Search billions of records on

[ Hardin main ]

The Bowen family web e-history files

Bowen family web

Misc. semi-sorted info about Joshua "Brown" Bowen, John Wesley Hardin & his wife Jane Bowen Hardin

winston k hawkins

Subject: John Wesley Hardin Jr.

Date: Thu, 6 Mar 2003 12:02:39 -0700

My Name is W. Keith Hawkins.  My mother's maiden name was Mary Emma Joshua Hardin she was one of 23 children of John Wesley Hardin's children.  I have a photograph of him (very gray with a long beard) and my grandmother, who was quite young at their marriage.  I would be interested to know if you have any more information regarding his life. 

 Sincerely, W. Keith Hawkins


Re: Jane Bowen Hardin

Dear Ben,

I am currently work on a "Goldman" family history. In my line I have a Elizabeth Bowen who married Ithamer Odgen/I.O. Goldman. I was told yrs ago that this Elizabeth Bowen was the sister to Jane Bowen who married JohnWesley Hardin. Is this true? My Elizabeth Bowen died in DeWitt County about 1920. I haven't gotten the death cert. yet.

Also why is Jane Bowen (Hardin) buried at the Asher/Griffin Cemt. in Mound Creek? What is the connection to the Griffin/Asher's? The reason I am asking about the Cemt. is because my my great aunt Mattie Anderson Asher isburied there. Also a J.J. Griffin is buried there. My great grand father was Christopher Columbus/C.C. Anderson. C.C. died in the home of J.J.Griffin. I am trying to find out the connection if any to all these people. Any information that you can give me I know will be very helpful.

Thank you for your time. Hope to hear from you soon.

Mary Smithey


MOUND CREEK, TEXAS. Mound Creek was a community on a dirt road eight miles southeast of Gillett in northeastern Karnes County. It was settled in the 1880s and had a school that existed at several different locations. A store was established there in the 1930s. Nearby Asher Cemetery has the graves of its early settlers, including that of Jane Bowen Hardin, wife of John Wesley Hardin. In 1990 only a cemetery and a few scattered farms and ranches remained in the area.

ELM, TEXAS (Karnes County). Elm, also called Seale's Chapel, in the extreme northeastern corner of Karnes County, was named for nearby Elm Creek. It had a post office from 1898 to 1911. Neal Bowen, father-in-law of John Wesley Hardin, ran a small grocery there, and the community also eventually had a cotton gin. The place declined after the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway was extended from Stockdale to Cuero in 1905, and Nixon was established in 1906. Highway maps in the early 1980s named Elm and showed a cemetery at the site.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Robert H. Thonhoff, History of Karnes County(M.A. thesis, Southwest Texas State College, 1963). Robert H. Thonhoff


< Marriage license transcription of John Wesley Hardin & Jane Bowen Hardin >

Married: 29 FEB 1872 in Riddlesville, Gonzales Co., TX

The State of Texas

To any Minister of the Gosple, Judge or a District Court, or Justice of the Peace in said State--Greeting:

You are hereby licensed to celebrate the Rites of Matrimony between W. Hardin and Jane Bowen. And of this License, with your action endorse thereon. We command yuou to made due return to the Office of the Clerk of the District Court of Gonzales County, within Sixty Days from the date of such celdbration.

Attest: R. L. Miller, Clerk of said Court

Given under my hand, and Official Seal at Gonzales this ...

27 day of Febry A. D. 1872.

R. L. Miller, Clk, Dstr. Ct.

by Thos. H. Spoones, Depy

Ceremony performed 29 Feb. 1872 by T. F. Rainey, JP of Gonzales Co., Texas.



1880 Federal Census
Gonzales County, Texas

Microfilm #T9-1306 : Page 522 B

 Last name  First name  age
 Bowen  Alwilda A. 11
  Bowen  Bulah
  Bowen Dora D. 
  Bowen Edney 
  Bowen Edw'd 19 
  Bowen  J. F. Beasley  5
  Bowen  Julea Ann 17 
  Bowen  Mathew W. 26 
  Bowen Neill  53 
  Bowen Neill  9 1/2 
  Bowen Purity  28 
 Hardin Jane  22
 Hardin Mollie  7
 Hardin  John 
 Hardin  Jane 


John Wesley Hardin Family History

Family Group Sheet



While I have done no research into the brothers of JW Hardin, I do have this info which is not researched or verified by myself.
Most sources list 8 siblings of JWH however some do list 10 even though the lists of 10 duplicate martha ann and jeff davis on them .
I hope this is of some help to you.

Thanks, and good luck in your search.
Ben Bowen

Joseph Gibson HARDIN b: 5 Jan 1850 in Bonham Fannin co Tx.

John Wesley HARDIN b: 5 May 1853 in Bonham Fannin co Tx.

Elizabeth HARDIN b: 23 Jun 1855

Martha Ann HARDIN b: 19 Apr 1857 in Moscow Polk co Tx.

Benjamin HARDIN b: 1859

Jefferson Davis HARDIN b: 7 Sep 1861

Nannie or Nancy Dixon HARDIN b: 31 Mar 1866

James Barnett Gipson "Gip" HARDIN b: 15 Aug 1874 in Mount Calm Hill co Tx.

same as this info :

However this researcher has 10 children including JW Hardin.


Husband's Name

James Gibson HARDIN (AFN:MBX5-BM)

Born:  2 Mar 1823 Place:  , Wayne, Tennessee

Died:  Place:  Red River, County, , Texas

Married:  Circa 1849 Place:  Hardin Co., Tennessee

Father:  Benjamin Watson Cook HARDIN (AFN:18MW-FVV)

Mother:  Martha Ann Patsy BARNETT (AFN:1R6C-7FM)


Wife's Name

Elezabeth DIXON / dixson (AFN:MBX5-CS)

Born:  Abt 1827 Place:  Indiana

Married:  Circa 1849 Place:  Hardin Co., Tennessee




M Joseph Gibson HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-SL9)

Born:  5 Jan 1850 Place:  Bonham, Fannin, Texas

Died:  31 May 1874 Place:  , Comanche, Texas

Buried:  31 May 1874 Place:  Comanche, Reburied 1990, , Texas


F Martha Ann HARDIN (AFN:1X0G-D7D)

Born:  Circa 1852 Place:  Hardin Co., Tennessee


M John Wesley HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-SQ4)

Born:  26 May 1853 Place:  Bonham, Fannin, Texas

Died:  19 Aug 1895 Place:  El Paso, El Paso, Texas

Buried:  20 Aug 1895 Place:  Concordia, Cemetery, El Paso, Texas


 F Elizabeth HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-SXC)

Born:  23 Jun 1855 Place:  Near Bonham, Fannin County, , Texas

Died:  28 Oct 1930 Place: 


F Martha Ann HARDEN (AFN:MBX5-D0)

Born:  1 Apr 1857 Place:  Bonham, Fannin, Texaas

Died:  4 Jan 1949 Place:  Ft. Worth, Tarrant, Texas

Buried:  Jan 1949 Place:  Dallas, Texas, Restland Mem.par


M Jeff Davis HARDIN (AFN:1X0G-D8L)

Born:  Circa 1859 Place:  Hardin Co., Tennessee


M Benjamin HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-S1R)

Born:  1859 Place:  <Livingston, Polk, Texas>

Died:  1869 Place: 


M Jefferson Davis HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-T0Q)

Born:  7 Sep 1861 Place: , Kent, Texas

Died:  1901 Place: 


F Nannie HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-T3C)

Born:  31 Mar 1866 Place:  Hardin Co., Tennessee

Died:  1953 Place:  Fort Worth, , Texas


M James Gipson HARDIN (AFN:1C9W-T4K)

Born:  15 Aug 1874 Place:  Mount Calm, Hill, Texas

Died:  1918 Place: , Florida


 3 Jun 2001                   Family Group Sheet Of J.W. Hardin
        Husband: John Wesley "Wes" HARDIN  died at age: 42 
           Born: 26 May 1853          in Bonham, Fannin Co, TX  
           Died: 19 Aug 1895          in Acme Saloon, El Paso. El Paso Co, TX  
         Buried: 1895                 in Concordia Cemetery, El Paso, TX  
     Occupation:                      Infamous Gunfighter of Western Lore  
         Father: James Gibson HARDIN 
         Mother: Mary Elizabeth DIXON
John Hardin is credited with forty killing in stand-up gunfights, ambushes and
running battles on horseback.  It had been said that whenever Hardin rode out
of a town, deadmen were always left behind.  By the time he reached his 20th
birthday, John was regarded as one of the deadliest gunfighters in the West,
had killed a number of men, had a confrontation with Wild Bill Hickok in
Abilene, and was wanted by the Texas State police and the Texas Rangers.

John Wesley Hardon was killed by John Selman, Sr. when Selman shot Hardin in
the back of the head in the ACME Saloon in El Paso, TX.  Wes Hardin's last 
words were, "Four sixes to beat."
           Wife: Jane BOWEN  died at age: 35 
           Married: 29 Feb 1872       in Riddlesville, Gonzales Co, TX   his age: 18  her age: 15 
           Born: 1857                 in KarnesCo, TX  
           Died:  6 Nov 1892          in Mound Creek, GonzalesCo, TX  
         Buried:                      in Asher Cemetery, GonzalesCo, TX  
         Father: Neill BOWEN 
         Mother: Mary WESTERN 

      F Child 1: Mary Elizabeth HARDIN  died at age: 65 
           Born:  6 Feb 1873          in Karnes, GonzalesCo, TX  
           Died: 18 Apr 1938          in TX  
         Buried:                      in Billings Cemetery, Gonzales, TX  
         Spouse: Charles R. BILLINGS  b. 1874  d. 1940  
        Married: 16 Dec 1894          in DeWittCo, TX  
      M Child 2: John Wesley HARDIN  died at age: 56 
           Born:  3 Aug 1875          in Jacksonville, FL  
           Died: 24 Oct 1931          in Runge or Nixon, TX  
         Spouse: Lillie HOUSE  b.  6 Jan 1882  d. 23 Jun 1937  
        Married: 17 Feb 1898          in DeWittCo, TX  
      F Child 3: Jane Martina HARDIN  died at age: 54 
           Born: 15 Jul 1877          in Alabama  
           Died: 12 Oct 1931          in Kenedy, KarnesCo, TX  
         Spouse: John Ross LYONS  
        Married:  9 Oct 1898          in KarnesCo, TX  
      F Child 4: Callie HARDIN  died at age: 93 
           Born: 15 Jul 1877          in AL  
           Died: 1891-1971            in TX  
         Spouse: John LYONS  b. 1860-1880  d. 1894-1966  
        Married: 1891-1924            in TX  
           Wife: Callie LEWIS  age: 122 
        Married:  8 Jan 1895          in Junction, TX    his age: 41  her age: 16 
           Born: ABT 1879             in   
Lynn Nelson, University of Kansas Department of History



Contact: Gloria Manna <>

ID: I5525
Name: Brown Bowen

Sex: M

Birth: AFT. 1850 in Escambia County, Florida

Death: ABT. 1878 in Austin, Texas

As the story goes, Brown Bowen killed a man in Florida. According to, Audrey Campbell, he said this story was told to him as a boy by his Aunt Callie Campbell. One day Brown Bowen rushed into Neill and Sarah (Bowen) Campbell's home and their daughter, Carolina "Callie" Campbell, was there cooking. Brown Bowen was Callie's cousin. He told her to hurry up and fix him some food because he had to get out of town quickly. The law was after him for killing a buck (man). Callie prepared him some food and Brown Bowen took off and headed west for Texas, never to returned to Florida. It was learned later that the law caught up Brown Bowen somewhere in Texas. According to John Wesley Hardin autobiography of his life, there was some bad blood between the Hardins and Bowens on account of this killing. His father-in-law, Neil Bowen, went to see Hardin while he was in Huntsville Prison and wanted him to take the blame for the the death of this man, but he refused to do so. Hardin told him that he didn't have any part in it, and he wouldn't take the fall for it. He couldn't help Brown Bowen, and the Bowen family would just have to accept this. Brown Bowen was later hung for his crime in Austin, Texas.

Sources: Texas Genweb


Kathleen Springs at Gonzales Archives

June 1853- June 1854 & Misc. 1854-1878

Bowen, Brown, sentencing, Gonz. Inq., 13 Apr 1878 P3

Bowen, Brown, letter to editor, Gonz. Inq., 11May 1878 P2

Bowen, Brown, Gonzales Inquirer, 19 Jan 1878 P3

Bowen, Brown, wrote to wife in AL, mentioned a son , Gonz. Inq., 18 May 1878 P3

Bowen, Brown, death penalty, Gonzales Inquirer, 16 Mar 1878 P3

Bowen, Brown, letter, Gonz. Inq., 27 Apr 1878 P3

Bowen, Brown, convicted, Gonzales Inq., 6 Apr 1878 P2

Bowen, Brown, turned states evidence, Gonz. Inq., 4 May 1878 P2

Bowen, Brown, had picture taken, Gonz. Inq., 25 May 1878 P2

Bowen, Joshua, Back Tax List, 1875 , Gonzales Inq., 6 Apr 1878 P2


Father: Neil Bowen b: ABT. 1826 in Alabama

Mother: Mary Weston b: ABT. 1827

Contact: Gloria Manna <>

* ID: I5506

* Name: Neil Bowen 1 2 3

* Sex: M

* Birth: ABT. 1826 in Alabama

Neil Bowen was born in Alabama, and for a while in he lived in Santa Rosa County, and Escambia County, Florida. We also know that he married Mary Western or Weston, of Alabama, and they can be found on the 1850 Federal Census for Santa Rosa County, Florida is listed below. Sometime after 1850 he migrated out west and bought a ranch in Commanche, Texas. This was were his daughter, Jane Bowen met and married John Wesley Hardin, the famous gun fighter from Bonham, Texas. For a time the couple returned to Florida because there was a large bounty placed on Hardin's head. A Texas Ranger by the name of John Duncan wanted to capture this outlaw. The only problem, most of the people in Texas protected Hardin and looked on him as some kind of local hero, not a deadly killer. So Duncan went undercover and went to Neil Bowen's ranch, looking for employment as a ranch hand. Neil Bowen hired him on, and it was during this time that Duncn uncovered a letter that revealed the where abouts of Hardin and his wife. Hardin had taken an assumed name of James W. Swain and he was residing in Pallard, Alabama, working in the lumber business. John Duncan notified the Texas Rangers of this information, and he quickly made the trip to Pensacola, Florida, a part of Escambia County. The Texas Rangers caught John Wesley Hardin on a train leaving Pensacola, Florida. He was heading home in Pollard, Alabama.

**Santa Rosa Co., Fla. 7 Dec 1850; 2nd Div; Geo. D. Fisher,

Ass't Marshall 245 Page 481

44 445 Bowen Neil 24 M W Laborer Ala

" Mary 23 F W " (12)

" Josiah 2 M W Fla

" Florida 1/12F W "


< Families try to move Hardins body >

John Wesley Hardin is another Texas gunslinger whose corpse must be spinning from all the fuss over whether it should remain where it has been since his death in 1896 -- Concordia Cemetery in El Paso -- or be moved to Nixon. The Nixon camp, which includes some descendants and Nixon-area residents who think Hardin's new grave would be a dandy tourist attraction, contend that Hardin was a family man, and should be moved to Nixon where he can lie next to the grave of his first wife. (Jane Bowen Hardin died in 1894, while Hardin was serving 16 years in Huntsville for murder.) The El Paso camp feels Hardin should stay where he is because the El Paso of the late 1890s was obviously Hardin's kind of town -- a place where gambling, drinking, prostitution, and aging gunfighters flourished. After being released from prison, Hardin showed no inclination to retire to the Nixon area, which held plenty of bad memories for him. Hardin, in fact, remarried and spent even less time with his children than he had before he was incarcerated. That is, very little.

Hardin didn't kill anyone in El Paso. The fact is he was hitting the bottle so heavily at that time he probably couldn't shoot straight if he wanted to. But the locale did add to his legend. On August 19, 1896, Hardin was shot from behind by El Paso Constable John Selman (himself a multiple murderer and ex-criminal) in the Acme Saloon. Bolstering its claim as not only the place where Hardin fell but where he shall remain, El Paso recently convinced the state to erect a historical marker at Hardin's gravesite.

In the latest round of legal wrangling over Hardin's corpse, the county of El Paso filed an injunction against the Nixon camp, which stipulates that the latter must prove they have the authority to move the body, including permission from the owner of the cemetery and the owner of the grave. That seems unlikely, but the matter will be brought up in El Paso County Court sometime in August.

For the past several years, August 19th has been celebrated in El Paso with reenactments of Hardin's death, tours of his favorite haunts, and a suitably irreverent six-shooters-and-champagne celebration at the cemetery.


[ Hardin main ]