Louis IX of France [1214(1215?)-1270] -- "Crusader" -- French monarch, saint
a/k/aFrance (1226-1270), King
The model medieval Christian ruler, his reign was a golden age for Gothic architecture, Christian kingship and France.
He acceded to the throne at age 12 on the death of his father, Louis VIII, but his mother, Blanche of Castile, was regent during his minority (1226-34). He married in the year of his accession Margaret of Provence, by whom he had four children.
His was a long and comparatively peaceful reign, save for a brief uprising of the nobles (1242-43). He led the Seventh Crusade (1248-54), his mother again acting as regent in his absence. Her death (1252) forced his return to France. He was defeated and captured (1250) at al-Mansurah, Egypt. He and his men were ransomed, but he remained in Syria (1250-54) to strengthen its defenses.
He signed the Treaty of Corbeil (1258); abandoned French claims on Roussillon and Barcelona. By the Treaty of Paris with England (1259), Normandy, Anjou, Touraine, Maine, and Poitou became French, while Henry III was recognized as duke of Aquitaine.
He led another crusade to Tunisia (1270), where he took Carthage, but contracted dysentery and died in Tunis. (Some sources say he died of plague.)
He was canonized only 37 years after his death (1297) -- a process that sometimes takes centuries.
IconographySt Louis is often depicted holding a model of the Sainte Chapelle, a Paris chapel he built to house holy relics. This has led to his patronage of stonemasons and sculptors. He is also the patron saint of the French monarchy and the military. His feast day is 25 August, the anniversary date of his death in 1270.
Bookmarks (off-site links)
- Works by
- Medieval Sourcebook: Louis IX: Advice to His Son
- Analyses, critiques and interpretations
- For sale
- LOUIS IX, King of France, a.k.a. Saint Louis (1214-1270)
- Works about
- Specific periods, events, aspects
- Sainte Chapelle
A small Gothic chapel built in Paris by Louis in the 1240's to house holy relics. The church is known for its stunning stained glass work.
- Image of The Paris Pages / Images des Pages de Paris
- Sainte Chapelle - stained glass windows
- Paris Pages; Monuments - Sainte Chapelle Check the windows
- History of Gothic Architecture : Sainte-Chapelle de Paris No.1
- Paris Kiosque - Heaven on Earth; The Sainte Chapelle - July 2000
- Stories of faith put Sainte Chapelle's visitors in state of grace
- Paris: culture, students, travel information, tips, Paris
- St. Denis An abbey outside Paris wherin are buried most of French royalty. Louis erected monuments there to his ancestors in 1231.
- Monnaies - Louis IX Coinage during his reign (text in French)
- Sainte Chapelle A small Gothic chapel built in Paris by Louis in the 1240's to house holy relics. The church is known for its stunning stained glass work.
- Chronologies, synopses
- Patron Saints Index: Louis IX Includes a short spiritual testament by King Saint Louis IX to his son.
- Saint-Louis text in French (archive)
- The Ecole Glossary
- Louis IX of France: Definition and Much More From Answers.com
- Medieval Wars and Conflicts Timeline
- Catholic Online - Saints & Angels - St. Louis IX
- CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Louis IX
- The Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville He wrote for his liege lady his recollections of her husband's grandfather, St. Louis.
- St. Louis of France
- History of France From the Earliest Times to MDCCCXLVIII; Chapter III: From Philip Augustus to the Death of Saint Louis.;
- Specific periods, events, aspects
- File 113: Ancestors of Paul Bailey MCBRIDE
- Information on Capet, Louis IX (St. Louis) of France, King of France at Brian Tompsett's brilliant site
- Memorials, tributes, shrines
- Bibliographies and Link Farms
- Collections, archives - Papers
- Historical context, background
- History / Historical figures / Louis IX, king of France The Bibliothèque Nationale de France
- Google Search: saint louis ix
- Saint Louis a miniature (text in French)
- Stamps & coins