John of Gaunt [1340-1399] -- English nobleman, statesman, KG, Duke of Lancaster
Duke of Gloucester
Earl of Richmond
Earl of Derby
Earl of Lincoln
Duke of Aquitane
Lord of Beaufort & Nogent
King of Castile & Leon
Lord of Bergerac & Roche-sur-Yon
PLANTAGENET, John of Gaunt
Patron of Geoffrey Chaucer (Gaunt's mistress and later wife, Catherine de Roët, was Chaucer's sister-in-law).
"Gaunt" is a corruption of "Ghent", which was the Flemish city of his birth, now in the Belgian province of East Flanders (Oost-Vlaanderen). This sobriquet ("of Gaunt") was not used after his third birthday, until Shakespeare revived it in his play King Richard II, and had him say this:
JOHN OF GAUNT, Duke of Lancaster ... uncle to the kingStirring words!
Gaunt:This royal throne of kings, this scepter'd isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other Eden, demi-paradise, This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall, Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands, This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England.King Richard II, Act II, scene 1
Bookmarks (off-site links)
- Works by
- Analyses, critiques and interpretations
- Works about
- Specific periods, events, aspects
- John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- GENUKI: Dukes of Great Britain (L-Z)
- John of Gaunt. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001
- John of Gaunt on Encyclopedia.com
- JOHN OF GAUNT
- John of Gaunt (archive)
- History Bookshop.com: John of Gaunt
- Notes for John OF GAUNT (archive)
- Information on Plantagenet, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster
- John of Gaunt His descendants, with plenty of useful notes
- John of Gaunt with a (hard-to-read) descendancy chart
- Memorials, tributes, shrines
- Schools named for Gaunt A favorite!
- Clubs, associations, and such
- John O'Gaunt Golf Club,Sandy,Bedfordshire,England
- John O'Gaunt Rowing Club (archive)
- John O'Gaunt Fitness Test (archive)
- John O'Gaunt Morris - Lancaster John O'Gaunt Morris Men, Lancaster were formed in 1968 from an existing sword team, with the aim of learning and continuing the traditional dances of England.
- Inns, pubs and brewerys "gaunt" is a curious name for an establishment serving meals, but here they are:
- Locomotive:John O'Gaunt A fine old engraving (image link broken at present! Jul 2005 -R.)
- John O'Gaunt Walk-BWF Horsebridge, HAM (archive)
- British Motor Manufacturers 1894-1960, John O'Gaunt
- Mario Ottonello John O'Gaunt's Gate But, where?
- Pedigree of John O'Gaunt A race horse!
- Bibliographies and Link Farms
- BookFinder.com: Search Results A mixed bag: Some relevant, some not.
- Google Search: john of gaunt
- Historical context
- Lancaster Priory Time Line Several interesting tidbits here. Search on "gaunt".
- The English Peasants' Revolt of 1381
- Geoffrey Chaucer: General Introduction
- The Life of John Wycliffe by Mrs Margaret Shand
- Medieval Sourcebook: Sir Jean Froissart: John of Gaunt in Portugal, 1385
- Patterson on Chaucer (archive)