Philippe II [1342-1404] -- Duc de Bourgogne
a/k/aArtois (1384-1404), Comte as Philippe IV by jure uxoris
Bourgogne (1363-1404), Duc
Burgundy (1384-1404), Comte Palatine as Philippe IV by jure uxoris
Charolais (1390-1404), Comte as Philippe I
Flanders (1384-1404), Comte by jure uxoris
Nevers (1384-1385), Comte as Philippe I by jure uxoris
Rethel (1384-1393), Comte as Philippe I by jure uxoris
Touraine (1360-1363), Duc
He was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois.
In 1392, events conspired to allow Philip to seize power in France. Charles VI's friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, had recently been the target of an assassination attempt by agents of John V, Duke of Brittany; the would-be assassin, Pierre de Craon, had taken refuge in Brittany. Charles, outraged at these events, determined to punish Craon, and on 1 July 1392 led an expedition against Brittany. Whilst progressing towards Brittany, the King, already overwrought by the slow progress, was shocked by a madman who spent half-an-hour following the procession, warning the King that he had been betrayed; when a page dropped a lance, the King reacted by killing several of his knights, and had to be wrestled to the ground. Philip, who was present, immediately assumed command, and appointed himself regent, dismissing Charles' advisors. He was the principal ruler of France until 1402.
His seizure of power, however, had disastrous consequences for the unity of the House of Valois, and of France itself. The King's brother, Louis, Duke of Orléans, resented his uncle rather than himself being regent; the result was a feud between Philip and Louis, which was continued after their deaths by their families. In particular, both quarrelled over the royal funds, each desiring to appropriate this for their own ends: Louis to fund his extravagant lifestyle, Philip to further his ambitions in Burgundy and the Low Countries. Nonetheless, this struggle only served to enhance the reputation of Philip, and gave him real popularity in Paris, since, in comparison with the profligate and irresponsible Louis, he appeared a sober and honest reformer. Thus, although Charles VI, in a rare moment of sanity, confirmed his brother as regent in 1402, Louis' misrule allowed Philip to regain control of France as regent in 1404, shortly before his death. [WIKI}
- Son: ¤Jean "Sans Peur" [1371-1419] Duc de Bourgogne