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SANDYS, Edwin, Sir [1561-1629] -- English colonial organizer

Relationship to me: S10
SANDS family Outline Descent Tree(s) ODT
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Knighted by James I and employed by him "in several affairs of great importance", M.P. from Stockridge 1604-1611, together with Sir Francis Bacon held to be "two men of the greatest parts and knowledge in England";

Son of Archbishop Edwin Sandys. ¤

He was member of Parliament (1586 et seq) and sat in the first Parliament (1604) of James I, becoming prominent through his attacks on the monopolies. In 1613 he became the object of royal displeasure when he set forth the principle that there were constitutional limits to the power of both king and people. He was a member of the East India Company (1618 et seq) and served on its committee (1619-23, 1625-29). A member of the Virginia Company's council in 1607, he became joint manager (1617) and treasurer (1619-20) of the company, and organized government of colony (1619) despite opposition from the king. This resulted in his imprisonment (1621) as a suspected plotter to establish a Puritan state with republican government in America [!]. He nevertheless remained powerful in the councils of the company until its charter was revoked (1624) and Virginia became a crown colony. He was of aid to the Pilgrims in obtaining the charter for the Mayflower.

Sir Edwin may be responsible for the first introduction of black slaves to America ca 1619.  -30-
 

Chronology

1586-
M.P.
1604
Sat in 1st parliament of James I
1607
A member of the Virginia Co. council
1613
Espoused constitutional limitations on the crown
1617
Virginia Co. joint manager
1618-
Member of the East India Co.
1619
Organized the government of Virginia Colony
1619
First representative legislative body assembled in America (Jamestown, VA)
1619-1620
Virginia Co. treasurer
1619~
First importation of black slaves to America
1621
Imprisoned as suspected plotter to establish a Puritan state in America
1624
Virginia Co. charter revoked; VA becomes a crown colony

Selected Works

  • Europae Speculum (1599), a work on religion on the Continent, where he had travelled from 1593-1599,
  • A Relation of the State of Religion (1605) on reunion of Christendom by a new center party; proposed "an uniforme Lyturgy, a corespondent forme of Church-government to bee made of the points both should agree in, and so be established universally throughout al Christendome … all other questions to be confined to the Schooles"—then suppressed in 1605 as result of Gunpowder Plot.
  • Bookmarks (off-site links)

    Bookmarks:2003-04-30 13:53:26

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