ROSTER, COMPANY I 1862-63, 76TH ENROLLED MISSOURI MILITIA, NEWTON COUNTY, MISSOURI

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ROSTER
CAPTAIN RITCHEY'S 1862-63 COMPANY I
76TH ENROLLED MISSOURI MILITIA


In the summer of 1862, Confederate guerrillas spread fear across Missouri.  Unable to control them with regular troops, Union commanders created the Enrolled Missouri Militia ("EMM").  Able-bodied Missouri men not already in the military were required to report to the nearest Union post and enroll for military service in the local area.  They were to be called into service only as needed and paid by the state only for the days actually served.  At least initially, they furnished their own arms and equipment.  EMM service was compulsory, not voluntary, and sent some Southern sympathizers fleeing into the brush.

Newton County had two EMM companies in the 76th Regiment, Company I organized at Newtonia under Captain James M. Ritchey and Company K organized at Neosho under Captain Richard A. Hening.  As in other Civil War units, the officers were elected.  Company I had 115 men.  Except for three who had prior service in Union home guard or other EMM units, all had managed to avoid military service for nearly two years of war prior to creation of the EMM.  For over half of them, EMM service proved to be their only wartime service.  The remainder later served in other Union companies. 

The order creating the EMM was issued July 22, 1862, with the initial enrollment to be completed by August 10.  About this time, however, Confederates forced a partial Union withdrawal from Southwest Missouri.  Except for occasional scouts and skirmishes, the Union essentially abandoned Newton County until after the 1st Battle of Newtonia on September 30.  The Confederates used their time in the county to recruit their own Newton County companies, notably Company K of the 8th MO Infantry (CSA).  Confederate recruiting efforts were probably aided by the recent announcement of the EMM, which meant that fence sitters had to get off the fence on one side or the other.  Also, Confederate enlistments were frequently no more voluntary than Union enrollments, which probably accounts for the Confederate deserters who later turned up in Union companies.

As a result of these events, the formation of Newton County's EMM was substantially delayed.  While some companies in the 76th Regiment began enrollments as early as July 29 and were ordered into service as early as August 8, Company I did not begin enrollments until October and was not ordered into service until December 17, 1862.  Although the number of days served by individual men varied, the unit itself served from that date until April 1, 1863.  I have not found any specific account of its activities during this period.

In February, 1863, Union commanders decided that a smaller, full-time militia would be more effective than the EMM.  In the next few months, over 80 EMM regiments across Missouri turned over their duties to just 11 regiments of the Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia ("PEMM").  Initially, Captain Ritchey was appointed quartermaster of the 7th PEMM, while 24 men from Company I, 76th EMM joined Company C, 7th PEMM.  Later, on September 19, 1863, Captain Ritchey formed Company K, 7th PEMM, a 98 man unit.  Twenty of the original Company I men moved from Company C, 7th PEMM to Company K and another nine Company I men joined the PEMM for the first time.  About half of the the officers and non-commissioned officers in Company K were EMM holdovers.  Company K, 7th PEMM was an important force in Newton, Barry and McDonald counties until mid-1864, when it was superseded by Captain Ritchey's Company K of the 15th Missouri Cavalry.  Twenty-one men from the original Company I, 76th EMM stayed with Ritchey through all three units.  For more information on these units see the introductions to their respective rosters:  Roster, Company K, 7th PEMM and Roster, Company K, 15th MO Cavalry.

The PEMM's creation did not terminate the existence of the EMM.  EMM units continued to exist on paper, and in 1864, the two EMM companies from Newton County underwent second enrollments and saw active service under new officers. Legally, the Company I of 1862-63 and the Company I of 1864 may have been one unit, but they seem to have functioned separately.  Of the 115 men in the original Company I, only 13 are listed in the 98-man 1864 unit.  At any rate, I have created a separate Roster, Captain Lowe's 1864 Company I.

Six members of Company I eventually died in service.  Lt. Robert H. Christian was killed at the second Battle of Newtonia.  William Barnes, Ishmael Irby, Morgan Ingraham, Robert Jackson and James Ratliff all died of disease or unspecified causes.  Irby, Ingraham and Ratliff all died in February, 1863. 

For more information on the roster entries, see the Research Notes following the roster.

Name (Alternative Spellings)Notes
Officers
Captain James M. Ritchey (Ritchie)Age 25.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 10/10/1862 at Newtonia (104 days).  Date of rank as Captain 12/17/1862.  Appointed quartermaster 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 (193 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.  Biographical notes.
1st Lieutenant Robert H. ChristianAge 36.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/4/1862 at Newtonia (99 days).  Date of rank as 1st Lt. 12/17/1862.  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (160 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.  Killed at the 2nd Battle of Newtonia 10/28/1864.  Biographical notes.
2nd Lieutenant Henry H. LoweAge 29.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/4/1862 at Newtonia (97 days).  Date of rank as 2nd Lt. 12/17/1862.  Promoted Captain in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 10/19/1864 (37 days summer, 47 days Price's Raid).
Non-Commissioned Officers
Sergeant Jesse CherryAge 36.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/5/1862 at Newtonia (78 days).  Promoted 2nd Lt. in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 10/19/1864 (37 days summer, 47 days Price's Raid).
1st Sergeant Francis M. HinesAge 25.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/4/1862 at Newtonia (104 days).
Sergeant Ishmael IrbyEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (68 days).  Died 2/24/1863.  An Isham Irby served in Co. B, Lawrence County Home Guard 5/1861 to 8/1861.
Corporal Jesse S. Majors (Major)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (97 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM, date and place not shown (? days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Springfield.
Sergeant William C. WalshEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/27/1862 at Newtonia (94 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 10/10/1863 at Newtonia (291 days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 11/2/1864 at Newtonia (14 days).
Corporal Enoch G. WilliamsAge 39.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/26/1862 at Newtonia (95 days).  Promoted sergeant in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM (20 days summer).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (? days).  Listed absent sick 10/31/1863.  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 11/1/1863 at Newtonia (? days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon
Enlisted Men, All with Rank of Private
Adams, JesseeEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (72 days).
Alberty, William H. (Alburty)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/21/1863 at Newtonia (29 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 7/23/1864 at Newtonia.
Armstrong, Thomas J.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (49 days).
Avers, JesseAge 36.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/9/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Baker, HiramAge 44.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/26/1862 in McDonald County (95 days).
Barnes, Thomas J. (Banus)Age 44.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/22/1862 at Newtonia (88 days).
Barnes, William L. (S.)Age 19.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/12/1862 at Newtonia (97 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (152 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 2nd (New) MO Artillery 1/29/1864 at Springfield and promoted sergeant 3/1/1864.  Died of typhoid fever at Springfield 8/20/1864.
Bellis, AquillaAge 33.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newcastle, MO (? days).
Brewer, Robert W. (Brower, R.)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (54 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Brown, John S.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/6/1863 at Newtonia (34 days).  Listed absent without leave.
Bunch, John D.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (94 days).
Carter, AndersonAge 38.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 10/4/1862 or 1/22/1863 at Newtonia (68 days).
Carter, Daniel S.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/21/1863 at Newtonia (61 days).
Clark, Charles W.Age 37.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 10/26/1862 at Newtonia (75 days).
Clark, Frederick O.Age 37.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 10/29/1862 at Newtonia (51 days).
Cook, Fielding C. (Fielden)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/21/1863 at Newtonia (69 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (138 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (165 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 2nd (New) MO Artillery 12/29/1863 at Springfield.
Cribbs, John W.Age 36.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/6/1862 at Newtonia (49 days).
Dale, John A.Age 44.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/6/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Darnell, Elim G. (Darnel, Darnelle, Darnall, Enoch, Elam)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/1/1863 at Newtonia (58 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (171 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM, date and place not shown (? days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Donica, Thomas M. (Donico)Age 25.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/6/1862 at Newtonia (104 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (167 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Donica, WilliamEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/5/1863 at Newtonia (85 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (171 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Douthell, ZadockAge 39.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/9/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Duncan, Thomas C.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (44 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (164 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Early, IshmaelEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Eldridge, WilliamAge 43.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/14/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Farley, Samuel A.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/31/1863 at Newtonia (34 days).
Ferguson, Edmond M.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (54 days).
Ferguson, WilliamEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/1/1863 at Newtonia (59 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (94 days).
Foster, Peter R.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (50 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (214 days).  Listed absent sick 10/31/1863.
Fulton, John B.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (99 days).
Galeyears, NoahEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 3/6/1863 at Newtonia (25 days).
Garner, Laborn L.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (49 days).
Golden, JacobAge 20.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/14/1862 at Newtonia (86 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (164 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Hampton, John C.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (53 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Hays, Samuel E.Age 27.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newtonia (82 days).
Henry, JohnAge 43.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Hillard, Samuel M.Age 26.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/8/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Holland, Alfred E.Age 42.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/8/1862 at Newtonia (77 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 10/1 or 10/4/1863 at Newtonia (26 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Newtonia (6 days summer).
Holloway, Caleb
Age 48.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/5/1862 at Newtonia (94 days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 11/2/1864 at Newtonia (14 days).
Holmes, James F.Age 28. Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/8/1862 at Newtonia (94 days).
Horton, RobertAge 17.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/14/1862 at Newtonia (86 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (160 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Hudson, Richard D.Age 38.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/29/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Hunt, Alexander P.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (17 days).  Listed absent without leave.
Hunter, James B.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/11/1863 at Newtonia (48 days).   Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (167 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Ingraham, Morgan (Ingram)Age 44.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/12/1862 at Newtonia (8 days).  Died 2/1/1863 of pneumonia.
Jackson, Robert V.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/6/1863 at Newtonia (84 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (76 days).  "Relieved from duty [by] death."
Jones, John P.Age 50.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Kelly, Jesse W. (Kelley)Age 38.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newtonia (47 days).   Listed absent without leave.
Kelley, Roan M.Enrolled Co. F, 72nd EMM 8/16/1862 at Springfield (160 days).  Transferred to Co. I and enrolled 2/3/1863 at Newtonia (52 days).
Kimbrough, WilliamAge 35.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/4/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Kinney, AlstonEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (22 days).  Listed absent without leave.
Knight, ThomasEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (25 days).  Listed absent without leave.
Krautz, MichaelAge 39.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newtonia (48 days).  "Captured & paroled."
Lane, John W.Age 35.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/8/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Lindsey, CalebAge 35.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/5/1862 at Newtonia (99 days).
Love, John W.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/17/1862 at Newtonia (99 days).
Majors, IsaacAge 18.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (77 days).  Promoted corporal in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM (37 days summer, 47 days Price's Raid).
Majors, John D.Age 21.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Martin, WilliamEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (54 days).
McBrine, William (McBrian, McBryant, McBride, McBrein)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/1/1863 at Newtonia (59 days).   Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (169 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Newtonia.
McCarty, George W.Age 37.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/8/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
McClelan, John G. (McLelan)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM, 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (54 days).
McCurry, Harbin W.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/30/1862 at Newtonia (78 days).
Meaders, Samuel (Meadors)Age 40.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/26/1862 in McDonald County (? days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 10/18/1864 at Newtonia (29 days).
Meeks, James (Meek, Meak)Age 25.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/8/1862 at Newtonia (89 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 10/1/1863 at Newtonia (132 days).  Enrolled Co. A, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Mt. Vernon (50 days).
Millsaps, George S. (Milsaf, Millsapps)Age 38.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/6/1862 at Newtonia (99 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (167 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Listed absent wounded 10/31/1863.  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Springfield.
Mingus, JacobAge 20.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/4/1862 at Newtonia (51 days).
Neely, Robert E.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (21 days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Newtonia (47 days Price's Raid).
Newton, Benjamin F.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 3/1/1863 at Newtonia (31 days).
Oliver, RichardEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/18/1863 at Newtonia (62 days).  Service card says enlisted 11th MO Infantry, but not shown on the 11th's database roster.
Owens, James M.Age 39.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/4/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Pearcy, John L. (Percy)Age 26.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (58 days).  "Captured and paroled."
Pearcy, Samuel (Percy)Age 17.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (14 days).  "Captured by the enemy."  Enlisted Co. E, 46th MO Infantry 8/22/1864 at Neosho.
Pierson, James R.Age 41.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Pogue, IraEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (14 days).  "Captured by the enemy."
Pritle, AbnerAge 44.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Ransom, Christopher P.Age 22.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/29/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Ratliff, James P. (T.)Age 28.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (28 days).  Died of pneumonia 2/1/1863.
Riddle, AndrewEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM, date and place not shown (? days).
Robertson, Samuel (Robinson, Roberson, Robison, Robisson)Enrolled Co. C, 76th EMM 8/12/1862 at Mt. Vernon (123 days).  Transferred to Co. I and enrolled 2/1/1863 at Newtonia (56 days).  Promoted corporal in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM (37 days summer).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM, no date or place shown (? days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Robinson, JamesAge 32.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (40 days).  Service card says transferred to Co. K, 76th EMM, but not shown on Co. K's database roster.
Roseberry, JohnEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Sears, WilliamAge 33.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Settle, Jacob (Setley, Shettle)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/8/1863 at Newtonia (82 days).   Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (158 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (152 days).  Regular teamster.  Service card says joined 2nd MO Artillery, but not shown on the 2nd's database roster.
Sheppard, Benjamin F. (Shepard, B. L.)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/20/1863 at Newtonia (53 days).
Shipley, John H.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (13 days).
Simmons, Coleman (Simons)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (20 days).  Two service cards, listed "absent without leave" on one, "furloughed home" on the other.
Smith, Horris M.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM, date and place not shown (? days).  Listed absent without leave.
Snider, JordanEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/12/1863 at Newtonia (38 days).  Furloughed home.
Snow, AndersonAge 22.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/12/1862 at Newtonia (56 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (168 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Story, John R. (K.)Age 33.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/5/1862 at Newtonia (86 days).
Surginer, Jacob (Surgener, Surgner, Surgoner)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 3/1/1863 at Newtonia (31 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM, 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (162 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (152 days).  Listed absent sick 10/31/1863.  Enlisted Co. I, 2nd (New) MO Artillery 12/31/1863 at Springfield.  Deserted 7/1/1865 at Elkhorn, N. T.
Tatum, Abner M.Age 37.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/26/1862 in McDonald County (95 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (169 days).  Served in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM (19 days summer).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Tatum, Jacob B. F.Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/27/1863 at Newtonia (38 days).
Towe, IsaacAge 25.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/29/1862 at Newtonia (94 days).
Towe, SamuelAge 24.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/29/1862 at Newtonia (? days).  Enrolled in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Newtonia (40 days Price's Raid).
Tyner, Hiram (Tiner)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/2/1863 at Newtonia (57 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Mt. Vernon (? days).  Discharged for disability.
Tyner, John W. (Tiner, H.)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/2/1863 at Newtonia (57 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (? days).  Listed absent sick 10/1/1863.
Tyner, Reuben J. (Tiner, Reubin)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/2/1863 at Newtonia (57 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 76th EMM 4/30/1864 at Mt. Vernon (? days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavarly 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Underwood, John C.Age 39.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 1/26/1863 at Newtonia (50 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (150 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (158 days).  Enlisted Co. E, 46th MO Infantry 8/27/1864 at Neosho.  Promoted 2nd sergeant 9/26/1864.
Wasson, John H. (Wassen)Age 21.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/12/1862 at Newtonia (103 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.
Watkins, Hugh (Wadkins)Age 20.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/15/1862 at Newtonia (60 days).
Westfall, AbleAge 31.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/21/1862 at Newtonia (103 days).
White, Samuel F.Age 38.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 11/11/1862 at Newtonia (? days).
Whitten, ElijahEnrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 2/1/1863 at Newtonia (57 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (163 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (163 days).
Williams, SamuelAge 27.  Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 12/6/1862 or 1/18/1863 at Newtonia (56 days).  Promoted corporal in the 1864 Co. I, 76th EMM (23 days summer, 37 days Price's Raid).
Williams, Sirwalter (Sir Wallace, Sylvester)Enrolled Co. I, 76th EMM 3/10/1863 at Newtonia (21 days).  Enrolled Co. C, 7th PEMM 4/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon (163 days).  Enrolled Co. K, 7th PEMM 9/19/1863 at Mt. Vernon (42 days).  Enlisted Co. K, 15th MO Cavalry 11/1/1863 at Mt. Vernon.

RESEARCH NOTES

The above roster is based primarily on the Missouri Secretary of State's Soldiers Database.  This database includes images of "service cards" summarizing each soldier's service in a particular unit.  The information on these cards was abstracted many years ago from the original Civil War muster rolls.  Some of the cards are more complete than others.  If a soldier served in three different units (e.g., 76th EMM, 7th PEMM, 15th MO Cavalry), then he should have three different cards.  Often, too, his name will be spelled three different ways.  My roster combines information from all of the cards for each solider, but does not include every detail on the cards for every solider.  If you are researching a particular soldier, be sure to look at the cards themselves.

Supplemental online sources for the roster included the Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri, December 31, 1863, pages 514-515, and the National Park Service Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.  The Annual Report provided additional information on some of the officers, and the NPS System provided a crosscheck for who served in the 15th MO Cavalry.

In creating the roster, I was researching the unit rather than the individuals.  The goal was to create a source showing how the EMM and PEMM units evolved, the number of men moving from each unit to its successor, the number of casualties and so forth.  I spent only a couple of minutes on each entry and did not attempt to sort out every ambiguity involving soldiers of similar name.  Some of the men may have served in units besides those listed.  In rare cases, I may have lumped together the service of two men with identical names.  Do your own research on particular soliders!

Be aware that some of the enrollment and enlistment dates are formal, legal dates bearing little relationship to actual events.  For example, soldiers who joined the 15th MO Cavalry from the 7th PEMM were given enlistment dates of November 1, 1863.  This date determined when their 20-month enlistments began and ended and who was responsible for paying them from that date (the Federal government rather than the state govenment), but had nothing to do with when the 15th MO Cavalry actually formed.  In fact, the 15th MO Cavalry was not formed until the summer of 1864 and was not designated the 15th MO Cavalry until the end of November, 1864.

Many members of Company I, 76th EMM have two or even three service cards just for this one unit.  These may show different enrollment dates, one of which is usually 12/17/1862, the company's legal muster date.  I have ignored the 12/17 cards in the roster, but reported any other dates.  Also, for some soldiers, there are cards based on an incomplete roster from February, 1863.  These show days in service just for one ten-day period.  I have ignored these as well.

While soliders in the 15th MO Cavalry and other Federal units were paid by the month, soldiers in the EMM and PEMM were paid only for days "in actual service."  Some EMM and PEMM service cards provide this information, some don't.  If the number of days served in a particular unit is on a soldier's service card, it is included in parentheses after his enrollment information.  A "?" means the space for this information on the card is blank.

Again, be aware that the days-in-service numbers are sometimes formal rather than real.  For example, some men in Company K, 7th PEMM were credited with up to 297 days of actual service, most of the days between the unit's formation on April 1, 1863, and it relief from service July 28, 1864 (314 days). Captain Ritchey and other men who moved from the 7th PEMM to the 15th MO Cavalry, however, were generally credited with no more than 42 days.  This was the number of days between the unit's creation and the retroactive enlistment of these men in the 15th MO Cavalry effective November 1, 1863.  In other words, 42 was the number of days the state had to pay for; it had nothing to do with the number of days actually served.
 

Timeline of the Civil War in Newton County, Missouri.

Home:  Historical Items from Barry & Newton Counties, Missouri.

This site created by Bob Banks.  Comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome.

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