HAYES, Rutherford Birchard [1822-1893] -- American politician & 19° POTUS
United States, POTUS 19
Nineteenth president of the United States, he was born Oct. 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio.
He graduated at Kenyon college in 1842; studied law at Harvard university, and was admitted to the bar in 1845.
In 1852 he married Miss Lucy W. Webb.
He was defeated for judge in 1856;
in 1859 was elected city solicitor, to fill a vacancy, by the Cincinnati city council, and in 1860 was elected by the people for one year, but defeated in 1861.
He was appointed major of the twenty-third Ohio infantry June 7, 1861, and continued in the service, being promoted for distinguished services, having been wounded four times, until he attained the rank of brigadier-general.
While in the field, in 1864, he was elected a representative in congress, and re-elected in 1866.
In 1867 he was elected governor of Ohio over Allen G. Thurman and was inaugurated Jan. 13, 1868, having resigned his seat in congress.
He was re-elected governor over George H. Pendleton in 1869.
In 1872 he was defeated for congress, and in 1875 was again elected governor of Ohio, this time defeating Governor William Allen.
The republican national convention met at Cincinnati June 14, 1876, to nominate candidates for president and vice-president. June 16 the first ballot stood:
James G. Blaine, 285;
Oliver P. Morton, 124;
Benjamin H. Bristow, 113;
Roscoe Conkling, 99;
Rutherford B. Hayes, 61;
John F. Hartranft, 58;
Marshall Jewell 11,
and William A. Wheeler ¤, 3.
There was no material change until the seventh ballot, which gave Hayes 384; Blaine, 351, and Bristow, 21.
Hayes receiving a majority, the vote was made unanimous.
William Almon Wheeler, of New York, was nominated for vice-president.
At the November election the popular vote stood.
For Hayes, 4,033,295;
for Tilden, 4,284,265.
Tilden's majority, 250,970.
The canvassing boards of Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina having returned the republican presidential electors, their right to do so being questioned by the democratic house of representatives (the senate being republican), congress on Jan. 29, 1877, passed a bill creating an electoral commission to count the electoral vote in all disputed cases.
The commission was composed of five justices of the supreme court, five senators and five representatives, as follows:
Nathan Clifford, Maine;
Samuel F. Miller, Iowa;
Stephen Johnson Field, California;
William Strong, Pennsylvania;
Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey.
George F. Edmunds, Vermont;
Oliver P. Morton, Indiana;
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, New Jersey;
Allen G. Thurman, Ohio;
Thomas Francis Bayard, Delaware.
Henry B. Payne, Ohio;
Eppa Hunton, Virginia;
Josiah G. Abbott, Massachusetts;
George F. Hoar, Massachusetts;
James Abram Garfield, Ohio.
The commission decided by a vote of 8 to 7 that the republican electoral vote of Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina should be counted for Hayes and Wheeler, which gave them 185 and Tilden and Hendricks 184 electoral votes.
The result was reported to congress, and at four o'clock on the morning of March 2, 1877, Hayes was declared elected president.
He at once resigned the office of governor of Ohio and proceeded to Washington and took the oath of office Saturday night, March 3.
He was inaugurated on Monday, March 5, and again took the oath of office.
At the close of his term, March 4, 1881, he retired to his home at Fremont, Ohio, where he died Jan. 17, 1893.
Hayes held office about fourteen years, and was the wealthiest of all the presidents [at this writing].
[Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography]
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