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NEWTON COUNTY SLAVE OWNERS 1840

According to the summary tables for the 1840 Census, Newton County had a total population of 3,790 persons, of whom 169 were slaves (not quite 4.5%). My unproofed list of slave owners below, taken from the census schedules, shows a slightly smaller number of slaves, 164. At the time Newton County included what is today Jasper County, which was made a separate county in 1841.

Again according to the summary tables, the slave population consisted of 73 males and 96 females. The 1840 census does not give names or specific ages for slaves, but does give sex and age ranges. Of the 73 males, 21 were under 10 years of age, 36 were 10 or older and under 24, 7 were 24-36, 9 were 36-55 and none were 55 or older. Of the 96 females, 34 were under 10, 32 were 10-24, 19 were 24-36, 9 were 36-55 and 2 were 55 or older.

The census schedules show 65 Newton County slave owners. George Barker owned the most slaves, with 13, and was the sole owner with more than 10 slaves. Only 8 owners including Barker had 5 or more slaves. Nearly half of the owners, 27, had only a single slave.

The heaviest concentration of slaves was in Benton Township on the eastern border of the county. Six of the 8 owners in the county with 5 or more slaves lived in this township. In the other townships, slave owners had an average of about 2 slaves each. In Benton Township, they averaged over 4 slaves each. This township included the fertile bottom lands along Capps and Shoal creeks, the future location of Jollification, and the nearby fertile prairies, the future location of Newtonia.

The 1840 census combines slave data with the main population census. The list of slave owners below is taken from the 1840 Newton County census schedules, which are available online here: 1840 Newton County Census. Page references are to the census schedules. For each owner, the list gives the sexes and age ranges of his slaves. For example, A. H. Brown's slaves are listed as 2M<10, 3F<10, F 10-24, F 24-36. This means he had 2 male slaves under 10, 3 females under 10, 1 female 10-24 and 1 female 24-36.

Sarcoxie Township (pages 240-241)
 
Moses AngdonF<10, F 10-24
Daniel PrigmoreF<10
Ephraim BeasleyM<10, F<10, F 10-24
B. L. Massey2M 10-24, F 10-24
E. B. JamesM 24-36, F 24-36, F 55-100
Thomas MorleyM 10-24, M 36-55, F 10-24, F 24-36, F 36-55
Edward DillonM 10-24
Miles CareyF 36-55
C. C. CriglerM 10-24, F 10-24
John JonesF 36-55
Cornelius CarnineF 24-36
E. L. Epperson M 10-24, F 10-24, F 36-55

Benton Township (pages 243-245)
 
Winford TownsendM 10-24
Berry Robertson3F 10-24, F 24-36
James WilsonM 36-55, 2F<10, F 10-24, F36-55
Gilbert YarboroughM 10-24
Moses HudsonM 24-36, F<10, F 36-55
M. H. Clark2M 36-55
A. H. Brown2M<10, 3F<10, F 10-24, F 24-36
Thomas Isbel2M 10-24, 2F 24-36
George G. Barker5M<10, 2M 10-24, M 36-55, 2F<10, F 10-24, F 24-36, F36-55
Davis FergusonM 10-24, 3F 10-24, 2F 24-36
Abel LandersM<10, F<10
Lewis RobertsonM 36-55, F<10, F 24-36
Sanford H. KingM<10, M 10-24, 2F<10, F 24-36, F 55-100
Larkin NewtonM<10
Edmund Dunn2M<10, 2M 10-24, F<10, F10-24
William ReedF 36-55

Shoal Creek Township (pages 247-249B)
 
Andrew SparlingM 10-24
William BillingsleyM 10-24
James McCutchinM 10-24, F<10, F 10-24, F 36-55
James FlackF 10-24
Joel E. WoodwardM 10-24
James JohnsonM 10-24
James RatliffM<10, M 10-24, F 10-24
Newton LaughlinM 36-55
Thomas FerrilM 36-55
Joshua DavidsonM 10-24, F 10-24
G. P. Sanders2M 10-24, F<10, F 24-36

Sugar Creek Township (pages 250-251)
 
John PorterF<10
J. K. Mosier2M 10-24, F 24-36

Elk River Township (page 252)
 
D. B. CumingsM 24-36, F 24-36
Alfred OliverM 10-24, F 10-24
James PoolM 24-36, F 10-24
T. L. Neely2M 24-36

Marion Township (pages 255-257)
 
Leonard EastwoodF 24-36
Robert CarrF<10
J. W. GibsonF<10
L. T. VivionF<10
Thomas MillsF<10, F 24-36
Benjamin CorneliusF<10
Johnathan EdwardsF<10
Eli D. JohnsonF<10, F 24-36
William HannaF 10-24
Banister HickeyM<10, M 10-24, F 10-24
Elijah P. DaleF 10-24
Thomas A. DaleM<10, 4M 10-24, 2F<10, F 24-36
Nicholas HoltM 10-24, F 10-24, F 24-36
Harris G. JoplinM 10-24, F<10, F 10-24
John FullbrightM<10
Lyon GibsonM 24-36, F 10-24, F 24-36
William GibsonM<10, F<10, F 10-24
Henry ZacharyM 24-36, F 10-24

Jasper Township (page 258)
 
Thomas G. WaltonM<10, F 10-24
Hugh StocktonM 36-55

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