Robert I [1274-1329] -- Scottish monarch, Earl of Carrick
King of Scotland
a/k/aRobert the Bruce
Scotland (1306-1329), King
Scotland's liberator and national hero.
After having previously supported Edward I (King of England), he made his move in 1306 by killing John Comyn, the Scottish agent of Edward's cat's paw, Balliol. While Edward was ailing, he arranged a secret meeting (1306) with Comyn, in Greyfriars Kirk, Dumfries. The meeting ended in disaster when the two men quarrelled and Bruce stabbed Comyn to death. Thus, he made enemies of King Edward, the Comyns and the Church for committing murder in a holy place. Nevertheless, he shortly after assumed the Crown and Royal Dignity of Scotland.
Initially suffering defeats and other indignities at Edward's hand,
he fled to Ireland, returning in 1307.
His spectacular victory over the English at Bannockburn (1314),
brought to an end the Second Interregnum
with the Treaty of Northampton (1328).
|Receives title of Earl of Carrick|
|Kills John Comyn, his cousin and nephew of John de Balliol|
|He is crowned at Scone|
|Takes refuge in Ireland following defeats at Methven and Dail Righ (now Dalry)|
|He returns to Scotland|
|Victory at Battle of Bannockburn|
|Subdues the Hebrides|
|Treaty of Northampton, wherein Edward III recognizes Scotland independence and Robert's right to the throne|
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