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ADAMS, John Quincy [1767-1848] -- American politician and statesman, 6° POTUS

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Wiki: John Quincy Adams Wiki

At the age of eleven years he accompanied his father, John Adams, ¤ to France. He attended school in Paris, and in 1781 accompanied the American ambassador, Francis Dana, to Russia as his private secretary. He returned home in 1785, and entered Harvard College, where he graduated in 1788. He then began the study of law with Hon. Theophilus Parsons. In 1794 he was appointed resident minister to the Netherlands, and afterwards to Portugal; but, while on his way to Lisbon, he received a new commission from his father, then president, which changed him to Prussia. In 1797 he was married to Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson. He returned to America in 1801, and in 1802 he was elected to the senate of Massachusetts. In 1803 he was elected to the United States senate, and resigned his seat in 1806. In 1809 he was appointed minister plenipotentiary to Russia, and in 1814 he was placed at the head of the American commissioners who negotiated the treaty of peace with Great Britain at Ghent. Mr. Adams was appointed minister to the court of St. James in 1815; was appointed secretary of state in 1817, and held the office eight years. Feb. 9, 1825, he was elected president of the United States by the house of representatives, the electoral College having failed to make a choice, and was inaugurated March 4, He was defeated for a re-election, and on the 4th of March, 1829, he left the executive chair and retired to private life. In 1830 he was elected to the house of representatives, and held the office by re-elections until his death, Feb. 23, 1848, which occurred in the capitol at Washington in the speaker's room, two days after falling from his chair in the house of representatives. His last words were: This is the end of earth; I am content.

An elaborate history of his life was published in 1875, by his son, Charles Francis Adams. ¤ HE

He has been called perhaps the greatest secretary of state in American history. His presidency was not so distinguished.  -30-
 

Chronology

1778
Accompanied his father to France
1781
Private secretary to Francis Dana, American ambassador to Russia
1785
Returned to US, entered Harvard College
1788
Graduated Harvard College
1794
Appointed resident minister to the Netherlands
1797
Married Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson
1797
First president to have been married abroad (London)
1801
Returned to US
1802
Elected to MA Senate
1803
Elected to US Senate, but resigned his seat in 1806
1809
Minister plenipotentiary to Russia
1814
Headed American commission negotiating the Treaty of Ghent with GB
1815
Minister to the court of St James (GB)
1817
Appointed secretary of state
1819
Negotiates the Transcontinental Treaty with Spain (ratified 1821)
1825
First president to be elected by the house of representatives, the electoral college having failed to make a choice.
1825
First son of a president to also be elected president
1825-1829
6th POTUS
1829
Retires to private life, having failed to win reelection to the presidency
<1829
Installed the first billiard table in the White House
<1829
First president to be interviewed by a female reporter
1830-1848
US representative from MA -- the only president to be elected to the House after his presidency
1841/02/22
Begins arguments of the Armistat case before the Supreme Court

Selected Works

  • The Bible and Its Teachings
  • Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory
  • Letters on Freemasonry
  • Lives of Celebrated Statesmen
  • Poems of Religion and Society
  • Bookmarks (off-site links)

    Bookmarks:2005-09-16 15:31:32

    Associated

    • Son: ¤ADAMS, Charles Francis [1807-1886] American diplomat and author
    • Father: ¤ADAMS, John [1735-1826] American politician and statesman, 2° POTUS (2° POTUS)
    • Wife: ¤ADAMS, Abigail [1744-1818] American writer, First Lady of the United States, FLOTUS

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