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U



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


U-plan house
A house with two cross-wings at right-angles to the main hall, giving a U shaped plan.

See Fleece, Elland, Halifax house, Hall-and-cross-wing and Rose & Crown, Elland

UK National Inventory of War Memorials
An online list of the War Memorials and Rolls of Honour which are / were to be seen in the UK

UKNIWM
Abbr: UK National Inventory of War Memorials

Ullnage
Also Aulnage. The fee – in the 15th century, ½d per piece – paid to an ullnager for assaying and marking a piece of cloth.

The tax was introduced in 1353.

Ullnage was in addition to the king's subsidy tax on the cloth.

In 1700, the lord of the manor claimed 1d for every piece of undressed cloth sold at the Piece Hall, receiving 30/- to 40/- per week from the charge.

The length of the cloth was measured in ells.

See Assize of Cloth

Ultimogeniture
Aka Borough-English. The right or custom by which land or a title passes to the youngest son.

See Primogeniture

Unadopted road
A road or street which is not maintained by the local authority, and the maintenance of which is the responsibility of the owners of the properties which front on to the street

Unattached Material
Some original source material submitted to Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion cannot immediately be linked directly to existing entries

In order to make this accessible to Internet search engines, I propose to hold it as a set of unattached pages The Foldout collects these unattached pages

Uncle
The word was often used to mean an older, male relative

Under-over house
A type of top-and-bottom house with one house built above another. The upper house was reached by a flight of stairs at the side of the block.

See Denholme Cottages

Underdwelling
A small house – as distinct from cellar housing – which lay beneath another dwelling.

See Back-to-earth and Dwelling and underdwelling

Union Workhouse
This was a large workhouse run by a Poor Law Union of parishes, introduced by the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. Each union had one workhouse.

See Halifax Union Workhouse and Todmorden Union Workhouse

Unitarianism
A Liberal Protestant sect which rejects the doctrine of the Trinity – a belief which was punishable by death in the 16th and 17th century – and which believes that God is a single entity, and stresses the humanity of Jesus Christ, individual freedom of belief, the free use of reason in religion, and liberal social action.

They called their groups societies, in order to circumvent the law, until the Trinity Act [1813]. John Fielden joined a small group of Unitarians who met at a room in Hanging Ditch, Todmorden. In 1823, they formed a Unitarian Society at Cockpit.

Unitarians were seen as radicals and revolutionaries, and, in 1789, they supported the French Revolution.

In the 18th century, most Independent and Presbyterian churches in the larger West Riding towns became Unitarian.

See Methodist Unitarian and Northgate End Unitarian Church

Unite
To celebrate his accession to the English throne, in 1604, James I issued a gold crown called the unit or unite carrying the inscriptions
King of Great Britain

and

I will make them one people

Charles I introduced a half unite coin worth 10/- and a triple unite worth £3 in 1642

United Britons
An illegal republican movement of the 18th/19th century.

See St Crispin Republican Club

United Methodist Church
Formed in 1907 when the Methodist New Connexion, the Methodist Free Church, and the Bible Christians amalgamated

United Reformed Church
The Congregationalists and the Presbyterians merged to form the United Reformed Church in 1972

See Booth United Reformed Church, Heath United Reformed Church, Halifax, Highroad Well, Warley & Luddendenfoot United Reformed Church, Lightcliffe United Reformed Church, Luddendenfoot United Reformed Church, Moor End United Reformed Church, Pellon, Northowram United Reformed Church, Norwood Green United Reformed Church, Park United Reformed Church, Halifax, Providence United Reformed Church, Elland, Providence United Reformed Church, Illingworth, Providence United Reformed Church, Stainland, Sowerby United Reformed Church, Stainland & Holywell Green United Reformed Church, United Reformed Church, Carlton Street, Waring Green United Reformed Church and Zion United Reformed Church, Ripponden

Up-and-over house
Another name for top-and-bottom houses

Urban district council
Abbr: UDC. An administrative body responsible for local affairs in larger towns.

These were introduced by the Local Government Act [1894].

They UDC replaced the earlier townships.

See

Barkisland Urban District Council
Brighouse & Spenborough

Calder Vale Urban District Council

Elland Urban District Council

Greetland Urban District Council

Hebden Bridge Urban District Council
Hebden Royd Urban District Council
Hipperholme Urban District Council

Local Board
Luddendenfoot Urban District Council

Midgley Urban District Council
Mytholmroyd Urban District Council
Northowram Urban District Council

Queensbury & Shelf Urban District Council

Ripponden Urban District Council
Rural district council

Shelf Urban District Council
Southowram Urban District Council
Sowerby Bridge Urban District Council
Sowerby Urban District Council
Stainland Urban District Council
Stainland-with-Old-Lindley Urban District Council

Todmorden Urban District Council

Warley Urban District Council

US aliens in World War I
During World War I, all males in the US between the ages of 18 and 45 were required to register for the Draft.

Aliens were also required to register but were not subject to induction in the American Military.

Thus, the fact that a man had a Registration Card does not imply that he served in the US Military

Utfangthief
Aka Utfangentheof, Utfangenetheof. An Old English term for the right granted by the Crown to manorial lords and empowering them to judge and hang a felon caught outside their jurisdiction and in possession of stolen goods.

See Right of Gallows, Gibbet Law and Infangthief


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© Malcolm Bull 2017 / calderdale@aol.com
Revised 15:16 on 28th August 2017 / b113_u / 16