H< asked the guns as an acknowledgment of the error committed by Heke. In themselves, they were of no value The government did not want their guns and theii property, nnd to convince them of that, he would returr the guns to themselves, being satisfied with the acknowledgments they had made; and he trusted in their good sense and kindly feelings that no future disturbances would occur, but that they should all live together as friends and brethren. He regretted the necessity oi sending for the solJicrs, and hoped their future good conduct would prevent h'"s being obliged to send for more soldiers to their countiy Many of the chiefs then addressed His Excellency, expressive of their satisfaction of the manner in which the matter had been arranged. The Bishop, Archdoicon Williams, the Rev. Mr. Maunsell, and the Pvev. Mr. Hamlin, then addressed the natives at considerable length, and his Excellency appointed an hour the following day to meet some of tlis chiefs, who were anxious to obtain information on the subject of their lands, such as, the right of selling to Pakehas, and the decision as to whom should obtain the surplus land of the claimants. A meeting accordingly took place early next day, when all these matters were freely and amicably discussed, and settled to the entiie satisfaction of the natives. Before leaving Waimate, his Excellency received the following letter fiom Heke, the disaffected chief. • " Friend Governor, Jw *' This is my «peerh to yon. My disobed'ence and rudeness is no' new thing, I inherit it from rtiy parents, from my ances or*, do not imagine it is a flew feature in my "character, b>.t 1 am thinking of leaving off my rude cond-ict to Europeans. Now 1 Sr»y that I will prepare another pole inland at Waimate, dnd I will erect it at its propei place at A'oioraiiMi, in order to put a stop to our piesent q.mnel. Let your soldiers rema n beyond sea and at AncMand, do not send them here. The pole that was cut down, be'ongecl to me, I made it for the native Flair, and it was never paid for by the European-.. From your friend, (Signed) Hose Heke Pokai. Witness : Rainga Tnunga,— „. . William Haw,— Te Hirapure. Warmate, July 19 1844. In consequence of the amicable termination of the proceedings, the troops returned immediately, in the same vessels which brou?'it them, to New South Wales. The Bayof Islands was immediately dechrod a free port, and on the meeting of the Legislative Council at Auckland, on the 19th September, his Excellency brought in a bill, which was passed, for the abolition of Customs throughout the colony. Early in the month of October, further disturbances took place at the Bay of Islands. The chief constable Wf>nt to apprehend a man named Buyers, whose native wife endeavoured to close the door of her house, when the constable thrust his sword through it, and cut the woman's hand ; the tribe called on the Magistrates for redress, and obtaining none, they took eight horses from Captain Wright, who was quite unconnected with the affair, two of the horses they obtained by breaking open the stable, and threatened to shoot Captain Wright if he resisted. By the interference of the Chief Protector, and the Police Magistrate, the horses were subsequently restored. j The natives continued to be very troublesome to the I out-settlers at the Bay of Islands; they were chiefly i young men, unconnected with any of the old and pow- J «ful chiefs. Four horses, belonging to Captain King- i slone, were taken by some natives of the Kawa-ka v va tribe, and no redress was obtained from them. At the commencement of the present year, very daring outrage, robbery and personal violence, were "committed at Matakana, about 25 miles from Auckland, to thenoithward; which may be said to have taken place in consequence of similar acts at the Bay of Ishnds. On the 6th JaEuary, four Europeans had their cottiges broken open, and plundered of everything, leaving them perfectly destitute of clothing; and bedding. Immediately on the information reaching Auckland, the Governor issued the following —

PROCLAMATION. By his Excellency, Capt. Robert Fitzuoy, Esq., Governor of New Zealand, &c, &c. Whereas an act of dep'adation has late'v been comlmtted at the Kay of Islands, by tlie A'awufcawa tribe, for which sufficient atonement has not been made by the aggressor*: ' And whereas a flagrant robbery, accompanied by porbonal vio'ence, lias been committed at JWutakana, by the Wanaiarei tribe. And, whereas, if such acts of lawlessness are not checked, there will be no security for settlers at a distance from miHtaiy protection. J, the Governor, do hereby declare and proclaim, that until ail the pron-Ttv taken away from Mr. Kingston. at the Bnv of Islands, and trom Mr. Millon, and others, at Matakana, is restored to them; until suliicient compensation is made for the injures sustainedniul u«ti the chiefs Pare' oro, Ma-e, and A'oko-i are delivered un to justice I ivil' not consent to waive the Crown's, light of pre-emption o-.er ?my lands belongins to the Kanrakmva or VVan.?a-ei tribes, or to nn.' tribes which mny assist or harbour the said chicf 1!. And 1 hereby proclaim that upon the delivery of the aforesaid chiefs, or either of them, into the custody of the Police Miifflfistrate at Auckland, I will cause the mini of Fifty Pounds for each said chief, ov One Hundred and Fifty pounds for all three chiefs to hf immediately paid for his or their apprehension and «)elivt>ry. J also hereby warn all persons, European ant! Naf/ves »hat their assisting or hnrbomiog the said chiefs, or other per-ous concerned in perpetrati»pr outrages, wil 1 render tiifinseU'es liable to be proceeded against iccordinq- to law An I 1 further proclaim, that the stronsrea measures i!l be adopted ulnmat- ly, in the event of these tottbods being fou^id inMifncient. I Uiven, Ike, &c. ! ROBERT FITZROY, Uovernor. January 8, 1315 Almost sirnultineously with the outrages at Mataknna, the flag-staff was cut down again, by Hone Ifeke, at Russell, on the 10th January, 184-5; and the Govetnor put forth the following

PROCLAMATION. By his Excellency Capt. Robert Fitzroy, Esq., Governor of New Zealand, &c, &c. "Whereas n. *prious outratrc was committed at Russell, on tlie loth o| January, inst., bv tin 1 chief .John Hekei anil a p,utv oi natives, in defiance of the Queen.-. a'Khouty, arjrl ,n upposition to Her Majesty* laws. N<nv I, the'iove uoi do hereby proc'iiiui and declare, that in order the said Hone lieko may he dealt with according to law. 1 will cause the sum of One Hundre.l Pounds to hp immediately paid for his apj>rehensi'Hi.r-n hi^ ddivciy into the custody of the I'olire MagiMrate at Kussell, or the Police "Magistrate at Aue laijil An.-! I heiebv public notice that an" person or p rsons, Native or Kuropean, who may be found absistmif, harbouring or conce.ilinjj the s,.id .lohn Hvjke, wnl be pi ocmluJ against -urordjui: to And I _ further call upo i all persons tn b- aiding and h«,usmu|c the civil p.vs.M l, in apprdiendmsr the Siid u~J2.i'isi, in orJjr fiat he may be brought to lilil. Given, &c. Sic liOEEItT niZRQY, Governor

Early in February, thf Gov°rmnent brig Victoria, was despatched from Auckland, with thirty rank and file oi the 96' th reginent, accompanied by the Colonial Secretary, to the Bay of Islands. On. his arrival there, in despite of the remonstrances of Archdeacon Williams, and other gentlemen, who knew well the feeling of Hehe regarding the flag-staff at Kororarika, and who explained thtt its re erection would involve the sifety of the whole settlement, and all the inhabitants, he the Colonial Secretary however, insisted on a temporary pole being rigged by the Victoria's crew ; declaring that with the thhty soldiers, all the Maori powers could be defied On Thursday, a small spar was rigged and elected. Heke saw it on the following morning, and it again rouced Lis indignation; but he then meiely stated that he should go from the Waiapu, where he was then st.T) ing, on Sunday, to his own pah, and perform divine service ; and on the Monday morning, he should again cut down the flag-slarT; but on the Saturday morning, he went over with his men, ascended the hill on which the fiagstiffhad been erected Theie were some of Wakas men on guard at the flag- staff, and one presented his piece at Heke ; he coolly knocked it aside, told th( j native he would not hurt him: cut the backstays of the pole, on which it was immediately brought to the ground, and turning to the native, he said heoi-ano, and then quietly walked down the hill to his fighting men. Afterwards they passed in their canoes under the stern of the Victoria, and fired vollies of musketry, — the tokens of contempt and defiance according to native custom. On the 25th, a further detachment of one sergeant and ten privates of the 96th regiment was sent to Russell, from Auckland. H.M.S. Hazard, Captain Robertson, anived at Auckland on the 9th Febiuary, and sailed for the Bay of Islands on the 12th. At the commencement of the month of March, the natives committed various acts of robbery, and outrage on the inhabitants of Kororarika, (Russell), and became glaringly hostile in their conduct. The boats of H.M.S. Hazaid were fired upon by them; and in consequence, Lieut. Barclay, with ten privates, of the With jegiment, were dispatched from Auckland, to the Bay of Island;,, on the 6'th March. Hone Heke, was at this tithe joined by Kawiti, a powerful chief of the Kawakawa tribe,— whose designs were totally different: the former declaring that his intent was simply against the flag-staff and the soldiers, and that the inhabitants of Kororarika would remain untouched by him : the latter, had long declared his en mity to Euiopeans, and his avowed object was outrage and plunder. Notice had been given by Heke, that he should on Tuesday, fulfil his threats, and again cut down the flag- staff"; measiues were consequently taken by the commandeis of the Military, and H.M.S. Hazard, in conceit with the inhabitants, for the defence of the place. On the Monday, the fears of the inhabitants were in some degree alkyed, by the Rev. Mr. Williams, informing them that he had seen the natives, and they had assured him, thit they had at present no hostile intentions; the inhabitants were theiefore lulled into false security. Before dawn, however, übout half-past 4 o'clock, on Tuesday, 1 lth of March, the natives, about 1,100 strong, came down on Kororarika, in two directions; Hekes party proceeding over the hills towards the flag-staff and blockhouse ; and Kawiti, with the Kawakawa tribe, attempting to enter the town by the Matoui road. This pass was most gallantly defended by Captain Robertson, with about thirty seamen and marines of H.M.S. Hazard, against repeated attacks of Kawiti and bis tribe, amounting to some hundreds. There were two blockhouses on the hills behind the town, the upper Mie at the flag-staff was defended by a party of the 96th regiment, under Ensign Campbell, who were surprised at the very commencement of the action, by Ileke and bis natives, and expelled from it; the lower blockhouse commanded and protected the town, in front of this blockhouse, were two guns, which were admirably worked under the command and assistance of Mr. Hector.H ector. In thp town, the house of Mr. Polack, had been surrounded by a stockade, and had had been appropriated to the purposes of a magazine and store, as well as place af refuge for the whole of the inhabitants. This was bead quaiters, and principal post of defence for the town, but unfortunately, soon after noon, it was blown up, by some accident si firing of the inhabitants. The troops and inhabitants, unable to maintain themselves in the town, after loss of the upper blockhouse, itnd destruction of the stockade; embarked in the afternoon, on board the different vessels, and thp town was immediately taken possession of, and plundered by the natives. Th" following offichl despatches dct.-nl the proceedings of the Military and Naval forces.

Russell, March 11, 1845. On board H.M.S. Hazard, 5 p. m. Sin,— l have the honour to inform your Excellency, that about 4 o'clock this morning, the town was attacked on all sides, by a party of about two thousand armed natives. The small arm men and mirines of H.M.S. Hazard, under the command of Captain llobeitson, (who I am sorry to say is dangerously wounded), endeavoured to diive them back, but in consequence of the blockhouse being surprised and taken, his party were obliged to retire h.to the blockade in the town. Soon afterwards a simultaneous attack was made, and a heavy fire was maintained on both sides for tliiee hours, when the assailants were repulsed, and retiied to the hills, where they remained. At one o'clock the magazine in the stockade, unfortunately exploded, and seveial persons were severely hurt and contused. The greatest portion of our ammu - nition being exhausted by this feaiiul circumstance, it was deemed advisable to embark the inhabitants and troops, and evacuate the town, which was then immediately entered by the natives, who are now busily engnged plundering. I am sorry to state that the casualities on the part of the Europeans have been very great. The grentest praise is due to the Officers and crew of H.M.S. Hazard, for their conduct on this occasion. I have, &c, &c. THOMAS BECKIIAM, Police Magistrate. To His Excellency the Governor.

i 11.M.5. Hazard, Bay of Islands, March 11,1 845. Sin, — I have the honour to infoim you that the forces have hnd a seveie encounter with the natives this (lay, in which Acting Commander David [lobeitson was dangerously wounded in sever.il places, I fear mentally, and acting Lieut. Edward M organ, was wounded slightly, Our party consisted of about 150 individuals. The whole of the naval and marine forces belonging to the Ship behaved in a manner th<it elicits my warmest approbation The place could have been maintained, had not the blockhouse, the key to our position, been suiprised, and taken in the morning. About one o'clock the magazine in the stock 'de was blown up, wounding several peisons, and the ammunition being completely expended, I deemed it advisaLle to order the inhabitants and troops to embaik. Many of the land forces have been severely wounded, and some killed, the particulars of which I have not as yet been aide to ascertain. This despatch has been written in extreme haste, owing to my anxiety t" °cc the women and childien on shipped on boaid the dl/lri cut "-mall vessels th<it I have been able to obtain. I have, So , Src. GEORGE PIIILI,POTTS. To His, Excellency the Governor,

Killed. Wounded. Marines, i Sergeant Com. Robertson, dangerously, " 1 Private. Lieut. Morgan, slightly. Seamen 4 " Seamen, fifteen.

H.M.S. Hazard, March 15th, 1845. Sir, — I have the honor to report that between the hours of 4 and 5 o'clock on the 11th instant, Captain Robertson, of H.M.S. ' Hazard,' with about 4J seamen and marines, proceeded ftum their quarters on shore, for the night at Kororarika, Bay of Islands, to a hill on the right of the road, leading to Matavu Bay, commanding the town, for the purpose of throwing up an entrenchment : the morning was thick and hazy. On their departure, I proceeded to the barracks, by way of precaution, to turn out the detachment, not having at the same time any reason to suspect a movement on the part of the natives to attack the town. Captain Robertson had arrived on the hill, when they were attacked by about 200 n itives. Tlie detachment having slept aimed, and accoutred arm loaded, formed immediately in front of the barracks, when Mr. Mowbray, and Mr. Sp-iin, R.N., came to me, and begged of me not to fire on the party in front, which I was about to do, as they had been cut off from their paity, and then knew not which, the seamen or the natives weie nearest to us. I then immediately commenced firing in extended order on parties of natives who made their appearance, scattered on the hill to the left of the barracks, towards Onoro beach, and checked their advance on the barracks; we were also iired upon from the rising ground behind the bai racks. On looking lound, I w<is urst aware that the natives had possession of the blockhouse on Flag-staff hill. At the time L received a message from Lieut. Morgau, R.N., informing me that a party of natives were at the church, at the back of the town ; I advanced in extended order to dislodge the-n, firing in our way upon natives who appeared amongst the houses in our front. I then learnt, I forget from whom that the seamen had neaily expended their ammunition, and turned back towards the beach to join them, when they appeared at some distance fiom the beach, as on their way to the stockade, (Mr. Polack's house), advancing towards us, having effectually driven back the mtives, who I observed retiring down the road to Mdtavia Bay, I then moved on to the lower block -house which commands the stockade, which the seamen soon took possession of, and in which were the town's people, and the women and children ; I found Ensign Campbell and his party in the blockhouse, checking the advance of the body of natives who were in possession of Flag-staff hill, and the gullies between the upper and lower block-houses; I did not enter the blockhouse then or afterwards ; I remained outside on a platform in front, where the seamen from the ' Hazard ' were working two ship's guns, assisted by Mr. Hector, and two of the town's people, (old soldiers I believe); my party commenced firi ig, there was room for no more on the platform, they filed from the sloping ground on each side of the blockhouse, towards the rear of the bvulding, also on the natives on the adjoining hill, behind Mr. Beckham's house, this hill is deeply covered with brushwood, a very sharp lire was kept up by the natives, which was well and effectually returned by us, this continued all the morning, two or three of the seamen joined us ; a party of my detachment also assisted Mr. Campbell in the blockhouse, as many as had room, the lemainder were in the stockade with the seamen and town's people, commanded by Lieut. Phillpotts, R.N. After a considerable time, I went down to the stockade to get some ammunition for the ship's guns, und left Ensign Campbell in charge. The natives soon after ceased firing, nor was it afterwards renewed, it had lasted for some hours. Immediately after the first attack in the morning on Captain Robertsons party, the natives on that side of the town, retired in a body towards M itavli bay, car rying off their dead and wounded. The body of natives who had surprised and taken the blockhouse on Flagstaff hill, were the assailants of the lower blockhouse, held by the military; the stockade (Mr. Pohck's house), was at no time attacked or threatened, the lower blockhouse commanded it, and prevented such an at tempt. A party of seven or eight of the town's people from the stockade skirmished with the natives on the hill to the left of the blockhouse ; with the exception of this, the force in the stockade was not engaged during the day, since the attack in which Captain Robertson was wounded at day-break. Immediately on my arrival at the stockade to obtain ammunition, I suggested to Captain Robertson, the urgent necessity of sending the women and children on board the ships in the harbour, seeing Mr. Pohck's house and cellars were crowded with them ; shortly after they got on board,— the magazine which was, m the same house blew up ; the building was completely destroyed; but none of the soldiers or seamen were injured ; Lieut. Morgan, R.N., received a slight wound in the face by a splinter ; whether the explosion occurred accidentally, or was the work of an incendiary, remains unknown. A council was held on board H.M.S. ' Hazard' when it was agreed to evacuate the town, which was done, the town's people embarking first, the party of military in the blockhouse, where the last to embark. During the embarkation, the natives surrounded the heights commanding the town, but without making any movement, occasionally a random shot was fired ; during the evening, a few of the town's people, who were I believe most popular with the natives, were employed in bringing off portions of their property. In the afternoon of the following day, the natives burnt the town, with the exception of the churches, and the houses of the missionaries ; information was received that they intended attacking H.M.S. ' Hazard ' during the night, every preparation was accordingly made, by Lieut. Phillpotts, commanding, the attack was not made. Next day, the Hazard sailed for Auckland, in company with the U.S. corvette, St. Louis, the whale ship, Matilda, and the Dolphin, schooner, having on board the inhabitants of the town. Killed of the 96th regiment, at the blockhouse on Flag-staff hill, t piivates, viz. — Miller, Giddpns, Jackson, and Juson. Wounded — Private Duros, at the lower blockhouse, dangerously; private Welton, in the town, severely, private Gutludge, seveiely, private Scott, severely, private Morris, severely. The conduct of the soldiers throughout the affair was in every way praiseworthy, and honourable to themselves and the legiment. It is with feelings of deep regret that I have to report that the gallant commander of H.M.S. 'Hazard,' fell in the first attack, severely wounded. The Sergeant of Marines, a private, and 4 seamen were killed. Mr. Tapper, the signal man, was severely wounded, fighting bravely. I would here notice the very gallant condurt of Mr. Hector, and the two old settlers before mentioned, in assisting in working the guns in front of the lower blockhouse, yet but little execution was done by them, in consequence of the natives being so scattered, and lying concealed in the brushwood. Mr. Ilectoi's two boys also behaved most gallantly, m bringing up ammunition from the stockade during the heaviest lire. I have the honour to enclose a statement of the duties of the detachment of the 10th inst, ako Ensign Campbell's statement of the loss of the blockhouse on Flagstaff lull. I have, &c , &c, E. BARCLAY. Liotit. 9Gth Reg., commanding detachment. To Licut.-Colonel Hulmc, commanding troops, New Zealand.

N.B. — I am of opinion, that had the lower blockhouse, occupied by the military, not been erected, the stockade in which the women and children had sought protection, must have been evacuated, but was perfectly commanded by the hill on which the blockhouse stood j the houses to the left would also have afforded protection to the natives in attacking it. Great credit is attached to Mr. Watson, J. P., who first suggested the erection of the lower blockhouse, and superintended the erection of it. The body of natives who occupied the chain of hills on which the Flag-staff and upper blockhouse stood, might have made a general rush, had they been so inclined, on the stockade, but were prevented from so doing, by our having possession of the blockhouse, E. BARCLAY.

Auckland, New Zealand* March 16, 1845. Sir, — I have the honour to state, for your information, that on the morning of the 1 Jth inst., at Kororarika, Bay of Islands, I proceeded about four o'clock in the morning, with a paity of five men from the blockhouse, where I was stationed, armed and carrying spades to dig a trench on the heights over Oneroa beach. "We had just commenced digging, when we heard firing in Matavia Bay, we immediately returned, and I remained with 8 oi* 9 men, on the hill overlooking the town, about 200 yards distance from the blockhouse, at the Fhg-staiF, the remainder of them had got their arms, and were putting on their belts, on the outside of the ditch, f icing the town, when "suddenly I heard an alarm, mid some one called out that the natives were in the pallisades, and that there was no one in the blockhouse. (I would here lemark that the doorway is enclosed with pallisades.) I immediately turned round, and saw a number of natives rushing into the pallisades and ditches, and opening fire on us, I then immedi.itely opened on them, and before a second round could be fired, another party of natives advanced by the Tapika road, with the intention of cutting us off from the lower blockhouse ; I was then obliged, seeing a large body of natives in front, and another close to my rear, U) retire to the lower blockhouse, which I immediately Deeupied, and checked the farther advance of the natives ; ? our of my men were killed in the upper blockhouse, and )ne wounded in retiring. I remained at the lower blockhouse, till Mr. Polack's louse was blown up, and the general retreat to the shipping took place. I have, &c, &c, J. CAMPBELL. Ensign i)6th Regiment. Co the Officer commanding troops, Auckland.

On (lie 161 h March, (he whole of the inhabitants of ilu»sell, arrived in Auckland in H.M.S. Hazard, tun United States cotvette, St. Louis, 2i guns, Captain M'Keever,— the Matilda, whaler, Ccijjiain Bliss,— the Government biis:, Victoria, Captain Kichaids, — and the Dolphin, schoonei, Captain Stew ait. On the 23rd March, H M.S. North Star, Capt. Sir Kveiard Home, bart., and the biigantuie Velocity, anived at Auckland, fioiri Sdney> bringing 230 men and Officers of the 58th regt. After this action, Heke threatened to come overland to surprise the- t->wn of Auckland, and loi snei) purpose he made applicatian to the natives at Kaipara, for leave to pass through their lenitory, at the same time uiging them to join him in his expedition ; but the nauve chief Tiiarau, through the influence of the Rev. Mr. Buller, the We^an Missionary of that district, behaved most loiail), and deflated that ho would resist any such maiaudiug lebelhotis acts of the IVgaPuhi. The intelligence of this projected expedition of Heke to Auckland excited Hieat alarm on the Waitemutu. The Governor, Captain Fitz lloy promptl) called out the Militia, dim the voiunteeis for Mich seivice were equally patriotic m embodying themselves Every precaution was taken 10 prevent a snrpiise b ni^hf, b) patiolling the tov and subui bs, dnii oiders were issued In Uis Excellency, for acting in concert, and to avoid confusion in case of sudden attack from the natives. The success of the natives at Koiorarika spread through the surrounding districts, and the settleis, located in small numbers in the neighbourhood, felt its efleets by the daring, lawless acts of the natives. At WdngaH, about foity miles southward from the Bay of Islands, where many Ktror.fdns had been settled for the last thiee jicuc., ff'.e natives— connexions of the tribe of Kawid —robbed and plundered the *ettlers of all their propei t, and desired them to quit the place immediately j *nd they were obliged to abandon their homes and leave their cattle and and other slock, and flee to Auckland. Subsequently, however, by the interference of the native chief at Kaipara— Tiiarau— the greater pait of the propert/ of the settle^, who were on the YVangan, has been restofed. Very soon after the expulsion of the European* from Russell, several of the native chiefs disapproving of the acts of Heke and Kaw iti, commenced hostile proceedings against them ; they were headed by Nene, 'Tliomas Walker,) a great e'lief of the Nga-ti-hoa tribe of Hokianga, and they succeeded in driving Heke to his pah, and theie surrounded him. On the 2l&t Aptil, the barque Stains Caslte, Capl. Daw son, anived at Auckland, from Svdne, with above 200 rank and file of the 58th teguuent, under Major Bi/dge. On the 23rd April, H.M.S. North Star, sailed from Aii'kland, for the Bay of Islands; and on the 2Sih, the barque Siains Ccist!e> with the 68th ret;iinenl,undei Major Bridge, and the bngajitine Velocity, and the fcchoonei, Aurora, with the 9Gtli legirnent, under Colonel Hulme, and atout 50 volunteeis, late inhabitants of Koroiarika, under command of Mr. Hector, — aimed at the Ba> of Islands lit (lie afternoon of the same day, a detachment of the oSih tegiinent " <js landed on the Uaehat K<>f"iarikii, » hen the Union Jack v as lioibted, under a salute of 2i gniib Iroin H.MS. No th Star, and maitial law p oclaimed ; after m Inch the troops returned to the ships. On the 29th all the vessels « eighed anchor, and proocetted up the Kawakawa river, but the day being quite calm, the) did not reach their anchorage, within half a mile of Pomaie's pah, until midnight. At day-ligh». on the 30th, a w lute flag was seen filing within the pah. It was answeied iiy a while fi<xg at the fore ro^al ma&t head oi tlie Narlh Star. The whole of the troops weie dibem^atked on the beach, and two companies were extended be)ond the pah. Al>ont nine o clock, Pomare surrenUere<l himself to Colonel Hulme, who took him on board the hort/i Star. About two in the afternoon, a proc'a'n ition was issued to the natives, desiring Mioin to '-iv down thi'ii arms within two hours, or they vv o»ld be «t tacked, and then pah de&iro^tii. Tins natives deswxted the pub immedwid), canning

away (heir arms ; therefore, at 4 o'clock it wa* destroyed, as well as their canoes,—and (he •troops re-embarked. At day-light on the first of May, the vessels • returned to their anchorage off Pallia, to conceit measures, with Nene, for the attack on Heke and 'Kawiti. On the afternoon, 2nd May, H.M.S. Hazard joined the squadron, having been to Auckland} when they proceeded to Kent's passage, and anchored there at midnight. At d y"break on the 3rd, the whole of the troops were landed on Onewara beach, and also a brigade of ' 108 seamen and marines, from tne North Star and Hazard. On landing, the troops weie immediately joined by the natives of Nene and Hew a, amounting to abo'it 400, when the march .commenced along the hanks of the Kawakawa, and the halted at night near a swamp. On Snndaj.'lhe 4th, the troops reached Mr. Kemp'* nation, on the Kerikeri, and remained there until Tuesday, on account of the very bad weather, when they marched to Nene's pah, through a dense wood, a passage through which had been previously cut, by the pioneers of the sSth regt.,and Nene's natives. The following day was devoted to reeonnoitcring the pah of Heke, and selecting positions for the rockets. The pah was very btrong, defended bj three separate palisadings,'and a stone wall, with deep wide ditch inside. The palisadings had three tiers of loop holes, and were -intent oven wiin the native flax. In fact, it uas impregnable to troops, without artillery to effect ■* breach. On Thursday, the Bth May, the whole force marched from the encampment to the attack. At nine o'clock, the rocket party commenced firing, but their effect was not such as had beeh anticipated, on account of the distance 'being too short. A sharp and continual fire was kept'up by the military on the pah, which was jis sharply returned. A part) of natives urnlei Kawiti, defended a breastwork, about 151) yards from the pah, but were driven from it by the troops. About noon, one of Nene's party, named Houi liopiha. discovered Ka« iti advancing again vi der cover of some buisiiuood, with -100 natives, just when they were w ithin about 50 >ards of the troops : who immediately poured in a volley, and charged them, when terrible slaughter ensued. The rebels in the pah, observed this confli. t, and about 120 sallied out from the pah, and attacked the small party left to protect the breastwork, but as soon as the troops returned from charging K*w iti,the natives weie repulsed and driven ha k into the pah In about an hour, Kawiti again advanced to his former station, was again charged, and lonted with great loss, and did not make his appeirance again. The firing w d6 kept up until 4 o'clock, when the troops were withdrawn from the attack, and they returned to Nene's encampment. The troops returned to the Bay of Islands on the 10th !Wa. and weie all re-embarked on board the Slams Castle, and Velocity. The North Star with all the wounded and Colonel Hulme, sailed on the. 12th for Auckland, where ihe) arrived on Wednesday morning, the 14th May. • The followingare the official despatches — Auckland, 27th May, 1845.

( Sir,—l have the honor of submitting to Your Expellency a summary of my military operations at the Bay of Islands; as detailed in my despatches dated Ist, 7th, 9th and 12th inst The vessels Slams Castle and Velocity, taken up to convey the force under my immediate command, to the Bay of Islands,,sailed from Auckland on the 27th April, and anchored off Kororarika on the afternoon of the 28th April, where I was glad to find H.M.S. North Star at anchor. I immediately consulted with Sir Everard Home, relative to the re-establishing Her Majesty's authority at Kororarika. The Grenadier Company of -the 58th regiment, as a guard of honour, wis landed about 5 o'clock, p. m., — the proclamation was then read, and the Union Jack hoisted under a salute of 21 guns from the North Star,—the yards were then manned and three cheers from the party on shore were answered by the seamen and troops on board the transports. In obedience to your Excellency's instructions, I prepared to attack the rebel chiefs, and to destroy their property; and as Pomare was one of the proscribed chiefs, and his pah the most exposed to an attack, the North Star and transports got under weigh on the morning of the 29th April, and proceeded to Otuhu, but light winds delayed the vessels until midnight, at which time they anchored off Pomare 1 s pah. At day-light, I was much surprised to see a white flag flying in Pomare's pah, but as the proclamation only, authorized loyal natives to shew it, I could not recognise it as an emblem of peace from a supposed rebel. The troops commenced disembarking, and when landed, I sent two interpreters with a message into' the pah, to desire Pomare to come to me directly, —his answer was—" The Colonel must come tome." He sent the same answer to a second message. One of the interpreters now offered to remain as hostage in the pah, this I would not hear of. 1 then sent my final message to Pomare, that if he did not come to me in five minutes, I would attack his pah: this threat induced Pomare t$ come. ' I had it explained to him, that his conduct had been very bad, that he must go on board the North Star, and that he must accompany me to Auckland to account for it to His Excellency the Governor. I preferred proceeding in the manner stated tn preference to hostilities, because I did not consider that it would add to the reputation of a British Army or secure the safety of New Zealand, if a force consisting of three hundred bayonets attacked an open pah, and defended by a chief and about fifty slaves, whose wife and children were with him, and who is connected with almost every powerful chief in this island. I have no hesitation m asserting that, if Pomare or any member of his family had been killed that morning, most of the neutraj tribes about Hokianga, would have taken up Arms against the government; and I am not convinced, even now, that Pomare's death would not have shaken Nene's fidelity to our cause, and many tribes to fhe southward, would also have been in arms against ,us. As far as I could judge, Pomare did not evince much reluctance to go with me on board the North Star, and during the stay on board of her, he and his wjfe and 'children were treated with much kindness by Sir Everard Home. It was my intention to advance from Otuhu, in the direction of Kawati'spah, but my information about the country through which my march lay, was so contradictory, and I must have acted without the assistance of my loyal natives, that I determined upon postponing that movement; and accordingly all the troops re- ] embarked, and all the vessels returned to an anchorage off Kororarika. I had another motive for so declining, — Paratine Rekeao urged me to lose no time in attacking Heke, and by my request, he sent a message to Tamati Waka, (Nene), to visit me on board the North Star, for I could not undertake a journey of about thirty miles fiom the coast, until the return of H.M.S. ' Hazard.'froni Auckland. On the morning of the Ist inst. Tamati Waka arrived, and it was on that day finally arranged, that the troiros should disembark at Onewaro, on die morn-

ing of the 3rd inst., and make two marches to his pah. About noon on the 3rd inst., the force, consisting of the small armed seamen and marines of H.M.S. North Star, and Hazard, and the troops ; in all, about 400 men, were ready to march. But an unforseen obstacle retarded my progress, which was casually produced. Waka (Nene) being unable to produce the number of natives he had promised me, and whom I required to carry the spare ammunition, — the volunteers from Auckland being employed in carrying: the hospital establishment and other articles,— and as I had no alternative, the destruction of the settlement of Kororarika, having placed the means of transport beyond my reach, by being under the vigilance of the rebels, I was obliged to issue spare ammunition, to the extent of thirty rounds to every man, to carry in his haversack, — a very unmilitary arrangement, and thereby endangering the lives of the soldiers, and exposing the ammunition to be damaged and lost:— in this way, without a single tent, or day's ration of liquor, a force commenced 'its march in the interior of New Zealand, to crush a rebellion which had existed for many months. After a march of nine J miles, the force halted for the night ; at midnight it rained heavily, and in the morning it poured. As there was no shelter for the troops at Nene's pah, I immediately marched the troops to Keri keri, and occupied the large store and other buildings at that place. The spare ammunition was inspected, and two-thirds 0/ it found to be unfit for use ; and the five days biscuit which each man had received was unfit to be eaten. The bad weather lasted until the morning of the 6th inst., but during its continuance Waka (Nene) sent instructions to his tribe to erect several warres for the accommodation of the Europeans. The march on the 6th inst., was about seventeen miles, and the path heavy. When the force arrived at the pah I was pleased to spe two large wan-es ready for the men, although not of sufficient capacity to contain all the force. At noon, on the 7th instant, I, and several of the officers, went to a hill about a mile from Hekes pah, to reconnoitre it. From observation and enquiries I was soon convinced the pah was a strong fortification, trebly stockaded, with walls inside, traverses cut from side to side, a deep ditch, and each face loopholed — and to add to its strength, the Phormium Tenax, or New Zealand Flax, was interwoven, which made the pah impregnable to musketry. I now felt convinced that it was not practicable to take the pah with no other means than physical strength, and to attempt it with such means would cause an unnecessary sacrifice of human life, — I subsequently made arrangement to take up a position near Hekes fortification, to fire the rockets and see their effect; I formed half the force into three companies of assault, and pointed out to each commander his position, and there to wait for further orders j I was thus prepared to assault the fortification. About nine o'clock on the morning of the Bth inst, I planted the reserve behind a ridge within 300 yards of the pah, and ordered the three parties of assault, consisting of the small armed seamen of H.M.S. North Star and Hazard, under the command of Acting-Commander George Johnson; of the light company of the 58th Regiment, under the command of Captain Denny, and of the detachment of Royal Marines and of the 96"th Regt., under the command of Lieut, and Adjutant M'Lerie, 58th Regt, to advance to their respective posts. In doing so, they were exposed to a heavy and galling fire from two faces of the pah, but the parties moved on with unflinching steadiness, and crowned a height within 200 yards of the fortification. As I was now close to the pah, I saw its real strength, and my former opinion was fully confirmed that it was not to be taken without the aid of artillery. The rocket party under the command of Lieut Egerton, R. N., now fired twelve rockets, but the result was not so favourable as I had anticipated ; a few of the rebels were observed to leave the pah on the first two being fired, but the alarm was only momentary. About this time the parties on the right advanced their left flank, and opened a heavy flre,— this movement arose from a loyal native having discovered a large body of rebels under Kawiti lying in ambush, for the purpose of, I have since ascertained, attacking the parties in rear, if they should assault the pah. The rebels were charged and repulsed with loss. I was about to order the parties to retire and rejoin the reserve, when the British Ennign was unexpectedly hoisted by Heke, and on another flag-staff a small red flag was hoisted, (Thomas Walker called it Hekes fighting flag) ; this flag was hoisted up and pulled down several successive times,— its meaning was soon explained, being immediately followed by a combined attack on the three parties by the rebels under Kawiti, and about 150 of those under Heke who rushed from the fortification. The reserve fired on the latter, and although the distance was great, it checked their advance : a few reached the height, and were there killed. Kawiti's attack was repulsed at the point of the bayonet, with severe Joss. As many of the soldiers had been wounded, I ordered the parties to retire, and they were descending from the height, when they were a third time attacked by Kawiti, who was not at this time supported by Heke. Skirmishers were sent out, and the rebels were again repulsed. This was the last effort of the rebels to defeat a brave body of seamen and soldiers ; the parties afterwards retired, and brought of all the wounded men. I have thus., your Excellency, briefly detailed the movements of the force under my command to the Bth instant inclusive, and it now becomes md duty to express how much I feel indebted to the parties of assault for their gallant conduct in taking up their positions under a heavy fire of musketry early on the morning of the Bth instant, and for three times rppulsing, at the point of the bayonet, during that day, a large body of natives under Kawiti. My thanks are due to Lieutenant Egerton, and the rocket party under his direction, for their assistance. The reserve, under the command of Major Bridge, 58th Regiment, only wanted the opportunity to distinguish themselves. To Major Bridge, commanding the 58th Regt, and to Ensign O'Connel, 51st Regt, (Aid-de*camp to the' Lieutenant- General commanding the troops in Aus tralia), my acting Brigade Major, my best thanks are due for their assistance ; and to all the other officers I beg to convey the expression of my warmest approbation. 1 regret to say our loss has been severe; that of the rebels could not be correctly ascertained, but it must have been great Ruku and his son, a son and nephew of Kawiti, and several other chiefs, are said to be among the kill-d. In consequence of the bad accommodation for our numerous wounded, and no means of procuring proper nouiibhment for them,— as there was not an ounce of tea or sug-ir in the camp, 1 decided on retiring to Kirikiri, as soon as litters could be made for the wounded ; but bad weather again detained me until the morning of the 10th inst When the force was ready to march on that day, another difficulty arose, in getting a sufficient number of natives to transport the wounded — eight, men being required for each litter— as Tamaii Waka, could not leave his pah defpnceless. I was re- , luctantly compelled to older the fighting men to c-trry their wounded comrades, and half the force was so employed fiom 1 1 o'clock, a. in., to 9 o'rlock p. m , but all, seamen ami "■oldiers, perlomiwl this unusual duty with a spirit that can scaioe be surpassed. The volunteers earned the anus and .ijijiomtuietit^ of ll,t sick am! wouu'leil. J hail preuously written to Sir Evoranl Home to ' send boats up the Kin kiri liver to receive the wounded, ami on the 1 Uli instant the whole ot them were coiKeyeel on board the Noith Star, in whuh vessel eu'ry comfort had beeu .prepared for them. !

The re embarkation of the troops was now a matter of necessity, and crtuld not be delayed. '1 he force had been on shore ten clays, exposed to very inclement weather ; had been for seven days on a half ration, consisting of meat and a small quautity of potatoes, the biscuit, a* previously stated, had been spoiled by the rain, and the medical officers were unanimous in their opinion, that any further continuaure of discomforts would produce much sickness amuns the troops. On the 11th instant, the force marched to the beach, and re-embarked. Durin? my absence, aim by the directions of Captain Sir Evvrard Home, Lieut. Phillpotts, on the 7ih instant, with parties of seamen of H.M.S. North Star, and Hazard, burnt five small villages belonging to Heke, broke up two large canoe-, and brought off two other large ones ; and on the 9ib instant, Mr. Line, with a party, broke up two large canoes, and brought off four large and small beats belonging to Europeans which had been taken away fioai Kororarika. In conclusion, 1 beg to express my sense of the cordial support and able assisiance which I have received from Captain Sir Everard Home, in disembarking and re-eiubarkmg the force— and to acting Commander Johnson, and to all the other officers, and to all the seamen and maiincs, my thanks for their zeal and assistance. My best thanks are due to Major Bridge, commanding the sSth re^t.; to Ktisign O'Connell, 51bt re^t.'/actiug Brigade Major, and to all the other officers, for their able support— and to the troops c i - plined for their strict dibciphne, th.'ir conciliatory conduct in their intercourse with the loyal natives, their exemplary cheerfulness undfcr privations of lations, anil great exposure to bad weather,— and particulaily for their exertions on the 11th instint, in carrying oue-half of their wounded comrades on litters, a distance of about 18 miles over a bad road, or rather path. 1 beg to annex a list of the killed and wounded, on the Bth inst. I have, &c, &c, W. HULME, Lieuf.-Colonel, commanding- the force at the Bay of Islands. To his Excellency the Governor.

List of the killed and wounded in th<? action uear the rebel chief Hekes cam|>, outhe Bth May, 1845. Her Majesty's Ship " North Star." 1 Piivate Royal Marines killed. Mr Wurrmgion (Clerk) slighty wounded. 3 Privates Royal Marines, severely wounded. 1 Seam.in, dangerously wounded (since dead). 3 Seamen severely wounded. Her Majesty's Ship "Hazard." Lieut. Morgan, slightly wounded. 1 Private Royal Mariues, severely wounded. 2 Seamen severely wounded. Her Majesty's 58th Regiment. : 8 Rank and File killed. 2 Sergeants severely wounded. 14 Rank and File severely wounded. 1 Sergeant slighty wounded. Her Majesty's 961h Regiment, 4 Rank and File killed. 1 .Sergeant and 6 rank and File severely wounded. 8 Rank and File slightly wounded. And one civilian, Mr. Beckham's servant, severely wounded. Total.— Killed 13;— Wounded, 2 Officers, and 37 Seamen, Marines, and Soldiers. VV. HULME, . Lieut.-Colonel commanding. Bay of Islands, 17th May, 1845. Sir,— l have the honor to report lor the information of his Excellency theGoverno»,the successful issue of an expedition I had Jhe honour to command against the VVikato tribe — in accordance with instructions, and the disci etionary powei vested in me hv Leutenant Colonel Hulme, commanding the Forces in New Zealand, previous lo his depai Hire for Auckland. Having obtained, through the assistance of Mr Clendon, Police MagiUiateof Pdhia, all the necessary information of the strength and position of the pah at Waikadi, I pioceeded up the VVaikadi riter by night on the 15th ii.stant, with 200 men of the sSth regiment, 8 maiines, and a 12 pounder earjoiiritje, with an armed seaman in each boat, belonging toH M.S Hazard, in order tv reach our position before bieak of day. and therein -cut oh" the letreat of the natives ft om the pah. but owing to the intricate navigation of the channel, and the difficult) of finding the entrance to the proper cieekin the daik, borne of the boats lost their way, and as the tide wentjrdown, grounded— so that by break of day, l'tptfnd in self before the pa with only 50 men, and'' about 100 maoiies belonging to Tamati Waka and Rivers, under the chieib Ripa and Rivers, these I despatched to the left of the pah, to flank it on that side, whilst a subaltern and 20 men of the 58th Regt. formed a flaiiking pait) to the light— l took up a position in trout, under cover of a low bank and scrub. The inmates of the pah commenced firing on us as the day bioke, having heard our approach, w hiuh was returned by the fiiendly natives, but I did not allow my men to fire a shot for fear of injuring some of them, until I had sufh'cienr men landed to make an attack on the pah; however, in less than half-an hour the enem> v as seen deserting the pah, and our al.ies rushing in We immediately follow ed them vp t and took possession of it, whilst Rippa's and Riveis' pa»ties followed up the fugitives, who kept up a constant n't c from the bush for six or keveu hours after, during v» hich time 1 had to support the friendly natives w ill) a company of the *Bth Regt. They fought most gallantl), and, I regret to say, had two killed and six wounded. Ihe Waikrfdi hibe, it is said, wete reinforced by a party ofKau ili's men. There were about 80 men in the pali, how many joined them afterwaids could not be ascertained, nor could their loss, but from the heavy fiie w e kept up upon them for so man hours, it inuet have been considerably , I found that aIJ the property to be in their possession, stolen from Koiorarika and other places, had been removed into t.ie l>ush in anticipation of our coming, and fiom the thickness of the bush n was impossible for huiopeansto proceed in search of it. 1, how ever, but ned down the paii, and earned aw at all the canoes and other things of use, and have much satisfaction in repoiung that a» soon as the 'tide sei ved, I returned ] to tl.e ship witliout losing a man, notwithstanding lhe n»k we inn of having our retreat cut oh", and being lired at whilst in the boats, fioni the banks of the liver, or on our return. There were two boats captured by Lieut. Phijpotts. and thecanoes 1 allow ed Tdinati Wakas people to take. 1 have the honor to lie, &c. Cyi? HRiuGi-.Com. SSihßegt.,

On Sunday the Ist June the barque Briti*k Sovereign arrived at Auckland, from Sydney* with tile head quarters of the 99th Regiment, and the following officers: Lieut-Col Despard, Major Macpherson, Lieut, and A.djutaht Deeriujr, Lieut, tieattie, Lieut. Johnson, Ensigns Symonds aitd Blackburn, Doctors Galbraith and Meen, and 201) rank and tile. On the 3d June, the brig Victoria, and the schooner Velocity sailed from Auckland for the Bay of Islands, with troops, and four guns, Under command of Lieut. Wllmot, R. A.; and on the 7th June, the British Sooere'jn, with the OSHIi Reijt, lei t Auckland, also, for the Bay of Island*. O,i the 12th Junethe Victoria brigand Velocity tookfiom Auckland seventy^five volunteers from the militia, under the command of Lieut. Figjj» to act as pioneers at the Bay of Islands. On the I2t!» June, Heke came down on Nene'* pa, with four bundled men, quite by surprise, but was repulsed Lieke was wounded, in the thigh, besides eight of his leading chiefs. The men-of-war, as soon as the ships with the troops arrived, stood in, on the 14th June, and beat up theß.iv with them; and on Monday afternoon, the 16th June, all the troops were disembarked, and arrived at the Ken Keri by night, where they halted, and marched the following morning for Nene's pa, a* ifr was expected that Heke would attack him on that, day*: but Heke and Kawiti remained inactive, until Tuesday the Ist of July, —when Heke and his tribe attaek'ed'a hill occupied by Nene, on the right of the English troops, and ad».incedso stealthily, under cover of the bush,that one man was killed and several ouiuled before they were discerned. The "surprise was so sudden, that Nene was driven from his post, and Heke was not repulsed by the Btitis.li until he had carried away Nene'a flag, double-barrelled gun, and. clothing. t The following are the official despatches :— Camp bef.ire Hekes Pa, 2ndJulv> 1845.

Sir.—.ltis with much more regret than I can express, that I have to acquaint your Excellency that an attempt was yesterday made by the troops under my command, in the afternoon, to carry the fort fied position or pa ofHeke, without success—ami.we were repulsed with heavy loss. The particulars shall be forwarded to you with as little delay as possible.' 1 eudose herewith a list of wounded. Many oF the latter, I am sorry to say, are severe and dan* gerous. _ ' I; is impossible to say too much' in praise of tu* bravery aud good conduct of bcth officers andmen. • I have the honor to be.' &c. &c. > H. DESPARD, Colonel Commanding Troopf. To Hi» Excellency Governor Fitz Roy. , > Auckland. ■ Camp before Hekes Pah, 2nd July, 1545.

Sir,—Annexed is a detailed account of the a'ctieh that took place between the troops under my command, and the rebels, in the early part of the forenoon of yesterday, as also of our assault on the pah, and our repulse' which took place in the afternoon afterwards. - • : Finding the guns which I had brought with me j from Auckland quite inefficient fur breaching, fiom ! heir very delictive carriages,.as they frequently upset from their uwu firing, frequeited Captain Jobnsony H M.S. Hazard, to send me one of his beavy guns which was accordingly brought up to campi a di-?-tanceof 15 miles land carnage, over most execrable roads, with great labor and difficulty, on the 30th"; and during th.it day, a platform wa, erected on the side of a hill on the right of our position, the'top of which hill was occupied by our ally.' Waka Nene and his tribe. A sergeant's guard of the 58th Regt., was a'so there, to protect a six-pounder that had been placed there,'with a view of raking the enemy's position. The Hazard* gun opened hs tire, about 10 o'clock, a.m., and wlrle the attention of every body was occupied in observing its effects, a.stylden a.tatk was made on this position from a very thick w.ood close m its rear, andWaka'a people werediiven from it. I was m the battery hal/way down the bill when this attack was made, when I instantly ordered uji a party of the 58th Re^t., under Major Bridge, wlV> "•aU.uiily charged up the bill so as to turn ihe ei)emy> left flank, and regained the position with the loss of only one man. This atack shewed me the necessity of enming to an immediate decision, and 1 accordingly deter mi ie<i on attacking the pah, by assault, in, the afternoon', as soon as the few shot brought up from the 'Hazaiuy (26 in numb.Tj, were expended; which 1 expected would so loosen the stockades, as to enable the men attacking them to cut aud pull them down. In pursuance ot this resolution, a stormi tig party nas ordered to parade at three o'clock P.M.,for thU uur;>o*e, and I issued instruction- for its guulanee, as rietaile/l in the accompanjing it emorandum. The parties lor the attack were enabled to "advance to-within 60 to JOO yar..sof the point of attack, and th.er* remain unpeneived by the enemy, in a,raviue lumler,co,ver. When the a.dvanlie was sounded, t'.iey, rushed lorwa'd in the most gallant and daring mauuer,,and every endeavour was made to pull the stockade down*. They partially succeeded. in t opening the-uterone, but the inward one resisted all their effoits, and being lined with' men finug thtoiyh loop-hole's on a level with the ground, and from others Half way up, oar meu were falling so fast, that notwithstanding the most daring act> of bravery^ and the greatest pi; rseverauee, they were obliged to retire. This could not be effected without additional loss in the, endeavour to bring off the wounded ineu, in which they were generally .successful. The retreat was covered by tho party under Lieut. Colonel Huline, of ihe9G'h Regt., aud "too mucti prai&e cannot be given to that Officer, for the coolness aud s-tcadine&s with, which he eouducted it under a very beavy fire. 1 must here remark, t-iai, the hatchets and axes, as well as the iopes for puUugdowu the stockade, aud the ladder., were all ihrow.u away or lelt behind, by those appointed to carr. ihem; and to tins urcum-.tance l> attribute ihe main cause ol ihe failure, 1 trust tbat it will »'>t be tho ighi that the chamc r ter of the British has been taruished ou this occasion. One third of the men actually ennaijed fell in the at tick, and dunnsj.theeigut da.vs tt:at we have been e.i°-aged carrviuu on opeia^ious agam-t this plate, ono fourth ot" the whole btrenj-tb, or British boidiery under my command, (original} not excluding iM), have, be^n eitlier killed or wouudwl. Fio.n Lisuieuain ,C.o.oael Hulme I have received every assistance dunug tlit wliolc time ol thes>e operation-,, indepiiiident ot" hi* .saiUut conduct iv covering the retreat. Major Macpbersoii of the 99tb Kegt., who led the principal attack, and was severely mminded, also deserves every )>rui3<s for the daring manner in whidi he led Ins men to the aft-.auh, aud though slightly struck on the lelt breast at the com'inenceineut, be gallantly jjeisevtirv'd till struck down by a serious uomul. Initial pid^e »^ a^-« (l «c to Major UrUlje of the 58ih il^t., ior the Coolness,'aud

leadiness with which -he lefl Bis mcii to the attack, and his perseverance till called off. Where every individual has behaved' equally well, it seems invidious to particularize names,— but 1 cannot avoid nientiotiiue the unwearied toil, zeal and energy displaed by L : cut. >Vilmott of the Roal Ariilleiy, in conducting that depart iheut with the most inefficient means. Captain Marlow, Koyal Engineers, and his department, gave me every assistance in their power while labouring under the same inefficiency of means as the Artillery. I must notomit either to mention the- able assistance and the active zeal that has been displayed by Lieutenant and Adjutant Deering, of ihe <)i)tb Re^t , (acting as Major of Brigade), whether under fire of the enemy, or in conducting the necessary details. The three Officers with Majbi- Macpherson's party, were .all either killed or ■wounded, Captain Grant, Lieut. Beatty, (who volunteered the foiloru hope), and Ensign O'Reilly. The Volunteers from the New ZealaudiVlilitia, acting as pioneers, under Lieut. Fig*, deserve to be mentioned, and that Officer himself Has undergone unceasing toil of the most harrying nature with zeal mid energy. Lieut. Wood, and the Militia Volunteers for the Artillery, deserve to be included in thi« commendation. Captain Johnson of H.M.S. « Hazard,* has given me the most unwearied assistance iv every possible, , way, from the commencement of our operations, by sending up supplies ot all snrts, even from his own ship, when our public stores w«*re deficient. The Seamen and Marines of H.M. Navy have always home the same character' for bravery and intrepidity wherever they have been employed, and the few, 18 in number, that joined this expedition from H.M.S. * Hazard,' have nobly supported the same" character. Lieutenant Phillpotts, R.N., fell when endeavouiinr to force his way though' the stockade. I enclose herewith a correct list ol killed and wounded.' I have, &c, &c. H. J)ESPARD. Lieut. Colonel 99th Re«;t., nnd Colonel on the Staft in N. Z. To His Excellency, Robkkt Fitzroy, Governor, «ye. &c Auckland. P.S. The wounded are doing well under the able rare and constant attention bestowed on them by Dr. Pine of the sßth, and Dr. Galbraith, of the 99th Rejriments. H. D.

Camp. Ist July, 1845. The following are the directions, and Ihe distribution of the troops, for the attack on the pah, at 3 o'clock, this evening. The princi pcil attack will be made on or neat the right angle on the front face, (that face beinjj considered the front one that is opposite the camp), and the whole column for this attack will be formed as follows : Si sergeants and 20 volunteers from the three corps will form the advance, and proceed with the most perfect silence till they reach the stockade. . This party will be followed closely by the assaulting body, under Major Macpherson, composed of 40 grenadiers irom the 58th and 40 grenadiers from the 99th Regiments, and will be accompanied by 3 small party of seamen, and by 30 pioneers from the volunteer Militia* The seamen, and as many pioneers as, there nre sufficient tools for, will be, supplied with axes or hatchets for .the purpose of cutting down the stockade. Those pioneers that cannot be snpplied with axes or hatchets are to carry the lad■ der* as well as strong ropes, which will be supplied by the Artillery department, for pulling down the stockade. Major Macpherson's party will be closely followed by Major Bridge, of- the 58th Regiments having under him the' remainder -of the diers of the 58th;, to be made up to 60 rank and tile from the battalion of the same Regiment, ana 40 rank and file from ihe Light Company of the 99th Regiment.— ln all amounting ,to 100 rank and file. A strong supporting party will be formed under Lieut-Colonel Htilme, 96th Regiment, con nisting of the whole of the detachment of the 96th Regimen!, completed to 100 rank and file by,the battalion men' of the 58th Regiment. The moment an entrance is made intothe pah, this party will instantly follow the preceding parties The remainder of the force will be flinder the personal command of Colonel Des^ard, for the purpose of direting assistance wherever uecessary, with the exception of 40 rank and file a( the 58th Regiment, under command of Capt. Thompson, of that corps, who will occupy the hill overlooking the pah, and the camp j it being considered necessary to do so, from the attempt made by the native* in the morning to get possession of it. R. B. Deering, Lieut. 9iUh Regiment, Tbe following is a correct list of the kil ed>> and wounded in the attack upon Ileke's pah, ou the Ist «f July, 1845. Her Majesty's Ship " Hazard." Killed. — Lieotcnaut Phillpott*. Wounded.— Two Seamen. Her Majesty's 58th Regiment. Killf.d. — Captaifi Grant, Sergeants Halliday, Mor' row, Andrew Wilson, Corporal William Stowart. Privates Crofit, Davis, Punched, Morton, Fi6her, Clarion, Anderson, Doherty, Leech, JVfolloy; Reynolds, Payne, Sutton, Gootlrum. "Wounded— Sergeant-Major Moirj Serjeants Geo. Krowne, Snnms. Corporal Watkins. Privates M'Qiiin, Day, Ma«'Gregor, Brain, Smith, Mitchel, Curran, Eagen, Morris, Carpenter, Byrasj — Light Company* Mnnis,Fleet,Breeson,M'ciple i iton,' Murphy, Lucas.Meens.iMolljNowlan* Robinson, Creen, Tully, Hodg skins,Wtiite, Later, Hopkins, Tysons, Duffy, Findlay, Dtlamore, O'CalUgWan Burnett, Mitchell, Aruuirong, Nowlau, Pearce, M'Kiuoou — Grenadieri: Her Majesty's 96th Regiment. - Kn-tßDv— Pr.vates Win. Curie, William Stimpson, J.imu-> Smith, William Wo^staff. Wounded. — Corporal EihvarJ Seyniour; Private John' Walsh. : Her MajeBty*s*99tlv ßegiment. KaiKD>-GMi»d!ers-USt>rgti Thus. Tod-.1. Private?, — Martin Mofaw, John- 'H'll ? Wilham Watson, William Pope, ddhn MacgittW 1 Light- Company, Manor, J'.hu N.»ble, JuiiiesHujhts, Jolm tEaion, Patrick Hicken, Henry - Alosely, Jamei Stocks, Benjamin Heath. Wounded.— Gr«?uadier« J tmes Granr, H"gh Dowse, Jacob E3»io»ils, Michael F.irreu, Robt. Hughes, Henry Sjieiicer, William Swau, Hector M'Cormaek. Li^ht Company— Sergts M<vley Thomas, Bradley Mart a. Pi iv.iUs William Bridges, Thos. Crawley, David Mark, Thomas Comiers, Audrew Duneau, Patrick Flym, Dutican Murray. Auckland Militia Volunteers. ' WpwNonD. — Morris, Alexander, Sullivan, Beard, Browne, !)?ut, am! Rily Mr. Henry Clarke, iuterpretw to the Force, severely

The weather during the operations of the troops was most severe, and they suffered greatly from wet and cold, the camp being a perfect slough of mud. 'Heke, immediately after the action of the Ist July, despatched part of his fotce to auother pah ten miles to the bouthward of his position, called Ikorangi, situated on a high mountain almost inaccessible, and v* hich he commenced fortifying with every postible strength. On the 10th July, the British "re-commenced active hostilities, by bombarding the pah, in consequence of which Heke and Kawiti evacuated it during the night, between the 10th and. llthj leaving all their provisions behind.

Camp, Hekes Pah, 3 a. in., July 11th, 1845., Sir,— l hare the honor to acquaint you that the Pah is in our possession. , . ! Offensive operations against it were resumed yesterday, and continued till night, and would have been again resumed this morning, but the enemy evacuated the fortress during the night, fearing to stand another 'assault. 1 was made acquainted with the circtimstanceabout midnight, but pursuit was then useless, — and from the nature of the country through which the tetreut lay, thick wood, and no road, an' attempt at it would, have probably been attended with an unnecessary waste of human life. I now anxiously await Your Excellency's fur- ther instructions, and am very desirous to get the troops und#r better cover before the lainy weather again commences, 1 have the honor to be, &c. &c. &c H. DESPARD. Colonel commanding the Troopa in New Zealand. ToHis Excellency, Governor Fit znov, &c. &c. &c. Auckland. P.S.— The body of Captain Grant, of the 58th Regiment, which' was missing, has been found. It had been buried outside the pah, where he tell, and was not mutilated. H. D.

Camp before Hekes Pali, 11th July, 1845. Sir,— ln my letter of this morning, 4 o'clock, a.m., I had the honor to acquaint )ou that the pah was in our possession, and that the enemy had retreated to fastnesses among the hills.about 10 miles distant, where it is, I believe, impossible to attempt to follow them. The enemy was unable to carry off his guns, and we have taken thiee it on ones on ship cairiages, and one more was found disabled in the fortress. There is no doubt that it was the fear of another assault being made. after the renewal of offensive operations yesterday, that caused this retreat. i Iv consequence of the alteration of the state of afldits here, since my letter by the '^Velocity," I have taken upon myself to sutpend the sailing of that vessel, until your further instructions are received. ' ' The quantity of provisions stored in the captut ed fortress, (potatoes) exceeds any thing I could have Wrmed an idea of. One report in camp it, that the principal part of the enemy have dispersed in different directions; but I have so little oppoitunity of gaining correct informatioa, that 1 scarcely give credit to any. I. shall proceed as rapidly as possible to pull dowu and burn every part of the pah. I have, &c, {Signed) H. DKSFARD, Colonel Commanding the Troops. Hit Excellency Governor Fhz Roy, Auckland. .

Camp at Hone Hekes Pah, i 12th July, 1845. j Si r .—I have the honor to acquaint > on that the j total destruction ot Hekes fortress was commenced yesterday, and will be completed this f vening, fire having been applied to every part of the stockading, and all the wood work burned down. The strength of thjsiplace has struck me with astonishment, and 1,-feel convinced that some European has had tbe,direction of it. Independent of-the double stockade many of the' timbers of which were twelve inches broad, by four and six inches thick, and sunk three feet in the ground, there was a ditch within the inner stockade, about five feet deep, and the 6ame broad, which wbs crossed by travel sers every five or six feet, with a narrow communication between each, that would admit of only one man passing at a rime. Deep holes were sunk in various parts of the interior of the place, and thick embankments of earth were thrown up round them, and some of them were strongly blockaded besides with heavy timber, which enabled the garrison to remain in them, without being endangered from our shot, and it was only after the guns were raised to a, considerable "elevation on a hill, about 350 yards distant, that we were enabled to seriously molest them by a plunging fire which entered those underground habitations. . > ' I • cannot venture to attempt following the enemy into the interior, as the season of the year js so, very unfavourable, and there would scarcel) be a possibility of my obtaining supplies. 1 shall therefore break up from this camp on, Monday next, the. 14th instant, and return to Waimale. The' guns taken consisted of 2 iron 9-ponhders, 1 iron 4-pounder, and 1 iron 2 pounder swivel. I have, &c , (Signed) H. DESPARD, Colonel commanding the Troops. His Excellency Governor Fitzßoj, Auckland. P.S.— As I had no means of carrying the captured guns with me, I have given oiders that they should be blown up. Wairaate,,July 16, 1845- Sir,— l have the honor to acquaint your Excellency that the pah belonging to Haratooe, about six miles from this place, wa* totally destroyed by the troops under my command thi» morning.'

I inarched from hence before daylight with 300 rank and file, two guns, and a proportion of the volunteer pioneers, and aitillery men; ami on our arriving near the pah, th^ enemy evacu ated it, and retired through a very thick- wood' where pursuit was out of the question. The enemy had set fire to a bridge over a difficult, river within half-a-mile of the place, which we, found burning. ' f have, &c, (Signed) H. DESPARD. His Excellency Governor Fitz Roy, Auckland.

BRIGADE ORDER. Waimate, 16th July, 1845. Active operations against Hekes Pali having now ended by the capture ahd total destruction of that 1 place, by the troops under the command of Colonel i Despard ; he, cannot ajlow them to return to a tetnpororary cautonme.nt, without expressing the entire; approbation, that every Rank is entitled to both Offi cers ami Soldiers. The privations they have so cheerfully undergone, and the hardships they have home ' from the constant bad leather, which for the greater part of (the time has been unceasing; as well asthe daring bravery and. intrepidity displayed on ««very occasion, more particularly on the day of assault, will no doubt procure them that approbation from the, higher authorities which is always gratifying to the heart of every British Soldier-, and it will be the Colonel's duty to lepresent their conduct in the way that it so nobly deserves. Every one must deplore the loss of those brave Officers and Soldiers who fell during the short campaign, and no one can more sincerely do so than the Colonel commanding, but we must all remember, that they have nobly fallen in the service of their Queen and Country, and that this is a riik that every Soldier, must look forward to encountering, when ca.led on to oppose the enemies of his country. If Colonel Despard maybe permitted without presumption to offer his best thanks, he does so most sincerely to aM. To Lieutenant Colonel Hulme, 96th Regt.; Major McPherson, 99th ; and Major Bridge; 58th,; the three Officers commanding; the portions of the ttiree corps employed, he feels the greatest obligation for their advice and assistance on every occasion. To Captain Marlow, K. E., Lieutenant Wilmot, R. A., |who so zealously and actively conducted that Department. To Lieutenaut Deering, 99th, acting as Brigade Major, who supported him on all occasions, and- to every other Officer and Soldier under his command, he offers his most cordial thanks, and to express his conviction that while the honor of the British Arms is in the care of such men - as the order is addressed to, it will never be tarnished. The few Sailors and Mariues that joined the expedition from H-M.S Hazard; have fully supported the established character of H.M. Navy, so conspicuous on all occasions for bravery aud intrepidity, and their services in the batteries have been of the greatest use. The. Colonel cannot close this order without expressing the entire approbation and satisfaction that is felt by the unwearied attention, kind care, and great skill displayed by I)r«. Pine and Galhraith, of the 58th and 99th Regiments in the attendance on the wounded men. He also considers that he is only doing justice to D.A.C. General Turner, in bringing to notice the great activity shewn by him in bringing up supplies for the Camp, not only of provisions but of Ammunitions and Stores of all sorts, notwithstanding the deficiency of transport carriage under which he laboured. The Two Officers of the Militia Volunteers, Ensigus Figg aud Wood, and the meu under their orders arc deserving of every praise, and a special report to that effect will tie made to His Excellency the Governor of New Zealand. The former Officer who had charge of the Pioneers, made himself extremely useful by his activity and energy, in eucouraging bis Pioneers in their laborious employment. The condi ct of Lieutenant Johnstoue, 99th Regt., in returning to resume the command of his Company after his wound was drebsed, and before the action of the Ist had ceased, deserves to be recorded. lv conclusion, the Colonel notifies his intention of transmitting a Copy of this order to His Excellency, Lieutenant General Sir Maurice O'Connell, Commanding the Forces in the Australian Colonies, soliciting him to express his approbation of its contents for submission to his Grace the Duke of Wellington. By Order, (Signed) R. B. DEERING, Acting Brigade Major. After the arrival of the inhabitants ofKororarika at Auckland, a Com t of inquiry was holden on the conduct of the tw o officers, Lieut. Barclay, and Ensign Campbell, who commanded the detachment of the 96th Regt ,in the action at the Bay of Islands, on the morning of the 11th March, — and, in consequence of the statements then made, a Court martial was ordered by Sir Maurice 0 Connell, the Commander of the Forces, the proceedings of which could not be published, by order of the President of the Court, find according to the usual custom of the army, until after they had been submitted to the Commander-in-Chief in these Colonies. The following document details the charges and result :— (Extract from General Orders.) No. 154. Sydney, September, 10, 1845. At a General Court Martial held at Aucland, New Zealand, on tin 7th, and by adjournment to the 14th August, 1845, Lieut- Edward Barclay, of the J)6th .Regiment, was arraigned on the tollowing charges, vtz : — Ist-!— ,' For in that he, Lieut. Edward Barclay, 96th . Regiment, did at Russell, Bay of Inlands, on the I Ith Mai cb, 1845, when engaged with the Mao.ie r , in defence of that settlement,, aud whilst stationed with his men on a platform, where: were posted a party of civilians and others, in charge of certain guns, shelter himself under an embtrnkmen . for the purpose screening his berson from the fire of the enemy." 2nd. — " For in that he, Lieut. Edward Barclay, 96th 'j Regiment, did at Russell, Bay of Islands, on the 11th March, 1845, when it had been determined , to evacuate that settlement, embark bis ' detach- , inent with undue precipitation, and before he had ' ascertained that the inhabitant* and others under , tbu military protection of hi 3 detachment, bad been ' duly cared for;" 3rd.—" For conduct'highly unbecoming iv a British officer, in that, he, Lieut. Edward Barclay, 96th Regiment did uot at the time aud place aforemeu ■ tioned, when in command of the detachment to whom the military protection of the settlement, nt Ru3seli, in the Bay of Islands,, was committed, display that zeal and energy iv iefence of tbe , lives ( aud properties, of Her Majesty's subjects, jwbich , wnsre^imUosupport thehomiur o'fjHer Majesty's anus- 1 " -,««. Upon which charge the Court came to the following decision :~~

I The Court having maturely considered the* evidence, in supporto/ the prosecution against the pri ,soner Lieut Edward Barclay,, 96th .Regimeflt;, his deience, and the evidence adduced in support of if, if of Q|)iniou that , . ' With regard to the first charge, he the prisoner, Lieut Edward Barclay, 96th Regt., is Not Guilty, and do most,fully and most honourably acquit him faeseof. With regard to the second charge, that he, the I risoner, Lieut. Edward Barclay, 96th Regt., is Not Guil,y> and do mo«t fully and most honourably Acquit him thereof. With regard to the third charge, he,' the prisoner, Lieut. Edward Barclay, 96th Regt.,isNotGuiltyiand do most fuiiy an( j most honourably acquit him therreofV Which finding, the Lieutenant-Genera] Commanding is pleased to approve, and confirm : and directs that ttie officer, commanding the troops in New Zea,land, will direct this officer to be released from arrest ■and t 0 return to his duty as soon alter this, general order as circumstances will admit of.

At a General Court Martial held at Auckland, New .Zealand, on the 16th, and by adjournment on the 18th August, 1845, Ensign John Campbell, 96th Regiment was arraigned on the following charge, viz :—: — " For highly unofficer-like conduct, at Russell, Bay ..of Islands, on the 11th March, 1845, in ihat he, Ensign Joliu Campbell, 9Sth Regiment did heedlessly and carelessly guard the blockhouse committed to his charge, and evacuate the same vMthout sufficient cause, and without orders from his superior officer so to do/ Upon which'charge the Court came. to the following decision: The Court having maturely considered the evidence in support of the prosecution, together with what the prisoner has-, urged in his defence, is of opin'on, that he, the prisoner, Ensign John Campbell, 961h Regt., is Guilty of the charge preferred agaisin him, with the exeptiim of }he word " evacuating," of which the Court finds him Not Guilty, and acquit him of that part thereof, as it appears he was absent fi'dm the blockhouse at the time it was surprised. The Court having found the prisoner, Ensign John Campbell, of the 96th Regiment, Guilty of the charge preferred against him, with the exception of the word " evacuating," which being in breach of the articles of war, do now sentence him, the prisoner, Ensigu John Campbell of the 96th Regiment, to be severely reprimanded, in such manner, as the Lieut. General commanding the forces in the Australian Coloniei may direct. His Excellency,the Lieut. General commanding is pleased to approve and confirm the foregoing finding and sentence; and Ensign John Campbell, 96th Regiment, is hereby reprimanded. Colonel Despard, eoramandiag the troops-in 1 New Zealand, will take an early opportunity of causing this General Order to be communicated to that offi* cer, and release him from arresl. ' By Command, &c. (Signed) E. M. O'CONNELL, Majnr of Brigade. i

On the 11th August H. M. Sloop of War Daphne, Captain Onslow, arrived in Auckland, from the South American Station ; and on the 16th September,. H. .M.. Brig of War, Osprey, Commander Patten, arrived from Singapore. On the 27th August a detachment of the 99th Regiment j the recovered wounded of the 58tli ttegt. j and two non-commissioned 1 , officers and. 14 ptivatesof the-96th Regt., left Auckjahd 1 for the, Bay of Islands. ' . ' On the 27th Sept. H.M. Sloop of War Racehorse arrived at Auckland froth England, and on. the 2nd October sailed for Sydney j on the same day, the Daphne sailed for Valparaiso. On the 6th Octobei the barque British Sovereign arrived at the B-iy of Islands from S)dney, paving on board Lieut-Colonel Wynyard ; Captain Lay, Lieutenants Dressing, Hay, Pet ley,' and Page j Ensign' Wynyard} Assistant Surgeon Philson, and two hundred and fourteen rank jand file of H.M. 58th Regt. The British troops threw up intrencbments fit Waimate, but at the latter endof-October theywilhdrew to Russell', after destroying iheis defences; The Flag staff was re-erected on the 3rd Novembesi and the position occupied by the troops c mmtneedto be fortified. As at this time, the news of the recall of the Governor, Captain Fitzroy, arrived, further active'hostihties were postponed. Proposals had been made to the two chiefs Heke and Kawati, by his, Excellency, Captain Eitzroy. to put an end to the war; but as the condition! were based., upon the forfeiture of several estates of Kawiti,— he treated it with great contempt. Both he and Heke have pahs, impregnable to ordinary military operations: , The pah of- Kawiti is on a summit, which can only be approached in one direction, and in that, au attacking party can be seen for miles in their approach. At the rear of the pah, there is an impenetrable wood, and the only paths to the pah itself, are subterraneous' passages , from the wood, having their entrances in secret, almost inaccessible spots. The pah of Heke at Hokiunga is equally strong. The tiibcof Poraare. are Also fortifying themselves, and it. is well known, that he is the covert ally of the other two rebel chiefs, and while they have been openly hostile, he, under the cloak of amity towards the Europeans, has been occupying hi? .fpllowcrs iv fisHin^, and in planting, to supply food to the native belligerents. But In stating this fact of the duplicity of the Neur Zealanders, it is x but justice to < record the cousis^ tent, persevering' loyalty of our Native ally, Nene, (or Thomas Walker), whose courage and unflinching adherence to the British Flag; is deserving, of not only the highest praise, but of some substantial acknowledgment of the estimation iv which his services arc regarded by the Representative of the Queen of Great Britain. 1 To reward Nene promptly during the cessation of hostilities, by more than complimentary or 'honorary return, for his bravery and loyalty to the British , Crown, will do niore to quell future rebellion, as well as to secure further albW, t han all threatening proclamations. TheNgate VVhatua tribes iv, the neighbourhood of Auckland;; the Nga te Poa natives in the Thames; and the powerful numerous wnrlike chiefs on the Waikato and Wai pa, are all in the greatest state of excitement and alarm, op account of the recfeut arrival of so many ships of war and troop*; and throughout the whole island the natives are fortifying pahs iv their strongest holds,— awaiting the issue" of the present contest,— and the first acts, towards themselves of bis Excellency Governor Grey. • , ,

 
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