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ROSTER
CAPTAIN HENING'S 1863 COMPANY K
76TH ENROLLED MISSOURI MILITIA


In the summer of 1862, Confederate guerrillas spread fear across Missouri.  Unable to control them with regular troops, Union commanders created the Enrolled Missouri Militia ("EMM").  Able-bodied Missouri men not already in the military were required to report to the nearest Union post and enroll for military service in the local area.  They were to be called into service only as needed and paid by the state only for the days actually served.  At least initially, they furnished their own arms and equipment.  EMM service was compulsory, not voluntary, and sent some Southern sympathizers fleeing into the brush.

Newton County had two EMM companies in the 76th Regiment, Company I organized at Newtonia under Captain James M. Ritchey and Company K organized at Neosho under Captain Richard A. Hening.  As in other Civil War units, the officers were elected.  Company K had 67 men, all of whom had managed to avoid military service for nearly two years of war prior to creation of the EMM.  For about two-thirds of them, EMM service proved to be their only wartime service.  The remainder later served in other Union companies. 

The order creating the EMM was issued July 22, 1862, with the initial enrollment to be completed by August 10.  About this time, however, Confederates forced a partial Union withdrawal from Southwest Missouri.  Except for occasional scouts and skirmishes, the Union essentially abandoned Newton County until after the 1st Battle of Newtonia on September 30.  The Confederates used their time in the county to recruit their own Newton County companies, notably Company K of the 8th MO Infantry (CSA).  Confederate recruiting efforts were probably aided by the recent announcement of the EMM, which meant that fence sitters had to get off the fence on one side or the other.  Also, Confederate enlistments were frequently no more voluntary than Union enrollments, which probably accounts for the Confederate deserters who later turned up in Union companies.

As a result of these events, the formation of Newton County's EMM was substantially delayed.  While some companies in the 76th Regiment began enrollments as early as July 29 and were ordered into service as early as August 8, Company K was not formally enrolled until January 29, 1863.  I have not found any account of its activities and am not sure that it was ever activated.  Service cards for its members at the Missouri State Archives do not show a date when it was ordered into active service.

In February, 1863, Union commanders decided that a smaller, full-time militia would be more effective than the EMM.  In the next few months, over 80 EMM regiments across Missouri turned over their duties to just 11 regiments of the Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia ("PEMM").  Sixteen men from Company K subsequently served in Company G, 7th PEMM under Captain William Ray and three in Company K, 7th PEMM under Captain James M. Ritchey.  For more information on these units see the introductions to their respective rosters:  Roster, Company G, 7th PEMM and Roster, Company K, 7th PEMM.

The PEMM's creation did not terminate the existence of the EMM.  EMM units continued to exist on paper, and in 1864, the two EMM companies from Newton County underwent second enrollments and saw active service under new officers. Legally, the Company K of 1863 and the Company K of 1864 may have been one unit, but they seem to have functioned separately.  Of the 67 men in the original Company K, only 2 are listed in the 95-man 1864 unit.  At any rate, I have created a separate Roster, Captain Burgess' 1864 Company K.

Two members of Company K, Nathan Marcus and Francis McDaniels, were killed in action during their subsequent service with Company G, 7th PEMM.

For more information on the roster entries, see the Research Notes following the roster.

Name (Alternative Spellings)Notes
Officers
Captain Richard A. HeningAge 27.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
1st Lieutenant Elisha WaltersAge 22.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho & resigned 7/6/1863.
2nd Lieutenant Charles RaganAge 34.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho & resigned 5/15/1863.
Non-Commissioned Officers
No non-commissioned ranks shown in database roster.
Enlisted Men, All with Rank of Private
Abbott, Henry C.Age 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Anderson, RichardAge 20.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Barnett, ReubinAge 43.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Beavers, Freedom (Bevens)Age 25.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (251 days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. K, 76th EMM 4/25/1864, no place shown.  Listed absent without leave.
Beavers, Jesse (Bevens)Age 31.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (326 days).
Bell, JeremiahAge 45.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Boyd, Quintas C. (Quinton)Age 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (251 days).  Enlisted Co. L, 8th MO Cavalry & Co. B, 11th MO Cavalry 12/11/1863 at Springfield.
Boyd, PinckneyAge 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Service card says company "I", but lists Captain Hening as the company captain and uses the Co. K enrollment date.
Burkhart, JohnAge 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Burkhart, Solomon (Buckhart)Age 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (176 days).  Enlisted Co. E, 46th MO Infantry 8/22/1864 at Neosho.
Carter, McKinney (McKenney, McKindree, McKindry, McKindres)Age 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/13/1863 at Bowers Mill (158 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.  McKinney Carter enlisted in Co. H, 16th MO Infantry (Confederate) 7/19/1862 and was discharged for disability 9/20/1862 at Camp Elkhorn.
Carter, William R.Age 32.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Cisro, ReubinAge 43.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Cox, Joshua (Joshaway)Age 28.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 8/1 or 9/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (72 days).  Enlisted Co. E, 46th MO Infantry 8/20/1864 at Neosho.
Cox, Willis R.Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Newtonia (37 days summer, 47 days Price's Raid).
Crabtree, WilliamAge 21.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 8/2/1863 at Mt. Vernon (182 days).  Discharged for disability 2/10/1864.
Cursey, LeviAge 31.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Dobbs, William R.Age 37.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Ferguson, John (Furgason)Age 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (296 days). 
Fiscus, WilliamAge 43.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Friend, JesseAge 53.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Gallimore, SolomonAge 33.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Gilstrap, Jeremiah (Jerry)Age 24.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (175 days).  Enlisted Co. E, 46th MO Infantry 8/23/1864 at Neosho.
Golden, TempleAge 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Hicks, SamuelAge 35.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Holland, NathanielAge 32.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Howard, LewisAge 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Howell, Thomas B. (Hoell, Howel)Age 30.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (174 days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. K 4/25/1864, no place shown (25 days Price's Raid).
Hutchinson, JosephAge 21.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Hutchinson, Lewis B. (Hutcherson, Hutcheson, Hutchison)Age 29.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (176 days "as private").  Promoted 1st Lt. 7/18/1864.  Enlisted Co. G, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863, place not shown.
Hutchinson, Thomas D.Age 59.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Johnson, John R.Age 24.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Kinslow, AndrewAge 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enlisted Co. M, 8th MO State Militia 1//31/1864, place not shown.
Kinslow, PageAge 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enlisted Co. M, 8th MO State Militia 1//31/1864 at Neosho. The 8th MSM index card shows age 20.
Lee, James J.Age 28.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Lee, LukeAge 23.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Lee, WilsonAge 45.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Lumbley, WilliamAge 20.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Marcus, NathanAge 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM, 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (296 days).  Killed in action by bushwhackers 5/20/1864.
McCawley, Daniel R. (McCauley, McCaully, McCulley)Age 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (171 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
McDaniels, Francis M. (Frank McDaniel)Age 21.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/20/1863 at Mt. Vernon (137 days).  Roster for 10/31/1863 says killed in action.
McDougal, Daniel B.Age 42.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Melton, JohnAge 31.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 10/19/1864 at Newtonia.  Rendered no service.
Miller, IsaacAge 36.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Miller, JoshuaAge 25.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Mizer, William P. (Miser)Age 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon and promoted quartermaster sergeant 3/1/1864 (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Springfield.
Moser, GeorgeAge 35.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Moser, Samuel D.Age 35.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Narimon, John (Napimon)Age 35.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  A John Narimen or Narrimore served in Co. G, 15th MO Cavalry.
Palmer, HustonAge 30.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Pollock, HenryAge 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Ragan, EdwardAge 57.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Ragan, Washington (Ragin)Age 23.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (171 days).  Deserted 11/1/1863.
Reutch, Peter (Reutsch, Rench, Rentick)Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM 5/8/1863 at Mt. Vernon (294 days).  Enlisted Co. G, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Newtonia.
Ridenon, MigualAge 35.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Roark, Nathan W. (Rourk)Age 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM, date & place not shown (? days).  Enlisted Co. G, 15th MO Cavarly 11/1/1863 at Newtonia.
Seat, Josiah J. F.Age 42.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 9/29/1862 at Neosho.
Sellers, Nathaniel S.Age 30.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Severs, DanielAge 37.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Severs, JamesAge 26.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Testerman, John (Testament, Testamand)Age 18.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM, 1/29/1863 at Neosho.  Enrolled Co. G, 7th PEMM, 5/8/1863 or 5/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (162 days).  Enlisted Co. G, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Newtonia.
Van Pool, DavidAge 44.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
West, Christopher C.Age 29.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.
Whitwell, William C.Age 34.  Enrolled Co. K, 76th EMM 1/29/1863 at Neosho.

RESEARCH NOTES

The above roster is based primarily on the Missouri Secretary of State's Soldiers Database.  This database includes images of "service cards" summarizing each soldier's service in a particular unit.  The information on these cards was abstracted many years ago from the original Civil War muster rolls.  Some of the cards are more complete than others.  If a soldier served in three different units (e.g., 76th EMM, 7th PEMM, 15th MO Cavalry), then he should have three different cards.  Often, too, his name will be spelled three different ways.  My roster combines information from all of the cards for each solider, but does not include every detail on the cards for every solider.  If you are researching a particular soldier, be sure to look at the cards themselves.

Supplemental online sources for the roster included the Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri, December 31, 1863, pages 514-515, and the National Park Service Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.  The Annual Report provided additional information on some of the officers, and the NPS System provided a crosscheck for who served in the 15th MO Cavalry.

In creating the roster, I was researching the unit rather than the individuals.  The goal was to create a source showing how the EMM and PEMM units evolved, the number of men moving from each unit to its successor, the number of casualties and so forth.  I spent only a couple of minutes on each entry and did not attempt to sort out every ambiguity involving soldiers of similar name.  Some of the men may have served in units besides those listed.  In rare cases, I may have lumped together the service of two men with identical names.  Do your own research on particular soliders!

Be aware that some of the enrollment and enlistment dates are formal, legal dates bearing little relationship to actual events.  For example, soldiers who joined the 15th MO Cavalry from the 7th PEMM were given enlistment dates of November 1, 1863.  This date determined when their 20-month enlistments began and ended and who was responsible for paying them from that date (the Federal government rather than the state govenment), but had nothing to do with when the 15th MO Cavalry actually formed.  In fact, the 15th MO Cavalry was not formed until the summer of 1864 and was not designated the 15th MO Cavalry until the end of November, 1864.

While soliders in the 15th MO Cavalry and other Federal units were paid by the month, soldiers in the EMM and PEMM were paid only for days "in actual service."  Some EMM and PEMM service cards provide this information, some don't.  If the number of days served in a particular unit is on a soldier's service card, it is included in parentheses after his enrollment information.  A "?" means the space for this information on the card is blank.  Serice cards for the 1863 Company K, 76th EMM do not show that the unit was activated and do not show days of service for any of the members.
 

Timeline of the Civil War in Newton County, Missouri.

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