HUTTON Family of Marske, Yorkshire
Sir Timothy HUTTON, and his eldest son Matthew HUTTON
"THE YORKSHIRE GENTRY, from the Reformation to the Civil War"
By J.T. Cliffe. (Appendix B, page 372).
The Huttons owed their establishment as a County family primarily to Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York from 1595 to his death in 1606. In 1592 he gave his son Timothy the sum of £1900 to enable him to purchase a jointure for his wife, and subsequently bequeathed to him the manors of Wharram Percy and Hagthorpe, together with a number of valuable church leases. During his father’s lifetime, Sir Timothy (1569-1629) bought the Marrick Abbey estate (1592), the manor of Marske (1598), and considerable property in Richmond. Following his succession in 1606, his total estate revenue amounted to £1077 a year. Sir Timothy was noted for his charity and hospitality; purchases of luxury good in London. He was Bowbearer of Arkengarthdale, an office which appears to have been of negligible value. In 1605-6 he served as Sheriff of Yorkshire, and was fined £230 for the unsatisfactory performance of certain duties. This fine was levied in 1612 and the same year he sold the manor of Hagthorpe, worth £82 a year. In 1617, on the marriage of his eldest son, he entailed most of the estate which was then producing a total income of £1449 a year. Demesne farming. Significant increases in rent, in particular:
Marrick Abbey: 1606 : £137; 1616 : £228; 1625 : £250
Manor of Wharram Percy: 1606 : £100; 1616 : £180; 1625 : £180
In his later years he had to assist his son Matthew (1597-1666) whose extravagance had brought him into heavy debt. Matthew charge the manor of Marske with a rent of £120 to one of his creditors, and in 1626 sold his wife’s jointure lands in Wharram Percy. Forced loan of 1627: Sir Timothy paid £20. In his will (1628) he related that he and Matthew had disposed of certain church leases which had been settled on the younger children, but on the other hand, he had purchased additional land of a greater value (probably a reference to the manor of Barforth on the Moor, Durham). Provision for the payment of annuities (mainly to the younger sons) amounting to some £250 per year. At his death he left a personal estate at Marske and Richmond worth £814. This included plate, pictures and a coach. After entering into his father’s estate, Matthew proceeded to sell the manor of Marske (1630) and the Marrick Abbey property (1631). Both these properties had been included in the entail of 1617, and because of this Matthew’s heir was able to regain possession of Marske twenty years later. In 1638 Matthew bought lands in Durham, borrowing £2000 for this purpose. On the outbreak of the Civil War his income amounted to rather more than £300 a year while his debts were well in excess of £4000.
[References: Northallerton County record Office: Hutton Mss, Surtees Society, xvii]
Also the following references:
Page 69 -
Among the papers of Sir Timothy Hutton of Marske there are various bills relating to the education of John HUTTON, a younger son, at Winchester towards the end of James I's reign. These show that over a period of three years, a total of £39 3s 6d was spent on such items as clothes, bedding, and school books. In addition there were tuition fees (unspecified) and the cost of food which amounted to £6 for one half-year.
(Surtees Society, XVII, 237-44; T.F. Kirby, Winchester Scholars, 169)
Page 88 -
Sir Henry Slingsby (1641) noted in his diary..."about the latter end of August,came Mr Matthew HUTTON, and obtained of his Lordship (Wentworth, Lord President of the Council of the North), the Understuardship of Richmond".
(Slingsby Diary, 72)
Page 100 -
In 1616 Sir Timothy Hutton of Marske, whose father had been Archbishop of York, valued his estate at £1449 a year, and of this no less than £573 a year was derived from Church leases.
From"The Stuart Age", England, 1603-1714, by Barry Coward.
p. 50. The peerage assessed their own incomes for taxation purposes, and those landlords who were not peers were assessed by commissions made up of their fellow members of the country elite. Consequently landowners paid taxes on incomes that bore no resemblance to reality. Dr Cliffe ("The Yorkshire Gentry") discovered that Yorkshire gentlemen in the early seventeenth century returned incomes for contributions to parliamentary subsidies that were usually fifty times less than the real value of their estates. Sir Timothy Hutton of Marske’s real income was £1077 in 1606, and £1096 in 1625, yet between 1605 and 1625, he was always assessed on an income of £20 per annum, and during that time his total subsidy payments were only £64.
Cambridge Register (Alumni Cantabridgiensis)
HUTTON, Timothy. Matric pens. From TRINITY, Michs. 1588. S. of Matthew (1546), Archbishop of York. B. 1569. Adm. at Gray’s Inn, Oct 14, 1590. J.P., 1598. Knighted, Feb 16, 1605-6. High Sheriff of York, Feb. to Nov. 1606. Married Elizabeth, dau. Of Sir George Bowes, of Streatlam, Durham. Died April 6, 1629. Buried at Richmond. M.I. Brother of Thomas (1597), and father of Matthew (1615) and Philip (1618). (Vis. of Yorks., 1666)
HUTTON, Matthew, Matric. Fell-Com. From TRINITY, Easter 1615. S. and h. of Timothy (1588). B. Oct 20, 1597. A noted Royalist. Married Barbara, dau. Of Conyers D’Arcy, 1617. Admon. Granted in 1666. Brother of Philip (1618). (John Fisher, Masham; Yorks. Archaeol.                           Journal, vi. 238)
From "Surtees Society", Volume 17 – Hutton Correspondence.
P 248. The Will of Sir Timithie HUTTON, Knt..
Februarie 17th, 1628.
On the name of God the Father, of God the Son, and of God the Holy Ghoste. Amen, Amen, Amen.........
Imprimis, I give unto my deare and ever-lovinge sister, the Lady Anne Hutton, of Neither Popleton, wyddowe, twenty pounds in gold to buy her a gowne, and that to be payed within one yeare after my death; and I pray God to reward her into her bosome for her loveinge kindnesses which she hath ever afforded to me and myne. Also I doe give unto her my thre coach horses.
Item, I give unto my nephew Richard Hutton, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ring.
Item, I give unto my neece, Elizabeth Hutton, her daughter, one twenty shilling peece of gould to make her a ringe, and I pray God blesse them.
Item, I give unto myne adopted wife, Mrs Margarett Benett, one twenty shillings peece of gould yo make her a ringe, and I pray God to send her a good husband.
Item, I give unto my very kiynde friend, Mr John Weeks, her unkle, my bay saddle nagge, and I pray God to send him a good wife.
Item, I give unto every household servante of my sister’s house at Popleton five shillings in silver.
Item, I give unto little Nanne Cleburne one hundreth pounds if she doe marry with my son’s Matthew’s consente, and they to be payd with use for the same from the tyme from my death to her marryage-day, and I pray God to blesse her.
Item, I give unto my cosine Hutton, Sam. Hutton’s widowe, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make her a ringe.
Item, I give unto Tim. Hutton, her son and my godson, ffowerteene pounds per annum for seaven yeares, if he doe behave himself well, and continue soe long att Cambridge.
Item, I give unto that sactifyed man, Mr Danyell Sherrard, the now preacher at Popleton, tenn pounds per annum, untill he gett a liveinge worth forty pounds per annum; and to every one of his three sons, vizt. Timothy, Richard and John, five pounds a peece towards the byndeinge of them apprentices.
Item, I give to Thomas Mudd, if he serves me till I dy, five pounds.
Item, I give unto William Price, if he serves me till I die, fower pounds.
Item, I doe give unto John Dauney, if he serves me till I die, fower pounds.
Item, I doe give unto Thomas Phillipps the elder, of Marske, forty shillings per annum soe longe as he liveth.
Item, I give unto George Kynnemounte of Richmond forty shillings per annum soe longe as he liveth.
Item, I give unto my very good friend, Mr John Jackson, preacher at Marske, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ringe.
Item, I give unto my second son, Timothy Hutton, thirty pounds per annum, which my sister Hutton payeth dureinge his life; as also I doe give him one hundreth pounds, to be payd unto him within one yeare after my death.
Item,. I doe give unto my third sonn, Phillipp Hutton, ffifty pounds per annum dureinge his life; and that to continue untill my sonn Matthewe doe procure him, or that he doe obtayne, a liveinge worth one hundreth pounds per annum, and the ffifty pounds above sayd then to cease.
Item, I doe give unto my fourth sonn, John Hutton, ffifty pounds per annum, upon the same condicions as are formerly for his brother Phillipp.
Item, I give unto my fifth sonn, Thomas Hutton, fifty pounds per annum soe longe as he liveth.
Item, I doe give unto my eldest daughter, Beatrice Mauleverer, a twenty shillings peece of gould to make her a ringe; and to every of her daughters who are livinge when I dy twenty pounds, to be payed at their marryage.
Item, I give unto my third daughter, Elizabeth Cleburne, a twenty shillings peece of gold to make her a ringe; and to every of her daughters who are liveinge when I die (excepting Nanne) twenty pounds, to be payed at there marryage.
Item, I doe give unto my dearely beloved daughter, Barbery Hutton, twenty pounds to buy her a gowne: and to every of her daughters who are liveinge when I dy, to be payed at there marryage, twenty pounds.
Item, I doe give unto my brother, Sr. Talbot Bowes, Kt., if he be liveinge when I dy, one twenty shilings peece of gould to make him a ringe.
Item, I doe give unto my brother, Thomas Bowes, if he be liveinge when I dy, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ringe.
Item, I doe give unto my sister Ann, his wife, if she be liveinge when I die, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make her a ringe.
Item, I give unto my dry nurse, Elizabeth Bowes, her daughter, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make her a ringe.
Item, I give unto my brother, John Bowes, fforty shillings per annum soe longe as he liveth.
Item, I give unto my sister, Jane Bowes, fforty shillings per annum soe longe as she liveth.
Item, I give unto my kind brother, Sr. John Calversley [Calverley] Kt., one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ringe.
Item, I doe give unto my worthy friend, Mr Justice Hutton, one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ringe, desireing the continuance of his countenance and advise unto me and myne.
Item, I doe give unto a preacheinge minister att Marwicke, soe longe as it shall continue in my poore posterity, twenty pounds per annum soe he doe continue and lie there, and that he be of honest conversacion.
Item, I doe give out of my lands att Marske unto the schoole and hospitall att Warton in Lancashire, which was erected by my late deare and reverend father, two and twenty pounds, thirteene shillings and ffower pence per annum, until my sonn Matthewe can buy a rente charge in Lancashire or elsewhere, which beinge added unto the ffower and twenty pounds which Mr Tocketts payeth maketh upp the just some of six and fforty pounds, thirteene shillings and ffower pence; and I doe wish my sonn Matthewe to be carefull that the poor men’s place be bestowed on none but such as are the most impotente and poorest.
Item, I doe give unto my eldest sonn Matthewe Hutton, whom I doe make sole executor of this my last will and testament, all the rest of my lands and goods (not disposed of); and I do humble beseech God that what I have here given that he wilbe pleased to give a blessinge thereunto.
Item, I doe require and charge my sonne Matthewe, in that duty which a sonne oweth unto the remembrance of a father, that he will alwaies keepe a Levite in his house, and to leave a charge behind him to those who shall by God’s grace succeed him to doe the like, and to give a competente and sufficiente allowance unto him; and I do hartily wish that it might be soe continued soe longe as it should please God to continue the poore posterity of this poore house, which it hath pleased God soe lately to rayse from the duste. Domine Jesu, veni cito. Amen. O Lord, make noe longe tarryinge. Amen. O Lord, I have wayted for thy salvation.
Amen. TIMOTHIE HUTTON.
xxx Martii, 1629.
And whereas upon my sonne Matthewe’s marriage it was expressly covenanted and agreed betwixt Sr Conyers Darcie and mee that the estate then conferred upon my said sonne should stand and be free from the charge or burden of my younger children, for whose preferment certaine leases were then left forth, which since he and I have for the necessarie freedome of ourselves and the said estaite beene inforced otherwise to dispose of, yet so as upon a due estimate of what by way of purchase is in the meane tyme added to his said estate (beinge more then equivolent to what by this my will I do charge him withall), I do hope and desire that as well the said Sr Conyers as my said sonne wille so far from dissentinge to what I hereby devise to and for the benefitt of my younger children or any other, as that they will extend their best helpes and endeavors from tyme to tyme for the efectually and reall performance therof accordinge to my true meaninge. And further, wheras I have by a formerly made will bequeathed fifty pounds a peece to my ffower younger sonnes; now for a plain declaracion of my true intention in that respect, I do hereby will and bequeath to my sonne Timothie the xxxlib per annum over and besides the xxlib per annum taken in his name forth of Darton, accordinge as in my former will is expressed. And for my sonne Philipp, his annuitie to be continued untill it shall please God he be preferred to one or more spirituall livings or dignities of the value of 100lib per annum; and the like for my sonne John, savinge that my mynde is, his first payment do beginne not till six monethes before hee be out of his service. And for Anne Cleburne, whereas I have formerly given her one hundred pounds with the use or consideracion till her marriage, I now declare that nothing is to be paid for use, but only the one hundred pounds at her marriage. And theese, As I have hereby limited the same, I desire my brother Darcy and his sonne, and charge and requyer my sonne Matthew, as my trust is in him, to be accordingly truly performed. Witnesses hereof,
CHRISTOPHER PEPPER. JOHN JACKSON.
CONYERS DARCY . CONYERS DARCIE.
Proved before the Dean and Chapter of York, sede vacante, 9 Dec., 1631.
(From the original probate, penes J. Hutton Esq., Marske Hall, Yorkshire, April 1814 – M.F.)
There follows: "A true Inventorie of all the household stuffe belonginge to the Richt Worshipfull Sir Timothie Hutton, Knt., lately deceased, within his house of Richmond, praised by those whose names are hereunder written, viz. Thomas Phillip, Richard Hutchinson, Christopher Berrie, and Hutton Gregorie, the fourth day of July Anno Dni 1629." (Inventory on Pages 253-254).
"By the beginning of the seventeenth century the estate [of Greyfriars, Richmond] was in the hands of Sir Timothy Hutton of Marske Hall, and some indication of the form of his house can be gained from the room by room inventory of his possessions which took place on his death in 1629. His son sold on the Friary to Leonard Robinson in 1634, and it remained in the Robinson family until the end of the nineteenth century."
[It was in the Greyfriars, or Friarage as it was sometimes known, that Sir Timothy Hutton died. His eldest son Matthew would then have been living at Marske Hall.]