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HISTORY OF HANOVER TOWNSHIP AND WYOMING VALLEY

Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
By: Henry Blackman Plumb, 1885, 498 pp.
Robert Baur, Printer and Stationer, Wilkes-Barre, PA

Website Compiled By: James H. Culbert

This Page Last Updated: 22 Apr 2014

Below, I have added a search facility, courtesy of siteLevel, so that you can find information more quickly.

You MUST choose the History of Hanover Township subject area in the drop-down menu of the search facility first, before conducting your search.


The purpose of this website is to make publicly available the lists contained within the abovementioned book that may be of interest to genealogists or historians.  This book contains several lists of persons associated with the settlement of Wyoming Valley and the formation and history of Hanover Township up to 1885.  It focuses on the area located along the Susquehanna River surrounding today's city of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.  Much of the early history of the valley, up to about 1800, draws heavily from an earlier text by Charles Miner, 1845, History of Wyoming, which I strongly recommend to those seeking more information about these places and time periods.

I own a copy of the valuable history referenced above, which has been passed down in my family because we can trace some of our ancestors back to three of the old families of Hanover listed in this book, the Keisers, Saums, and Sorbers.

I am interested in supplementing and correcting the information presented here, and encourgage persons to contact me if they wish to make such contributions, or serve as a contact for one or more of these families.

Any differences between what is found here and what the text contains are my editorial attempts to condense this material, my misunderstanding of the material, or my typographical errors.  I apologize beforehand should this lead anyone astray.  The material on these pages found in red text is supplemental information not found in the abovementioned book.

This book is now available on CD, which can be obtained from:

America's Book CDs

THE LISTS:

1. The first two hundred persons enrolled as actual settlers to man their rights in the first five townships established in Wyoming Valley, dated 2 June 1769.  [Note: to man one's rights meant that the person settled on the land, built upon it and lived there.] (pp. 70-71)

First 200 Settlers

2. The forty men from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania who accompanied Captain Lazarus STEWART into the Wyoming Valley in February, 1770, and expelled from the valley the Pennamites at Fort Durkee at Wilkes-Barre.  [Note: Pennamites were Pennsylvania residents who had leased one hundred acres in Wyoming Valley for seven years from the heirs of William PENN on the condition that they defend these lands from the Connecticut claimants.  They first arrived to this area in January, 1769 and occupied the buildings (located at Mill Creek, one mile above the present city of Wilkes-Barre) that were left by the massacred settlers in 1763.] (pp. 144-145)

Paxton Boys

3. The associates of Captain Lazarus STEWART and William STEWART who received rights to the First Division of lots in Hanover Township because of their service to the Susquehanna Company, made sometime between 1771 and 1772, and a short narrative on the history of each lot. (p. 151, pp. 167-175, p. 179)

Hanover First Division

4. The 100 officers first designated on 2 March, 1774, to serve the town of Westmoreland (located on the site of today's Wilkes- Barre, PA).  At this time Westmoreland included the following Districts: Wilkes-Barre; Hanover (from Wilkes-Barre south and west along the Susquehanna River, and east on the Lehigh River); Plymouth (all land west of the Susquehanna R. for 15 miles); Kingston (with land west to the town line); Pittston; North (including Exeter, Providence and all land west and north to the town line); Lackaway (including the Lackaway settlement, Blooming Grove, and Sheolah - mostly on the Lackawaxen River in Pike Co. [in 1885]); East (including Coshutunk, and all settlements on the Delaware). (pp. 85-86)

Westmoreland Officers

5. The persons receiving rights to lots in the Second Hanover Division, dated 8 June, 1776, and a short narrative on the history of some of those lots. (p. 158, pp. 175-177, p. 179)

Hanover Second Division

6. A list of the men, as far as can be recollected, who were killed in or escaped during the Wyoming Battle and Massacre of 3 July, 1778.  Those who were resident landowners of Hanover, and generally over the age of 21 at that time, are also shown, including those residents not involved in the battle or massacre because they were too old, too sick, had no firearms, or absent from the valley at that time. (pp. 104-108, 164-165)  In addition, I have provided a brief account of the Wyoming Battle and Massacre as a separate link.

Those involved in the Wyoming Battle and Massacre

A brief account of the Wyoming Battle and Massacre

7. The persons receiving rights to lots in the Third Hanover Division, dated 12 Sept 1787, and a short narrative on the history of some of those lots. (p. 166, pp. 177-179)

Hanover Third Division

8. The persons who purchased the first thirty-six lots in the town of Nanticoke between 9 Feb and 14 March 1794 at a cost of 3 pounds 15 shillings each (about $ 10.00).  These lots were subdivided from Lot 27 of the First Division of Hanover by it's owner, William STEWART. (p. 181)

Nanticoke Division

9. The earliest remaining list of taxable landowners of Hanover Township, dated 1796, consisting of eighty-six men. (p. 245- 246)

1796 List of Hanover Taxables

10. The 1799 tax assessment list of Hanover Township, consisting of 110 residents and non- residents, along with the size of their landholdings, their taxable possessions, and the total value of land and possessions. (pp. 250-252)  [Note: in 1796, Hanover consisted of all lands from the Susquehanna River to the Lehigh River, 15 miles beyond the eventual certified Hanover Township boundary.  About half of Hanover south of the certified Township boundary was cut off in 1839, the remainder in 1853. (p. 246-247)

1799 Hanover Tax Assessment

11. Those men from Hanover Township known to have served in the War of 1812.  The war ended in January, 1815.  No list of volunteers or drafted men from Hanover is known to exist.  Only these few listed below have been identified. (p. 265)

BARKMAN, Henry
BLACKMAN, Harry
GARRISON, John
HENDERSHOT, William
SIMS, John
WHIPPLE, Nathan

12. The tax assessment list of 1830, along with those who were single freemen.  Single freement were probably those not owning land.  This list included all men living in Hanover Township at this time.  Also at this time, "Hanover is bounded N.E. by Wilkes-Barre, E. and S.E. by the Lehigh River and Northampton County, S.W. by Sugarloaf and Newport, and N.W. by the Susquehanna River, which separates it from Plymouth." (p. 280, quoted from Chapman's History of Wyoming, 1830)  These lands included all that were called Hanover, Bear Creek, Denison, and Foster Townships and White Haven Borough. (p. 283)

1830 Hanover Tax Assessment

13. The list men from Hanover known to have fought in the Mexican War of 1846-48.  No record of those men from Hanover who fought in this war has been found.  Those few known are listed below. (p. 301)

HOWARD, David
SLIKER, John (was killed)
SLIKER, Samuel

14. The one hundred thirty-five Hanover Township soldiers serving in the United States army for any length of time during the rebellion of 1861-1865 who received an honorable discharge, were killed, or died in during their army service.  Note that those men not naturalized could claim exemption from military service. (pp. 315-316)

Civil War Participants

15. A selected list from Israel Daniel Rupp's, Collection of Upwards of 30,000 Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French, and Other immigrants in Pennsylvania From 1727 to 1776.  These selected entries consist of those German, Dutch, or Swiss male immigrants to Pennsylvania, along with their arrival year in America, that bear the same or a similar surname to the early inhabitants of Hanover Township.  Doubtless, these immigrants are the ancestors of many of those Hanover inhabitants found in this history book. (p. 377)

Rupp's 30,000 Names Selections

16. Genealogical tables of the old Hanover Township families to 1830. (pp. 387-486) 

Genealogical Tables Index Page

17. Descriptions of the old homes standing about 1840-1850 along the River, Middle, and Back Roads of Hanover pertaining to the Hanover families listed in the genealogical tables above. (pp. 354-375)  This information is organized with each road on a separate page, and links between them.

The Old Hanover Houses


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