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213th Aero Squadron

Augustus Gallagher
Lawrence Kinnaird
Jack Brackett
Evans P. Peterman
Francis J. Vine
Earl H. Eaton

Thomas M. Clanton
James E. Dagan
Leroy P. Bennett
George A. Muller
Roland E. Duncan
Homer D. Coberty
William J. Martin
Clinton W. Courter
Dewitt J. Cohn
Callan T. Albritton
Washington G. Davies
William J. Stuckey
Earl C. Dubuque


Dennis Louis Jones 

James O. Bickford
John F. Equi
Leroy W. Johnson
Frank Clark
George Chaves 
Charles W. Collins
Clifford V. Hanley
William Howard Raisner KIA


Charles Henry Mead
Leo W. Harp
Walter P. Becker
Albert Thomas Ratkiewich


Freddie Johns DOW-FR


George H. Robinson


Joseph L. McKee

Francis W. Hardesty


Roger Baker


Irving C. P. Jensen
Thomas A. Carey


Henry A. Smith


W. N. Cope


Paul Griffith 


Thomas G. Welstead
Arthur P. Brown
Charles Hornecker Jr.
Frank J. Julian


Alvin J. Samuel
Melvin Miller

Richard F. Outcault Jr.
Roscoe Raymond Loper 
John F. Eberhard
Mayor Cigal
Frederick A. Lampe
Walter R. Box Jr.
Thomas A. Conway
Hawthorne W. Lathrop
John Rieber
Charles L. Ambler
Henry J. Shaw
Lee V. Michels
Adolph Bartolomeo MIA

Aubrey V. Mole
William F. Egan
Lawrence Negrette
Joseph L. Smith
Luther E. Smith
Harvey Avery

NEW YORK - Continued

John O’Rourke
Albert Cornell
Andrew D. Van Sicklen
David M. Wolff
Harry E. Zedtner
Frank O’Toole
Arthur Dew 
Joseph W. Crawford
Julius J. Leone
Winfield S. Norris
John J. O’Connell
Joseph D. Oddo
Alfred M. Davis
Raymond L. Davis
George C. Donnelly
William J. Clabby
Harold Conklin
Albert H. Eaves
Edward C. Barker
Joseph L. Barnitt
William F. Furman
Henry Geslien
Anthony F. Abarno
Wynne E. Abel
Frederick C. Chellborg
Oliver L. Flood
Frederick Flux
Walter C. Friedman
David M. Loweree
George M. Ludlam
Robert G. Massey
Robert Blumberg
Lawrence J. Doyle
Harold M. Johnasson
Michael Katz
Frank T. Martin
Kenneth D. Kay
Robert W. Kissam
John P. Henry
Martin B. Herman
Guy E. Howard
Joseph E. Mayer
Lester W. McKenna
Harry Meyer
Robert F. McCarthy
James A. McElroy
George Faber
Edmund Fink
William S. Mackintosh
William A. Rae
F. Brand
Charles C. Cargill
Fred S. Chace
Ernest G. Sander
Henry P. Senior Jr.
William J. Ramsey
Frederick F. Rathgeber
Edward J. Duffy
Arthur L. Stanbrough
Harold R. Stevenson
Douglas W. East
William L. Rockett
Archie B. Tesseyman
John J. Trapp
Lafayette J. Rothstein
Harold E. Pearsall
Christian J. Gunther
George J. Hammar
Charles K. Esenbach
John T. Welch
Alva Dart
Henry Albert
Frank Bruno KIA
Joseph G. Maysterick KIA
Henry S. Speidel KIA


Hugh Zeller
Howard G. Doll
Gregg Gehring MIA


Robert M. Mace

Thomas Q. Adams
Evan Jones

Chauncey Irvin DeLong 
Charles D. Feather
Charles J. Fisher
William W. Rinn Jr.
David G. Young
David Rishel


Lawrence Bedrosian


Harvey P. Holland
Frank H. Carroll


Rollo Mulford

My Grandfather was 1st lieutenant "Augustus John Philbin Gallagher" of the 213th Aero Squadron, he survived the sinking, and I still have the telegrams from the War Department. I have sent the photo I promised you, it was actually a postcard, on the back he wrote: For Mary (my grandmother) and Martha (my Aunt) and John (my dad) and it was dated 3/29/1918. So this must have been taken in London, just after the sinking!

Gail Gallagher-Cousins
January 16, 2006

My Grandfather was a Soldier on this ship when it was torpedoed. His name was Paul Griffith and was assigned to the 213 Aero Squadron. He survived. I found a photo under gallery of soldiers who survived and were part of a burial detail. I recognized my Grandfather as one of the soldiers. He is the fourth one from the right, back row. This is truly amazing.
John M. Eador
January 30, 2007

My cousin, John Eador informed me about your wonderful website, SS Tuscania - An American History. The Tuscania Survivors photo taken on Islay, dated 12 Feb. 1918, literally took my breath away. Paul Griffith is the fourth from the right, in the back row in that photo. Thank you for an outstanding website.

Donna Forney-Clark
Feb. 6, 2007

My father, Richard F. Outcault related this story to me regarding his experience aboard the Tuscania:
“When I boarded the ship in Hoboken, I was approached by one of the crew who said he thought that the ship was going to be torpedoed at some point in the crossing and that if I wanted his help in the event that it happened, he stated that we could come to an agreement, he would do all he could to help me. We agreed. The crewman showed me where his cabin was and said that if anything happened and I needed his help he would be waiting for me in his cabin.” Dad said he thought he was singled out by the crewmember because he was wearing a custom tailored uniform instead of the regular issue.
“The crossing was relatively routine with a few lifeboat drills and not much else. Then within sight of the coast of Scotland the ship was torpedoed. There was much confusion - however; I was able to make it to my lifeboat station only to find that the boat had been destroyed by the attack and that there weren’t any others available. Remembering my agreement with the crewmember I started for his cabin - at the other end of the ship. Soon they’re after all the lights in the passageways went out and I had to negotiate the passageway, the length of the ship, in complete darkness. After what seemed like a terribly long time I made it to the crewman’s cabin, opened the door and sure enough the man was sitting there waiting for him!” Dad said “Ok I’m ready let’s go!” The man replied “don’t worry we have plenty of time.” As they sat together the crewman said,  “when we go up on deck you will see other ships circling around and when the time is right one will come along side and we will be able to jump off this ship onto the deck of another.” That was exactly what happened - when they went up on deck a ship was coming along side however; the seas were very rough and the two ships were banging together and bobbing up and down. The crewmember said “don’t jump until I tell you to and try to land exactly where I tell you to land. After a while the crewman said get ready, jump now!” The timing was perfect and Dad landed on the deck of the other ship as it was dropping away from the deck of the Tuscania and came in for a soft landing (or relatively so).
Dad said “many men were lost by jumping at the wrong time and being caught between the two ships.” After his rescue he was taken to England and then re-connected with his unit and went on to serve in the war.  He eventually went to France and served as an Airplane mechanic repairing Magnetos. Sometime later he was wounded by an airplane propeller and spent some recovery time in England and then came home for discharge.
After the war he worked in his father’s advertising business, in Chicago and New York, that promoted products using the cartoon characters that his father had created (The Yellow Kid, Buster Brown and others) until his father’s death in 1928. He married in 1920 and after living in the Chicago area he and his family moved to Palm Springs, California in 1936 where he built, and operated a hotel with his brother in law, Frank Pershing until he retired in the late 1950’s. 
Peter Outcault
Jan. 4, 2008 

What a wonderful site. My husband’s grandfather Roscoe Raymond Loper was a survivor of this terrible tragedy. I didn't know the date it happened. So funny how history repeats it’s self. That our son, Andrew had died on that same day in 2002 and that his great grandfather had lived thru that terrible ordeal.
Roscoe died in 1944 from the injuries he received while he was getting off the ship. He was caught between the life boat and the Tuscania and was crushed between them. He did go home, back to the US, he married and had 2 sons. One of which was my father in law. Thanks for the wonderful info.
Lizabeth Loper
Feb. 7, 2009

My great uncle, Frank O’Toole survived the sinking of the Tuscania. I have a picture with allot of the survivors that I didn't see on this site. I'll try to attach it somehow.  The pictures:

1) Picture of about 150 men posing, with captions:
         "USA 213th Aero Squadron S.C."
                         [ Picture ]
"Survivors of the S.S. Tuscania, torpedoed 5th February, 1918"
:"Every Man A Volunteer" "Commander Lt. W. P. Norfolk"

2) A Double Picture
     On top, is a picture of the Tuscania at sea with the caption:
"The ill-fated American troopship Tuscania passing through the Submarine Zone on February 5, the day before she was torpedoed off the Irish coast with a loss of more than 100 lives."

On the Bottom, is a picture of 100 men posing with a caption that reads:  "Group of American Officers and men who survived the sinking of the Tuscania, photographed on their arrival at an Irish port."

Ray Cardinali

January 26, 2007

My grandfather was a survivor of the SS Tuscania sinking. He was Julius J. Leone and a member of the 213th Aero Pursuit Squadron. My daughter and I have tried to get his WWI records, but it appears that they were lost in a fire at the St. Louis storage facility. We would love to know more about him. He survived both the sinking and the war. He once told me about his rescue by a British destroyer, and then being dressed in English uniforms, dropped off on the Irish coast only to be chased by people from a small Irish town that thought they were Englishmen. He couldn't believe that after surviving the German U-Boat and the many hours in frigid waters seeing he comrades dying, it would be most ironic to be clubbed to death by a bunch of Irishmen that thought they were English and not Americans.
Chris Nulle
December 30, 2009






Camelia Jordana  - La Madrague