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Matilda, the Empress [1104-1167] -- Lady

Relationship to me: 23GGMo
NORMAN family Outline Descent Tree(s) ODT
Contents:
Lady (Queen) of England (1141)
HRE of Germany (1114-1125)
Countess of Anjou
Domina Anglorum
Queen Consort
Queen Mother
a/k/a
English, Lady of the: Matilda
Matilda Augusta
Matilda the Good
Maud, Empress
Mold, Empress
Ęthelic, Aaliz

A remarkable woman.

Her father, ¤King Henry I, named her his heir after her brother ¤William was drowned in the White Ship disaster (1120). When her father died, however, she was out of the country and her cousin, ¤Stephen of Blois usurped the throne. There followed several years of inconclusive civil war, and Matilda gained the throne when she captured Stephen in February, 1141. She was named "Lady of the English", but did not press for outright coronation as Queen, as this would be unprecedented and would likely not be accepted by the barons.

In any case, her arrogance and tactless demands for money provoked the citizenry to chase her away to Oxford before she could be crowned queen. Normandy had been in her husband ¤Geoffrey's possession since 1144, and she retired there in 1148, remaining near Rouen to watch over the interests of her eldest son, who became duke of Normandy in 1150 and ¤King Henry II of England in 1154. She spent the remainder of her life in Normandy exercising a steadying influence over Henry II's continental dominions.

Buried at Rouen, her epitath reads: "Great by birth, greater by marriage, greatest in her offspring. Here lies the daughter, wife, and mother of Henry."  IS/publishing/Celeb/people/NORM123.htm.IH">-30-
 

Chronology

1114-1125
HRE of Germany

Bookmarks (off-site links)

Bookmarks:2004-12-29 06:38:52

Associated

  • Father: ¤Henry I Beauclerc [1068-1135] King of England
  • Cousin: ¤Stephen of England [~1096-1154] English monarch, King of England
  • Son: ¤Henry II Curtmantle [1133-1189] English monarch, King of England
  • Husband: ¤Geoffrey V [1110-1151] Founder of the Plantagenet dynasty, Duke of Normandy
  • Brother: ¤William the Ętheling, Duke of Normandy [<1108-1120]

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