de MONTFORT, Simon V [1208-1265] -- English general and statesman, 6th Earl of Leicester
6th Earl of Leicester
Simon the Righteous
He is remembered for having called together a parliament including
a House of Commons—although its influence on modern political structures is perhaps exaggerated.
His attempts to curb royal power brought him in constant conflict with the crown,
and, ultimately, were his undoing.
He was killed at the battle of Evesham.
Long popularly revered as a martyr and a saint,
he was known as "Simon the Righteous".
| Came to England as a member of the court of Henry III |
| Expelled all Jews from Leicester |
| Married sister of Henry III |
| On Crusade with Richard, Earl of Cornwall |
| de Montfort leads the barons against Henry III in the "baron's war" |
| Won battle of Lewes, capturing both king and heir |
| Summoned both knights and burgesses to a Parliament thus founding the House of Commons |
| Slain by Prince Edward's superior force at battle of Evesham, his body was mutilated and the limbs distributed around the realm |
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