VAIL, Alfred Lewis [1807-1859] -- American telegraphy pioneer
He provided financing to S.F.B. Morse in the later stages (1837-1838) of development of the telegraph in return for an interest in the American and foreign patents. He invented the horizontal lever motion for the telegraph, devised the dot-dash alphabet, and built the grooved roller and automatic telegraph lever.
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- Vail, Alfred Lewis
- Historic Speedwell - Morristown, NJ - Biographical Sketch: Alfred Vail
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- The History of the Telegraph - Samuel Morse
- History of the Telegraph
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- Great American Series, Part XI "Electricity" ed. R.R. Bowker. Harper's new monthly magazine. 93:557 (Oct 1896) / Vail mentioned on pp 714, 730.
- The Struggle by Danske Dandridge. The Century / 35:6 (Apr 1888) / two matches on p. 944
- Henry Clay on Nationalizing the Telegraph The North American Review / 154:424, pp.380-382
- Early Days of the First Telegraph Line by Stephen Vail (his son). The New England Magazine 10:4 (Jun 1891) pp.450-461
- Historic Moments: The First News Message by Telegraph by John W. Kirk. Scribner's 11:5 (May 1892) pp.652,653
- The American Inventors of the Telegraph By Franklin Leonard Pope. The Century 35:6 pp.924-944
- Modern Telegraphy Scientific American new series 2:23 p.356
- First Week of the Telegraph Scientific American new series 21:10 p.146
- The Life of Samuel F.B. Morse, LL.D. by Samuel IrenŠus Prime. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1875 [book]