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Elizabeth of York [1466-1503] -- Queen Consort of England

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England (1486-1503), Queen Consort

Wiki: Elizabeth of York Wiki

Elizabeth of York (11 Feb 1466 11 Feb 1503) was queen consort of England from 1486 until 1503. Throughout her lifetime, she was a daughter, sister, niece and wife of English monarchs - Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. Queen Elizabeth is the most recent common ancestor of all English monarchs that reigned after her husband.

Queen of Henry VII, the eldest child of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, she was born at Westminster. The first marriage that was arranged for her was with George Neville, but, when the Neville family deserted Edward's cause, this was broken off, and in 1475 she was solemnly promised to the Dauphin of France. The thought of this splendid alliance was no doubt one of the reasons which induced Edward to conclude the somewhat shabby peace of Pecquigny; and, when it became obvious that the French King had no intention of allowing it to be carried out, pure displeasure is said to have hastened his death. At the date of that death (April 1483) the Princess was with her mother, her younger brother and sisters in the Sanctuary at Westminster; and she remained there till March 1484, when Richard III, who had murdered her brothers, Edward V and Richard of York, and usurped the throne, induced the ladies to trust themselves to him: he is even said to have suggested that, when his own Queen died, he would marry Elizabeth. But the obvious marriage for her was that with the exiled heir of the House of Lancaster, Henry Earl of Richmond, and all peace-lovers, especially Bishop Morton of Ely, were constantly scheming for that end. There is some evidence that the Princess herself, who was in Yorkshire at the date of Henry's landing, was working secretly in his favour. It might almost be said to be a part of Henry's 'contract with the English people' that he should marry Elizabeth and so unite the rival Houses Of York and Lancaster; but he was particularly anxious not to appear to owe his crown to his wife, and therefore did not marry her until January 1486. From that time they remained a devoted and loving couple until Elizabeth's death. Elizabeth bore to Henry seven children, four of whom lived to grow up: she died at the Tower in 1503, and was buried in Henry VII's Chapel in Westminster Abbey.
[Historical portraits; Walker, Emery, Sir, 1851-1933; I:104; (1909)  -30-
 

Associated

  • Husband: Henry VII Tudor [1457-1509] English monarch, Earl of Richmond
  • Father: Edward IV [1442-1483] English monarch
  • Mother: WOODVILLE, Elizabeth [1437c-1492] Queen Consort of England
  • Uncle: Richard III "Crookback" [1452-1485] English Monarch
  • Brother: Edward V [1470-1483] English monarch
  • Daughter: Tudor, Margaret [1462-1514] Queen consort
  • Daughter: TUDOR, Mary [1496-1533] Queen consort of France

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image related to subject
Elizabeth of York
ca 1500
Artist: unknown
National Portrait Gallery

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