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BUCHANAN, James [1791-1868] -- American politician, 15° POTUS

Relationship to me: 14C6
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Contents:
a/k/a
United States, POTUS 15

A Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania and a President of the United States; born at Cove Gap, near Mercersberg, Franklin County, Pa., April 23, 1791; moved to Mercersburg, Pa., with his parents in 1799; was privately tutored and then attended the village academy; was graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in 1809; moved to Lancaster, Pa., the same year; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1812 and practiced in Lancaster; although a Federalist, was one of the first volunteers in the War of 1812 and served under Judge Shippen in the defense of Baltimore; member of the State house of representatives in 1814 and 1815; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1818 to the Sixteenth Congress; elected to the Seventeenth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1831); was not a candidate for renomination in 1830; one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1830 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against James H. Peck, judge of the United States District Court for the District of Missouri; Minister to Russia from June 1832 to August 1834; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Wilkins; reelected in 1837 and 1843 and served from December 6, 1834, until he resigned on March 5, 1845, to accept a Cabinet portfolio; Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Polk from March 6, 1845, to March 7, 1849; Minister to Great Britain 1853-1856; elected President of the United States in 1856 as the candidate of the Democratic Party and served from March 4, 1857, to March 3, 1861; retired to his home in Wheatland, near Lancaster, Pa., where he died June 1, 1868; interment in Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, Pa. BDAC

He never married, and is the only batchelor president. His niece, Harriet Lane, served as his White House hostess and FLOTUS.  -30-
 

Chronology

1821-1831
U.S. House of Representatives
1830
Appointed by HR to conduct proceedings against James H. Peck
1832-1834
Minister ro Russia
1834-1845
U.S. Senator from PA
1845-1849
U.S. Secretary of State (Polk)
1853-1856
Minister to Great Britain
1857-1861
15° POTUS
1857/03
US Supreme court nullifies Dred Scott decision of lower court
1858/05/11
Minnesota gains statehood
1859/02/14
Oregon gains statehood
1859/08/27
Oil is discovered in Pennsylvania
1859/10/16
John Brown raids Harper's Ferry
1860/12/20
South Carolina secedes
1861/01/29
Kansas gains statehood

Bookmarks (off-site links)

Bookmarks:2010-05-31 05:03:04

Associated

  • Niece: ¤LANE, Harriet [1830-1903] FLOTUS (FLOTUS)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
image related to subject
image related to subject
James Buchanan, POTUS
2217f red & blue, issued 22 May 1986

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